4,268 results match your criteria damage suppressing

DDIT4 S-Nitrosylation Aids p38-MAPK Signaling Complex Assembly to Promote Hepatic Reactive Oxygen Species Production.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2021 Jul 26:e2101957. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Key Laboratory of Targeted Intervention of Cardiovascular Disease, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cardiovascular Translational Medicine, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 211166, China.

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling plays a significant role in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. The authors have previously shown that Brahma-related gene 1 (BRG1), a chromatin remodeling protein, contributes to hepatic ROS accumulation in multiple animal and cellular models of liver injury. Here it is reported that DNA damage-induced transcript 4 (DDIT4) is identified as a direct transcriptional target for BRG1. Read More

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Quercetin protects oral mucosal keratinocytes against lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory toxicity by suppressing the AKT/AMPK/mTOR pathway.

Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol 2021 Jul 26:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Pharmacy, Xiangyang Central Hospital, Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Arts and Science, Xiangyang, China.

Background: Cytokines can induce a chronic inflammatory response in the periodontium, leading to periodontitis. Quercetin, a naturally occuring flavonoid, has been shown to inhibit periodontitis, but how it works is poorly understood. In this study, we assessed the impact of quercetin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory damage in oral mucosal keratinocytes (hOMK107) and explored its underlying mechanism. Read More

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The Role of TRPC6 in Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion and Cellular Hypoxia/Reoxygenation Injuries.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 8;8:698975. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Anatomy, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI), is a serious clinical event in patients during post-renal transplantation. I/R is associated with renal dysfunction and tubular apoptosis, and calcium (Ca) overload has been reported to be a crucial factor on tubular apoptosis in I/R injury (IRI). The canonical transient receptor potential channel 6 (TRPC6), a type of non-selective Ca channel, is involved in many renal diseases. Read More

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LncRNA NORAD Promotes Vascular Endothelial Cell Injury and Atherosclerosis Through Suppressing Gene Transcription Enhancing H3K9 Deacetylation by Recruiting HDAC6.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 9;9:701628. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Radiology, Changzhou Second People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a major atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and the leading cause of mortality globally. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in CAD development. To date, the effect of lncRNA non-coding RNA activated by DNA damage (NORAD) on atherosclerosis in CAD remains unclear. Read More

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Gasotransmitter CO Attenuates Bleomycin-Induced Fibroblast Senescence via Induction of Stress Granule Formation.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 29;2021:9926284. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Chronic Disease Research Center, Medical College, Dalian University, Dalian, 116622 Liaoning, China.

Cellular senescence is recognized as a phenomenon wherein a proliferative cell undergoes a permanent growth arrest. The accumulation of senescent cells over time can become harmful and result in diseases and physiological decline. Plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) is considered as a critical marker and mediator of cellular senescence. Read More

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Determining the function of LvSmad3 on Litopenaeus vannamei in response to acute low temperature stress.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Jul 22;125:104209. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Guangzhou Key Laboratory of Subtropical Biodiversity and Biomonitoring, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for Healthy and Safe Aquaculture, PR China; Key Laboratory of Ecology and Environmental Science in Guangdong Higher Education, College of Life Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, PR China. Electronic address:

Smad3 is a key mediator of the canonical TGF-β signaling pathway and plays an important role in TGF-β1-mediated transcriptional regulation. However, the function of Smad3 in crustaceans such as shrimp, is still poorly understood and needs to be further explored. We characterized Litopenaeus vannamei Smad3 (LvSmad3) and its biological functions were investigated in response low temperature stress. Read More

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The Regulatory Effects of Licochalcone A on the Intestinal Epithelium and Gut Microbiota in Murine Colitis.

Molecules 2021 Jul 8;26(14). Epub 2021 Jul 8.

School of Traditional Chinese Materia Medica, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China.

The gut epithelium is a mechanical barrier that protects the host from the luminal microenvironment and interacts with the gut microflora, which influences the development and progression of ulcerative colitis (UC). Licochalcone A (LA) exerts anti-inflammatory effects against UC; however, whether it also regulates both the gut barrier and microbiota during colitis is unknown. The current study was conducted to reveal the regulatory effects of LA on the intestinal epithelium and gut microflora in C57BL/6 mice subjected to dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). Read More

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PFKFB3 Inhibition Sensitizes DNA Crosslinking Chemotherapies by Suppressing Fanconi Anemia Repair.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 18;13(14). Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Oncology and Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, 171 21 Stockholm, Sweden.

