20,963 results match your criteria cycle assessment


Separation of cathode particles and aluminum current foil in lithium-ion battery by high-voltage pulsed discharge Part II: Prospective life cycle assessment based on experimental data.

Waste Manag 2021 Jul 26;132:86-95. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Resources and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555, Japan; Department of Systems Innovation, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan.

This series of papers addresses the recycling of cathode particles and aluminum (Al) foil from positive electrode sheet (PE sheet) dismantled from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) by applying a high-voltage pulsed discharge. As concluded in Part I of the series (Tokoro et al., 2021), cathode particles and Al foil were separated in water based on a single pulsed power application. Read More

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Specific toxicity of azithromycin to the freshwater microalga Raphidocelis subcapitata.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jul 26;222:112553. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA), Gaustadalléen 21, Oslo 0349, Norway.

Pharmaceuticals are produced to inflict a specific physiological response in organisms. However, as only partially metabolized after administration, these types of compounds can also originate harmful side effects to non-target organisms. Additionally, there is still a lack of knowledge on the toxicological effects of legacy pharmaceuticals such as the antibiotic azithromycin. Read More

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Psychosocial factors associated with repeat diabetic ketoacidosis in people living with type 1 diabetes: A systematic review.

Diabet Med 2021 Jul 29:e14663. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

North Wales Clinical Psychology Programme, School of Psychology, Bangor University, Bangor, UK.

Aims: To systematically review the literature concerning the psychosocial factors associated with repeat diabetic ketoacidosis for people living with type 1 diabetes.

Methods: PsycInfo, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed and ASSIA were searched according to a registered study protocol (PROSPERO CRD42020167381). Data were extracted into a coding spreadsheet and findings were synthesised narratively. Read More

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Environmental Life Cycle Assessment in Medical Practice: A User's Guide.

Obstet Gynecol Surv 2021 Jul;76(7):417-428

Efficiency and Sustainability Manager, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, VA.

Importance: The environmental impacts of medical practice are becoming more important as the unsustainable activities of global societies continue to damage the environment and contribute to health problems. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology to quantify a wide range of environmental impacts, including global warming, over the full life cycle of products, processes, and systems, to allow for data-driven environmental decisions.

Objective: This article introduces the concepts, terminology, and methodology of LCA using examples from the medical industry. Read More

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BEAUTY and the breast: is adjuvant chemotherapy the right time for a beauty boost? Lessons learned from a large randomized controlled trial.

Qual Life Res 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Social Sciences Research Unit, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Purpose: Beauty care (BTC) is offered at many cancer hospitals having a great uptake among patients. Nevertheless, its benefits in the Quality of life (QoL) of cancer survivors have not been assessed so far.

Methods: Our study aims to determine whether BTC improves patients' QoL related to their body image measured by the BRBI scale of the QLQ-BR23 questionnaire at the end of adjuvant chemotherapy, after breast cancer (BC) surgery. Read More

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Preimplantation genetic testing is not a preferred recommendation for patients with X chromosome abnormalities.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Center for Reproductive Medicine, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong, China.

Study Question: Should women with X chromosome abnormalities (XCAs) be recommended to have embryos selected by both morphological and cytogenetic assessment through preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) rather than morphological assessment only in conventional IVF/ICSI treatment?

Summary Answer: PGT is not a preferred recommendation for women with XCAs in the absence of other PGT indications.

What Is Known Already: XCAs are the most frequent sort of chromosomal aberrations in infertile women. Patients with a complete or partial absence of one X chromosome, diagnosed as Turner Syndrome (TS), demonstrate low spontaneous pregnancy rates (5-7%) and high miscarriage rates (22. Read More

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Optimizing irrigation in urban agriculture for tomato crops in rooftop greenhouses.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 29;794:148689. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Sostenipra Research Group (SGR 1683), Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technology (ICTA-UAB), MdM Unit of Excellence, Universitat (CEX2019-000940-M) Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Campus UAB, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering, School of Engineering, Building Q, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), 08193 Bellaterra, Spain. Electronic address:

The rise of population in urban areas makes it ever more important to promote urban agriculture (UA) that is efficient in terms of water and nutrients. How to meet the irrigation demand of UA is of particular concern in urban areas where water sources are often limited. With the aim of determining how to reduce water use for irrigation while maintaining productivity and reducing environmental impacts in UA, this study explores the agronomic performance and environmental life cycle impacts and benefits of three different fertigation management practices used in a rooftop greenhouse for tomato crop in Barcelona: 1) open management (OP); 2) recirculation (RC), in which 30% of the drained, unused water is used to irrigate the crop; and 3) the same recirculated management of RC with a further reduction in fresh water input of 15%(RR). Read More

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A review on cyanobacteria cultivation for carbohydrate-based biofuels: Cultivation aspects, polysaccharides accumulation strategies, and biofuels production scenarios.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 24;794:148636. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Instituto de Energías Renovables-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Priv. Xochicalco s/n, Col. Centro, Temixco, Morelos CP, 62580, Mexico.

Cyanobacterial biomass has constituted a crucial third and fourth-generation biofuel material, with great potential to synthesize a wide range of metabolites, mainly carbohydrates. Lately, carbohydrate-based biofuels from cyanobacteria, such as bioethanol, biohydrogen, and biobutanol, have attracted attention as a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based products. Cyanobacteria can perform a simple process of saccharification, and extracted carbohydrates can be converted into biofuels with two alternatives; the first one consists of a fermentative process based on bacteria or yeasts, while the second alternative consists of an internal metabolic process of their own in intracellular carbohydrate content, either by the natural or genetic engineered process. Read More

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Potential climate benefits of reusable packaging in food delivery services. A Chinese case study.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 21;794:148570. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

UNESCO Chair in Life Cycle and Climate Change ESCI-UPF, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Passeig Pujades 1, 08003 Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

In China, the food delivery packaging waste is increasing due to the rapid growth of the sector and the use of single-use packaging to transport the meals. In addition, the recycling rates of current municipal waste management are low. In this regard, this study aims at estimating the climate change impact of current food delivery packaging and its waste treatment, by performing a Life Cycle Assessment with a cradle-to-grave approach. Read More

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Bio-dissolution process and mechanism of copper phosphate hybrid nanoflowers by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and its bacteria-toxicity in life cycle.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 25;419:126494. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

China-America CRC for Environment & Health of Shandong Province, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 72# Jimo Binhai Road, Qingdao, Shandong 266237, PR China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Protection and Resources Utilization, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510640, PR China; Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shandong University, 72# Jimo Binhai Road, Qingdao, Shandong 266237, PR China. Electronic address:

Copper phosphate hybrid nanoflowers (HNF) have been widely used in chemical industries and wastewater treatment owing to its excellent catalytic activity and high stability. However, their fate and ecological risks have not received due attention after being discharged into natural environment. The significance of bacteria on the dissolution and fate of HNF and its toxicity to bacteria was evaluated from the perspective of its life cycle. Read More

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Investigation of shallot production system in terms of energy-economic-environmental in Iran.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Mechanical Engineering of Biosystems, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrekord University, PO Box 115, Shahrekord, 88186-34141, Iran.

Assessment of environmental consequences of agri-food products during their life cycle is currently identified as the most important and efficient way to investigate agricultural systems. In addition to the environmental impacts, energy and economic issues are considered major issues in the life cycle of products. The present study aimed to investigate and assess the energy flow, environmental, and economic dimensions during shallot production in farms of Iran. Read More

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Life cycle assessment of environmental impact on municipal solid waste incineration power generation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Ecology and Environment, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001, Henan, China.

Municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration power generation is an important treatment technology, which has been widely concerned in recent years. It is of great significance to evaluate the environmental impact. This study conducted the environmental life cycle assessment of MSW incineration power plant in Yongcheng city, Henan province, China. Read More

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Bioconversion of Food Waste to produce Industrial-scale Sophorolipid Syrup and Crystals: dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (dLCA) of Emerging Biotechnologies.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Oct 27;337:125474. Epub 2021 Jun 27.

