19,302 results match your criteria daily gain

Effects of 2 liquid feeding rates over the first 3 months of life on whole-body energy metabolism and energy use efficiency of dairy calves up to 5 months.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Nutritional Physiology "Oskar Kellner," Leibniz Institute for Farm Animal Biology (FBN), Wilhelm-Stahl-Allee 1, 18196 Dummerstorf, Germany. Electronic address:

Intensified milk replacer (MR) feeding in calves has nutritional long-term effects and is suggested to increase milk production later in life. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely understood. The aim of our study was to investigate whether MR feeding intensity has long-term effects on energy metabolism and energy use efficiency of dairy calves. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of pair housing on dairy calf health, performance, and behavior.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Ethology, Institute of Animal Science, Přátelství 815, 104 00 Prague-Uhřínevěs, Czech Republic; Department of Ethology and Companion Animal Science, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, 165 21 Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Individual housing of dairy calves prevails in Europe and North America despite its negative effects on calf development. One of the main reasons is that farmers find individual housing of calves more practical than group housing. A compromise between practice and welfare could be housing calves in pairs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Concerns from Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) Patients Regarding Drug-Induced Movement Disorders: Impact on Functioning and Treatment Beliefs.

CNS Spectr 2021 Apr;26(2):152

Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc., San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: Drug-induced movement disorders (DIMDs) may occur in patients treated with antipsychotics. The CommonGround Program supports the recovery and healing of psychiatric outpatients through tools which facilitate better patient-doctor communication regarding psychiatric symptoms, DIMDs, and the effectiveness of treatment.

Methods: Patients responses to CommonGround's web-based waiting-room questionnaire were analyzed in patients who responded yes to having concerns about developing DIMDs (MD-YES) and those who responded no to this question (MD-NO). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cost-effectiveness of telerehabilitation in patients with heart failure in Poland: an analysis based on the results of Telerehabilitation in the Heart Failure Patients (TELEREH-HF) randomized clinical trial.

Kardiol Pol 2021 ;79(5):510-516

HealthQuest, Warszawa, Poland.

Background: Telerehabilitation in the Heart Failure Patients (TELEREH-HF) study showed a statistically significant improvement in the tertiary outcomes i.e. the New York Heart Association (NYHA) class after a 9-week follow-up, consistent with telerehabilitation-related benefits to quality of life (QoL) measured with the 36-item Short Form questionnaire (SF-36). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Quantization Parameter Cascading for Surveillance Video Coding Considering All Inter Reference Frames.

IEEE Trans Image Process 2021 18;30:5692-5707. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Video surveillance and its applications have become increasingly ubiquitous in modern daily life. In video surveillance system, video coding as a critical enabling technology determines the effective transmission and storage of surveillance videos. In order to meet the real-time or time-critical transmission requirements of video surveillance systems, the low-delay (LD) configuration of the advanced high efficiency video coding (HEVC) standard is usually used to encode surveillance videos. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of voluntary removal of ractopamine hydrochloride (Optaflexx) on live performance and carcass characteristics of beef steers.

Transl Anim Sci 2021 Apr 9;5(2):txab047. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Elanco, Greenfield, IN 46140, USA.

There is a lack of consistency across the globe in how countries establish tissue ractopamine residue limits and which residue limits are applied to various tissues, particularly for edible noncarcass tissues. Therefore, some U.S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of Dietary Energy Level on Performance, Plasma Parameters, and Central AMPK Levels in Stressed Broilers.

Front Vet Sci 2021 28;8:681858. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Animal Science, Shandong Agricultural University, Taian, China.

This study aimed to characterize the effects of diets with different energy levels on the growth performance, plasma parameters, and central AMPK signaling pathway in broilers under dexamethasone (DEX)-induced stress. A total of 216 1-day-old male broiler chickens were allocated to groups fed with high (HED), National Research Council-recommended (control), or low (LED) energy diets. At 10 days old, chickens were treated with or without dexamethasone (DEX, 2 mg/kg body weight) for 3 consecutive days. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cafeteria Diet-Induced Metabolic and Cardiovascular Changes in Rats: The Role of Leaf Extract.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 1;2021:5585650. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Centre for Research on Medicinal Plants and Traditional Medicine, Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plants Studies, P.O. Box 13033, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Background: Cafeteria diet is known to induce excessive body fat accumulation (obesity) that could cause metabolic and cardiovascular changes and even death. The increase in prevalence over time and the failure in treatment options make obesity a real public health problem. The present study assessed the preventive effect of the hydro-ethanolic extract of the leaf on the development of metabolic and cardiovascular changes in cafeteria diet fed Wistar rats. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Improvements on Clinical Status of Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa in Inpatient and Day Hospital Treatment: A Retrospective Pilot Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:653482. Epub 2021 May 28.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Unit, Department of Neuroscience, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Istituto di ricovero e cura a carattere scientifico (IRCCS), Rome, Italy.

