771 results match your criteria cystoscopy demonstrated

Modified autologous fascial sling technique ('sling on a string') for stress incontinence.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Epsom and St Helier University Hospitals NHS Trust, Epsom, UK.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Describe the modified autologous fascial sling procedure that has been employed in the largest randomized controlled trial comparing autologous slings, mesh slings and xenografts.

Methods: The video aims to demonstrate the modified Aldridge technique. The surgical procedure is demonstrated. Read More

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Somatic-Type Yolk Sac Tumor Arising as a Predominant Component of Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 Jul 13:10668969211030688. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

12250Department of Pathology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Germ cell differentiation has been described in association with somatic tumors arising from several organ systems; rare cases arising from urothelium have been reported. Here we present a 62-year-old male with a remote history of lung cancer, a left adrenal gland mass, and a 5.6 cm left bladder wall mass; cystoscopy demonstrated a large papillary mass on the left anterior bladder wall. Read More

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Evolution of Single-Use Urologic Endoscopy: Benchtop and Initial Clinical Assessment of a New Single-Use Flexible Cystoscope.

J Endourol 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Duke University Medical Center, 22957, Surgery, Urology, Durham, North Carolina, United States;

Introduction Office cystoscopy is one of the most frequently performed procedures by a urologist. However, single-use cystoscopes remain quite undeveloped. Ambu® has developed single-use broncoscopes, rhinolaryngoscopes and duodenoscopes. Read More

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Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer: An overview of potential new treatment options.

Urol Oncol 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Perlmutter Cancer Center, an NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center Goldstein Bladder Cancer Program, NYU Langone Health, NYU Urology Associates, New York University, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Aim: This review article summarizes the current clinical practice guidelines around disease definitions and risk stratifications, and the treatment of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Recently completed and ongoing clinical trials of novel and investigational therapies in Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-naïve, BCG-recurrent, and BCG-unresponsive patient populations are also described, e.g. Read More

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A Novel Risk Prediction Model to Triage Difficult Urethral Catheterizations.

Urology 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center Department of Urology, New York, NY. Electronic address:

Objective: To construct a risk prediction model to identify cases of difficult urethral catheterizations (DUC) in order to prevent complications from improper placement.

Materials And Methods: Using a single-institution database of urologic consults for Foley catheterizations from June 2016 to January 2020, a model to predict DUC in male patients was constructed. DUC was defined as requiring the use of a guidewire, cystoscopy, urethral dilation, and/or suprapubic tube (SPT) placement, while a simple Foley was defined as an uncomplicated placement of a regular or coudé catheter. Read More

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Outcomes and Cost Evaluation Related to a Single-Use, Disposable Ureteric Stent Removal System: a Systematic Review of the Literature.

Curr Urol Rep 2021 Jun 15;22(8):41. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Urology Department, University Hospital Southampton NHS Trust, Tremona Road, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

Purpose Of Review: To present the latest evidence related to the outcomes and cost of single-use, disposable ureteric stent removal system (Isiris).

Recent Findings: Our review suggests that compared to a reusable flexible cystoscope (re-FC), a disposable flexible cystoscope (d-FC) with built-in grasper (Isiris) significantly reduced procedural time and provided a cost benefit when the latter was used in a ward or outpatient clinic-based setting. The use of d-FC also allowed endoscopy slots to be used for other urgent diagnostic procedures. Read More

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Primary localized amyloidosis causing urethral stricture disease: a mimicker of urothelial carcinoma.

Jas Singh

J Surg Case Rep 2021 May 27;2021(5):rjab201. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Surgery, Section of Urology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3P 1Y4, Canada.

We describe a case of mild lower urinary tract symptoms and microscopic hematuria in a 53-year-old-male with hypertension found to have urethral stricture disease suspicious for urothelial carcinoma. During the investigation, cystoscopy and biopsy demonstrated eosinophilic amyloid proteins consistent with primary localized urethral amyloidosis. No systemic evidence of amyloidosis was demonstrated. Read More

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Laparoscopic Rectal and Vaginal Pull-Through in the Same Setting in Cloaca with Common Channel of More Than 3 cm Separation.