Replicative repair of interstrand crosslinks (ICL) generated by platinum chemotherapeutics is orchestrated by the Fanconi anemia (FA) repair pathway to ensure resolution of stalled replication forks and the maintenance of genomic integrity. Here, we identify novel regulation of FA repair by the cancer-associated glycolytic enzyme PFKFB3 that has functional consequences for replication-associated ICL repair and cancer cell survival. Inhibition of PFKFB3 displays a cancer-specific synergy with platinum compounds in blocking cell viability and restores sensitivity in treatment-resistant models. Read More

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FBP1 enhances the radiosensitivity by suppressing glycolysis via the FBXW7/mTOR axis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells.

Life Sci 2021 Jul 20:119840. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710061, China. Electronic address:

Aims: The high glycolysis state of tumor cells is closely related to radioresistance. Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBP1) can regulate aerobic glycolysis and exerts tumor suppressor effects in many cancers, but its role in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remains to be investigated.

Materials And Methods: RT-qPCR was used to measure FBP1 mRNA level. Read More

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Quercetin Alleviates Osteoarthritis Progression in Rats by Suppressing Inflammation and Apoptosis via Inhibition of IRAK1/NLRP3 Signaling.

J Inflamm Res 2021 16;14:3393-3403. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Orthopedics, Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou, 510317, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Quercetin was recently reported to help protect against osteoarthritis (OA) progression, but the molecular mechanism for that protective affect remains unclear.

Methods: Here, OA model rats were intraperitoneally injected with quercetin, and the severity of cartilage damage in the rats was evaluated by H&E, Safranin O, and Toluidine blue, as well as by using the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) Scoring System. Additionally, rat chondrocytes were treated with quercetin and then stimulated with IL-1β. Read More

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Curculigoside Protects against Titanium Particle-Induced Osteolysis through the Enhancement of Osteoblast Differentiation and Reduction of Osteoclast Formation.

J Immunol Res 2021 4;2021:5707242. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Orthopaedics, Xiaoshan Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital, Hangzhou, 311201 Zhejiang Province, China.

Wear particle-induced periprosthetic osteolysis is mainly responsible for joint replacement failure and revision surgery. Curculigoside is reported to have bone-protective potential, but whether curculigoside attenuates wear particle-induced osteolysis remains unclear. In this study, titanium particles (Ti) were used to stimulate osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells in the presence or absence of curculigoside, to determine their effect on osteoblast differentiation. Read More

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Cinnamaldehyde inhibits psoriasis‑like inflammation by suppressing proliferation and inflammatory response of keratinocytes via inhibition of NF‑κB and JNK signaling pathways.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 19;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Dermatovenereology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325000, P.R. China.

Psoriasis is a systemic immune‑mediated inflammatory disease characterized by uncontrolled keratinocyte proliferation and poor differentiation. Cinnamaldehyde (CIN) has been shown to inhibit the proliferation and inflammatory response of primary and immortalized immune cells. However, to the best of our knowledge, the role of CIN in the progression of psoriasis remains unclear. Read More

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September 2021

Apelin‑13 alleviates diabetic nephropathy by enhancing nitric oxide production and suppressing kidney tissue fibrosis.

Int J Mol Med 2021 Sep 19;48(3). Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Nephrology, Air Force Medical Center, Beijing 100142, P.R. China.

Diabetes is a serious metabolic disease, and the kidney damage induced by diabetes also seriously affects the survival of patients. Apelin is a molecule that plays a crucial role in lipid metabolism, and recent studies have revealed that apelin‑13, a subtype of apelin, plays an important role in regulating blood glucose levels. However, the role of apelin‑13 in diabetic nephropathy remains unclear. Read More

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September 2021

Programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) protects liver damage by suppressing IFN-γ expression in T cells in infants and neonatal mice.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Jul 16;21(1):317. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Research in Structural Birth Defect Disease, Guangdong Provincial Children's Medical Research Center, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510623, Guangdong, China.

Background: Biliary atresia (BA) is a severe cholangiopathy possibly resulting from virus-induced and immune-mediated injury of the biliary system. IFN-γ, secreted from CD4 Th1 cells and CD8 cytotoxic T cells, is a major mediator of liver pathology. Programmed death protein-1 (PD-1) signaling suppresses T cell function. Read More

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Evaluation of protective effects of gallic acid on cisplatin-induced testicular and epididymal damage.

Andrologia 2021 Jul 15:e14189. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Biochemistry, Van Vocational Higher School of Healthcare Studies, Van Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey.

