17,702 results match your criteria dairy diets


Potential use of ground brown rice for weanling pigs.

J Anim Sci 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Division of Animal and Dairy Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea.

The current study was to assess the effects of substituting corn with ground brown rice (GBR) on growth performance, immune status, and gut microbiota in weanling pigs. Seventy-two weanling pigs [28-day-old with 6.78 ± 0. Read More

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September 2021

A dataset of human-inedible byproduct feeds consumed by dairy cows in the United States.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 8;38:107358. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Dairy Management Inc., United States.

Dairy cows convert human-indigestible forages and byproducts nutrients into edible food for humans [1]. Because of microbiota located in their rumen, dairy cows can digest fibrous forages and feeds which are not exploited by humans and monogastric animals like pigs. Dairy cows in the U. Read More

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October 2021

Mediterranean diet adherence among cosmetology students.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2021 ;72(3):301-307

Department of Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland.

Background: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is universally recognized as the healthiest model of nutrition whose beneficial effects help prevent many diet-related diseases.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess cosmetology students' adherence to the Mediterranean Diet using the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS).

Material And Methods: The study group consisted of 175 cosmetology students of the School of Physiotherapy whose dietary habits were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) consisting of 154 food and drink items representative of the diet during the last year. Read More

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January 2021

Effects of partial substitution of rosemary distillation residues to oat hay on digestive aspects, milk production, and metabolic statute of Tunisian local goats.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 22;53(5):473. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Laboratoire de Production Animale Et Fourragères, University of Carthage, INRAT, 2049, Ariana, Tunisia.

In the Mediterranean area, the by-products of medicinal and aromatic plant distillation became very attractive as additive and/or alternative feedstuff. Subsequently, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of distilled rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) leaves (RDL) on digestion and ruminal aspects, metabolic statutes, and milk yield of the Tunisian native goat breed. Read More

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September 2021

Metabolite patterns link diet, obesity, and type 2 diabetes in a Hispanic population.

Metabolomics 2021 Sep 22;17(10):88. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

USDA Agricultural Research Service, Nutrition and Genomics Laboratory, JM-USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.

Introduction: Obesity is a precursor of type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Objectives: Our aim was to identify metabolic signatures of T2D and dietary factors unique to obesity.

Methods: We examined a subsample of the Boston Puerto Rican Health Study (BPRHS) population with a high prevalence of obesity and T2D at baseline (n = 806) and participants (without T2D at baseline) at 5-year follow-up (n = 412). Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Bismuth Subsalicylate and Encapsulated Calcium-Ammonium Nitrate on Feedlot Beef Cattle Production.

J Anim Sci 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Animal and Dairy Science, University of Georgia - Tifton Campus, Tifton, GA, USA.

Two experiments were performed to evaluate the effects of bismuth subsalicylate (BSS) and calcium-ammonium nitrate (CAN) on in vitro ruminal fermentation, growth, apparent total tract digestibility of nutrients, liver mineral concentration, and carcass quality of beef cattle. In Exp. 1, 4 ruminally cannulated steers [520 ± 30 kg body weight (BW)] were used as donors to perform a batch culture and an in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) procedure. Read More

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September 2021

Growth performance and mammary gland development of Holstein calves fed milk with 15% solids and treated with growth promoters.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 21;53(5):467. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Technological Institute of Torreon, Torreon, Mexico.

The objective of this study was to evaluate growth performance, and mammary gland parenchyma (PAR) development in Holstein female calves fed whole milk combined with milk replacer for 15% total solids (15TS) or only milk (11% TS; 11TS). The effects of zilpaterol hydrochloride (ZH) and an estrogenic implant (EI) on growth performance, serum metabolites, and PAR development in post-weaning calves (63-90 days of age) fed 15TS or 11TS were also investigated. In the first phase, 78 calves were randomly divided into two groups (n = 39/group), 15TS, or 11TS (5 to 8 L/day; starter ad libitum). Read More

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September 2021

Effect of diet supply on milk production and weight performances of she-camels.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 21;53(5):464. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Agricultural Research Centre for International Development, CIRAD-EMVT, TA 30/A, International Campus de Baillarguet, 34398, Montpellier-Cedex, France.