Ahmed Arafa

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

This study aims at evaluating the feasibility and outcome of a laparoscopically assisted rectal and vaginal pull-through procedure in the same setting for cases of long common channel in a cloaca >3 cm in length. I have 4 cases with a cloaca with long common channel >3 cm in length diagnosed by cloacogram and cystoscopy. As for the ages of our cases, two of them were 1 year old, and the other 2 cases were 2 years old. Read More

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Transvaginal primary layered repair of postsurgical urethrovaginal fistula.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jul 5;32(7):1941-1943. Epub 2021 May 5.

ASST Monza, Ospedale San Gerardo, via G.B. Pergolesi, 33 20900, Monza, Italy.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Urethrovaginal fistula (UVF) is a rare disorder, which implies the presence of an abnormal communication between the urethra and the vagina.

Methods: Surgical repair options include transurethral, transabdominal and transvaginal procedures, either with or without tissue interposition. The vaginal route is considered a safe and effective option to correct UVF. Read More

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Phase II multi-center trial of optical coherence tomography as an adjunct to white light cystoscopy for intravesical real time imaging and staging of bladder cancer.

Urol Oncol 2021 Jul 29;39(7):434.e23-434.e29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Scott Department of Urology, Dan L. Duncan Cancer Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel imaging modality that provides microstructural information of different tissue layers using near-infrared light. This prospective, multicenter phase II trial aimed to assess the accuracy of OCT-assisted cystoscopy for bladder tumor staging.

Methods: Patients with primary or recurrent bladder tumors (Ta,T1) identified by outpatient cystoscopy were included. Read More

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Rectal metastasis from bladder urothelial carcinoma: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 21;7(1):100. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Coloproctological Surgery, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, 2-1-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8421, Japan.

Background: Urothelial carcinoma arises from transitional cells in the urothelial tract. In advanced cases, it can metastasize locally to surrounding organs or distally to organs such as the lungs, bones, or liver. Here we describe a case of rectal metastasis from urothelial carcinoma treated with multiple sessions of transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT). Read More

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Is it time to offer True Minimally Invasive Treatments (TMIST) for BPH? - A review of office-based therapies and introduction of a new technology category.

Can J Urol 2021 04;28(2):10580-10583

Division of Urology, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

INTRODUCTION The options for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) beyond medication and traditional transurethral surgery continue to expand. Undesirable side effects to medication and surgeries have driven interest toward minimally invasive surgical therapies (MISTs), including convective water vapor ablation (Rezum) and prostatic urethral lift (UroLift). While these treatments can be performed outside of the operating room, they do require special equipment and the use of rigid cystoscopy. Read More

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Long-term outcomes for 2-stage urethroplasty: an analysis of risk factors for urethral stricture recurrence.

World J Urol 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Urology, University of California, 333 City Blvd West, Suite 1240, IrvineOrange, CA, 92868, USA.

Purpose: To report long-term results and patient reported outcomes of staged anterior urethroplasties, and isolate risk factors for recurrence.

Methods:  We reviewed urethroplasty database for all patients who underwent staged urethroplasty from 2000 to 2017. Follow-up included a cystoscopy 4 months after their 2nd stage to assess early success, and then annual follow-up thereafter with post-void residual and symptom assessment. Read More

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Assessment of Xpert Bladder Cancer Monitor test performance for the detection of recurrence during non-muscle invasive bladder cancer follow-up.

World J Urol 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Sorbonne Université, GRC n°5, Predictive Onco-Urology, AP-HP, Hôpital Tenon, Service d'Urologie-Batiment Gabriel, 4 rue de la Chine, 75020, Paris, France.

Purpose: To assess the performance of the Xpert Bladder Cancer (BC) Monitor during the follow-up of patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).

Methods: Patients with previously diagnosed NMIBC and followed up in clinical practice settings in two French urology departments between September 2017 and July 2019 were consecutively enrolled in this prospective observational study. Patients with a positive cystoscopy or computed tomography urogram underwent subsequent transurethral resection of the bladder, and/or biopsy, and the specimens were pathologically assessed. Read More

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A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Modified Cystoscopy Technique using the Peak-End Rule in order to Improve Pain and Anxiety.

Urology 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Objective: To determine if a modified cystoscopy technique utilizing the peak-end rule cognitive bias decreases pain and anxiety during flexible cystoscopy in patients who undergo cystoscopy.

Methods: A total of 85 participants undergoing their first diagnostic cystoscopy were enrolled in a blinded single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. Patients with lower urinary tract abnormalities, prior radiation and chronic pelvic pain were excluded. Read More

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Cesarean Section Scar Ectopic Pregnancy in the Second Trimester: An Underrecognized Complication of Cesarean Deliveries.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 9;2021:8888019. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, USA.

