475 results match your criteria cytologically analyzed

Promotion of Cervical Screening among Long-term Non-attendees by Human Papillomavirus Self-sampling.

J Cancer Prev 2021 Mar;26(1):25-31

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Cervical cancer is preventable through gynecological screening. To promote participation among non-attending women, self-collected vaginal samples for detection of high-risk human papillomavirus (hr-HPV) is an option. The aims of this study were to investigate the response of self-collected vaginal samples for hr-HPV testing among long-term non-attendees, to explore the attendance at follow-up among HPV-positive women, and to analyze the prevalence of hr-HPV and severe cervical dysplasia or cancer among the responders. Read More

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Effect of Second-generation vs Third-generation Chemotherapy Regimens With Thoracic Radiotherapy on Unresectable Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: 10-Year Follow-up of a WJTOG0105 Phase 3 Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Oncol 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Medical Oncology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.

Importance: Insufficient data are available regarding the long-term outcomes and cumulative incidences of toxic effects that are associated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT) for patients with stage III non-small-cell lung cancer.

Objective: To evaluate survival and late toxic effects 10 years after patients were treated with curative CRT.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This multicenter, phase 3 West Japan Thoracic Oncology Group (WJTOG) 0105 randomized clinical trial was conducted between September 2001 and September 2005 in Japan. Read More

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Clinical utility of sonographic features in indeterminate pediatric thyroid nodules.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 May;184(5):657-665

Thyroid Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital.

Objective: Surgical resection is recommended for cytologically indeterminate pediatric thyroid nodules due to their intermediate malignancy risk. We evaluated the utility of ultrasound characteristics for refining malignancy risk to inform the management of these nodules.

Design: Retrospective cohort study (2004-2019). Read More

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Multiparametric Ultrasound Evaluation of the Thyroid: Elastography as a Key Tool in the Risk Prediction of Undetermined Nodules (Bethesda III and IV)-Histopathological Correlation.

Ultrasound Med Biol 2021 May 12;47(5):1219-1226. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Institute of Radiology, Hospital das Clínicas, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

The purpose of this study was to select thyroid nodules most at risk for malignancy among those cytologically undetermined by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), using B-mode, color duplex Doppler and 2-D shear wave shear wave elastography (2-D-SWE). This was a prospective diagnostic accuracy study with 62 Bethesda III/IV nodules according to FNAB (atypia/follicular lesion of undetermined significance or follicular neoplasia/Hürthle cell neoplasm). Ultrasonography (US) data were compared with resection histologic results, revealing 35 of 62 benign nodules (56. Read More

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Overall Survival With Second-Line Pembrolizumab in Patients With Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Randomized Phase III Clinical Trial Versus Propensity-Adjusted Real-World Data.

JCO Clin Cancer Inform 2021 Jan;5:56-65

Biostatistics and Research Decision Sciences (BARDS), Merck & Co, Inc, Kenilworth, NJ.

Purpose: To compare and characterize overall survival (OS) differences between clinical trial data from the KEYNOTE-010 trial and real-world data (RWD) from the Flatiron Health database in patients with programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-expressing advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received second-line pembrolizumab monotherapy.

Methods: Clinical trial data were from the randomized phase II/III KEYNOTE-010 trial that enrolled patients from August 28, 2013, to February 27, 2015. At data cutoff for KEYNOTE-010, the median survival follow-up time for pembrolizumab patients was 11. Read More

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January 2021

Multiple combination therapy based on intrathecal pemetrexed in non-small cell lung cancer patients with refractory leptomeningeal metastasis.

Ann Palliat Med 2020 Nov;9(6):4233-4245

Department of Thoracic Oncology, Fujian Cancer Hospital and Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, Fuzhou, China.

Background: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a fatal complication, and its incidence is increasing in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Refractory LM (rLM) has become problematic due to the lack of uniform definition and standardized treatment guidelines. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of multiple therapy based on intrathecal pemetrexed (IP) in patients with rLM in NSCLC. Read More

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November 2020

Pleural Space Elastance and Its Relation to Success Rates of Pleurodesis in Malignant Pleural Effusion.

Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2021 Jan 9;84(1):67-73. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Department of Chest Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Background: Pleurodesis fails in 10%-40% of patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusions malignant pleural effusion and dyspnea. This study aimed to assess the values of pleural elastance (PEL) after the aspiration of 500 mL of pleural fluid and their relation to the pleurodesis outcome, and to compare the pleurodesis outcome with the chemical characteristics of pleural fluid.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted in Kasr El-Aini Hospital, Cairo University, during the period from March 2019 to January 2020. Read More

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January 2021

Usefulness of accessible imaging methods in thyroid nodules with indeterminate cytology.