The milk productivity improvement of she-camels requires a good feeding program that should indicate appropriate foods, required quantities, and how and when to distribute them. The aim of this study was to explore the interactions between milk productivity and body variations of dairy camels in response to experimental dietary treatments. The camels received a new diet every 15 days approximately, with higher rate of concentrates and high energy concentration. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Different Combinations of Sugar and Starch Concentrations on Ruminal Fermentation and Bacterial-Community Composition .

Front Nutr 2021 3;8:727714. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Jilin Province, Key Laboratory of Animal Production Product Quality and Security Ministry of Education, JLAU-Borui Dairy Science and Technology R&D Center, College of Animal Science and Technology, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China.

High levels of starch is known to have positive effects on both energy supply and milk yield but increases the risk of rumen acidosis. The use of sugar as a non-structural carbohydrate could circumvent this risk while maintaining the benefits, but its effects and that of the simultaneous use of both sugar and starch are not as well-understood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of different combinations of sugar and starch concentrations on ruminal fermentation and bacterial community composition in a 4 ×4 factorial experiment. Read More

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September 2021

Abomasal infusion of oleic acid increases fatty acid digestibility and plasma insulin of lactating dairy cows.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824. Electronic address:

Our objective was to determine whether abomasal infusions of increasing doses of oleic acid (cis-9 C18:1; OA) improved fatty acid (FA) digestibility and milk production of lactating dairy cows. Eight rumen-cannulated multiparous Holstein cows (138 d in milk ± 52) were randomly assigned to treatment sequence in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design with 18-d periods consisting of 7 d of washout and 11 d of infusion. Production and digestibility data were collected during the last 4 d of each infusion period. Read More

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September 2021

Increased super-conditioning temperature of corn grain affects performance, skeletal growth, and blood metabolites in Holstein dairy calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Production Systems, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Jokioinen 31600, Finland. Electronic address:

We aimed to evaluate the effects of feeding super-conditioned corn at different temperatures on intake, growth performance, total-tract starch digestibility, rumen fermentation, blood metabolites, and feeding behavior of dairy calves. Thirty-six Holstein female dairy calves (40 ± 1.72 kg of body weight, ± SD) were randomly assigned to 1 of the following 3 treatments: (1) ground corn (control; CON; n = 12), (2) corn super-conditioned at 75°C (T-75; n = 12), and (3) corn super-conditioned at 95°C (T-95; n = 12). Read More

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September 2021

Nutrient digestibility and production responses of lactating dairy cows when saturated free fatty acid supplements are included in diets: A meta-analysis.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824. Electronic address:

Our objective was to perform a series of meta-analyses to evaluate the effects of diets supplemented with saturated free fatty acid (FA) supplements (SFAA) compared with nonfat supplemented control diets (CON) on nutrient digestibility and production responses of lactating dairy cows and to determine whether experimental design affects responses to SFFA. We divided SFFA into C16:0-enriched supplements (PALM, FA supplements with ≥80% C16:0) and C16:0+C18:0-enriched supplements (MIX, FA supplements with ≥80% C16:0+C18:0). The database was formed from 32 peer-reviewed publications with SFFA supplemented at ≤3% diet dry matter (DM). Read More

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September 2021

Effects of oral administration of timothy hay and psyllium on the growth performance and fecal microbiota of preweaning calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan. Electronic address:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of oral administration of fiber from the first week of life on the growth and hindgut environment of preweaning calves. Twenty newborn female Holstein calves were divided into 2 groups as control and treatment. Calves in both groups were reared under the same feeding program except for oral fiber administration. Read More

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September 2021

Prophylactic use of an ultra-diluted complex on health, metabolism, and performance of weaned Holstein calves and its carryover effect up to first lactation.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Animal Science, School of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of Sao Paulo, Pirassununga, SP 13635-900 Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an ultra-diluted complex supplemented as a prophylactic strategy on the incidence risk of diseases, metabolism, and performance of weaned Holstein calves immediately after grouping. Additionally, the objective was to investigate the carryover effects on heifer-raising and first-lactation periods, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. A total of 184 weaned Holstein calves (83 ± 7. Read More

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September 2021

Dietary Intervention to Improve Blood Pressure Control: Beyond Salt Restriction.