School of Energy and Environment, City University of Hong Kong, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Electronic address:

Bioconversion of food waste into sophorolipid-based biosurfactants is a promising emerging technology. It is important to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with the latest advancements in sophorolipid production as it matures to maximize sustainability on scale-up. This study takes a dynamic Life Cycle Assessment (dLCA) approach to address the inherent uncertainties and evaluate the environmental performances. Read More

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October 2021

FREQUENT LEPTOSPIRA SPP. DETECTION BUT ABSENCE OF TULA ORTHOHANTAVIRUS IN MICROTUS SPP. VOLES, NORTHWESTERN SPAIN.

J Wildl Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Institute of Novel and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut, Südufer 10, 17493 Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.

The common vole (Microtus arvalis) is a major agricultural pest in Europe and is a reservoir for several zoonotic agents, such as Leptospira spp. and Tula orthohantavirus (TULV). However, little is known about the occurrence of those pathogens in voles from Spain, where the species has largely expanded its distribution range in the past decades, causing agricultural pests and zoonotic diseases. Read More

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Life Cycle Assessment and Cost-Benefit Analysis of Internal-Stack Trickling Bio-Electrochemical Reactor: An Evaluation for commercial viability.

Environ Technol 2021 Jul 28:1-28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Government of India, Technology Bhawan, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi- 110016 India.

The present study reports a detailed life cycle assessment and cost-benefit analysis of a commercially viable Internal-Stack-ling io-lectrochemical eactor (IS-TrickBER). IS-TrickBER used wastewater as a feedstock and converted that wastewater through electrochemical methods into low-grade fertilizer and produced electricity. IS-TrickBER was observed for its performance in terms of power output and wastewater treatment. Read More

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Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 genome sequencing: quality criteria and low frequency variants.

J Clin Microbiol 2021 Jul 28:JCM0094421. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Institute of Microbiology, Laboratory of genomics and metagenomics, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Although many laboratories worldwide have developed their sequencing capacities in response to the need for SARS-CoV-2 genome-based surveillance of variants, only few reported some quality criteria to ensure sequence quality before lineage assignment and submission to public databases. Hence, we aimed here to provide simple quality control criteria for SARS-CoV-2 sequencing to prevent erroneous interpretation of low quality or contaminated data. We retrospectively investigated 647 SARS-CoV-2 genomes obtained over ten tiled amplicons sequencing runs. Read More

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Quantitative and Qualitative Electroglottographic Wave Shape Differences in Children and Adults Using Voice Map-Based Analysis.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Jul 28:1-19. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of Speech, Music, and Hearing, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.

Purpose The purpose of this study is to identify the extent to which various measurements of contacting parameters differ between children and adults during habitual range and overlap vocal frequency/intensity, using voice map-based assessment of noninvasive electroglottography (EGG). Method EGG voice maps were analyzed from 26 adults (22-45 years) and 22 children (4-8 years) during connected speech and vowel /a/ over the habitual range and the overlap vocal frequency/intensity from the voice range profile task on the vowel /a/. Mean and standard deviations of contact quotient by integration, normalized contacting speed, quotient of speed by integration, and cycle-rate sample entropy were obtained. Read More

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Absence of QTc Prolongation with Sodium N-(8-[2-Hydroxybenzoyl] Amino) Caprylate (SNAC), an Absorption Enhancer Co-Formulated with the GLP-1 Analogue Semaglutide for Oral Administration.

Diabetes Ther 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Novo Nordisk A/S, Søborg, Denmark.

