1,841 results match your criteria cyclophilin levels


Treatment-Induced BAFF Expression and B Cell Biology in Multiple Sclerosis.

Front Immunol 2021 26;12:676619. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Neurosciences, Laboratory for Neuroimmunology, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Although fingolimod and interferon-β are two mechanistically different multiple sclerosis (MS) treatments, they both induce B cell activating factor (BAFF) and shift the B cell pool towards a regulatory phenotype. However, whether there is a shared mechanism between both treatments in how they influence the B cell compartment remains elusive. In this study, we collected a cross-sectional study population of 112 MS patients (41 untreated, 42 interferon-β, 29 fingolimod) and determined B cell subsets, cell-surface and RNA expression of BAFF-receptor (BAFF-R) and transmembrane activator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI) as well as plasma and/or RNA levels of BAFF, BAFF splice forms and interleukin-10 (IL-10) and -35 (IL-35). Read More

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The Cyclophilin Regulates ABA-Induced Stomatal Closure and the Drought Stress Response of .

Front Plant Sci 2021 25;12:668792. Epub 2021 May 25.

Key Laboratory of Plant Development and Environmental Adaption Biology, Ministry of Education, School of Life Science, Shandong University, Qingdao, China.

Drought causes a major constraint on plant growth, development, and crop productivity. Drought stress enhances the synthesis and mobilization of the phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). Enhanced cellular levels of ABA promote the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which in turn induce anion channel activity in guard cells that consequently leads to stomatal closure. Read More

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Aberrant B Cell Receptor Signaling in Naïve B Cells from Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

Cells 2021 May 26;10(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, 3015 GD Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and ultimately fatal disease in which an impaired healing response to recurrent micro-injuries is thought to lead to fibrosis. Recent findings hint at a role for B cells and autoimmunity in IPF pathogenesis. We previously reported that circulating B cells from a fraction of patients, compared with healthy controls, express increased levels of the signaling molecule Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK). Read More

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Differential Effects of Fkbp4 and Fkbp5 on Regulation of the Gene in Murine AtT-20 Corticotroph Cells.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 27;22(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, 5 Zaifu-cho, Hirosaki, Aomori 036-8562, Japan.

The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis is stimulated in response to stress. When activated, it is suppressed by the negative feedback effect of glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids directly inhibit () gene expression in the pituitary. Read More

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Dysregulation of miR-15a-5p, miR-497a-5p and miR-511-5p Is Associated with Modulation of BDNF and FKBP5 in Brain Areas of PTSD-Related Susceptible and Resilient Mice.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 May 13;22(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Section of Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, 95123 Catania, Italy.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a neuropsychiatric disorder occurring in susceptible individuals following a traumatic event. Understanding the mechanisms subserving trauma susceptibility/resilience is essential to develop new effective treatments. Increasing evidence suggests that non-coding RNAs, such as microRNAs (miRNAs), may play a prominent role in mediating trauma susceptibility/resilience. Read More

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Screening of Reference Genes for RT-qPCR in Chicken Adipose Tissue and Adipocytes.

Front Physiol 2021 14;12:676864. Epub 2021 May 14.

Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Harbin, China.

Reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR is the most commonly used method to detect gene expression levels. In experiments, it is often necessary to correct and standardize the expression level of target genes with reference genes. Therefore, it is very important to select stable reference genes to obtain accurate quantitative results. Read More

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Combined tacrolimus and melatonin effectively protected kidney against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury.

FASEB J 2021 Jun;35(6):e21661

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly encountered and causes high mortality in hospitalized patients; however, effective therapies for AKI have still not been established. Accordingly, we performed a rodent model with acute renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) and tested the hypothesis that combined tacrolimus and melatonin therapy could be superior to either one for protecting the kidney against IR injury. Adult-male SD rat (n = 30) were equally categorized into group 1 (receiving laparotomy only), group 2 (IR treated by 3. Read More

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The combination of the NS5A and cyclophilin inhibitors results in an additive anti-HCV inhibition in humanized mice without development of resistance.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(5):e0251934. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Immunology & Microbiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America.

We and others previously reported that the direct-acting agents (DAA) NS5A inhibitors (NS5Ai) and the host-targeting agents cyclophilin inhibitors (CypIs) inhibit HCV replication in vitro. In this study, we investigated whether the combination of NS5Ai and CypI offers a potent anti-HCV effect in vivo. A single administration of NS5Ai or CypI alone to HCV-infected humanized-mice inhibits HCV replication. Read More

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Cyclophilin A Plays Potential Roles in a Rat Model of Asthma and Suppression of Immune Response.