Medical and psychiatric complications and treatment compliance are important considerations in determining the treatment program for patients with severe anorexia nervosa (AN). Clinical practice guidelines agree that an outpatient program is the first choice for the treatment of most eating disorders, but vary in supporting these programs for AN. However, inpatient care is known to be costly and the risk of relapse and readmission is high. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of supplements differing in fatty acid profile to late gestational beef cows on cow performance, calf growth performance, and mRNA expression of genes associated with myogenesis and adipogenesis.

J Anim Sci Biotechnol 2021 Jun 14;12(1):67. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA.

Background: Maternal nutrition during gestation affects fetal development, which has long-term programming effects on offspring postnatal growth performance. With a critical role in protein and lipid metabolism, essential fatty acids can influence the development of muscle and adipose tissue. The experiment investigated the effects of late gestation supplements (77 d prepartum), either rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids (CON; 155 g/cow/d EnerGII) or polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA; 80 g/cow/d Strata and 80 g/cow/d Prequel), on cow performance and subsequent calf growth performance as well as mRNA expression in longissimus muscle (LM) and subcutaneous adipose tissue at birth and weaning. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nitrogen retention in hair sheep lambs with a gradient of Haemonchus contortus infection.

Vet Parasitol 2021 Jun 6;296:109488. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Campus de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Km 15.5 Carretera Mérida-Xmatkuil, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico.

The impact of Haemonchus contortus infections on nitrogen retention (NR) of hair sheep lambs is unknown. This study estimated the feed intake, digestibility, NR, haematocrit (HT), and their relationship with the gradient of H. contortus infection in hair sheep lambs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of available crop by-products as alternative bedding materials to wheat straw for rearing broilers.

Animal 2021 Jun 8;15(7):100260. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Poultry Production Department, Agriculture College, Damietta University, Damietta 34517, Egypt.

The provision of suitable bedding for rearing broilers is an ongoing challenge for poultry producers. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of using different types of crop residues as alternative bedding materials to wheat straw on growth performance, carcass traits, health, and welfare of broilers; moreover, the effects on the bedding and air quality were analyzed. We randomly assigned 180 1-day-old chickens (Cobb 500) across six bedding groups (three replicates of 10 birds each). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Interaction of CP levels in maternal and nursery diets, and its effect on performance, protein digestibility, and serum urea levels in piglets.

Animal 2021 Jun 8;15(7):100266. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Flanders Research Institute for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (ILVO), 9090 Melle, Belgium; Department of Nutrition, Genetics and Ethology, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address:

Reduced protein levels in nursery diets have been associated with a lower risk of postweaning diarrhea, but the interaction with CP levels in maternal diet on the performance of the offspring remains unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of protein content in sow gestation and piglet nursery diets on the performance of the piglets until slaughter. This was studied in a 2 × 2 factorial trial (35 sows, 209 piglets), with higher or lower (H or L) dietary CP in sow diets (168 vs 122 g CP/kg) during late gestation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dietary soybean oil modulates fatty acid composition of pork.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jun 10;53(3):357. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Federal University of Mato Grosso Do Sul, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil.

This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of soybean oil level on performance and fatty acid profile of backfat and longissimus lumborum muscle of gilts. Forty-eight gilts with an initial weight of 21.75 ± 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of Diet Supplementation and Age at Slaughter on Carcass Characteristics of Creole Goats.

Front Vet Sci 2021 25;8:671948. Epub 2021 May 25.

