179 results match your criteria day laborers

Using workers' compensation claims to investigate occupational injuries among residential day laborers and domestic workers.

Am J Ind Med 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Labor Occupational Safety and Health Program, University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: While many states have legal provisions to extend workers' compensation eligibility to day laborers or domestic workers hired directly by homeowners or families, little is known about the nature or frequency of injury claims submitted on behalf of these "residential employees."

Methods: We examined California workers' compensation claims records for injuries that appear to have occurred in residential settings between 2008 and 2018 and where the employer of record was an individual or family. We examined the demographic, occupational, and injury characteristics of our sample and analyzed factors that contribute to the likelihood of a claim resulting in some sort of payment. Read More

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February 2021

"The solitude absorbs and it oppresses": 'Illegality' and its implications on Latino immigrant day laborers' social isolation, loneliness and health.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Mar 30;273:113737. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

School of Social Work, University of Maryland Baltimore, 525 W. Redwood Street, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA.

Despite a well-documented relationship between social isolation and health among men, this link has been understudied among marginalized populations such as undocumented immigrant men whose structural social exclusion may impede the cultivation and maintenance of social connections in the United States. This may be particularly so in new immigrant settlement cities that may lack an established Latina/o community or the social infrastructure often needed to ease the process of social integration. Studies that have examined social disconnectedness, social isolation, and/or loneliness have largely focused on individual level factors (i. Read More

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Documenting and Understanding Workplace Injuries Among Latino Day Laborers.

J Health Care Poor Underserved 2020 ;31(2):791-809

Background: Latino day laborers face substantial injuries at work. We present a comprehensive assessment of their injury experience and explore the predictors of selfreported injuries.

Methods: Worker and injury characteristics were collected from 331 day laborers using an innnovative injury assessment tool. Read More

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January 2020

Clinicopathological Findings of Haematological Malignancies in Hospital Admitted Patients.

Mymensingh Med J 2021 Jan;30(1):28-34

Dr ASM Shafiqul Islam, Assistant Registrar, Infectious and Tropical Disease, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital (MMCH), Bangladesh; E-mail:

The global burden of cancer is gradually rising. In our context we are also facing the same problem. Hematological malignancies (HMs) are important component of cancer. Read More

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January 2021

Scale Development and Validation to Measure Occupational Health Literacy Among Thai Informal Workers.

Saf Health Work 2020 Dec 20;11(4):526-532. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Faculty of Nursing, Chiang Mai University, Thailand.

Background: The high incidence of work-related diseases and injuries among day-laborers and workers with no legal contracts (informal workers) has received the attention of the Thai authorities. Workers' low occupational health literacy (OHL) has been reasoned as one contributing factor. Absence of a valid tool has prevented assessment of informal workers' OHL. Read More

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December 2020

Psychological and Livelihood Impacts of COVID-19 on Bangladeshi Lower Income People.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 01 8;33(1):100-108. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Chittagong Medical College, Chittagong, Bangladesh.

The objective of this research is to understand the psychological and livelihood-related impacts of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on Bangladeshi lower income group people who depend on daily earnings for their living. Following the convenience sampling method, 576 respondents were interviewed for quantitative data and 30 in-depth interviews for qualitative information in several districts of Bangladesh. To 94. Read More

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January 2021

Beyond Occupational Hazards: Abuse of Day Laborers and Health.

J Immigr Minor Health 2020 Dec 28;22(6):1172-1183. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

With the increase in labor market flexibility and worksite immigration enforcement, day labor is a common type of informal employment arrangement among immigrants. Our study contextualized day laborers' physical and mental health within work- and community-level factors. We use a nationally representative sample of 2015 day laborers from the National Day Labor Survey. Read More

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December 2020

Return to Activities After Simultaneous Bilateral Endoscopic Carpal Tunnel Release.

Hand (N Y) 2020 Sep 17:1558944720940061. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: Approximately 56% of patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome present with bilateral symptoms; however, few studies have investigated bilateral simultaneous endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) and postoperative effect on return to activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the length of recovery in patients who received bilateral simultaneous ECTR, including pain medication requirements, return to activities of daily living, return to work, and return to recreational activities.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on patients who underwent bilateral ECTR by a single hand fellowship-trained surgeon from 2013 to 2019. Read More

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September 2020

Participant Satisfaction and Acceptability of a Culturally Adapted Brief Intervention to Reduce Unhealthy Alcohol Use Among Latino Immigrant Men.

