Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 26;9:662415. Epub 2021 May 26.
Department of Medicine, Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States.
Stem/progenitor cells are usually cultured at atmospheric O tension (21%); however, since physiologic O tension in the heart is ∼5%, using 21% O may cause oxidative stress and toxicity. Cardiac mesenchymal cells (CMCs), a newly discovered and promising type of progenitor cells, are effective in improving left ventricle (LV) function after myocardial infarction (MI). We have previously shown that, compared with 21% O, culture at 5% O increases CMC proliferation, telomerase activity, telomere length, and resistance to severe hypoxia . Read More