J Asthma Allergy 2021 7;14:471-480. Epub 2021 May 7.

Shanghai Research Institute of Acupuncture and Meridian, Yueyang Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Cyclophilin A (CypA) inhibits CD4 T cell signal transduction via interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase (Itk), a tyrosine kinase required for T helper (Th) 2 cells function. Furthermore, mice with CypA silencing developed allergic diseases associated with increased Th2 cytokines production. CD4 T cells with a Th2-cytokine pattern have been demonstrated to have a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of asthma. Read More

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Host factor cyclophilin B affects Orf virus replication by interacting with viral ORF058 protein.

Vet Microbiol 2021 Jul 4;258:109099. Epub 2021 May 4.

Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, China. Electronic address:

Poxviruses have evolved multiple strategies to modulate host-derived factors to create an optimal environment for viral efficient replication. Our previous study indicated that cyclophilin B (CypB) is a critical factor for ORFV replication in MDBK cells. However, the precise molecular mechanism by which CypB facilitates ORFV replication remains less understood. Read More

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Cyclophilin A induces macrophage apoptosis and enhances atherosclerotic lesions in high-fat diet-fed hyperglycemic rabbits.

FASEB Bioadv 2021 May 1;3(5):305-322. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes Biology Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology Trivandrum India.

Macrophage apoptosis is a key contributor to the progression of atherosclerosis. Cyclophilin A, a monocyte secretory protein associated with the initiation of atherosclerosis has an inherent nuclease activity. This study reports the mechanism by which cyclophilin A causes apoptosis of macrophages and accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis. Read More

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Altered expression profile of BAFF receptors on peripheral blood B lymphocytes in Graves' disease.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 Apr 29;21(1):88. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Hematology, Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM/the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 210029, Nanjing, China.

Background: B lymphocyte activating factor (BAFF) is a growth factor regulating B lymphocytes survival and maturation. Serum BAFF levels were elevated in patients affected with autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD), including Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). The aim of this study is to explore the association of expression levels of BAFF and its receptors with AITD. Read More

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Relationship between Brain Tissue Changes and Blood Biomarkers of Cyclophilin A, Heme Oxygenase-1, and Inositol-Requiring Enzyme 1 in Patients with Alzheimer's Disease.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Apr 21;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 892 Dongnam-ro, Gangdong-Gu, Seoul 05278, Korea.

Cyclophilin A (CypA), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and inositol-requiring enzyme 1 (IRE1) are believed to be associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, we investigated the association between gray matter volume (GMV) changes and blood levels of CypA, HO-1, and IRE1 in cognitively normal (CN) subjects and those with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and AD. Forty-five elderly CN, 34 aMCI, and 39 AD subjects were enrolled in this study. Read More

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Combining Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Systemic Monocyte Evaluation for the Implementation of GBM Management.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 6;22(7). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

UOC Radiodiagnostica e Neuroradiologia, Istituto di Radiologia, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario "A.Gemelli" IRCCS, Università Cattolica S.Cuore, 00168 Roma, Italy.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the gold standard for glioblastoma (GBM) patient evaluation. Additional non-invasive diagnostic modalities are needed. GBM is heavily infiltrated with tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) that can be found in peripheral blood. Read More

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FK506-binding protein 5 promotes the progression of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):3000605211008325

Department of Urology in Tianjin First Central Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Objective: To detect the expression of FK506-binding protein 5 (FKBP5) in human papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) tissues, and explore its possible role in the progression of PTC.

Methods: FKBP5 expression levels were assessed in 115 PTC tissues and corresponding normal tissues by immunohistochemistry. We also examined the correlations between FKBP5 expression and clinicopathological factors and survival in 75 patients with PTC. Read More

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An investigation into nicotinic receptor involvement in mood disorders uncovers novel depression candidate genes.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jun 20;288:154-160. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia.

Background: We have previously reported reduced expression of the cholinergic autoreceptor CHRM2 in Brodmann's Area (BA) 24 of the anterior cingulate cortex from subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD), consistent with a hypercholinergic state. This led us to investigate whether levels of the high affinity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are also altered in BA 24.

