1,382,632 results match your criteria current

The Future of Quality Improvement for Cirrhosis.

Liver Transpl 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Michigan.

Cirrhosis has a significant and growing impact on public health and patient reported outcomes. The increasing burden of cirrhosis has led to an emphasis on quality of care with the goal of improving overall outcomes in this high risk population. Existing evidence has shown the significant gaps in quality across process measures (e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Work from Home Today for a Better Tomorrow! How Working from Home Influences Work-Family Conflict and Employees' Start of the Next Workday.

Stress Health 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Business Studies, Leiden Law School, Leiden University.

Drawing on the resource (drain) perspective in work-family spillover theory and conservation of resources theory, the current paper studies the daily consequences of working from home for employees' work-home interface and well-being. We build an intraindividual model that investigates how working from home influences experiences of time pressure, work-family conflict, and work-related employee well-being on a daily basis. A total of 34 professional workers participated in our study and were asked to respond to ten daily surveys in the morning, afternoon and evening, across two consecutive workweeks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation Of Medication Adherence Among Patients With Chronic Diseases In Saudi Arabia.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Apr 22:e14253. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Imam Abdulrahman bin Faisal University, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, 34212.

Background: Medication adherence in chronic diseases patients is a worldwide concern. Not achieving the goal of treatments because of nonadherence will lead to more complications and eventually may lead to death. In Saudi Arabia we have insufficient data for interpretation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Concurrent Validity of a Stationary Cycling Test and Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test in Adults with Concussion.

J Athl Train 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

1Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Context: Following concussion, a multi-faceted assessment is recommended, including tests of physical exertion. The current gold standard for exercise testing following concussion is the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT); however, there is a lack of validated tests that utilize alternative exercise modalities.

Objective: To assess the feasibility and concurrent validity of a novel cycling test of exertion compared to the BCTT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Underage Adolescents' Reactions to Adverts for Beer and Spirit Brands and Associations with Higher Risk Drinking and Susceptibility to Drink: A Cross-Sectional Study in the UK.

Alcohol Alcohol 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Cancer Policy Research Centre, Cancer Research UK, 2 Redman Place, London E20 1JQ, UK.

Aims: In the UK, adolescents under the minimum legal purchasing age (<18 years) are aware of a variety of alcohol marketing activities. It is therefore important to examine how such marketing appeals and how it might shape consumption. This study assessed the relationships between positive reactions to alcohol adverts and susceptibility to drink among never drinkers and higher-risk drinking among current drinkers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors Influencing Discussion of Cancer Genetic Testing with Health-Care Providers in a Population-Based Survey.

Public Health Genomics 2021 Apr 22:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Biostatistics, UT MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas, USA.

Introduction: Discussion of cancer genetic testing with health-care providers (HCPs) is necessary to undergo testing to inform cancer risk assessment and prevention. Given the rapid evolution in genetic testing practice in oncology, we describe the current landscape of population-level cancer genetic testing behaviors.

Methods: A questionnaire including items regarding discussion of cancer genetic testing with HCPs was administered to a nonprobability sample (N = 2,029) of the Texas population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Pure Red Cell Aplasia following ABO-Mismatched Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Resolution with Daratumumab Treatment.

Acta Haematol 2021 Apr 22:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel.

Pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) can potentially occur after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) if recipient and donor ABO blood groups are mismatched, with the recipient having isoagglutinins against the donor blood group. Patient plasma cells that survive transplant conditioning produce anti-ABO isoagglutinins targeting donor erythroid precursors in the bone marrow and thus causing red cell aplasia. Therapeutic options include steroids, discontinuation of immunosuppression, plasmapheresis, donor lymphocyte infusion, rituximab, and bortezomib, all with limited benefit. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ultra-high-frequency (UHF) surface-acoustic-wave (SAW) microfluidics and biosensors.

Nanotechnology 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

NEST, Istituto Nanoscienze-CNR and Scuola Normale Superiore, Piazza San Silvestro 12, Pisa, Pisa, 56127, ITALY.

Surface acoustic waves (SAWs) have the potential to become the basis for a wide gamut of lab-on-a-chips (LoCs). These mechanical waves are among the most promising physics that can be exploited for fulfilling all the requirements of commercially appealing devices that aim to replace-or help-laboratory facilities. These requirements are low processing cost of the devices, scalable production, controllable physics, large flexibility of tasks to perform, easy device miniaturization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Base-width modulation effects on the optoelectronic characteristics of n-ITO/p-NiO/n-ZnO heterojunction bipolar phototransistors.

Nanotechnology 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Electrophysics, National Chiayi University, Chiayi, TAIWAN.

