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Validity and Reliability of the Malay Version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI-M) Questionnaire among Malaysian University Athletes.

Malays Orthop J 2021 Mar;15(1):32-42

Department of Sport Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Introduction: This study was designed to produce a validated and reliable Malay version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI-M) questionnaire.

Materials And Method: The cross-cultural adaptation was conducted based on standard guidelines to produce the Malay version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI-M) questionnaire. The reliability and validity testing were then performed among one hundred and twenty-three physically active University of Malaya students. Read More

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Translation, reliability and validity of Persian version of Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile in dementia.

Appl Neuropsychol Adult 2021 Apr 19:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Our study aimed at the reliability and validity of the Persian version of the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile (AASP). This study was conducted on 130 people with dementia as well as 77 healthy elderlies. After translating the AASP into Persian, its content validity was determined based on 9 experts working in the same field. Read More

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Choroidal vascular changes in acne patients under isotretinoin treatment.

Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2021 Apr 19:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Ophthalmology Department, Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential changes in choroidal vasculature in nodulocystic acne patients under isotretinoin treatment by using choroidal thickness (CT), choroidal vascularity index (CVI), and choriocapillaris (CC) flow area.

Materials And Methods: This prospective study included nodulocystic acne patients under isotretinoin treatment and healthy controls. All patients underwent enhanced depth imaging-optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) imaging to assess the subfoveal CT and submacular CVI, and optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) imaging to evaluate the CC flow area. Read More

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A Narrative Review on the Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment of Venous Thromboembolic Events in the Context of Chronic Venous Disease.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery, Section of Vascular Surgery, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic venous disease (CVD) describes a spectrum of conditions associated with venous hypertension. The association between various CVD etiologies and subsequent risk of venous thromboembolic (VTE) events, such as deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, is a topic of considerable clinical interest. The aims of this review are to characterize the risk of VTE according to CVD etiology and to determine the optimal anticoagulation strategy for treatment or prevention of VTE in patients with CVD. Read More

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MHC heterogeneity and response of metastases to immunotherapy.

Cancer Metastasis Rev 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Servicio de Análisis Clínicos e Inmunología, UGC Laboratorio Clínico, Hospital Universitario Virgen de las Nieves, Av. de las Fuerzas Armadas 2, 18014, Granada, Spain.

In recent years, immunotherapy has proven to be an effective treatment against cancer. Cytotoxic T lymphocytes perform an important role in this anti-tumor immune response, recognizing cancer cells as foreign, through the presentation of tumor antigens by MHC class I molecules. However, tumors and metastases develop escape mechanisms for evading this immunosurveillance and may lose the expression of these polymorphic molecules to become invisible to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Read More

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Construction and validation of the Basic Scale of Entrepreneurial Competencies for the Secondary Education level. A study conducted in Spain.

PLoS One 2021 15;16(4):e0249903. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Theory and History of Education and Social Pedagogy, Faculty of Education Sciences, Seville University, Seville, Spain.

Introduction: The impact of entrepreneurship training on the levels of compulsory education has been weak until now. Complementarily to the demand of greater effectiveness in entrepreneurship education, it is a priority to make scientifically verified instruments available to provide useful information about the achievement of the competences needed for the development of entrepreneurial capacities. Our research is focused on the design and assessment of entrepreneurship competency, tackling one the dimension concerning business skills or competences. Read More

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First Italian validation of the "Satisfaction with simulation experience" scale (SSE) for the evaluation of the learning experience through simulation.

Acta Biomed 2021 03 31;92(S2):e2021002. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Italy.

Background And Aim Of The Work: Training in simulation through "mannequins" is increasingly widespread among nursing students. In the Italian context, however, there are no tools that measure the degree of student satisfaction after clinical training through simulation. The aim of the study is to provide a first validation in Italian of the Satisfaction with simulation experience" (SSE) scale, a tool already validated in several languages. Read More

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Endovenous cyanoacrylate ablation for chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins among Asians.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2021 03;50(3):241-249

Department of Vascular Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Endovenous cyanoacrylate glue (CAG) ablation for the treatment of chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and varicose veins has shown non-inferior outcomes with an excellent safety profile, high patient satisfaction rate, and excellent efficacy when compared to the gold standard of endothermal ablation. A review of the current literature for CAG use in CVI showed that most studies and longer-term data are from Caucasian-based populations, which are subject to different anatomical venous variations and socio-economical contexts. This review aimed to gather the current evidence for CAG use in Asian CVI patients. Read More

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Japanese Translation and Validation of the Environmental Assessment Tool-Higher Care.

HERD 2021 Apr 15:19375867211007856. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Faculty of Science Medicine and Health, 8691University of Wollongong, Australia.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate the Environmental Assessment Tool-Higher Care (EAT-HC) into Japanese and validate its use in small-scale group living facilities in Japan.

Background: Environment of a facility is shown to improve its residents' quality of life (QOL). Japan's "welfare-based nursing homes for the elderly" are gradually shifting to a small-scale group living concept called group care units (GCUs). Read More

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Histopathological study of JNK in venous wall of patients with chronic venous insufficiency related to osteogenesis process.

Int J Med Sci 2021 3;18(9):1921-1934. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Medicine and Medical Specialities, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, Spain.

Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is one of the most common vascular pathologies worldwide. One of the risk factors for the development of CVI is aging, which is why it is related to senile changes. The main trigger of the changes that occur in the venous walls in CVI is blood flow reflux, which produces increased hydrostatic pressure, leading to valve incompetence. Read More

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Biological variations of hematologic and biochemical parameters in cows during early lactation.

Pol J Vet Sci 2021 Mar;24(1):119-125

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Novi Sad, Trg D.Obradovića 8, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.

The aim of the study was to determine biologic variations of the main parameters in cows in early lactation and to compare intra-individual variations of parameters in cows and other species. 50 cows were included in the experiment. Blood samples were taken at the moment of calving, then on 1st, 7th, 14th and 28th day after calving. Read More

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Development and testing of the hemodialysis symptom distress scale (HSD-22) to identify the symptom cluster by using exploratory factor analysis.

BMC Nephrol 2021 Apr 12;22(1):128. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

School of Nursing, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Background: Patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) often experience multiple symptoms concurrently and these symptoms may impact their quality of life. A valid and reliable tool is needed to assess the symptom distress of patients receiving HD in terms of the perspective of symptom clusters. Although many studies have explored symptom clusters related to patients receiving HD, the clusters formed had problems with overlapping, vagueness, lack of cluster-specificity, and difficulty in discerning their common mechanism under the cluster. Read More

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Consensus on the standard terminology used in the nutrition care of adult patients with chronic kidney disease.

J Bras Nefrol 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Associação Brazileira de Nutrição, Curitiba, PR, Brasil.

This nutrition consensus document is the first to coordinate the efforts of three professional organizations - the Brazilian Association of Nutrition (Asbran), the Brazilian Society of Nephrology (SBN), and the Brazilian Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (Braspen/SBNPE) - to select terminology and international standardized tools used in nutrition care. Its purpose is to improve the training delivered to nutritionists working with adult patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Eleven questions were developed concerning patient screening, care, and nutrition outcome management. Read More

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Adaptation of a freshwater evaluation framework to a coastal system: The case of Kamari, Santorini.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 7;288:112406. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel. Electronic address:

The erosion of sandy beaches creates a significant impact on the local society, the economy and the environment. The present study is an attempt to adapt the innovative DESSIN (Demonstrate Ecosystem Services Enabling Innovation in the Water Sector) framework that specializes in freshwater applications, to urban coastal systems. The framework is applied in the case of Kamari beach, Santorini (Greece), to assess the sustainability of all possible anti-erosion measures. Read More

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A Chinese version of the Participation Strategies Self Efficacy Scale (PS-SES): psychometric evaluation in stroke survivors.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Apr 4:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Objective: To cross-culturally adapt and investigate the psychometric properties of a Chinese-translated version of the Participation Strategies Self Efficacy Scale (PS-SES).

Materials And Methods: The translation/back-translation procedure was done in line with cross-cultural adaptation international guidelines. 378 stroke survivors were recruited to complete the questionnaires. Read More

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Development and Psychometric Properties Evaluation of a Care Needs Questionnaire in Phase 1 Cardiac Rehabilitation for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease: CNCR-Q.

J Caring Sci 2021 Mar 1;10(1):29-36. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are one of the most common chronic illnesses and the leading cause of mortality worldwide. This study aimed to design and assess the psychometric properties of questionnaire to examine the care needs of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) in phase 1 of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). This sequential exploratory study used a mixed method with two phases. Read More

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Clinical outcomes and overview of dedicated venous stents for management of chronic iliocaval and femoral deep venous disease.

Vascular 2021 Apr 4:1708538121989860. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Academic Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK.

Objectives: Venous stenting of the lower extremities has grown in popularity and is now considered a key component of the primary treatment strategy for the management of pathologically obstructive or stenotic lesions of the deep venous system. This review aims to provide an overview of the role of venous stenting in the management of chronic conditions affecting the deep venous system of the lower limbs.

Methods: An overview of venous stents design and current role of stenting procedure in individuals presenting with Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) and presenting the current trials of dedicated venous stenting in management of chronic deep venous lesions. Read More

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Development of the competency assessment scale for clinical nursing teachers: Results of a Delphi study and validation.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Mar 17;101:104876. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Nursing, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Highly competent clinical faculty is a prerequisite for graduating competent nurses, and it is very important to explore the comprehensive ability and post competence of clinical nursing teachers (CNT).

Objective: To construct the competency evaluation elements of clinical nursing teachers and test the reliability and validity of the scale.

Design: A Delphi study. Read More

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Instrument Development and Validation to Assess Care Barriers for Patients in Saudi Arabia with Oral Clefts.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 25;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Pediatric Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.

The study objective was to construct and validate a tool to assess, measure, and evaluate the barriers and obstacles that patients with orofacial clefts (OFCs), and their families, face during treatment. The Effective Accessibility and Accommodation subscale, based on the translated Primary Care Assessment Survey and Primary Care Assessment Tool scales, was used as a reference for the questionnaire. A total of 165 parents from three main cleft referral centers in Saudi Arabia were interviewed. Read More

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Development and Testing of the Psychometric Properties of the Attitude Towards Medical Device-related Pressure Ulcers/Injuries Questionnaire.

Wound Manag Prev 2021 Mar;67(3):30-35

Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.

Background: Medical device-related pressure ulcers/injuries (MDRPU/Is) are a serious concern in health care.

Purpose: To develop and assess the psychometric testing of a questionnaire to measure nursing students' attitudes about the care and prevention of MDRPU/Is.

Methods: Based on a review of the literature, a 26-item questionnaire was developed; face validity was assessed by ten (10) nursing students. Read More

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Levodopa-Induced Dyskinesia in Parkinson Disease Specifically Associates With Dopaminergic Depletion in Sensorimotor-Related Functional Subregions of the Striatum.

Clin Nucl Med 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

From the Unidad de Trastornos del Movimiento, Servicio de Neurología y Neurofisiología Clínica, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío/CSIC/Universidad de Sevilla, Seville Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED), Madrid Unidad de Medicina Nuclear, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío Departamento de Psicología Experimental, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain.

Purpose: To determine whether the development of levodopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in Parkinson disease (PD) specifically relates to dopaminergic depletion in sensorimotor-related subregions of the striatum.

Methods: Our primary study sample consisted of 185 locally recruited PD patients, of which 73 (40%) developed LID. Retrospective 123I-FP-CIT SPECT data were used to quantify the specific dopamine transporter (DAT) binding ratio within distinct functionally defined striatal subregions related to limbic, executive, and sensorimotor systems. Read More

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2020 SCCT Guideline for Training Cardiology and Radiology Trainees as Independent Practitioners (Level II) and Advanced Practitioners (Level III) in Cardiovascular Computed Tomography: A Statement from the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2021 Feb 15;3(1):e200480. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Division of Cardiology & Department of Radiology, The George Washington University School of Medicine, 2150 Pennsylvania Ave NW, Suite 4-417, Washington, DC 20037 (A.D.C.); Heart Institute, Parkview Health, Fort Wayne, Ind (D.M.T.); Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Henry Ford Health System, Center for Structural Heart Disease, Detroit, Mich (J.L., D.D.W.); Division of Cardiothoracic Imaging, Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex (S.A.); Miami Cardiac and Vascular Institute, Baptist Health of South Florida, Miami, FL, United States and Department of Radiology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL (R.C.C.); Department of Radiology, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada (J.A.L.); Department of Radiology, Naval Medical Center, Portsmouth, Va (C.M.); Department of Radiology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa (P.N.); Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States (M.L.S.); University of Edinburgh/British Heart Foundation Centre for Cardiovascular Science, Edinburgh, United Kingdom (M.C.W.); Division of Cardiology, West Virginia University School of Medicine, Morgantown, WV (I.Z.); and Division of Cardiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Va (T.C.V.); Cardiovascular Imaging Program, Departments of Medicine (Cardiovascular Division) and Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States (R.B.).

Cardiovascular computed tomography (CCT) is a well-validated noninvasive imaging tool with an ever-expanding array of applications beyond the assessment of coronary artery disease. These include the evaluation of structural heart diseases, congenital heart diseases, peri-procedural electrophysiology applications, and the functional evaluation of ischemia. This breadth requires a robust and diverse training curriculum to ensure graduates of CCT training programs meet minimum competency standards for independent CCT interpretation. Read More

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February 2021

Impact of Cardiovascular Care of COVID-19: Lessons Learned, Current Challenges, and Future Opportunities.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2020 Aug 23;2(4):e200251. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Division of Cardiology, Lenox Hill Hospital, Northwell Health, New York, NY 10075-1850 (M.P., M.K.); Center for Heart Lung Innovation, University of British Columbia & St Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, Canada (J.L.); Cardiovascular Division, University of Utah Health, Salt Lake City, Utah (F.W.); and Sanger Heart & Vascular Institute, Atrium Health, Charlotte NC (G.R.).

COVID-19 has disrupted traditional cardiovascular care pathways leading to significant challenges; with these challenges have also come opportunities to iterate our testing strategies to ensure they are patient centered and also that they are most appropriate and best align with infection protection protocols. © RSNA, 2020. Read More

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The ISCHEMIA Trial: Implication for Cardiac Imaging in 2020 and Beyond.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2020 Apr 16;2(2):e200021. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Radiology and Medicine, St Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6S 1Y6 (J.A.L.); and Department of Cardiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany (S.A.).

Establishing a diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) is more difficult than it would seem. Diagnosis of CAD can be approached in two ways: detection of ischemia (often with stress myocardial perfusion at SPECT, PET, and cardiac MRI) and visualization of the coronary artery anatomy to demonstrate stenosis (noninvasively with cardiac CT). In addition to providing further supportive evidence for the use of coronary CT angiography as the first-line test for the evaluation of CAD, the ISCHEMIA trial also resulted in some interesting findings with regard to imaging; these findings resulted in the open-ended question of "What does this mean for imagers?" © RSNA, 2020. Read More

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Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair and Replacement: Current Evidence for Intervention and the Role of CT in Preprocedural Planning-A Review for Radiologists and Cardiologists Alike.