Introduction: Oral delivery of proteins, including glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, is impeded by low gastrointestinal permeation. Oral semaglutide has been developed for once-daily oral administration by co-formulation of the GLP-1 analogue semaglutide with an absorption enhancer, sodium N-(8-[2-hydroxybenzoyl] amino) caprylate (SNAC, 300 mg). A randomised, partially double-blind, placebo-controlled thorough QT/corrected QT (QTc) trial was conducted to confirm the absence of unacceptable QTc interval prolongation with SNAC. Read More

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Reproducibility of left ventricular blood flow kinetic energy measured by four-dimensional flow CMR.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Jul 27;14(1):289. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Infection, Immunity & Cardiovascular Disease, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: Four-dimensional flow CMR allows for a comprehensive assessment of the blood flow kinetic energy of the ventricles of the heart. In comparison to standard two-dimensional image acquisition, 4D flow CMR is felt to offer superior reproducibility, which is important when repeated examinations may be required. The objective was to evaluate the inter-observer and intra-observer reproducibility of blood flow kinetic energy assessment using 4D flow of the left ventricle in 20 healthy volunteers across two centres in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. Read More

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Cultivation of the heterotrophic microalga Galdieria sulphuraria on food waste: A Life Cycle Assessment.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Jul 22;340:125637. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Sustainable Chemistry (Resource Efficiency), Institute of Sustainable Chemistry, Leuphana University of Lüneburg, Universitätsallee 1, Lüneburg C13.203, 21335, Germany; Institute for Food and Environmental Research e. V., Papendorfer Weg 3, Bad Belzig 14806, Germany. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to perform a Life Cycle Assessment of a production process of 1 kg dry algal biomass powder (Galdieria sulphuraria) with 27 % (w/w) protein content for human consumption for optimizing the production regarding global warming potential and resource efficiency in combination with food waste utilization. It was investigated, underpinned by a comparison of the use of conventional glucose, whether and to what extent the environmental impact/global warming potential can be reduced by changing to food waste hydrolysate and how this can lead to a more sustainable use of resources and a sustainable development. Overall, the results showed that hydrolysis, along with freeze-drying, caused most of the overall impact. Read More

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Assessment of carbon emissions of building interior decoration and renovation waste disposal in the fast-growing Greater Bay Area, China.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 23;798:149158. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

College of Civil & Transportation Engineering, Underground Polis Academy, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China. Electronic address:

Continuing urbanization and significant improvement of lifestyle have ushered in high demand for building floor area, inevitably leading to a rapid increase of interior decoration and renovation activities, which in turn produce a massive quantity of decoration and renovation waste (DRW). However, like many other countries with unremitting demand for building space and infrastructure, China has failed to attach adequate attention to DRW management. Using the yield-per-area method and life cycle assessment approach, this study aims to characterize the generation, flows, management and environmental impacts of DRW from commercial housing in nine cities in the Greater Bay Area (GBA), a highly developed economic zone in China. Read More

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Recycling drainage effluents using reverse osmosis powered by photovoltaic solar energy in hydroponic tomato production: Environmental footprint analysis.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 26;297:113326. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Agricultural Engineering Department, Technical University of Cartagena, Paseo Alfonso XIII 48, 30203, Cartagena, Spain.

Greenhouse cultivation in the Mediterranean region has undoubtedly enhanced the economic growth and has generated social benefits by making an efficient use of resources. However, these production systems caused undesirable environmental impacts. In order to move towards cleaner production in greenhouse areas, this study has assessed the potential environmental benefits and trade-offs of the integration of an on-farm reverse osmosis system powered by photovoltaic solar energy to recycle the drainage effluents from greenhouses. Read More

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Integration of Genomic and Transcriptomic Data to Elucidate Molecular Processes in Babesia divergens.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2369:199-215

Laboratorio de Referencia e Investigación en Parasitología, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, ISCIII Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.

Emerging pathogens have developed ingenious life cycles to facilitate their growth and survival in the host organism. Detailed knowledge of the life cycle of these pathogens is increasingly necessary if we are to design new strategies to prevent infection and transmission. Multi-omics platforms provide useful data at different biological levels, and integration of these data into current approaches can facilitate holistic assessment of emerging pathogens. Read More

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January 2021

[Quantification, dietary intake adequacy, and food sources of nutrients involved in the methionine-methylation cycle (choline, betaine, folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12) in pregnant women in Spain].