Methods: We measured the binding levels of a high-affinity nicotinic receptor-selective radioligand, [H]epibatidine, in BA 24 from subjects with MDD (n = 20), BD (n = 18) and age- and sex-matched controls (n = 20). Read More

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Cyclophilins A, B, and C Role in Human T Lymphocytes Upon Inflammatory Conditions.

Front Immunol 2021 30;12:609196. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Departamento de Farmacología, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Lugo, Spain.

Cyclophilins (Cyps) are a group of peptidyl-prolyl isomerases that play crucial roles in regulatory mechanisms of cellular physiology and pathology in several inflammatory conditions. Their receptor, CD147, also participates in the development and progression of the inflammatory response. Nevertheless, the main function of Cyps and their receptor are yet to be deciphered. Read More

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Levels of S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and cyclophilin A (CypA) in the serum of patients with severe craniocerebral injury and multiple injuries combined with delirium transferred from the ICU and their prognostic value.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Mar;10(3):3371-3378

Chinese Academy of Sciences Sichuan Translational Medicine Research Hospital, Chengdu, China; Department of anesthesia operation center, Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Background: To analyze the levels of S100 calcium binding protein B (S100B), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and cyclophilin A (CypA) in the serum of patients with severe craniocerebral injury combined with delirium and multiple injuries transferred from the intensive care unit (ICU), and their prognostic value.

Methods: The data of 98 patients with severe craniocerebral injury combined with delirium and multiple injuries admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to May 2019 were retrospectively analyzed as the study group. The differences in serum S100B, NSE, and CypA levels in each group were compared, and the deaths of the study group during follow-up were counted. Read More

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Secreted Extracellular Cyclophilin A is a Novel Mediator of Ventilator Induced Lung Injury.

Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Imperial College London, Anaesthetics & Intensive Care, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland;

Rationale: Mechanical ventilation is a mainstay of intensive care but contributes to the mortality of patients through ventilator induced lung injury. Extracellular Cyclophilin A is an emerging inflammatory mediator and metalloproteinase inducer, and the gene responsible for its expression has recently been linked to COVID-19 infection.

Objectives: Here we explore the involvement of extracellular Cyclophilin A in the pathophysiology of ventilator-induced lung injury. Read More

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[Expression of cyclophilin A in oral squamous cell carcinoma and its effect on cell proliferation and invasion].

Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;39(2):164-169

Dept. of Stomatology, Wuhan University People,s Hospital, Wuhan 430060, China.

Objectives: To investigate the expression of cyclophilin A (CyPA) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and explore the effect of downregulating the expression of CyPA gene on the proliferation and invasion of SCC-25 cells.

Methods: A total of 77 cases of patients with OSCC were selected. The expression levels of CyPA proteins in OSCC and adjacent normal tissues were evaluated. Read More

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Ivabradine Induces Cardiac Protection against Myocardial Infarction by Preventing Cyclophilin-A Secretion in Pigs under Coronary Ischemia/Reperfusion.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 12;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Hospital Ramón y Cajal Research Unit (IRYCIS), Cardiology Department, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria, 28223 Madrid, Spain.

In response to cardiac ischemia/reperfusion, proteolysis mediated by extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) and its secreted ligand cyclophilin-A (CyPA) significantly contributes to cardiac injury and necrosis. Here, we aimed to investigate if, in addition to the effect on the funny current (I(f)), Ivabradine may also play a role against cardiac necrosis by reducing EMMPRIN/CyPA-mediated cardiac inflammation. In a porcine model of cardiac ischemia/reperfusion (IR), we found that administration of 0. Read More

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Impaired FF-ATP-Synthase Dimerization Leads to the Induction of Cyclophilin D-Mediated Autophagy-Dependent Cell Death and Accelerated Aging.

Cells 2021 Mar 30;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Faculty of Biosciences, Institute of Molecular Biosciences, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany.

Mitochondrial FF-ATP-synthase dimers play a critical role in shaping and maintenance of mitochondrial ultrastructure. Previous studies have revealed that ablation of the FF-ATP-synthase assembly factor PaATPE of the ascomycete strongly affects cristae formation, increases hydrogen peroxide levels, impairs mitochondrial function and leads to premature cell death. In the present study, we investigated the underlying mechanistic basis. Read More

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A Critical Role of Peptidylprolyl Isomerase A Pseudogene 22/microRNA-197-3p/Peptidylprolyl Isomerase A Axis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Front Genet 2021 15;12:604461. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai, China.