Radiol Cardiothorac Imaging 2020 Feb 13;2(1):e190106. Epub 2020 Feb 13.

Centre for Heart Valve Innovation, St Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, 1081 Burrard St, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6Z 1Y6.

The mitral valve is a complex structure with a three-dimensional saddle shape annulus. Mitral regurgitation occurs from leaflet coaptation failure that is either primary (a problem with the leaflets) or secondary (chamber dilatation in the setting of cardiomyopathy). There has been an increase in focus on transcatheter mitral valve interventions, for both mitral repair and replacement. Read More

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February 2020

Development and validation of a Questionnaire to study practices and diversities in Plexus and Peripheral nerve blocks.

Indian J Anaesth 2021 Mar 13;65(3):197-201. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Department of Anaesthesia, Care Hospital, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Background And Aims: Regional anaesthesia techniques are a part of perioperative medicine that affects both perioperative and long-term outcomes. We have a paucity of the data on the usage and practices of plexus and peripheral nerve blocks (PNBs). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first effort to validate a survey for plexus and PNBs. Read More

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Development of a Multi-Dimensional Coastal Vulnerability Index: Assessing vulnerability to inundation scenarios in the Italian coast.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 18;772:144650. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Fondazione Centro-Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, I-73100 Lecce, Italy; Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistic, University Ca' Foscari Venice, I-30170 Venice, Italy.

Understanding how natural and human-induced drivers will contribute to rising vulnerability and risks in coastal areas requires a broader use of future projections capturing the spatio-temporal dynamics which drive changes in the different vulnerability dimensions, including the socio-demographic and economic spheres. To go beyond the traditional approaches for coastal vulnerability appraisal, a Multi-dimensional Coastal Vulnerability Index (MDim-CVI) - integrating a composite set of physical, environmental and socio-economic indicators - is proposed to rank Italian coastal provinces according to their relative vulnerability to extreme sea level scenarios, in 2050. Specifically, information on hazard-prone areas, potentially inundated by sea level rise and extreme water levels (under the RCP8. Read More

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Association between cholesterol efflux capacity and peripheral artery disease in coronary heart disease patients with and without type 2 diabetes: from the CORDIOPREV study.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 Mar 25;20(1):72. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Lipids and Atherosclerosis Unit. Servicio de Medicina Interna, Reina Sofia University Hospital, Maimonides Institute for Biomedical Research in Córdoba, University of Córdoba, Córdoba, Spain.

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is recognized as a significant predictor of mortality and adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). In fact, coexisting PAD and CHD is strongly associated with a greater coronary event recurrence compared with either one of them alone. High-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mediated cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC) is found to be inversely associated with an increased risk of incident CHD. Read More

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The effect of optic neuritis attacks on choroidal vascularity index in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Health Sciences, Haydarpasa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Tibbiye St No: 23, 34668, Uskudar, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the changes in the choroidal vascularity index (CVI) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using binarization on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) images and to evaluate the effect of optic neuritis (ON) attacks on these measurements.

Method: Three groups were created by including forty eyes of 20 patients diagnosed with relapsing-remitting MS and had a unilateral history of ON attack and the randomly selected eyes of 30 healthy age- and sex-matched control subjects. Group 1 (n = 20) consisted of the ON-affected eyes of the MS patients (MSON); group 2 (n = 20) included their fellow healthy eyes (MSNON); group 3 (n = 30) included the eyes of healthy controls. Read More

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Production and validation of educational technology on nursing care for syphilis prevention.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 19;74Suppl 5(Suppl 5):e20190694. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Universidade de São Paulo. Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objectives: Validate script and storyboard of a video for educational intervention on nursing care for the prevention and management of syphilis.

Methods: Methodological design study, with quantitative analysis approach. The content and appearance of the educational video script and storyboard was validated by a committee of experts on the subject and video. Read More

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