High Blood Press Cardiovasc Prev 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Research Center, Medical and Surgical Sciences Department, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Lifestyle improvement is a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease prevention and has a relevant effect on blood pressure control. During the last decades the attention of the researcher has focused on low-salt diets as the lifestyle modification most effective in blood pressure reduction. Current international guidelines thus suggest to stress the importance of the implementation of the dietary approach to stop hypertension (DASH) diet and of a low-salt Mediterranean diet to achieve the best results in term of blood pressure decrease. Read More

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September 2021

Nutritional significance and therapeutic potential of Moringa oleifera: The wonder plant.

J Food Biochem 2021 Sep 17:e13933. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Biomedical Instruments and Devices HUB, A Centre for Innovation, Design and Clinical Validation, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, Haryana, India.

Moringa oleifera is a multi-purpose plant and a comprehensive source of dietary components such as proteins, essential amino acids, vitamins, antioxidants, etc. The plant is also a rich source of other bioactive components, including flavonoids, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolics, etc. Incorporating M. Read More

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September 2021

Distinguishing feature of gut microbiota in Tibetan highland coronary artery disease patients and its link with diet.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 16;11(1):18486. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Cardiology, Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University, Xining, 810001, China.

The prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in Tibetan Highlanders is lower than that in plain-living individuals, but the mechanism still unclear. Gut microbiota (GM) disorder is considered one of the potential factors involved in the pathogenesis of CAD, but the GM characteristics of Tibetan Highlanders suffering from CAD are unknown. We sequenced the V3-V4 region of the 16S ribosomal RNA of gut bacteria from fecal samples from Tibetan and Han CAD patients and healthy individuals inhabiting the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, as well as from Han CAD patients and healthy individuals living at sea level, and we analyzed the GM characteristics of these subjects by bioinformatics analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Milk metabolome reveals variations on enteric methane emissions from dairy cows fed a specific inhibitor of the methanogenesis pathway.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

INRAE, Université Clermont Auvergne, Vetagro Sup, UMRH, 63122, Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France. Electronic address:

Metabolome profiling in biological fluids is an interesting approach for exploring markers of methane emissions in ruminants. In this study, a multiplatform metabolomics approach was used for investigating changes in milk metabolic profiles related to methanogenesis in dairy cows. For this purpose, 25 primiparous Holstein cows at similar lactation stage were fed the same diet supplemented with (treated, n = 12) or without (control, n = 13) a specific antimethanogenic additive that reduced enteric methane production by 23% with no changes in intake, milk production, and health status. Read More

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September 2021

Replacement of barley with oats and dehulled oats: Effects on milk production, enteric methane emissions, and energy utilization in dairy cows fed a grass silage-based diet.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Agricultural Research for Northern Sweden, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-901 83 Umeå, Sweden; Milk Production, Production Systems, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland. Electronic address:

Sixteen Nordic Red dairy cows, at 80 ± 4.6 d in milk and with an average body weight of 624 ± 91.8 kg, were used in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design to investigate the effects of different concentrate supplements on milk production, enteric CH emissions, ruminal fermentation, digestibility, and energy utilization. Read More

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September 2021

Diets containing processed barley grain as a potential rumen bypass starch source enhance productive responses of lactating Holstein dairy cows.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Institute of Nutritional Physiology "Oskar Kellner", Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Dummerstorf, Germany.

Effect of diets containing untreated or processed barley grain [treated with sugar beet pulp extract (SBPE) or double sulphate of aluminium and potassium (ALUM)] and different levels of rumen undegradable crude protein (RUP) on production, rumen fermentation and blood metabolites of lactating Holstein cows were investigated. Untreated soybean meal (SBM) or xylose protected 'Yasminomax soy (YAS)' was included to represent a low (LR, 4.2% DM) and high (HR, 5. Read More

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September 2021

Dietary patterns and cardiometabolic risks in diverse less-developed ethnic minority regions: results from the China Multi-Ethnic Cohort (CMEC) Study.