Cisplatin is an effective chemotherapeutic drug used to treat many types of tumours. However, it may cause male reproductive toxicity. Gallic acid exhibits beneficial effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumor. Read More

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Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi formula modulates the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway to attenuate acute-on-chronic liver failure by suppressing hypoxic injury and apoptosis in vivo and in vitro.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jul 12;280:114411. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Integrated TCM and Western Medicine, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, 210003, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a key complication of chronic hepatitis, with a relatively high mortality rate and limited treatment options, which dramatically threatens human lives. Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi formula (YQJPF) is a herbal compound commonly used to treat liver failure.

Aim Of The Study: The purpose of this research is to discuss the potential molecular biological effect and mechanism of YQJPF in ACLF. Read More

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A Novel Biological Activity of the STAT3 Inhibitor Stattic in Inhibiting Glutathione Reductase and Suppressing the Tumorigenicity of Human Cervical Cancer Cells via a ROS-Dependent Pathway.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 5;14:4047-4060. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Medical Research Center, Changsha Central Hospital, University of South China, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Glutathione reductase (GSR) provides reduced glutathione (GSH) to maintain redox homeostasis. Inhibition of GSR disrupts this balance, resulting in cell damage, which benefits cancer therapy. However, the effect of GSR inhibition on the tumorigenicity of human cervical cancer is not fully understood. Read More

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Vitexin Mitigates Myocardial Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats by Regulating Mitochondrial Dysfunction via Epac1-Rap1 Signaling.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 28;2021:9921982. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Pharmacology, Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine Research and Development of State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China.

Revascularization is an effective therapy for rescuing myocardial tissue after ischemic events. However, the process of reperfusion can lead to more severe cardiomyocyte damage, called myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury (MIRI). We have previously shown that vitexin (VT) (a flavonoid compound derived from natural products) protects against MIRI; however, the exact mechanisms underpinning this effect require further elucidation. Read More

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Exosomal miR-100-5p inhibits osteogenesis of hBMSCs and angiogenesis of HUVECs by suppressing the BMPR2/Smad1/5/9 signalling pathway.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 Jul 13;12(1):390. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, 400016, China.

Background: Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (NONFH) is a common, progressive, and refractory orthopaedic disease. Decreased osteogenesis and angiogenesis are considered the main factors in the pathogenesis of NONFH. We aimed to figure out whether exosomes and exosomal miRNA from necrotic bone tissues of patients with NONFH are involved in the pathogenesis of NONFH and reveal the underlying mechanisms. Read More

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Biological DMARDs and disease modification in axial spondyloarthritis: a review through the lens of causal inference.

RMD Open 2021 07;7(2)

Rheumatology, Zuyderland Medical Centre Heerlen, Heerlen, Netherlands.

Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is a chronic rheumatic disease characterised by inflammation predominantly involving the spine and the sacroiliac joints. In some patients, axial inflammation leads to irreversible structural damage that in the spine is usually quantified by the modified Stoke Ankylosing Spondylitis Spinal Score (mSASSS). Available therapeutic options include biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), which have been proven effective in suppressing inflammation in several randomised controlled trials (RCT), the gold standard for evaluating causal treatment effects. Read More

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Dihydroberberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid, exhibits protective effect against dextran sulfate sodium-induced ulcerative colitis in mice.

Phytomedicine 2021 Jun 25:153631. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Zunyi Medical University, Zhuhai Campus, Zhuhai 519041, China. Electronic address:

Background: As a chronic inflammatory disease, ulcerative colitis (UC) is relevant to a rising risk of colorectal cancer. Dihydroberberine (DHBB), a natural occurring isoquinoline alkaloid with various bioactivities, was found in many plants including Coptis chinensis Franch. (Ranunculaceae), Phellodendron chinense Schneid. Read More

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Effect of pantoprazole on I-R-induced myocardial injury in diabetic rats targeting inflammatory cytokine release and oxidative stress.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 May;24(5):615-622

Department of Pharmacology, Amity Institute of Pharmacy, Amity University, Uttar Pradesh-201303, India.

Objectives: To evaluate the pleiotropic potential and underlying mechanism of pantoprazole (PPZ) (common Proton Pump Inhibitors, PPIs) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) -associated ischemia/reperfusion (I-R)-induced myocardial infarction which is still uncharted. Whereas some other PPIs have demonstrated their anti-diabetic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory potential.