ITO/NiO/ZnO npn heterojunction bipolar phototransistors (HBPTs) with various base widths are fabricated using a radio-frequency sputtering system. The effects of base-width modulation on the optoelectronic characteristics of the prepared HBPTs are studied. The dark current of HBPTs decreases with increasing base width because the injected electrons from the emitter are recombined in the wide base region. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Carbon Nitride/Positive Carbon Black anchoring PtNPs assembled by γ-rays as ORR Catalyst with Excellent Stability.

Nanotechnology 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin, Tianjin, CHINA.

Electrocatalytic performance of low-cost graphitic carbon nitride (CN) is greatly limited by its limited conductivity and small specific surface area. Herein, a simple and cost-effective idea to produce novel nanocomposite is constructed by the CN and cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide functionalized carbon black (CB) anchored platinum nanoparticles as highly efficient oxygen reduction catalysts based on gamma irradiation. The assembled carbon nitride/positive carbon black anchoring PtNPs (Pt/CN2-CB+1) catalyst exhibits significantly improved specific surface area, high graphitization, and uniformly dispersed ultra-small platinum nanoparticles. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Climate change impacts of introducing carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) in waste incineration.

Waste Manag 2021 Apr 19;126:754-770. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Bygningstorvet 115, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark. Electronic address:

Amending municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) with carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) can simultaneously lower the climate change impacts of incineration and supply carbon for a range of uses. However, life cycle assessment (LCA) shows that technology choices and the benefits of CCU applied to MSWI depend on the energy system in which the MSWI operates throughout its lifetime, and on the markets for the CCU products. Carbon capture reduces up to 50% of the energy recovery of MSWI. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rotavirus cell entry: not so simple after all.

Curr Opin Virol 2021 Apr 19;48:42-48. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Universidad 2001, Colonia Chamilpa, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Rotaviruses are important agents of severe gastroenteritis in young children, and show a very selective cell and tissue tropism, as well as significant age and host restriction. In the last few years, these properties have been associated with the initial interaction of the virus with histo-blood group antigens on the cell surface, although post-attachment interactions have also been found to define the susceptibility to infection of human enteroids. These initial interactions seem also to determine the virus entry pathway, as well as the induction of signaling cascades that influence the virus intracellular vesicular traffic and escape from endosomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Wrapping double-mattress anastomosis for pancreaticojejunostomy in minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy can significantly reduce postoperative pancreatic fistula rate compared with conventional pancreaticojejunostomy in open surgery: An analysis of a propensity score-matched sample.

Surg Oncol 2021 Apr 9;38:101577. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, Fujita Health University, 1-98 Dengakugakubo, Kutsukake-cho, Toyoake, Aichi, 470-1192, Japan.

Background: Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy (MIPD), including laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy (RPD), is technically demanding because of pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is the most serious complication of MIPD and open pancreaticoduodenectomy (OPD). Contrary to expectations, conventional PJ in MIPD did not improve POPF rate and length of hospital stay. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

LSD use in the United States: Trends, correlates, and a typology of us.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Apr 19;223:108715. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

School of Social Work, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467, United States.

Background: Recent years have witnessed an increased interest in LSD. This study investigates current information on the trends and correlates of LSD use from years 2002-2018 and seeks to develop an initial typology of use and misuse.

Methods: Data is taken from the NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) collected between 2002 and 2018 and trends and correlates of LSD use were analyzed with a survey adjusted logistic regression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Initial Outcomes of A Novel Irrigating Wound Protector for Reducing the Risk of Surgical Site Infection in Elective Colectomies.

J Surg Res 2021 Apr 19;265:64-70. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Surgery, Baylor Scott & White Health - Texas A&M, Temple, Texas. Electronic address:

Background: Surgical site infection (SSI) rates in elective colorectal surgery remain high due to intraoperative exposure of colonic bacteria at the surgical site. We aimed to evaluate 30-day SSI outcomes of a novel wound retractor that combines barrier protection with continuous wound irrigation in elective colorectal resection.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective single-center cohort-matched analysis included all patients undergoing elective colorectal resection utilizing the novel irrigating wound protector (IWP) from April 2015 to July 2019. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Survival of pigs with different characteristics of umbilical outpouching in a prospective cohort study of Danish pigs.

Prev Vet Med 2021 Apr 10;191:105343. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Dept. of Veterinary and Animal Science, University of Copenhagen, Ridebanevej 3, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.

Umbilical hernia and other conditions clinically evident as umbilical outpouchings (UOs) affect the welfare and economy in Danish pig production. The objectives of the current study were to characterize the associations between 1) time of detection of the UOs and the odds of dying before scheduled slaughter; 2) time of death, irrespective of the cause, and clinical signs of the UOs, i.e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF