1,560 results match your criteria cysts vaginal


Vaginal NOTES surgery in patients with prior hysterectomy: A first case series.

Asian J Endosc Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, IMELDA Hospital, Bonheiden, Belgium.

This is a first feasibility on vaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) in patients with prior hysterectomy. Our aim was to gain initial experience on performing vNOTES surgery on prior hysterectomy cases, whereby the main concern is that pelvic adhesions may impede safe transvaginal access. Between January 2017 and February 2020, a single surgeon (J. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Huge Hemorrhagic Epidermoid Cyst of the Perineum with Hypoechoic Semisolid Ultrasonographic Feature Mimicking Scar Endometriosis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 17;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chung-Ang University Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, 102, Heukseok-ro, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 06973, Korea.

Epidermoid cysts are small, solitary, and slow-growing lesions that rarely appear in the perineum and mostly arise because of trauma. This study examined a huge perineal epidermoid cyst that slowly grew over eight years in a premenopausal woman. Ultrasonography showed that the hemorrhage in the cyst was a semisolid hypoechoic mass, which mimicked endometrioma, and was tentatively diagnosed as scar endometriosis in the perineum after vaginal delivery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trends and outcomes of ruptured ovarian cysts.

Postgrad Med J 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Gynaecology, St Vincent's Hospital Sydney, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Ruptured ovarian cysts are common gynaecological presentation to health institutions with abdominal pain. While this phenomenon is generally self-limiting, surgery may be necessary in cases of haemodynamic compromise or association with torsion. The aim of this audit is to identify the trend of hospital presentations, as well as the review the management of modern gynaecology practice. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Benign Cysts of the Vulva and Vagina: A Comprehensive Review for the Gynecologic Surgeon.

Obstet Gynecol Surv 2021 Feb;76(2):101-107

Fellowship Program Director and Director of Research, Division of FPRMS, TriHealth, Cincinnati, OH.

Importance: Gynecologists are experts in providing care to women with vulvovaginal complaints. Cysts located in the vagina and vulva can cause pain and irritation and incite concern. Given the relatively low prevalence of these cysts in the population, helpful diagnostic and management information for providers is scarce. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Idiopathic primary ovarian insufficiency is associated with anogenital distance, a marker for prenatal environment.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Mar 12;258:304-308. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Istanbul University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Fatih, 34390, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: In a significant number of women diagnosed with primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), the underlying cause cannot be found. On the other hand, the ovarian reserve set prenatally has been shown to be affected by intrauterine nutrition, environmental and hormonal factors. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between anogenital distance (AGD), which is considered as a biomarker for prenatal hormonal environment, and idiopathic POI in adolescents and young women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Use of human fibrin glue (Tisseel) versus suture during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy of benign and non-endometriotic ovarian tumor: a retrospective comparative study.

BMC Surg 2021 Jan 21;21(1):49. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Background: To evaluate the use of a human fibrin glue (Tisseel) for minor bleeding control and approximation of ovarian defect during transvaginal natural orifice ovarian cystectomy (TNOOC) of benign and non-endometriotic ovarian tumors.

Methods: A total of 125 women with benign and non-endometriotic ovarian tumors who underwent TNOOC between May 2011 and January 2020: 54 with the aid of Tisseel and 71 with traditional suture for hemostasis and approximation of ovarian defect. Surgical outcomes such as length of surgery, operative blood loss, postoperative pain score, and postoperative hospital stay were recorded. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

An Unusual Presentation of a Huge Nabothian Cyst of Cervix With Manifestation of Uterine Prolapse: A Case Report.

Clin Med Insights Case Rep 2020 13;13:1179547620974676. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

Department of Pathology, Chitwan Medical College Teaching Hospital, Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal.