The aim of this paper is to present a case of a cesarean section ectopic pregnancy (CSP) diagnosed in the second trimester and perform a literature review of current guidelines for the management of CSP in the second trimester. This was exempt from the Mount Sinai IRB. This is a case is of a 35-year-old P1122 at 13w4d who presented to our hospital with vaginal spotting and abdominal pain. Read More

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February 2021

Expression of aquaporins 3 in low grade risk of recurrence primary bladder cancer.

Urologia 2021 Feb 21:391560321993588. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Department of Urology, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy.

Introduction: Bladder cancer (BC) is one of the most frequent malignancy of the urinary tract. Recent studies demonstrated the role of aquaporins urothelial tumor cells (AQPs) as potential prognostic factor for tumor progression and invasion. In this study we investigated the AQP3 expression levels inside primary superficial (pTa) low grade bladder cancer, correlating with pathological parameters and clinical outcomes. Read More

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February 2021

Challenging Case of Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate after Prior Prostatic Focal Laser Ablations and Rezum.

Urology 2021 Feb 6. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Department of Urology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN. Electronic address:

Background: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is an effective, size independent procedure for management of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Additionally, HoLEP is able to be performed successfully after prior surgical BPH treatments without complication and a low rate of long term retreatment. OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate challenging case of HoLEP in a patient with multiple, prior ablative BPH surgeries. Read More

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February 2021

Cystoscopy and Systematic Bladder Tissue Sampling in Predicting pT0 Bladder Cancer: A Prospective Trial.

J Urol 2021 06 4;205(6):1605-1611. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Division of Urological Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Purpose: Concern for discordance between clinical staging and final pathology drives current management of patients deemed appropriate candidates for radical cystectomy. Therefore, we set out to prospectively investigate reliability and shortcomings of cystoscopic evaluation in radical cystectomy candidates.

Materials And Methods: Patients undergoing radical cystectomy for urothelial carcinoma were enrolled in a prospective single-arm study to evaluate reliability of Systematic Endoscopic Evaluation in predicting pT0 urothelial carcinoma (NCT02968732). Read More

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Endoscopic Management of Chyluria Caused by Pyelolymphatic Fistula After Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty.

J Endourol Case Rep 2020 29;6(4):409-412. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Urology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA.

Chyluria is a rare diagnosis classically associated with milky-appearing urine. It involves the leakage of chyle into the urinary tract. Although the most common cause of chyluria worldwide is infectious in nature, other noninfectious etiologies have been described. Read More

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December 2020

A Structured, Hybrid Cystoscopy Simulation Curriculum for Obstetrics/Gynecology Residents.

Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg 2021 Jan 12. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Paul L. Foster School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, El Paso, TX.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess the subjective and objective cystoscopy skills of gynecology residents before and after implementation of a comprehensive simulation curriculum.

Methods: Residents in an obstetrics/gynecology program at a single academic institution participated in a 6-week cystoscopy simulation course. Residents attended an initial orientation and didactic presentation, and then weekly 20- to 30-minute training sessions using a water balloon model and a virtual reality simulator. Read More

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January 2021

Monotypic Plasma Cell Proliferation of Uncertain Clinical Significance Mimicking Interstitial Cystitis: An Early Lesion of MALT Lymphoma?

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Jun;45(6):841-853

Department of Anatomical Pathology, Douglass Hanly Moir Pathology, Macquarie Park.

We prospectively studied our institutional experience of bladder extranodal marginal zone (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue [MALT]) lymphoma including bladder biopsies in which the possibility of MALT lymphoma was considered. We identified a subset of cases primary to the urinary bladder, presenting with prominent plasma cell infiltrates and symptoms mimicking bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis. These proliferations were designated for this study as "monotypic plasma cell proliferation of uncertain clinical significance" (MPCP-US), as the features were insufficient for diagnosis of MALT lymphoma. Read More

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Alterations in Urobiome in Patients With Bladder Cancer and Implications for Clinical Outcome: A Single-Institution Study.