Materials And Methods: We evaluated the potential of coinciding treatment of PPZ (4 mg/kg/po/day for 8 weeks) in Wistar albino rats against STZ (50 mg/kg/IP) induced T2DM model and I-R provoked cardiac infarction model in diabetic and non-diabetic condition. Read More

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Quercetin alleviates cadmium chloride-induced renal damage in rats by suppressing endoplasmic reticulum stress through SIRT1-dependent deacetylation of Xbp-1s and eIF2α.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jul 7;141:111862. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a key role in cadmium chloride (CdCl2)-induced nephrotoxicity. Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) is a potent inhibitor of ER stress. In this study, we examined whether the protective effect of quercetin (QUR) against CdCl-induced nephrotoxicity in rats involved modulation of SIRT1 and/or ER stress. Read More

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Putative abrogation impacts of Ajwa seeds on oxidative damage, liver dysfunction and associated complications in rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Biological Applications Department, Nuclear Research Center, Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority, Abu-Zaabal, 13759, Egypt.

Background: Industrial toxicants such as Carbon tetrachloride (CCl) are known to disrupt the oxidative-antioxidative balance, which generates excessive amounts of free radicals leading to chronic or acute liver damage. Natural antioxidants, including Ajwa, play an important role in protecting against hepatotoxicity.

Methods And Results: This study investigated the prophylactic impacts of ajwa seeds aqueous extract (ASE) against hepatic oxidative injury in rats induced by CCl. Read More

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Mangiferin Alleviates Mitochondrial ROS in Nucleus Pulposus Cells and Protects against Intervertebral Disc Degeneration via Suppression of NF-B Signaling Pathway.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 11;2021:6632786. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Orthopedic, Qilu Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012 Shandong, China.

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD), one of the most common clinical diseases worldwide, causes disc herniation and sciatica. Recent studies have identified the involvement of mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammatory responses, and extracellular matrix degradation in IVDD. Mangiferin is known to protect against various diseases by inhibiting oxidative stress, suppressing inflammation reaction, and relieving mitochondrial dysfunction. Read More

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IRF8-Dependent Type I Conventional Dendritic Cells (cDC1s) Control Post-Ischemic Inflammation and Mildly Protect Against Post-Ischemic Acute Kidney Injury and Disease.

Front Immunol 2021 21;12:685559. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine IV, University Hospital, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

Post-ischemic acute kidney injury and disease (AKI/AKD) involve acute tubular necrosis and irreversible nephron loss. Mononuclear phagocytes including conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) are present during different phases of injury and repair, but the functional contribution of this subset remains controversial. Transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 8 (IRF8) is required for the development of type I conventional dendritic cells (cDC1s) lineage and helps to define distinct cDC1 subsets. Read More

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Transcriptomic analysis links hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HZE ion irradiated mice to a human HCC subtype with favorable outcomes.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 7;11(1):14052. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, 75390, USA.

High-charge, high-energy ion particle (HZE) radiations are extraterrestrial in origin and characterized by high linear energy transfer (high-LET), which causes more severe cell damage than low-LET radiations like γ-rays or photons. High-LET radiation poses potential cancer risks for astronauts on deep space missions, but the studies of its carcinogenic effects have relied heavily on animal models. It remains uncertain whether such data are applicable to human disease. Read More

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Loss of TRIM21 alleviates cardiotoxicity by suppressing ferroptosis induced by the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin.

EBioMedicine 2021 Jul 4;69:103456. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Chemical Biology, Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA; Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Doxorubicin, an anthracycline chemotherapeutic agent, is widely used in the treatment of many cancers. However, doxorubicin posts a great risk of adverse cardiovascular events, which are thought to be caused by oxidative stress. We recently reported that the ubiquitin E3 ligase TRIM21 interacts and ubiquitylates p62 and negatively regulates the p62-Keap1-Nrf2 antioxidant pathway. Read More

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Dental pulp stem cell-derived exosomes alleviate cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion injury through suppressing inflammatory response.

Cell Prolif 2021 Jul 7:e13093. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Objectives: The study aimed to determine whether dental pulp stem cell-derived exosomes (DPSC-Exos) exert protective effects against cerebral ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and explore its underlying mechanism.

Materials And Methods: Exosomes were isolated from the culture medium of human DPSC. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to 2 hours transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) injury followed by 2 hours reperfusion, after which singular injection of DPSC-Exos via tail vein was administrated. Read More

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Inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and pyroptosis with the ethyl acetate fraction of ameliorated cognitive dysfunction in aged mice.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, PR China. and Institute of Material Medica Integration and Transformation for Brain Disorders, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, PR China.

Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim (Rutaceae), a medicinal herb and foodstuff, has previously been demonstrated as useful for the potential prevention of age-related cognitive dysfunction. However, the mechanisms and material basis remain elusively understood. The prevention of cognitive impairment by four fractions of Z. Read More

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