Endocr Relat Cancer 2021 Jan;28(1):R1-R9

Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

In thyroid nodules (TN) submitted to fine-needle aspiration (FNA), Bethesda categories III and IV are considered 'indeterminate' cytology. This result corresponds to 10-25% of all FNAs and the risk of malignancy (RoM) ranges from 10% to 30% for category III and from 15% to 40% for category IV. This review analyzed the practical applicability of accessible imaging method in the management of patients with cytologically indeterminate TN > 1 cm (ITN). Read More

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January 2021

Macrophages in Giemsa-stained cerebrospinal fluid specimens predict carcinomatous meningitis.

Oncol Lett 2020 Dec 11;20(6):352. Epub 2020 Oct 11.

Laboratory of Histopathology and Cytopathology, Department of Laboratory Sciences, Gunma University Graduate School of Health Sciences, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8514, Japan.

Carcinomatous meningitis is a condition in which tumor cells spread to the subarachnoid space. Leukocyte counting and typing of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cell components are performed manually or using flow cytometry. However, a detailed analysis of these variables using cytological specimens has not yet been reported. Read More

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December 2020

Characteristic Cytological Findings of Lobular Endocervical Glandular Hyperplasia Associated with Adenocarcinoma of the Uterine Cervix.

Acta Cytol 2020 19;64(6):556-562. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Division of Pathology, The Cancer Institute, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo, Japan,

Objective: To investigate the cytological findings of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH) associated with adenocarcinoma and to clarify its characteristics and the coexisting adenocarcinoma using histochemistry and immunohistochemistry.

Methods: Eighteen surgical cases of LEGH of the uterine cervix were retrospectively reviewed and classified into 3 groups: pure (pure type), atypical (atypical type), and LEGH with adenocarcinoma (mixed type). The mixed type is defined as LEGH or atypical LEGH with in situ or invasive adenocarcinoma. Read More

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November 2020

Features of Cytologically Indeterminate Molecularly Benign Nodules Treated With Surgery.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020 11;105(11)

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, The Ohio State University and Arthur G. James Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio.

Background: Most cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules (ITNs) with benign molecular testing are not surgically removed. The data on clinical outcomes of these nodules are limited.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed all ITNs where molecular testing was performed either with the Afirma gene expression classifier or Afirma gene sequencing classifier between 2011 and 2018 at a single institution. Read More

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November 2020

Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) for leptomeningeal metastasis from NSCLC in the era of targeted therapy: a retrospective study.

Radiat Oncol 2020 Jul 31;15(1):185. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515, P. R. China.

Background And Purpose: Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is a rare but detrimental complication in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is used to eliminating cancer cells or microscopic foci, it is becoming less favorable due to the concerns over neurocognitive toxicity. This study aimed to re-evaluate the role of WBRT in the setting of modern targeted therapy. Read More

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The Added Value of Operator's Judgement in Thyroid Nodule Ultrasound Classification Arising From Histologically Based Comparison of Different Risk Stratification Systems.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 7;11:434. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

Unit of Endocrinology, Department of Biomedical, Metabolic and Neural Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Several ultrasound classifications for thyroid nodules were proposed but their accuracy is still debated, since mainly estimated on cytology and not on histology. The aim of this study was to test the diagnostic accuracy and the inter-classification agreement of AACE/ACE-AME, American Thyroid Association (ATA), British Thyroid Association (BTA), and Modena Ultrasound Thyroid Classification (MUT) that stratifies malignancy risk considering also the clinician subjective impression. A prospective study collecting thyroid nodule features at ultrasound and histological diagnosis was conducted. Read More

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Erlotinib for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer with Leptomeningeal Metastases: A Phase II Study (LOGIK1101).

Oncologist 2020 12 11;25(12):e1869-e1878. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of Thoracic Oncology, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Cancer Center, Fukuoka, Japan.

Lessons Learned: This phase II trial evaluated the efficacy of erlotinib for patients with non-small cell lung cancer with leptomeningeal metastasis. The 17 cerebrospinal fluid specimens that were available for epidermal growth factor receptor mutation analysis were all negative for the resistance-conferring T790M mutation. The cytological objective clearance rate was 30. Read More

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December 2020

Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival in Patients With EGFR-Mutated NSCLC With Leptomeningeal Metastases Regardless of T790M Mutational Status.

J Thorac Oncol 2020 11 9;15(11):1758-1766. Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Introduction: Osimertinib, a third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, efficiently penetrates the blood-brain barrier. This study explored whether treatment with osimertinib leads to improved overall survival (OS) for patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) compared with those not treated with osimertinib.