Am J Mens Health 2020 May-Jun;14(3):1557988320925652

Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

Latino immigrant men are at increased risk for unhealthy alcohol use, yet few interventions have been designed to meet their unique needs. The current study assessed participant satisfaction and acceptability of a culturally adapted brief intervention to reduce unhealthy alcohol use in this population. Adaptations to the brief intervention included delivering it in Spanish by in a community setting. Read More

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Social Exclusion and Care in Underclass Japan: Attunement as Techniques of Belonging.

Jieun Kim

Cult Med Psychiatry 2021 Mar;45(1):42-63

School of Languages, Cultures and Societies, University of Leeds, 14 Cromer Terrace, Room 1.16, Leeds, LS2 9JR, UK.

While Japan boasts a universal healthcare system and state-of-the-art medical technology, healthcare has often been denied to those who do not conform to moral ideals of a deserving patient. In underclass enclaves known as yoseba (day laborers' quarter), patients have been frequently turned away or blacklisted on grounds of their abnormality and non-compliance. As much as healthcare was enmeshed in the normative bonds of family and community sanctioned by the state, yoseba men were considered as outsiders who neglected their duties of care, thus, undeserving of any form of care themselves. Read More

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A Structural-Environmental Model of Alcohol and Substance-Related Sexual HIV Risk in Latino Migrant Day Laborers.

AIDS Behav 2020 Nov;24(11):3176-3191

Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

A structural-environmental model of alcohol and substance-related sexual HIV risk in 344 Latino migrant day laborers, participants in a cross-sectional survey, is tested using structural equation modeling. Hypothesized pathways include: (1) direct paths between environmental conditions and both distress related risk factors, and cultural and community protective factors; (2) indirect paths between environmental conditions and distress through cultural and community protective factors; and (3) indirect paths between environmental conditions and sexual risk through both distress risk factors and cultural and community protective factors. As hypothesized, the environmental factors, discrimination and working conditions, were indirectly related to sexual risk through the distress related factor, problem drinking, and through the protective factor, contact with family in country of origin. Read More

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November 2020

"They Dumped Me Like Trash": The Social and Psychological Toll of Victimization on Latino Day Laborers' Lives.

Am J Community Psychol 2020 06 10;65(3-4):369-380. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Suzanne Dworak Peck School of Social Work, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Although recent rhetoric links undocumented immigrants to criminality, reports indicate undocumented immigrants commit less crime than their native-born counterparts and that this vulnerable group may be at increased risk for criminal victimization. Immigrants living in new immigrant settlement cities may be particularly at risk for exposure to criminal victimization due to the vulnerabilities associated with a lack of an established Latino community and limited availability of culturally appropriate social services to provide support. This ethnographic study examines the experiences of victimization and its social and psychological toll of a street-recruited sample of Latino day laborers (LDLs) (N = 25) living and working in Baltimore, a new immigrant settlement city. Read More

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Exposures at day labor corners: using existing georeferenced data to describe features of urban environments.

Ann Epidemiol 2019 11 19;39:54-62. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Department of Population and Data Sciences, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, Dallas, TX.

Purpose: Latino day laborers are male immigrants from mainly Mexico and Central America who congregate at corners, that is, informal hiring sites, to solicit short-term employment. Studies describing the occupational environment of Latino day laborers traditionally measure jobsite exposures, not corner exposures. We sought to elucidate exposures at corners by describing their demographic, socioeconomic, occupational, business, built, and physical environmental characteristics and by comparing corner characteristics with other locations in a large urban county in Texas. Read More

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November 2019

Current perspectives on the impact of Kratom use.

Subst Abuse Rehabil 2019 1;10:23-31. Epub 2019 Jul 1.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ 85308, USA.

The leaves from the tree , commonly known as Kratom, in the coffee plant family (Rubiaceae) are commonly used in their native habitat of Southeast Asia as a stimulant to sustain energy during hard day labor and as an opioid-like analgesic and sedative. Traditional and modern uses overlap based on the effects of the leaf extract which has also gained popularity in the United States and Europe in the last two decades. Kratom has and is being used for the mitigation of opioid withdrawal symptoms and as a harm reduction agent with a minority of users subsequently developing a dependence on the extract. Read More

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Economic Valuation of Bee Pollination Services for Passion Fruit (Malpighiales: Passifloraceae) Cultivation on Smallholding Farms in São Paulo, Brazil, Using the Avoided Cost Method.