Nutr Hosp 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y de la Salud. Facultad de Farmacia. Universidad San Pablo-CEU.

Objective: a quantification of dietary intakes of the micronutrients involved in the methylation-methionine cycle (choline, betaine, folate, vitamins B6 and B12) in a representative sample of pregnant women in Spain; assessment of intake adequacy to available official recommendations; and analysis of their main food sources.

Material And Methods: the median intake of each micronutrient was established using food consumption data reported in the National Dietary Survey of adults, the elderly, and pregnant women (ENALIA-2) (n = 133). For folate, vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 intake, nutritional composition data from the Spanish Food Composition Tables were used, whereas for choline and betaine, which are not included in European food composition databases, the National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was considered. Read More

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In silico studies of Potency and safety assessment of selected trial drugs for the treatment of COVID-19.

In Silico Pharmacol 2021 22;9(1):45. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

SARS-CoV-2 has caused millions of infections and hundreds of thousands of deaths globally. Presently, no cure for SARS-CoV-2 infection is available; thus, all hands are on deck for new drug discovery. Although, several studies have reported the potentials of some already approved drugs for the treatment of COVID-19. Read More

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Assessment of thoracic aorta in different cardiac phases in patients with non-aorta diseases using cardiac CT.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 26;11(1):15209. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University, 25# Tai Ping Street, Luzhou, 646099, Sichuan, China.

The aim was to evaluate the thoracic aorta in different cardiac phases to obtain the correct cardiac phase for measuring the maximum diameter required to predict aortic disease. Cardiac CT was performed on 97 patients for suspected coronary artery disease. The average diameter of ascending (AAD) and descending aorta (DAD) in the plane of pulmonary bifurcation, in the plane of the sinus junction (AAD [STJ] and DAD [STJ]), descending aorta in the plane of the diaphragm (DAD [Dia]), the diameter of the main pulmonary artery (MPAD), distance from the sternum to the spine (S-SD), and distance from the sternum to the ascending aorta (S-AAD) were assessed at 20 different time points in the cardiac cycle. Read More

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Giving superabsorbent polymers a second life as pressure-sensitive adhesives.

Nat Commun 2021 07 26;12(1):4524. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

An estimated 6.3 billion metric tons of post-consumer polymer waste has been produced, with the majority (79%) in landfills or the environment. Recycling methods that utilize these waste polymers could attenuate their environmental impact. Read More

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The acute effect of the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive cycle on measures of body composition.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Exercise and Sport Science, The University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, Australia.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of fluctuating female hormones during the menstrual cycle (MC) and oral contraceptive (OC) cycle on different measures of body composition.

Methods: Twenty-two women with a natural MC and thirty women currently taking combined monophasic OC were assessed over three phases of the menstrual or oral contraceptive cycle. Body weight, skinfolds, bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA), ultrasound, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) measurements were performed to assess body composition. Read More

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Life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of microalgal fuel from thin-layer cascades.

Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Werner Siemens-Chair of Synthetic Biotechnology, Garching, Munich, Germany.

Thin-layer cascades (TLCs) enable algae cultivation at high cell densities, thus increasing biomass yields and facilitating the harvest process. This makes them a promising technology for industrial-scale algal fuel production. Using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), we calculate the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of aviation fuel produced using algal biomass from TLCs. Read More

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The evaluation of a novel digital immunochromatographic assay with silver amplification to detect SARS-CoV-2.

J Infect Chemother 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Tsukuba Hospital, 2-1-1 Amakubo, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8576, Japan; Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-8575, Japan.

Introduction: Rapid antigen tests are convenient for diagnosing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2); however, they have lower sensitivities than nucleic acid amplification tests. In this study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance of Quick Chaser Auto SARS-CoV-2, a novel digital immunochromatographic assay that is expected to have higher sensitivity than conventional antigen tests.

Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted between February 8 and March 24, 2021. Read More

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