Methods: From October 2008 to October 2019, patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC and cytologically confirmed LM were retrospectively analyzed for OS according to osimertinib treatment and T790M mutational status. Read More

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November 2020

Orbit Solitary Fibrous Tumor: A Proposed Risk Prediction Model Based on a Case Series and Comprehensive Literature Review.

Head Neck Pathol 2021 Mar 11;15(1):138-152. Epub 2020 Jun 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Harbor City, CA, USA.

Solitary fibrous tumors (SFTs) of the orbit are rare. In order to further characterize the clinical and pathologic features of solitary fibrous tumor arising at this anatomic site, 12 cases of orbital SFTs were analyzed in conjunction with a review of 263 cases reported from the English literature in order to develop a risk prediction model. SFTs of the orbit were equally distributed between males (n = 5) and females (n = 7) with a mean patient age of 46. Read More

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Trends in the Surgical Management of Known or Suspected Differentiated Thyroid Cancer at a Single Institution, 2010-2018.

Thyroid 2020 11 10;30(11):1639-1645. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California, USA.

The surgical management of nodular thyroid disease has been influenced by the advent of molecular diagnostics and recent guidelines recommending a more conservative approach to low-risk thyroid tumors. The purpose of this study was to assess practice changes arising from the early adoption of current literature within a single high-volume center. A retrospective cohort study of all patients evaluated or surgically treated for known or suspected thyroid cancer at a single institution was performed (2010-2018). Read More

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November 2020

Pembrolizumab as First-line Therapy in Cisplatin-ineligible Advanced Urothelial Cancer (KEYNOTE-052): Outcomes in Older Patients by Age and Performance Status.

Eur Urol Oncol 2020 06 16;3(3):351-359. Epub 2020 May 16.

Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Patients with treatment-naive advanced urothelial cancer (UC) ineligible for cisplatin-based chemotherapy are typically older and have comorbidities, representing a difficult-to-treat population.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and antitumor activity of first-line pembrolizumab in subgroups of cisplatin-ineligible older patients (aged ≥65 and ≥75 yr) with advanced UC in KEYNOTE-052 (NCT02335424), including those with poor performance status (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score 2 [ECOG PS2]).

Design, Setting, And Participants: Patients were cisplatin ineligible, had treatment-naive, histologically/cytologically confirmed, locally advanced/metastatic UC with measurable disease (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1. Read More

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[Large nested variant of urothelial carcinoma of urinary bladder: a clinicopathological analysis of five cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2020 Apr;49(4):317-323

Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital & People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, Hangzhou 310014, China.

To investigate the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of large nested variant of urothelial carcinoma (LNUC) of urinary bladder. The clinical and pathologic data of five cases of LNUC of urinary bladder diagnosed between January 2014 and December 2018 at the Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were analyzed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and Sanger sequencing. The relevant literature was reviewed. Read More

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Ultrasound and cytological characteristics of non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features compared to papillary carcinomas.

Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2020 Feb 25;81(1):28-33. Epub 2020 Jan 25.

Service d'endocrinologie diabétologie et nutrition, CHRU Nancy, 54511 Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: NIFTP (non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features, formerly non-invasive encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma) has been removed from the carcinoma category because of its indolent character and good prognosis. This change impacts clinical and surgical management, since these tumors no longer require total thyroidectomy, or complementary radioactive iodine therapy for <4cm tumor. The aim of the present study was to identify preoperative ultrasound and cytological differences between NIFTP and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Read More

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February 2020

Molecular markers for the classification of cytologically indeterminate thyroid nodules.

J Endocrinol Invest 2020 Jun 18;43(6):703-716. Epub 2019 Dec 18.

Division of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS IstitutoAuxologicoItaliano, 20149, Milan, Italy.

Background: The diagnosis of indeterminate lesions of the thyroid is a challenge in cytopathology practice. Indeed, up to 30% of cases lack the morphological features needed to provide definitive classification. Molecular tests have been developed to assist in the diagnosis of these indeterminate cases. Read More

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Effect of Concurrent Chemoradiation With Celecoxib vs Concurrent Chemoradiation Alone on Survival Among Patients With Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer With and Without Cyclooxygenase 2 Genetic Variants: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2019 12 2;2(12):e1918070. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Center and Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Importance: Treatment of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains challenging. The rationale of combining a cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor with concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) was based on results of preclinical research and prospective clinical studies; however, no randomized clinical trial has provided evidence of a direct comparison with CCRT alone.

Objective: To determine the effect of combined selective COX-2 inhibition with standard CCRT on survival among patients with unresectable stage III NSCLC. Read More

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December 2019

Evaluation of Bronchoscopy and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Findings in Cats With in Comparison to Cats With Feline Bronchial Disease.