Background: Nabothian cysts are common benign cervical lesions in women of reproductive age. They usually occur due to childbirth or minor trauma; mostly are small and asymptomatic. However, huge nabothian cysts may have variable presentation and can even mimic malignancy thus, biopsy is recommended to rule out malignancy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

A mature cystic teratoma adherent to the vaginal wall: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2020 Nov;48(11):300060520971495

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 235957Huzhou Central Hospital, Affiliated Central Hospital Huzhou University, Huzhou, Zhejiang, China.

We present the case of a woman diagnosed with a teratoma adherent to the vaginal wall. The patient had been misdiagnosed with an ovarian teratoma 8 years previously at her local hospital, but no mass was found in the pelvic cavity during cesarean section. She therefore attended our institution for further examination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

An immunocompromised woman in her twenties with abdominal pain and vaginal discharge.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 2020 11 9;140(16). Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Background: Women of reproductive age who present with abdominal pain and purulent vaginal discharge are commonly seen in primary health care and gynaecological outpatient clinics. Their symptoms are often caused by sexually transmitted infections and efficiently treated with empiric antibiotics. However, in some cases diagnostics are more challenging. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2020

Alterations in the intestinal microbiome associated with PCOS affect the clinical phenotype.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jan 7;133:110958. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Laboratory for Reproductive Immunology, Hospital & Institute of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; The Academy of Integrative Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Laboratory of Female Reproductive Endocrine-related Diseases, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), characterized by chronic anovulation and hyperandrogenaemia, is a complex endocrine and metabolic disorder commonly seen in women of reproductive age. Multiple factors, including the intestinal microbiome, affect the pathogenesis and development of PCOS. However, the specific mechanisms by which gut microbes play a role in PCOS remain elusive. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

A Simple Gasless Direct Suturing Technique to Achieve Ovarian Hemostasis During Transvaginal Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery Ovarian Cystectomy.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2020 Oct 29. Epub 2020 Oct 29.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (vNOTES) was introduced in 2012, but the technique is not yet widely used for ovarian cystectomy. We aim to introduce a new gasless ovarian hemostatic suturing technique for ovarian cystectomy using vNOTES. We conducted a prospective study using a novel technique for vNOTES ovarian cystectomy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Complex clinical management of group A pelvic inflammatory disease after bilateral tubal ligation in a small community hospital.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Oct 27;13(10). Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Department of Family Medicine, Stanford Health Care, San Jose, California, USA.

A 43-year-old woman with a history of bilateral tubal ligation and bilateral ovarian cysts presented to our hospital with progressively worsening right lower quadrant pain and abdominal distension. Her exam findings of vaginal discharge and cervical motion tenderness, in combination with her marked leucocytosis, were suggestive of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). PCR for and was negative, however, our patient's blood cultures grew group A This exceptionally severe presentation of PID, in combination with uncommon laboratory findings, led to complex multidisciplinary clinical decision making guided by extensive literature review. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome with rare findings of inferior crossed-fused renal ectopia and Gartner's duct cyst: a video case report.

Fertil Steril 2021 Feb 14;115(2):525-527. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Urology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To describe the treatments of a patient using the laparoscopic Davydov's method for Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome and ureteral reimplantation for hydronephrosis and hydroureter.

Design: Surgical video article. A consent form from the patient was obtained as appropriate; the nature of the study did not necessitate ethics committee approval. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome in a nonpregnant female patient: a case report and literature review.

J Int Med Res 2020 Sep;48(9):300060520952647

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin, China.

Spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (sOHSS) usually occurs in patients with a spontaneous ovulation cycle, especially in those with multiple pregnancies combined with hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome. sOHSS rarely occurs in women who are not pregnant. A 23-year-old woman with obvious abdominal distension visited our hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Co-regulative effects of chitosan-fennel seed extract system on the hormonal and biochemical factors involved in the polycystic ovarian syndrome.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2020 Dec 11;117:111351. Epub 2020 Aug 11.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Electronic address:

There is a renewed interest in the application of chitosan-based drug delivery systems over the last few years. In this study, the ionic gelation method was used to prepare chitosan-engaged tripolyphosphate ions, as the cross-linking molecule, (Chit-TPP) and concurrent loading of the biomolecules of the ethanolic extract of fennel, Foeniculum vulgare, seed ([email protected]). The samples were characterized by SEM, DLS, TGA, FTIR, XRD, GC-MS, and zeta potential, and their effects on the related hormonal and biochemical factors of the rats with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) were assessed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2020

Intraperitoneal splenosis mimics peritoneal carcinomatosis of leiomyosarcoma and ovarian cancer.

Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol 2020 Sep;59(5):773-776

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: Leiomyosarcoma and ovarian cancer are often diagnosed late due to the absence of initial symptoms. Patients seek help when abdominal distension occurs; this is associated with pelvic tumor and carcinomatosis. Initial imaging often reveals pelvic tumors with diffuse abdominal nodules; however, this imaging could be misleading, such as in the cases of splenosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

The leaf aqueous extract of Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv. (Cecropiaceae) improved letrozole-induced polycystic ovarian syndrome associated conditions and infertility in female Wistar rats.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2020 Sep 11;20(1):275. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Laboratory of Animal Physiology, University of Yaounde 1, P.O. Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon.

Background: Myrianthus arboreus P. Beauv. (Cecropiaceae) is a medicinal plant used to treat female infertility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

Adenomatoid Tumor of the Uterus: A Report of 6 Unusual Cases With Prominent Cysts Including 4 With Diffuse Myometrial Involvement, 4 With Uterine Serosal Involvement, and 2 Presenting in Curettage Specimens.

Int J Gynecol Pathol 2021 May;40(3):248-256

We evaluated the clinicopathologic features of 6 adenomatoid tumors of the uterus with unusual features. All the tumors differed grossly from the usual adenomatoid tumor, typically being ill-defined and occupying >50% of the myometrium, essentially replacing it in 4. The neoplasm extended to the endometrium in 2 cases and in one of these it formed an intracavitary mass; in both the tumor was first diagnosed in a curettage. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Serous carcinoma of a prolapsed fallopian tube: A rare cause of a vaginal apex mass.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2020 Aug 3;33:100618. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, NYU Langone Health, 550 1st Avenue, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Background: The differential diagnosis for women who present with a vaginal mass after undergoing a hysterectomy is dependent on the indication, type and timing of the hysterectomy. The differential diagnosis includes cervical dysplasia, malignancy, nabothian cysts, prolapsed endocervical polyp/fibroid, abscess, hematoma, granulation tissue, or dehiscence with organ evisceration.

Case: We introduce a case of a woman who presented with a vaginal apex mass and had a remote history of a total hysterectomy for an unknown indication. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exacerbated mini-puberty of infancy in an ex-extreme preterm girl.

BMJ Case Rep 2020 Sep 2;13(9). Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Serviço de Pediatria, Hospital Vila Franca de Xira, Vila Franca de Xira, Portugal.

Vaginal bleeding can occur shortly after delivery in 3%-5% of newborns as a consequence of placental hormone withdrawal . Although usually benign, its differential diagnosis includes central precocious puberty, tumours and other pathological conditions. A girl born at 26 weeks of gestation presented with five episodes of vaginal bleeding, each lasting less than a week, initiated at 4 months of age. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2020

[Incidence of deeply infiltrating endometriosis among 240 cases of pelvic endometriosis and analysis of its clinical and pathological characteristics].

Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2020 Jun;55(6):384-389

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, ChinaZheng Yumei is working on the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Qian Xi Nan People's Hospital, Xingyi 562400, China.