Lancet Reg Health West Pac 2021 Oct 20;15:100252. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Background In Western developed countries, food-based dietary patterns have been associated with the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, but little is known about such associations in less developed ethnic minority regions (LEMRs), where the cardiometabolic disease burden is growing rapidly and food patterns differ substantially. Methods Between May 2018 and September 2019, we recruited 99556 participants aged 30-79 years from the China Multi-Ethnic Cohort (CMEC) Study. We measured habitual dietary intake with validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and then calculated dietary pattern scores for two of the most studied a priori dietary patterns, i. Read More

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October 2021

Sustainability analysis of Finnish pre-schoolers' diet based on targets of the EAT-Lancet reference diet.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 66, 00014, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: The EAT-Lancet reference diet is a healthy plant-based diet produced within planetary boundaries. To inform the food system transformation, we compared Finnish pre-schoolers' food consumption with the reference diet's food group targets.

Methods: Food record data for 3- to 6-year-old pre-schoolers were collected in the cross-sectional DAGIS survey. Read More

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September 2021

Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2015) of Female College Students According to Obesity and Exercise Participation.

J Obes Metab Syndr 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Individuals participating in exercise are more likely to lead a healthy lifestyle to achieve their exercise-related goals. This study aimed to examine the differences in dietary quality of female university students by exercise involvement and body mass index (BMI).

Methods: This study was conducted with 360 female university students in Turkey. Read More

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September 2021

Chlorogenic acid and β-glucan from highland barley grain ameliorate β-cell dysfunction inhibiting apoptosis and improving cell proliferation.

Authors:
Ze-Hua Liu Bo Li

Food Funct 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China.

Recent studies have reported that highland barley as a whole grain diet has anti-hyperglycemic effects, however little information is available about the active compounds that ameliorate pancreatic β-cell dysfunction and the related mechanisms. In this study, chlorogenic acid (CA) and β-glucan (BG) were identified as the active compounds that ameliorated β-cell dysfunction. CA ameliorated β-cell dysfunction by inhibiting cell apoptosis and improving glucose-stimulated insulin secretion targeting G protein-coupled receptor 40 (GPR40) and regulating the phospholipase C β (PLCβ) pathway. Read More

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September 2021

High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Aggravates Food Allergy by Intestinal Barrier Destruction and Inflammation.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Aug 5:1-13. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Key Laboratory of Precision Nutrition and Food Quality, Key Laboratory of Functional Dairy, Ministry of Education, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Introduction: The increase in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and food allergy leads to an assumption that the 2 are related. This study aims to (1) systematic verification of HFD-induced obesity aggravates food allergy and (2) explore the correlation and molecular mechanisms of HFD-induced obesity promotes food allergy.

Methods: Female BALB/c mice are divided into the control group (control), the ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized group (OVA), the HFD-induced obesity group (HFD), and HFD-induced allergic obesity group (HFD + OVA). Read More

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Association Between Dietary Quality and Postpartum Depression in Lactating Women: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Urban China.

Front Nutr 2021 26;8:705353. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, School of Public Health, Peking University, Beijing, China.

Evidence on the effects of dietary quality on the risk of postpartum depression in the Chinese population is limited. This study aimed to examine the association between dietary quality and postpartum depression in Chinses lactating women. A total of 939 participants from 10 cities were included in this analysis. Read More

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Food group intake of children and adolescents (6-18 years) on a vegetarian, vegan, or omnivore diet: Results of the VeChi Youth Study.

Br J Nutr 2021 Sep 13:1-26. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Research Institute for Plant-Based Nutrition (IFPE), Biebertal, Germany.

Plant-based, i.e., vegetarian (without meat and fish) or vegan (exclusively plant-based foods) diets are in trend also among children and adolescents, but data on food intake in this group are lacking. Read More

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September 2021