Front Vet Sci 2019 2;6:337. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Teaching Veterinary Hospital, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy.

The cat lungworm is a cause of lower respiratory tract disease worldwide. Bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are important tools for diagnosing respiratory diseases in cats. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the usefulness of bronchoscopy and BAL in the diagnosis of . Read More

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October 2019

Assessment of immunoglobulin heavy chain, immunoglobulin light chain, and T-cell receptor clonality testing in the diagnosis of feline lymphoid neoplasia.

Vet Clin Pathol 2019 Oct 2;48 Suppl 1:45-58. Epub 2019 Sep 2.

Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Background: Differentiation between neoplastic and reactive lymphocytic proliferations can be challenging in cats. PCR for antigen receptor rearrangements (PARR) testing is a useful diagnostic tool to assess clonality of a lymphoid population. Previous feline PARR studies evaluated clonality of complete immunoglobulin heavy chain V-D-J (IGH-VDJ) and T-cell receptor gamma (TRG) gene rearrangements. Read More

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October 2019

Differences in Thyroid Nodule Cytology and Malignancy Risk Between Children and Adults.

Thyroid 2019 08;29(8):1097-1104

1Thyroid Program, Division of Endocrinology and Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.

The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology (BSRTC) is used to interpret fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology of thyroid nodules in children and adults. Nodule management is guided by the implied malignancy risk of each cytological category, which has been derived from adult populations. Whether these implied risks are applicable to pediatric thyroid nodules remains uncertain. Read More

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Pretreatment SUV value to predict outcome in patients with stage III NSCLC receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy.

North Clin Istanb 2019 12;6(2):129-133. Epub 2019 Jun 12.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Biruni University, Medicana International Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Stage III disease accounts for approximately one-fourth of all non-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The patients who are not candidates for curative resection are offered concomitant chemoradiotherapy. In this subgroup, which is difficult to manage, studies that address the role of PET-CT to predict outcome measures specifically for stage III NSCLC receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy may help better risk stratification. Read More

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Primary endocervical gastric-type adenocarcinoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical analysis of 23 cases.

Diagn Pathol 2019 Jul 6;14(1):72. Epub 2019 Jul 6.

Department of Pathology, Peking University People's Hospital, 11Xizhimen South Street, Xicheng District, Beijing, 100044, China.

Background: Endocervical gastric-type adenocarcinoma (GAS) is a rare non-human papillomavirus-associated adenocarcinoma (NHPVA) with morphologic and immunohistochemical features of gastric differentiation. This study aimed to evaluate cytologic and clinicopathological features, differential diagnosis of endocervical GAS.

Methods: A total of 23 patients diagnosed with endocervical GAS/minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) at Peking University People's Hospital between 2009 and 2018 were included. Read More

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Technical Innovation in Transoral Endoscopic Endocrine Surgery: A Modified "Scarless" Technique.

J Surg Res 2019 11 4;243:123-129. Epub 2019 Jun 4.

Department of Surgery, Section of Endocrine Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Background: The transoral endoscopic approach to thyroidectomy aims to eliminate a visible neck incision. Early experience has demonstrated promising safety and efficacy results but has uncovered unique drawbacks from the middle oral incision. We present a case series of our institutional experience with a technical innovation called the TransOral and Submental Technique (TOaST) designed to address these limitations. Read More

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November 2019

Afirma Gene Sequencing Classifier Compared with Gene Expression Classifier in Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules.

Thyroid 2019 08 17;29(8):1115-1124. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

1Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism; The Ohio State University and Arthur G. James Cancer Center, Columbus, Ohio.

The Afirma Gene Expression Classifier (GEC) has been used to further characterize cytologically indeterminate (cyto-I) thyroid nodules into either benign or suspicious categories. However, its relatively low positive predictive value (PPV) limited its use as a classifier for patients with suspicious results. The Afirma Gene Sequencing Classifier (GSC) was developed to improve PPV while maintaining a high negative predictive value (NPV), yet real-world assessment of its performance is lacking. Read More

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[Ocular natural killer/T cell lymphoma: a clinicopathologic analysis].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2019 May;55(5):374-380

Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China.

To evaluate the clinicopathological features of ocular natural killer(NK)/T cell lymphoma. Data of 21 patients (22 eyes) with ocular NK/T cell lymphoma treated at Eye & ENT Hospital of Fudan University from January 2006 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed for clinical data, morphology, immunophenotype and outcomes. There were 10 males and 11 females with ages from 3 to 77 years (mean, 43 years). Read More

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