Front Cell Infect Microbiol 2020 15;10:555508. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Urology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Numerous studies indicate that resident microbiome exists in urine of healthy individuals and dysbiosis of the urobiome (urinary microbiome) may be associated with pathological conditions. This study was performed to characterize the alterations in urobiome and explore its implications of clinical outcome in male patients with bladder cancer. 62 male patients with bladder cancer and 19 non-neoplastic controls were recruited. Read More

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Primitive small cell carcinoma of the prostate. Case report and revision of the literature.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2020 Dec 21;92(4). Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Pathology Unit - Cannizzaro Hospital, Catania.

A Caucasian man 84 years old was admitted to our Department for acute renal failure secondary to severe bilateral hydronephrosis; moreover, the patient referred chronic fatigue and was anuric from two days. Serum creatinine and PSA values were equal to 9.6 mg/dl and 4. Read More

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December 2020

Exuberant Malakoplakia of the Prostate Presenting as Prostatic Abscesses in an Immunocompromised Patient.

J Endourol Case Rep 2020 17;6(3):231-234. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Pathology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Malakoplakia is a rare benign lesion, usually associated with deficient intralysosomal degradation of microorganisms, more commonly, . Malakoplakia occurs in various organ systems, the most frequently affected site being the urinary bladder. We report a rare case of isolated extensive malakoplakia involving the prostate, diagnosed on transurethral resection performed for radiologically suspected prostatic abscesses. Read More

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September 2020

Phenotypic Analysis of Urothelial Exfoliated Cells in Bladder Cancer via Microfluidic Immunoassays: Sialyl-Tn as a Novel Biomarker in Liquid Biopsies.

Front Oncol 2020 16;10:1774. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory, Department of Life Sciences, Braga, Portugal.

Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract, having one of the highest recurrence rates and progression from non-muscle to muscle invasive bladder cancer that commonly leads to metastasis. Cystoscopy and urine cytology are the standard procedures for its detection but have limited clinical sensitivity and specificity. Herein, a microfluidic device, the UriChip, was developed for the enrichment of urothelial exfoliated cells from fresh and frozen urine, based on deformability and size, and the cancer-associated glycan Sialyl-Tn explored as a putative bladder cancer urinary biomarker. Read More

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September 2020

Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome and Reversal With Sugammadex: A Case Report.

AANA J 2020 Oct;88(5):380-382

is an adjunct associate professor of anesthesiology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, and University of Cincinnati Medical Center.

Postpolio syndrome (PPS) is a disabling process characterized by progressive muscle weakness and atrophy that typically emerges decades after an initial poliomyelitis infection. Although the exact incidence of PPS is unknown, it is estimated that 25% to 40% of all poliomyelitis survivors are affected. Patients with PPS may have increased sensitivity to numerous anesthetic agents including neuromuscular blocking drugs. Read More

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October 2020

Global Assessment of Urological Endoscopic Skills (GAUES): development and validation of a novel assessment tool to evaluate endourological skills.

BJU Int 2021 Jun 14;127(6):665-675. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, UK.

Objective: To develop and evaluate an assessment tool for endourological skills during simulation including cystoscopy, ureteroscopy (URS) and transurethral resection (TUR) procedures.

Methods: We designed a Global Assessment of Urological Endoscopic Skills (GAUES) tool, comprised of nine endourology task-specific and two global-rating skills items. The tool was developed through two rounds of the Delphi process. Read More

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Urologic Complications Requiring Intervention Following High-dose Pelvic Radiation for Cervical Cancer.

Urology 2021 May 20;151:107-112. Epub 2020 Sep 20.

Department of Urology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.

Objective: To identify the incidence of radiation-induced urologic complication requiring procedural intervention following high-dose radiotherapy for cervical carcinoma, and to identify predictors of complication occurrence.

Materials And Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of cervical cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy with primary focus on procedural complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥ III). Clinical data were collected including radiation dose, procedure performed, timing of complication, and need for additional procedures. Read More

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Long-Term Survival of Metastatic Bladder Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy, Radiation, and Arthroplasty: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2020 Jul-Sep;10(3):e2000098

1Wright State University College of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Wright State University, Miami Valley Hospital, Dayton, Ohio 3Department of Orthopedics, Dayton VA Medical Center, Dayton, Ohio.

Case: A 64-year-old man suffered a pathologic left femoral neck fracture. Biopsy demonstrated metastatic urothelial cancer with a nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer primary confirmed by cystoscopy. The patient underwent hemiarthroplasty, chemotherapy, radiation, and eventually, a conversion to total hip arthroplasty. Read More

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