To evaluate the incidence of deeply infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) among patients of pelvic endometriosis confirmed by pathology and to make analysis of its clinical and pathological characteristics. From January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018, clinical data of 240 cases of pelvic endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy and pathology hospitalized in Peking University First Hospital were analyzed retrospectively for the characteristics of symptoms, pelvic examination and anatomic distribution of endometriosis foci. (1) Among 240 cases of pelvic endometriosis, 94 were diagnosed with DIE with an incidence of 39. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gartner's Duct Cyst of the Vagina: A Case Report.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Jul 31;58(227):505-507. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Paramesonephric duct or Mullerian ducts forms female genital organs whereas mesonephric duct forms male genital organs. The remnant of the mesonephric duct or Wolffian duct in females sometimes forms a mesonephric cyst or Gartner's duct cyst. They are usually asymptomatic and <2 cm but sometimes can be bigger. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Incidence of lymphedema in the lower limbs and lymphocyst formation within one year of surgery for endometrial cancer: A prospective longitudinal multicenter study.

Gynecol Oncol 2020 10 3;159(1):201-208. Epub 2020 Aug 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Linköping, and Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science, Linköping University, Sweden.

Objective: The study aimed to determine the incidence of lower limb lymphedema (LLL) after surgery for endometrial cancer (EC) by means of three methods, and to determine the incidence of lymphocysts after one year.

Methods: A prospective longitudinal multicenter study was conducted in 14 hospitals in Sweden. Two-hundred-and-thirty-five women with EC were included; 116 underwent surgery that included lymphadenectomy (+LA) and 119 were without lymphadenectomy (-LA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2020

Ascorbic Acid and Alpha-Tocopherol Contribute to the Therapy of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome in Mouse Models.

Reprod Sci 2021 01 28;28(1):102-120. Epub 2020 Jul 28.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects up to 10% of women within reproductive ages and has been a cause of infertility and poor quality of life. Alteration in the oxidant-antioxidant profile occurs in PCOS. This study, therefore, investigates the contribution of ascorbic acid (AA) and alpha-tocopherol(ATE) on different PCOS parameters. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2021

The Feasibility of Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery in Gynecology Practice: Single-Surgeon Experience.

Gynecol Minim Invasive Ther 2020 Apr-Jun;9(2):69-73. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bakirkoy Dr. Sadi Konuk Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has been performed in gynecology practice for the surgical treatment of ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, ectopic pregnancies, adnexal masses, and pelvic organ prolapse. The aim of this study is to evaluate the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of patients who underwent NOTES for gynecological diseases.

Materials And Methods: This study was a retrospective clinical study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dietary α-Linolenic Acid-Rich Flaxseed Oil Exerts Beneficial Effects on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Through Sex Steroid Hormones-Microbiota-Inflammation Axis in Rats.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2020 27;11:284. Epub 2020 May 27.

Department of Pathogenic Biology and Medical Immunology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan, China.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) represents a common endocrine-metabolic disorder disease with chronic low-grade inflammation and alteration of intestinal flora. Serving as functional food, flaxseed oil (FO), which is rich in plant-derived α-linolenic acid of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, has been proven to benefit for chronic metabolic diseases. However, the exact role of dietary FO on PCOS remains largely unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor in two siblings with DICER1 syndrome: A case report and literature review.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Jul;99(27):e20806

Department of Cancer Center.

Rationale: DICER1 syndrome is an autosomal-dominant tumor predisposition syndrome associated with numerous cancerous and noncancerous conditions. The most common sex cord-stromal tumor associated with DICER1 syndrome is Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary (SLCT), which is extremely unusual and accounts for < 0.5% of all ovarian neoplasms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ovarian sparing cystectomy for borderline serous tumor through vNOTES (vaginal Natural Orifices Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery).

Int J Gynecol Cancer 2020 08 5;30(8):1253-1254. Epub 2020 Jul 5.

Gynecologic Oncology, ACCamargo Cancer Center, Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A 5-year-old girl with tall stature and painless vaginal bleeding.

Paediatr Child Health 2020 Jun 13;25(4):203-204. Epub 2019 Apr 13.

Department of Pediatrics, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia.

View Article and Full-Text PDF