INRAE Unité de Recherches Zootechniques, Centre INRAE Antilles-Guyane, Paris, France.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of diet and age on finishing performances and carcass characteristics of male Creole goats. A total of 91 weaned male Creole kids [84 days old ± 7 days, 9.2 kg live weight (LW) ± 0. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Macromineral and trace element requirements for Santa Ines sheep.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 10;11(1):12329. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Ceara, Mister Hull Avenue, Fortaleza, 297760356000, Brazil.

Minerals play an important role in animal metabolism. Knowledge of mineral requirements allows well-formulated diets to be provided, which is the main factor that affects performance. To determine the macromineral and trace element requirements for growth and maintenance, thirty-eight 2-month-old Santa Ines lambs with initial body weight (BW) of 13. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of a probiotic-fermented herbal blend on the growth performance, intestinal flora and immune function of chicks infected with Salmonella pullorum.

Poult Sci 2021 Apr 15;100(7):101196. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Beijing Engineering Laboratory of Probiotics Key Technology Development, Beijing Key Laboratory of Agricultural Product Detection and Control of Spoilage Organisms and Pesticide Residue, Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, Food Science and Engineering College, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, 102206, China. Electronic address:

Salmonella pullorum is a highly pathogenic bacteria in poultry industry. However, antibiotics were restricted in many countries because of the increasing risk of antibiotic resistance, Therefore, an environmental friendly and effective alternative strives to be developed. This study investigated the benefit of a probiotic-fermented herbal blend on the growth performance and gut microbiota of newborn broilers infected with S. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Switching to denosumab or bisphosphonates after completion of teriparatide treatment in women with severe postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Endocr Pract 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Objective: We compared bone mineral density (BMD) changes after 12 months' treatment with denosumab or bisphosphonates in postmenopausal women with severe osteoporosis after stopping teriparatide therapy.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 140 postmenopausal women (mean age 74.2 years) with severe osteoporosis who had been treated with teriparatide for 18‒24 months at our outpatient clinic in a tertiary endocrine center between 2006 and 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of deoxynivalenol contaminated diet on performance, immune response, intestine morphology and jejunal gene expression in broiler chicken.

Toxicon 2021 Jun 8;199:72-78. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Urmia University, P. O. Box 165, Urmia, Iran.

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of deoxynivalenol (DON) contaminated diet on performance, immune system, gut morphology and jejunal gene expression in broiler chickens. Eighty-one-day old chicks were randomly allotted into two treatments with 4 replicates (10 birds in each replication). Experimental diets were the control diet (maize-soybean meal) and an experimentally contaminated diet with 10 mg/kg DON. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

is a newly isolated human commensal bacterium preventing diet-induced obesity and metabolic disorders in mice.

Gut 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Louvain Drug Research Institute (LDRI), Metabolism and Nutrition Research Group (MNUT), Walloon Excellence in Life Sciences and BIOtechnology (WELBIO), UCLouvain, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium

Objective: To investigate the abundance and the prevalence of J115, a novel butyrate-producing bacterium isolated from the human gut both in the general population and in subjects with metabolic syndrome. To study the impact of this bacterium on host metabolism using diet-induced obese and diabetic mice.

Design: We analysed the presence and abundance of the bacterium in 11 984 subjects using four human cohorts (ie, Human Microbiome Project, American Gut Project, Flemish Gut Flora Project and Microbes4U). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nutritional and behavioral factors related to weight gain after bariatric surgery.

Rev Med Chil 2021 Jan;149(1):30-36

Facultad de Medicina Clínica Alemana, Universidad del Desarrollo, Santiago, Chile.

Background: Weight regain (WR) after bariatric surgery is common. Several factors involved in WR have been identified, but there has been little research on specific eating habits such as eating snacks rather than regular meals and being a "sweet-eater".

Aim: To determine whether nutritional status, energy and macronutrient intake, eating behaviors and habits were associated with WR in the postoperative period. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

Framed Messages to Increase Condom Use Frequency Among Individuals Taking Daily Antiretroviral Medication for Pre-exposure Prophylaxis.

Arch Sex Behav 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY, USA.