J Econ Entomol 2019 09;112(5):2049-2054

Department of Geosciences, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

This paper estimates the economic value of ecosystem services provided by Brazilian native bee, Xylocopa spp. Latreille (Hymenoptera: Apidae), pollination on a scale relevant to individual smallholder farmers that produce yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims). The study areas are located in the vicinity of Pedro de Toledo and Itariri (Sao Paulo State-Brazil), in the Atlantic Forest region. Read More

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September 2019

Vida PURA: results from a pilot randomized trial of a culturally adapted screening and brief intervention to reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino day laborers.

Transl Behav Med 2019 11;9(6):1233-1243

Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Latino immigrant men are at increased risk for unhealthy alcohol use. Vida PURA is a culturally adapted evidence-based intervention that consists of promotores providing screening and brief intervention to reduce unhealthy alcohol use among Latino immigrant men. The purpose was to assess the efficacy of Vida PURA in a pilot randomized control trial. Read More

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November 2019

A Quantitative General Population Job Exposure Matrix for Occupational Daytime Light Exposure.

Ann Work Expo Health 2019 07;63(6):666-678

Department of Occupational Medicine, Danish Ramazzini Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard, Aarhus N, Denmark.

High daytime light levels may reduce the risk of affective disorders. Outdoor workers are during daytime exposed to much higher light intensities than indoor workers. A way to study daytime light exposure and disease on a large scale is by use of a general population job exposure matrix (JEM) combined with national employment and health data. Read More

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Device-measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic health and fitness across occupational groups: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2019 04 2;16(1):30. Epub 2019 Apr 2.

Division of Cardiac Prevention and Rehabilitation, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, 40 Ruskin Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1Y 4W7, Canada.

Background: With approximately 8 hours of one's waking day spent at work, occupational tasks and environments are important influencers on an individual's physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours. Little research has compared device-measured physical activity, sedentary behaviour and cardiometabolic outcomes between occupational groups.

Objective: To compare device-measured movement (sedentary time [ST], light intensity physical activity [LPA], moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity [MVPA], and steps) across occupations. Read More

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Help Wanted: Mental Health and Social Stressors Among Latino Day Laborers.

Am J Mens Health 2019 Mar-Apr;13(2):1557988319838424

2 Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Latino day laborers may be especially vulnerable to poor mental health due to stressful life experiences, yet few studies have described patterns of mental health outcomes and their correlates in this population. Patterns of depression (PHQ-9) and anxiety (GAD-7), and associations with demographic characteristics, social stressors, and substance use in a recruited sample of male Latino day laborers ( n = 101) are described. High rates of depression and anxiety were identified. Read More

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Working and Living Conditions and Psychological Distress in Latino Migrant Day Laborers.

Health Educ Behav 2019 08 2;46(4):637-647. Epub 2019 Mar 2.

2 University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

. Little research has been conducted on relations between challenging working and living conditions and psychological distress in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs), a particularly marginalized Latino population in the United States. . Read More

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Job characteristics as risk factors for early retirement due to ill health: The Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-2014).

J Occup Health 2019 Jan;61(1):63-72

Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: To investigate work-related factors that contribute to early retirement due to ill health (ERIH) in middle-aged and elderly people in Korea.

Methods: Data were collected from a sample from the first through the fifth phases of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging which was conducted biennially from 2006 to 2014. ERIH was defined as the retirement of workers due to health problems before their scheduled or regular retirement age as reported in one of the follow-up surveys. Read More

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January 2019

The Differential Effect of Ego-Resiliency on the Relationship between Emotional Labor and Salivary Cortisol Level in Bank Clerks.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018 11 17;15(11). Epub 2018 Nov 17.

Department of Psychology, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, Korea.

Elevated stress levels in emotional laborers has been documented in a number of studies. To minimize the negative effects of stress, the need to examine potential protective factors has been highlighted. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the differential moderating effect of ego-resiliency on the relationship between emotional labor and salivary cortisol level by comparing two groups of bank clerks deemed to experience different degree of emotional labor. Read More

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November 2018

"Ag-Gag" Laws: Evolution, Resurgence, and Public Health Implications.

New Solut 2019 02 19;28(4):664-682. Epub 2018 Nov 19.