The burden of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide is increasing over time, while the underlying molecular mechanism of HCC development is still under exploration. Pseudogenes are classified as a special type of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), and they played a vital role in regulating tumor-associated gene expression. Here, we report that a pseudogene peptidylprolyl isomerase A pseudogene 22 (PPIAP22) and its parental gene peptidylprolyl isomerase A (PPIA) were upregulated in HCC and were associated with the clinical outcomes of HCC. Read More

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Honokiol inhibits hepatoma carcinoma cell migration through downregulated Cyclophilin B expression.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 05 17;552:44-51. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Biomedical Science, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, 02447, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth common types of cancer with poor prognosis in the world. Honokiol (HNK), a natural biphenyl compound derived from the magnolia plant, has been reported to exert anticancer effects, but its mechanism has not been elucidated exactly. In the present study, HNK treatment significantly suppressed the migration ability of HepG2 and Hep3B human hepatocellular carcinoma. Read More

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The cyclophilin inhibitor NIM-811 increases muscle cell survival with hypoxia in vitro and improves gait performance following ischemia-reperfusion in vivo.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 17;11(1):6152. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Augusta, GA, USA.

Acute ischemia-reperfusion injury in skeletal muscle is a significant clinical concern in the trauma setting. The mitochondrial permeability transition inhibitor NIM-811 has previously been shown to reduce ischemic injury in the liver and kidney. The effects of this treatment on skeletal muscle are, however, not well understood. Read More

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Two Functionally Redundant FK506-Binding Proteins Regulate Multidrug Resistance Gene Expression and Govern Azole Antifungal Resistance.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021 05 18;65(6). Epub 2021 May 18.

Laboratory of Fungal Pathogenesis, Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics, Hyderabad, India

Increasing resistance to antifungal therapy is an impediment to the effective treatment of fungal infections. is an opportunistic human fungal pathogen that is inherently less susceptible to cost-effective azole antifungals. Gain-of-function mutations in the Zn-finger pleiotropic drug resistance transcriptional activator-encoding gene are the most prevalent causes of azole resistance in clinical settings. Read More

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Characterization of CYCLOPHILLIN38 shows that a photosynthesis-derived systemic signal controls lateral root emergence.

Plant Physiol 2021 03;185(2):503-518

Biology Department, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.

Photosynthesis in leaves generates fixed-carbon resources and essential metabolites that support sink tissues, such as roots. Two of these metabolites, sucrose and auxin, promote growth in root systems, but the explicit connection between photosynthetic activity and control of root architecture has not been explored. Through a mutant screen to identify pathways regulating root system architecture, we identified a mutation in the Arabidopsis thaliana CYCLOPHILIN 38 (CYP38) gene, which causes accumulation of pre-emergent stage lateral roots. Read More

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Cyclophilin A is an endogenous ligand for the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2 (TREM2).

FASEB J 2021 Apr;35(4):e21479

School of Biological Sciences and Technology, Chonnam National University, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) is a cell surface receptor expressed on macrophages, microglial cells, and pre-osteoclasts, and that participates in diverse cellular function, including inflammation, bone homeostasis, neurological development, and coagulation. In spite of the indispensable role of the TREM2 protein in the maintenance of immune homeostasis and osteoclast differentiation, the exact ligand for TREM2 has not yet been identified. Here, we report a putative TREM2 ligand which is secreted from MC38 cells and identified as a cyclophilin A (CypA). Read More

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Tau Deletion Prevents Cognitive Impairment and Mitochondrial Dysfunction Age Associated by a Mechanism Dependent on Cyclophilin-D.

Front Neurosci 2020 10;14:586710. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Diseases, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Aging is an irreversible process and the primary risk factor for the development of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondrial impairment is a process that generates oxidative damage and ATP deficit; both factors are important in the memory decline showed during normal aging and AD. Tau is a microtubule-associated protein, with a strong influence on both the morphology and physiology of neurons. Read More

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February 2021

Urinary Cyclophilin A as Marker of Tubular Cell Death and Kidney Injury.

Biomedicines 2021 Feb 20;9(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Research Institute-Fundación Jiménez Díaz, Autonoma University, 28040 Madrid, Spain.

Despite the term acute kidney injury (AKI), clinical biomarkers for AKI reflect function rather than injury and independent markers of injury are needed. Tubular cell death, including necroptotic cell death, is a key feature of AKI. Cyclophilin A (CypA) is an intracellular protein that has been reported to be released during necroptosis. Read More

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February 2021