33 results match your criteria cus nanoplates

Nanoliquid Dressing with Enhancing Anti-Infection Performance under the Moderate Photothermal Effect for Wound Treatment.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Apr 13;13(16):18443-18453. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Biomaterials, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, People's Republic of China.

Nonhealing wounds have become a major healthcare burden worldwide. Chronic wound healing is universally hampered by the presence of bacterial infections that form biofilms. Therefore, in this study, a novel nanoliquid dressing based on a mild photothermal heating strategy was designed to provide safe healing of biofilm-infected wounds. Read More

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Mitochondria-targeting NO gas nanogenerator for augmenting mild photothermal therapy in the NIR-II biowindow.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2020 Nov;56(92):14491-14494

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Nantong University, Nantong, Jiangsu 226019, China.

An intelligent nitric oxide gas-releasing nanoplatform based on CuS-nanoplates has been designed to overcome the heat endurance of tumor cells by the inhibition of HSP90 expression with the released NO gas in mitochondria and thereby realize enhanced PTT under mild temperature conditions. Read More

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November 2020

Convenient synthesis of three-dimensional hierarchical [email protected] core-shell cauliflowers decorated on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide for non-enzymatic electrochemical sensing of xanthine.

Mikrochim Acta 2020 Oct 5;187(11):589. Epub 2020 Oct 5.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Chemical Power Resources, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, People's Republic of China.

 A novel hybrid with three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical [email protected] core-shell cauliflowers decorated on nitrogen-doped reduced graphene oxide ([email protected]/N-RGO) has been prepared by a facile wet-chemical route without utilizing any template molecules and surfactants. The characterization results reveal that the 3D flower-like structure of CuS "core" is composed of interconnecting nanoplates, which is conductive to the loading of Pd nanoparticles' "shell" and results in the robust interaction between the core and shell for the formation of [email protected] cauliflowers. Anchoring such appealing [email protected] cauliflowers on the two-dimensional N-RGO can efficaciously inhibit the aggregation of [email protected] cauliflowers and accelerate the kinetics of xanthine oxidation. Read More

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October 2020

Near-Infrared-Activated Lysosome Pathway Death Induced by ROS Generated from Layered Double Hydroxide-Copper Sulfide Nanocomposites.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2020 Sep 27;12(36):40673-40683. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Institute of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Huaqiao University, Xiamen 361021, P. R. China.

The overdeveloped lysosomes in cancer cells are gaining increasing attention toward more precise and effective organelle-targeted cancer therapy. It is suggested that rod/plate-like nanomaterials with an appropriate size exhibited a greater quantity and longer-term lysosomal enrichment, as the shape plays a notable role in the nanomaterial transmembrane process and subcellular behaviors. Herein, a biodegradable platform based on layered double hydroxide-copper sulfide nanocomposites (LDH-CuS NCs) is successfully prepared via in situ growth of CuS nanodots on LDH nanoplates. Read More

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September 2020

One-pot sonochemical synthesis of CuS nanoplates decorated partially reduced graphene oxide for biosensing of dopamine neurotransmitter.

Ultrason Sonochem 2020 Jun 22;64:105043. Epub 2020 Feb 22.

Center of Precision Analysis and Material Research, National Taipei University of Technology, No. 1, Section 3, Chung-Hsiao East Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, National Taipei University of Technology, No. 1, Section 3, Chung-Hsiao East Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

The sonochemical methods have been used as a straight forward method for the synthesis of various composite materials, including the transition metal dichalcogenide composites. In the present work, we report a simple sonochemical synthesis of CuS nanoplates decorated partially reduced graphene oxide (PrGO) nanocomposite for the first time. The PrGO-CuS nanocomposite was synthesized using bath-sonication (frequency: 37 kHz; power: 150 W) of graphene oxide (GO), and CuS precursors at 80 °C for 60 min. Read More

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Fabrication of hierarchical copper sulfide/bismuth tungstate p-n heterojunction with two-dimensional (2D) interfacial coupling for enhanced visible-light photocatalytic degradation of glyphosate.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2020 Feb 19;560:293-302. Epub 2019 Oct 19.

College of Materials and Energy, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China. Electronic address:

Hierarchical copper sulfide/bismuth tungstate (CuS/BiWO) p-n junction with two-dimensional (2D) interfacial coupling were prepared through a two-step hydrothermal method. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, photoluminescence spectroscopy, photocurrent and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. CuS nanoplates anchored on the surface of hierarchical BiWO microspheres consisting of BiWO nanosheets to form a CuS/BiWO p-n junction photocatalyst. Read More

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February 2020

Facile Preparation of CuS Nanoparticles from the Interfaces of Hydrophobic Ionic Liquids and Water.

Molecules 2019 Oct 21;24(20). Epub 2019 Oct 21.

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454003, China.

In this work, a two-phase system composed of hydrophobic ionic liquid (IL) and water phases was introduced to prepare copper sulfide (CuS) nanoparticles. It was found that CuS particles generated from the interfaces of carboxyl-functionalized IL and sodium sulfide (NaS) aqueous solution were prone to aggregate into nanoplates and those produced from the interfaces of carboxyl-functionalized IL and thioacetamide (TAA) aqueous solution tended to aggregate into nanospheres. Both the CuS nanoplates and nanospheres exhibited a good absorption ability for ultraviolet and visible light. Read More

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October 2019

Microwave-Assisted Ion-Exchange Synthesis and Enhanced Visible-Light Photoactivity of Graphene-CdS/CuS Nanoplates.

Bin Zeng Wujun Zeng

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2020 Apr;20(4):2365-2371

College of Mechanical Engineering, Hunan University of Arts and Science, Changde 415000, People's Republic of China.

A novel reduced graphene oxide graphene-CdS/CuS nanoplate (G-CdS/CuS NP) was fabricated using a microwave method of loading CdS nanoplates onto graphene sheets (G-CdS NP) and subsequent cation exchange between G-CdS NP and Cu(NO₃)₂. The prepared G-CdS/CuS NP exhibited excellent photocatalytic activity which was attributed to the synergy between graphene and CdS/CuS NP. The heterostructure in the CdS/CuS NP lead to an efficient charge transport across the interface. Read More

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Electric Response of CuS Nanoparticle Lubricant Additives: The Effect of Crystalline and Amorphous Octadecylamine Surfactant Capping Layers.

Langmuir 2019 Dec 31;35(48):15825-15833. Epub 2019 Jul 31.

State Key Laboratory of Tribology , Tsinghua University , Beijing 100084 , China.

Octadecylamine-coated CuS nanoparticles were designed and confirmed to play an important role in their electric response and boundary lubrication in the ester lubricant. For the case of CuS nanoparticles coated with crystalline surfactant, the surface potential is 18.47 ± 0. Read More

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December 2019

Structure based optical properties and catalytic activities of hydrothermally prepared CuS nanostructures.

Nanotechnology 2019 Mar 10;30(10):105704. Epub 2018 Dec 10.

The State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymers Materials, College of Materials Sciences and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, People's Republic of China. Eritrea Institute of Technology (EIT), College of Science and Engineering, Department of Physics, University of Asmara, Asmara, Eritrea.

The nano-sized copper sulfides (CuS) with different morphologies were prepared by hydrothermal method without any surfactant or template. The morphology and structure of CuS were characterized by powder x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, x-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption spectroscopy. FESEM results show that four morphologies of CuS (flower-like nanospheres, cross-linked nanodisks, cross-linked nanoplates and nanosheets) were prepared simply by changing the hydrothermal solvent. Read More

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Paramagnetic CuS hollow nanoflowers for T-FLAIR magnetic resonance imaging-guided thermochemotherapy of cancer.

Biomater Sci 2018 Dec;7(1):409-418

Key Laboratory of Materials Physics and Anhui Key Laboratory of Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology, Institute of Solid State Physics, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hefei 230031, Anhui, China.

The development of nanoplatforms with integrated therapeutic and imaging functions is necessary for highly efficient cancer therapy. Herein, 3D CuS hollow nanoflowers (HNs) consisting of 2D nanoplates are successfully fabricated through the technique of laser ablation in liquids followed by ion-exchange reactions and applied for the first time as a theranostic nanoagent for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), photothermal therapy (PTT), and chemotherapy simultaneously. Due to the sufficient and immediate contact between the exposed cupric centers of nanoplates and protons from water molecules, CuS HNs are demonstrated to be capable of being a T1 positive contrast agent for efficient MRI of tumors on the T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery imaging (T2-FLAIR) sequence. Read More

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December 2018

Selective Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Photothermal Ablation With Copper Sulfide Nanoplates.

Urology 2019 03 22;125:248-255. Epub 2018 Nov 22.

Department of Urology, Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Eastern Institute for Urologic Repair and Reconstruction, Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To explore new therapies for castration-resistant prostate cancer to improve patients' quality of life and extend life.

Materials And Methods: The synthesis, morphology analysis, phase analysis, spectral analysis, and photothermal conversion test were referenced to our previous articles. Then near-infrared light-driven copper sulfide (CuS) nanoplates to inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells in vivo and in vitro was carried out. Read More

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Controlled Deposition of ZnS Nanoparticles on CuS Nanoplates for Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalytic H₂ Production.

J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2019 Jan;19(1):414-421

International Research Center for Renewable Energy, State Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow in Power Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, P. R. China.

With giving property to guide and control charge carries at the nanoscale, fabrication of heterostructure photocatalyst with desirable spatial distribution has been significantly valued. In this study, by using CuS nanoplates as seeds, [email protected] core-shell heterojunction photocatalysts with diverse morphologies were developed via controlled synthesis kinetics. Kinetic control was completed through manipulation of the injection rate of Zn precursor with a syringe pump as well as the reaction temperature. Read More

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January 2019

CuS nanoplates from ionic liquid precursors-Application in organic photovoltaic cells.

J Chem Phys 2018 May;148(19):193818

Functional Polymer Systems, Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Polymer Research, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.

Hexagonal p-type semiconductor CuS nanoplates were synthesized via a hot injection method from bis(trimethylsilyl)sulfide and the ionic liquid precursor bis(-dodecylpyridinium) tetrachloridocuprate(ii). The particles have a broad size distribution with diameters between 30 and 680 nm and well-developed crystal habits. The nanoplates were successfully incorporated into organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells as hole conduction materials. Read More

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Adaptable surfactant-mediated method for the preparation of anisotropic metal chalcogenide nanomaterials.

Sci Rep 2018 02 12;8(1):2860. Epub 2018 Feb 12.

School of Chemistry, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2, Ireland.

The hot injection synthesis of nanomaterials is a highly diverse and fundamental field of chemical research, which has shown much success in the bottom up approach to nanomaterial design. Here we report a synthetic strategy for the production of anisotropic metal chalcogenide nanomaterials of different compositions and shapes, using an optimised hot injection approach. Its unique advantage compared to other hot injection routes is that it employs one chemical to act as many agents: high boiling point, viscous solvent, reducing agent, and surface coordinating ligand. Read More

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February 2018

Copper sulfide nanoplates as nanosensors for fast, sensitive and selective detection of DNA.

Talanta 2018 Feb 23;178:905-909. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, Jilin 130022, China. Electronic address:

The present communication reports on a novel high-sensitivity DNA sensor based on cooper sulfide nanoplates (CuS NPs). The CuS NPs are successfully synthesized through a mild one-step hydrothermal method. As an efficient nanosensor for the fluorescent detection of DNA, the CuS NPs possess high sensitivity and selectivity with a detection limit of 25pM. Read More

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February 2018

cis-Platinum pro-drug-attached CuFeS nanoplates for in vivo photothermal/photoacoustic imaging and chemotherapy/photothermal therapy of cancer.

Nanoscale 2017 Nov;9(43):16937-16949

State Key Laboratory of Rare Earth Resource Utilization, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun, 130022, China.

Photothermal therapy (PTT) has attracted considerable attention in cancer treatment. Herein, the facile synthesis of copper iron sulfide (chalcopyrite, CuFeS) nanoplates (NPs) with well-defined shape was achieved by a template-mediated method. Chitosan (CS), a linear cationic polysaccharide, was used to improve the physiological stability and biocompatibility. Read More

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November 2017

Electrochemical performance of 2D polyaniline anchored CuS/Graphene nano-active composite as anode material for lithium-ion battery.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2017 Sep 27;502:16-23. Epub 2017 Apr 27.

Key Laboratory of Multi-Phase Complex System, Institute of Process Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, PR China.

Lithium-ion battery (LIB) is a revolutionary step in the electric energy storage technology for making green environment. In the present communication, a LIB anode material was constructed by using graphene/polyaniline/CuS nanocomposite (GR/PANI/CuS NC) as a high-performance electrode. Initially, pure covellite CuS nanoplates (NPs) of the hexagonal structure were synthesized by hydrothermal route and then GR/PANI/CuS NC was fabricated by in-situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of CuS NPs and graphene nanosheets (GR NSs) as host matrix. Read More

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September 2017

AgS/Ag Heterostructure: A Promising Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction.

Langmuir 2017 04 23;33(13):3178-3186. Epub 2017 Mar 23.

Department of Chemistry and ‡Department of Physics, BITS-Pilani , Pilani, Rajasthan-333031, India.

Different metal chalcogenides, being a potential candidate for hydrogen evolution catalysts, have attracted enormous attention in the field of water splitting. In the present study, AgS/Ag is revealed as an efficient catalyst for hydrogen evolution. When a sacrificial template of the CuS nanostructure is used, AgS/Ag heterostructures are synthesized following a simple wet-chemical technique. Read More

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Precursor Triggering Synthesis of Self-Coupled Sulfide Polymorphs with Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Properties.

J Am Chem Soc 2016 10 12;138(39):12913-12919. Epub 2016 Aug 12.

Division of Nanomaterials & Chemistry, Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, CAS Centre for Excellence in Nanoscience, Department of Chemistry, University of Science and Technology of China , Hefei, Anhui 230026, China.

Heteronanostructures have attracted intensive attention due to their electronic coupling effects between distinct components. Despite tremendous advances of nanostructure fabrication, combining independent polymorphs by forming heterojunction is still challenging but fascinating, such as copper sulfides (CuS), exhibiting varying band gaps and crystal structures with various stoichiometries. Herein, self-coupled CuS polymorphs (CuS-CuS) by a facile one-pot chemical transformation route have been reported for the first time. Read More

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October 2016

Electrochemical redox-based tuning of near infrared localized plasmons of CuS nanoplates.

Nanoscale 2016 Aug 11;8(29):14092-6. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505, Japan.

Fast and reversible control of the plasmonic properties of compound nanoparticles (i.e. CuS nanoplates) was achieved through electrochemical redox reactions. Read More

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Controllable Synthesis of Bandgap-Tunable CuSx Se(1-x) Nanoplate Alloys.

Chem Asian J 2015 Jul 12;10(7):1490-5. Epub 2015 May 12.

Department Center of Super-Diamond and Advanced Films (COSDAF) and Department of Physics and Materials Science, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, P.R. China.

Composition engineering is an important approach for modulating the physical properties of alloyed semiconductors. In this work, ternary CuS(x)Se(1-x) nanoplates over the entire composition range of 0≤x≤1 have been controllably synthesized by means of a simple aqueous solution method at low temperature (90 °C). Reaction of Cu(2+) cations with polysulfide/-selenide ((S(n)Se(m))(2-)) anions rather than independent S(n)(2-) and Se(m)(2-) anions is responsible for the low-temperature and rapid synthesis of CuS(x)Se(1-x) alloys, and leads to higher S/Se ratios in the alloys than that in reactants owing to different dissociation energies of the Se-Se and the S-S bonds. Read More

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Phase transformation fabrication of a Cu2S nanoplate as an efficient catalyst for water oxidation with glycine.

Inorg Chem 2015 Apr 23;54(7):3281-9. Epub 2015 Mar 23.

†Key Laboratory of Nonferrous Metal Chemistry and Resources Utilization of Gansu Province, State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry and College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, and The Research Center of Biomedical Nanotechnology, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, P. R. China.

The synthesis of semiconducting nanoplates (NPs) with defined crystal phase is of particular interest, especially their intriguing properties related to the size, shape, and crystal phase. Herein, a liquid-state transformation process from hexagonal-phase CuS NPs is employed to fabricate the cubic-phase Cu2S NPs. The CuS NPs were converted into Cu2S NPs but maintained the morphology. Read More

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In vitro and in vivo toxicity studies of copper sulfide nanoplates for potential photothermal applications.

Nanomedicine 2015 May 31;11(4):901-12. Epub 2015 Jan 31.

College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; State Key Laboratory for Modification of Chemical Fibers and Polymer Materials, Donghua University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Unlabelled: Copper sulfide (CuS) has emerged as a promising photothermal agent. However, its potential toxic effects still remained poorly understood. Herein, CuS nanoplates were synthesized for toxicity assessment. Read More

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Liquid-phase epitaxial growth of two-dimensional semiconductor hetero-nanostructures.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2015 Feb 21;54(6):1841-5. Epub 2014 Dec 21.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore) http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/hzhang/

Although many two-dimensional (2D) hybrid nanostructures are being prepared, the engineering of epitaxial 2D semiconductor hetero-nanostructures in the liquid phase still remains a challenge. The preparation of 2D semiconductor hetero-nanostructures by epitaxial growth of metal sulfide nanocrystals, including CuS, ZnS and Ni3S2, is achieved on ultrathin TiS2 nanosheets by a simple electrochemical approach by using the TiS2 crystal and metal foils. Ultrathin CuS nanoplates that are 50-120 nm in size and have a triangular/hexagonal shape are epitaxially grown on TiS2 nanosheets with perfect epitaxial alignment. Read More

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February 2015

Phase conversion from hexagonal CuS(y)Se(1-y) to cubic Cu(2-x)S(y)Se(1-y): composition variation, morphology evolution, optical tuning, and solar cell applications.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2014 Sep 3;6(18):16352-9. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

School of Electronic Science and Applied Physics, Hefei University of Technology , Hefei, 230009, People's Republic of China.

In this work, we report a simple and low-temperature approach for the controllable synthesis of ternary Cu-S-Se alloys featuring tunable crystal structures, compositions, morphologies, and optical properties. Hexagonal CuS(y)Se(1-y) nanoplates and face centered cubic (fcc) Cu(2-x)S(y)Se(1-y) single-crystal-like stacked nanoplate assemblies are synthesized, and their phase conversion mechanism is well investigated. It is found that both copper content and chalcogen composition (S/Se atomic ratio) of the Cu-S-Se alloys are tunable during the phase conversion process. Read More

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September 2014

Photoactive nanocrystals by low-temperature welding of copper sulfide nanoparticles and indium sulfide nanosheets.

ChemSusChem 2014 Dec 21;7(12):3290-4. Epub 2014 Aug 21.

Energy Research [email protected] ([email protected]), Nanyang Technological University, Research Techno Plaza, 637553 Singapore (Singapore); School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 639798 Singapore (Singapore).

We successfully utilize the concept of coalescence and room-temperature sintering to prepare morphologically different nanoparticles. n-Type chalcogenide (CuIn5 S8 ) nanocrystals are synthesized at room temperature by simple mixing of oppositely charged precursor nanoparticles. The coalescence of polycation-coated CuS nanoparticles and negatively charged In2 S3 nanoplates is driven by close contact of the particles due to electrostatic interactions. Read More

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December 2014

Copper-based ternary and quaternary semiconductor nanoplates: templated synthesis, characterization, and photoelectrochemical properties.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2014 Aug 27;53(34):8929-33. Epub 2014 Jun 27.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore) http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/hzhang/

Two-dimensional (2D) copper-based ternary and quaternary semiconductors are promising building blocks for the construction of efficient solution-processed photovoltaic devices at low cost. However, the facile synthesis of such 2D nanoplates with well-defined shape and uniform size remains a challenge. Reported herein is a universal template-mediated method for preparing copper-based ternary and quaternary chalcogenide nanoplates, that is, CuInS2, CuIn(x)Ga(1-x)S2, and Cu2ZnSnS4, by using a pre-synthesized CuS nanoplate as the starting template. Read More

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Two-dimensional CuSe nanosheets with microscale lateral size: synthesis and template-assisted phase transformation.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 2014 May 7;53(20):5083-7. Epub 2014 Apr 7.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798 (Singapore) http://www.ntu.edu.sg/home/hzhang/

Semiconducting nanosheets with microscale lateral size are attractive building blocks for the fabrication of electronic and optoelectronic devices. The phase-controlled chemical synthesis of semiconducting nanosheets is of particular interest, because their intriguing properties are not only related to their size and shape, but also phase-dependent. Herein, a facile method for the synthesis of phase-pure, microsized, two-dimensional (2D) CuSe nanosheets with an average thickness of approximately 5 nm is demonstrated. Read More

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Controlled synthesis and catalytic activity of copper sulfide nanostructured assemblies with different morphologies.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2014 Feb 27;6(3):1823-34. Epub 2014 Jan 27.

Materials Science Centre, Indian Institute of Technology , Kharagpur, West Bengal 721 302, India.

A simple, template-free and mild solution chemistry route was employed to synthesize diverse copper sulfide (CuS) nanostructured assemblies at 70 °C by varying the solvent (water or ethylene glycol, or their ratios (3:1, 1:1 and 1:3)). The CuS structures in the shape of spheres and nanotubes were found to be assemblies of either nanoplates or nanoparticles. The nanotube formation was elaborately studied by varying the synthesis parameters such as temperature, reaction duration, precursor's ratio, and counterions. Read More

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February 2014