1 Department of Environmental Health and Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

The term "ag-gag" refers to state laws that intentionally limit public access to information about agricultural production practices, particularly livestock production. Originally created in the 1990s, these laws have recently experienced a resurgence in state legislatures. We discuss the recent history of ag-gag laws in the United States and question whether such ag-gag laws create a "chilling effect" on reporting and investigation of occupational health, community health, and food safety concerns related to industrial food animal production. Read More

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February 2019

Urinary metals and metal mixtures in Bangladesh: Exploring environmental sources in the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS).

Environ Int 2018 12 18;121(Pt 1):852-860. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168 St, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Introduction: Environmental exposure to toxic metals and metalloids is pervasive and occurs from multiple sources. The Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) is an ongoing prospective study predominantly focused on understanding health effects associated with arsenic exposure from drinking water. The goal of this project was to measure a suite of elements in urine to better understand potential exposure patterns and to identify common environmental sources of exposure among this semi-rural Bangladeshi population. Read More

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December 2018

[Nutritional crisis and social inequality in the Spanish autarchy. A case study from adult height].

Nutr Hosp 2018 Jun 4;35(Spec No5):108-115. Epub 2018 Jun 4.


Objectives: this article examines the nutritional crisis and the social gap during Franco's autarky. It considers the municipality of Hellín (Castilla-La Mancha), prototype of traditional agrarian population.

Methods: use the stature of 8,947 men measured at ages 20-21 years between the military recruits of 1930-1969. Read More

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Cultural and community resources protect Latino migrant day laborers from discrimination-related distress.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2019 Apr 16;25(2):232-241. Epub 2018 Jul 16.

School of Social Welfare, University of California, Berkeley.

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to test the relationship between discrimination and psychological distress in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs), including potential protective factors: access to cultural resources (e.g., festivals, people from one's country of origin), including community services perceived to be culturally competent, and contact with family in country of origin (e. Read More

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Predicting the Influence of Situational and Immigration Stress on Latino Day Laborers' Workplace Injuries: An Exploratory Structural Equation Model.

J Immigr Minor Health 2019 Apr;21(2):364-371

Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, University of Texas at Houston School of Public Health, 7000 Fannin St., Suite 2518, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.

Latino day laborers are a socially and economically marginalized immigrant population with a high risk of occupational injury. These workers confront multiple social, psychological, and environmental hardships that increase their risk for adverse health outcomes. How these stressors interact and influence work-related injuries in this population remains unclear. Read More

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Instrumental compression force and meat attribute changes in woody broiler breast fillets during short-term storage.

Poult Sci 2018 Jul;97(7):2600-2606

Department of Poultry Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA.

Woody breast (WB) is a myopathy of the Pectoralis major muscle in broilers that is characterized by increased hardness of the raw fillet. This defect increases economic losses due to associated decreased meat quality and the addition of training skilled laborers to identify problematic fillets. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine if compression force (CF) could be used as a non-invasive method of detecting WB and to assess changes in meat attributes during cold storage. Read More

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Predictors of Sun Protective Behaviors among Latino Day Laborers.

J Skin Cancer 2018 28;2018:3454309. Epub 2018 Jan 28.

Center for Animal and Human Health in Appalachia, College of Veterinary Medicine, DeBusk College of Osteopathic Medicine, and School of Mathematics and Sciences, Lincoln Memorial University, 6965 Cumberland Gap Parkway, Harrogate, TN 37752, USA.

Objectives: Despite the substantial solar ultraviolet radiation experienced by Latino day laborers, little attention has been given to factors that are associated with sun protective behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine psychological and nonpsychological predictors of sun protective behaviors among Latino day laborers.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included a nonrandom sample of 137 Latino day laborers recruited from Mississippi and Illinois. Read More

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January 2018

Latitudinal trends in human primary activities: characterizing the winter day as a synchronizer.

Sci Rep 2018 03 28;8(1):5350. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Universidad de Sevilla, Departamento de Física de la Materia Condensada, PO Box 1065, ES41080, Seville, Spain.

This work analyzes time use surveys from 19 countries (17 European and 2 American) in the middle latitude (38-61 degree) accounting for 45% of world population in this range. Time marks for primary activities are contrasted against light/dark conditions. The analysis reveals winter sunrise synchronizes labor start time below 54 degree, occurring within winter civil twilight. Read More

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