PrEP delivery and routine care provide a unique opportunity to promote sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention by both increasing STI testing frequency and creating a space for affirmative and effective safer sex counseling. This study was a feasibility and acceptability pilot of an adapted framed message intervention to increase condom use frequency with PrEP. In the formative phase, two focus groups with PrEP users (N = 7) provided feedback on a provisional loss-framed message intervention and identified potential study barriers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Performance, biochemical and physiological parameters of Dorper × Santa Ines lambs fed with three levels of metabolizable energy.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jun 9;53(3):353. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Paraná, Palotina Campus, Palotina, PR, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate the performance and the blood biochemical and physiological parameters of Dorper × Santa Ines lambs receiving three levels of metabolizable energy (ME). A completely randomized design with three treatments (ME levels) and eight replicates (lambs) was used. Twenty-four non-castrated male lambs of four months of age and 21. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The dynamics of stem water storage in the tops of Earth's largest trees-Sequoiadendron giganteum.

Tree Physiol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.

Water stored in tree stems (i.e., trunks and branches) is an important contributor to transpiration that can improve photosynthetic carbon gain and reduce the probability of cavitation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Uterine Transplantation Using Living Donation: A Cross-sectional Study Assessing Perceptions, Acceptability, and Suitability.

Transplant Direct 2021 Mar 18;7(3):e673. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

West London Gynaecological Cancer Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College NHS Trust, London, United Kingdom.

A uterine transplantation is a nonvital, quality-of-life-enhancing solid organ transplant. Given improvements in donor risk profile and the anticipated shortage of suitable deceased donors, nondirected donation could facilitate sustainability as uterine transplantation moves from research into the clinical realm. The aim of this article is to determine perceptions and identify motivations of potential nondirected living uterus donors and assess acceptability and suitability. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Case Report of Recurrent Hypokalemia During Pregnancies Associated With Nonaldosterone-Mediated Renal Potassium Loss.

Can J Kidney Health Dis 2021 28;8:20543581211017424. Epub 2021 May 28.

Medical University of South Carolina, College of Medicine, Charleston, SC, USA.

Rationale: Geller et al reported a rare mutation in the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) resulting in constitutive MR activity. Progesterone, normally an MR antagonist, acts as a potent agonist with this mutation. Progesterone levels can increase 100-fold during pregnancy and thus lead to increased MR activity in this setting, resulting in hypertension (HTN) and hypokalemia during pregnancy and resolution of hypokalemia after delivery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of Lactobacillus plantarum (strains 22F and 25F) and Pediococcus acidilactici (strain 72N) as replacements for antibiotic-growth promotants in pigs.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12028. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.

The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) Lactobacillus plantarum (strains 22F and 25F) and Pediococcus acidilactici (strain 72N) have appeared promising as replacements for antibiotics in in vitro studies. Microencapsulation, especially by the spray-drying method, has been used to preserve their numbers and characteristics during storage and digestion. This study compared the efficacy of these strains and their microencapsulated form with antibiotic usage on growth performance, faecal microbial counts, and intestinal morphology in nursing-finishing pigs. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Life cycle assessment of pasture-based suckler steer weanling-to-beef production systems: Effect of breed and slaughter age.

Animal 2021 Jun 5;15(7):100247. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Teagasc, Crops, Environment and Land Use Research Centre, Johnstown Castle, Wexford, Ireland.

Demand for beef produced from pasture-based diets is rising as it is perceived to be healthier, animal friendly and good for the environment. Animals reared on a solely grass forage diet, however, have a lower growth rate than cereal-fed animals and consequently are slaughtered at an older age. This study focused on the former by conducting life cycle assessments of beef production systems offering only fresh or conserved grass, and comparing them to a conventional pasture-based beef production system offering concentrate feeding during housing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pioglitazone and/or irbesartan ameliorate COPD-induced endothelial dysfunction in side stream cigarette smoke-exposed mice model.

Life Sci 2021 Jun 5;280:119706. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Electronic address:

Aims: Cigarette smoking (CS) is the main cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Endothelial dysfunction is related to the severity of pulmonary disease in COPD. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of single and combined administration of pioglitazone (Pio) and irbesartan (Irb) against COPD-induced endothelial dysfunction in mice and the involvement of NO and HS in their effects. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of Achyranthes japonica extract on the performance of finishing pigs fed diets containing palm kernel meal and rapeseed meal as a partial alternative to soybean meal.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Animal Resource & Science, Dankook University, Cheonan, South Korea.

A total of 120 finishing pigs with an average initial body weight of 49.72 ± 0.08 kg (mean ± SD) were used in a 10 weeks trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF