4,887 results match your criteria cuff three

Could radio-morphological changes in humerus greater tuberosity be an early indicator of rotator cuff tendon injuries?

Skeletal Radiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17100, Çanakkale, Turkey.

Objectives: To reveal the possible relationship between greater tuberosity volume with rotator cuff tendon injuries.

Materials And Methods: In our study, the morphology of the greater tuberosity was evaluated retrospectively by using radiographs and MR images of 335 cases. While critical shoulder angle (CSA) was measured on radiographs, greater tuberosity (GT) area and volume were calculated, and also supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor tendons were evaluated, on MR images. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The reliability and accuracy of endoscopic items and scores used in the assessment of the ileoanal pouch and cuff.

J Crohns Colitis 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Alfred Health and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background And Aims: Currently-used endoscopic items for the assessment of pouchitis and cuffitis have deficiencies in reliability and validation. We assessed the reliability and accuracy of new endoscopic items for pouchitis and of the Ulcerative Colitis Endoscopic Index of Severity (UCIS) for cuffitis.

Methods: Three new endoscopic items were assessed and included in the Monash pouchitis endoscopic subscore: bleeding (absent/contact/spontaneous); erosions (absent/<10/≥10); and ulceration (absent/<10%/≥10%). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Accuracy of gastrointestinal ultrasound and calprotectin in the assessment of inflammation and its location in patients with an ileoanal pouch.

J Crohns Colitis 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Alfred Health and Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background And Aims: In symptomatic patients with ileoanal pouches, pouchoscopy is needed for accurate diagnosis, but is invasive. We aimed to assess the utility of non-invasive gastrointestinal ultrasound and faecal calprotectin in ileoanal pouch patients.

Methods: Patients with an ileoanal pouch were consecutively enrolled in this cross-sectional study from clinics in Victoria, Australia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Selective neural stimulation methods improve cycling exercise performance after spinal cord injury: a case series.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2021 Jul 23;18(1):117. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH, 44106, USA.

Background: Exercise after paralysis can help prevent secondary health complications, but achieving adequate exercise volumes and intensities is difficult with loss of motor control. Existing electrical stimulation-driven cycling systems involve the paralyzed musculature but result in rapid force decline and muscle fatigue, limiting their effectiveness. This study explores the effects of selective stimulation patterns delivered through multi-contact nerve cuff electrodes on functional exercise output, with the goal of increasing work performed and power maintained within each bout of exercise. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can the arterial clamp method be used safely where a tourniquet cannot be used?

Cardiovasc J Afr 2021 Jul 7;32:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Clamp application is safe and widely used in the visceral organs. This raises the question: why not use clamping in orthopaedic, oncological, fracture and revision surgeries of areas where tourniquets are not suitable. This experimental animal study aimed to compare tourniquet and arterial clamp applications with regard to their histological effects and inflammatory responses on a molecular level, on the artery, vein, nerve and muscle tissue. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The micro and ultrastructural anatomy of bone spicules found in the osteochondral junction of bovine patellae with early joint degeneration.

J Anat 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Experimental Tissue Mechanics Laboratory, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

The structural changes in the tissues of the osteochondral junction are a topic of interest, especially considering how bone changes are involved in the initiation and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Our research group has previously demonstrated that at the cement line boundary between the zone of calcified cartilage (ZCC) and the subchondral bone, in mature bovine patellae with early OA, there are numerous bone spicules that have emerged from the underlying bone. These spicules contain a central vascular canal and a bone cuff. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A New Anatomic and Staging-Oriented Classification of Radical Hysterectomy.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 2;13(13). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Gynecology with Center for Oncological Surgery, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Virchow Campus Clinic, Charité Medical University, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

The current understanding of radical hysterectomy more is centered on the uterus and little is being discussed about the resection of the vaginal cuff and the paracolpium as an essential part of this procedure. This is because that the current classifications of radical hysterectomy are based only on the lateral extent of resection. This way is easier to be understood but does not reflect the anatomical and surgical conception of radical hysterectomy and the three-dimensional ways of tumour spreading, neither meet the need of adjusting the radicality according to the different stages of FIGO classification, which depends-at least in the early stages-on the tumour volume and the infiltration in the vagina (but not on the directly spread in the parametrium). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Post-operative small pelvic field radiation therapy in patients with intermediate risk early stage cervix cancer: a safe and efficient treatment modality.

Rep Pract Oncol Radiother 2021 9;26(3):360-366. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Radiation Oncology Department, Hospital Carlos Van Buren, City of Valparaíso, Valparaíso Region, Chile.

Background: The treatment of early stage cervical cancer has different therapeutic options. Adjuvant external beam radiotherapy for surgically treated intermediate risk cervical cancer patients has shown acceptable oncological outcomes with a low incidence of toxicity. The aim of this study was to analyze the oncological outcomes and safety of adjuvant small pelvic field radiotherapy in surgically treated stage IB1-2 cervical cancer patients who met the Sedlis intermediate-risk criteria. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Ambulatory blood pressure using 60 rather than 20-min intervals may better reflect the resting blood pressure.

Blood Press 2021 Jul 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark.

Purpose: Twenty-four hours of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is recommended in several guidelines as the best method for diagnosing hypertension. In general, the prognostic value of ABPM is superior to single office blood pressure (BP) measurements. Unfortunately, some patients experience considerable discomfort during frequently repeated forceful cuff inflations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Arthroscopic Superior Capsule Reconstruction Using Three-Dimensional Preoperative Planning: Technique Description.

Arthrosc Tech 2021 Jun 22;10(6):e1475-e1478. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Departments of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Escola Paulista de Medicina, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

We describe a technique using a fascia lata autograft with 3-dimensional (3D) printing to reconstruct the rotator cuff. Prototyping constitutes the construction of physical prototypes with high complexity after virtual studies. Such models increase the knowledge of the characteristics and size of rotator cuff injuries, thus improving the accuracy of determining the correct size of the graft to be used in superior capsule reconstruction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Digital thermography and vascular involvement in β-thalassemia intermedia.

Ann Hematol 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, American University of Beirut Medical Center, Beirut, Lebanon.

Beta-thalassemia intermedia (β-TI) is associated with vascular dysfunction. We used digital thermal monitoring (DTM), a non-invasive tool that evaluates vascular function based on changes in fingertip temperature during and after cuff occlusion on β-TI patients. Thirty-three patients (18 years and older) were recruited in this study and divided into 3 groups: thalassemia, anemic controls, and healthy controls. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Management of Acromioclavicular Osteoarthritis in Rotator Cuff Tears: A Scoping Review.

Joints 2019 Dec 14;7(4):199-204. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratory of Applied Biomechanics, Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

 The treatment of acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) osteoarthritis during shoulder arthroscopy is a discussed topic. The aim of this scoping review is to report the current recommendations regarding the management of this disorder in patients undergoing surgery for rotator cuff tears.  A scoping review was performed in Pubmed\Medline and Embase in March 2017, restricted to English language literature. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

Short-Term Outcomes of the Grammont Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty: Comparison between First and Second Generation Delta Prosthesis.

Joints 2019 Dec 20;7(4):141-147. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, University of East Piedmont, Hospital "Maggiore della Carità," Novara, Italy.

 This article compares short-term outcomes of two series of patients, who underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) with two different implants, both based on Grammont's principles: the Delta III (D-3) and the Delta Xtend (D-XT) prostheses.  The D-3 group included a consecutive series of 26 patients (mean age 75 years), that were treated between 2000 and 2006; the D-XT group included a consecutive series of 31 patients (mean age 72.5 years), for a total of 33 implants performed between 2011 and 2015. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

Elevated serum thyrotropin levels and endothelial dysfunction in a prospective hemodialysis cohort.

Hemodial Int 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Harold Simmons Center for Chronic Disease Research and Epidemiology, University of California Irvine School of Medicine, Orange, California, USA.

Introduction: Thyroid dysfunction is a highly prevalent yet under-recognized complication in hemodialysis patients. In the general population, hypothyroidism has been associated with endothelial dysfunction due to impaired vasodilator synthesis and activity. Little is known about the association of serum thyrotropin (TSH), the most sensitive and specific single biochemical metric of thyroid function, with endothelial function in hemodialysis patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

All the lonely people: Comparing the effects of loneliness as a social stressor to non-lonely stress on blood pressure recovery.

Int J Psychophysiol 2021 Jul 3;167:94-101. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Psychological Sciences, University of California, Merced, United States of America.

Objective: This study examined whether recalling a social stress that evoked lonely feelings produces greater affective and blood pressure responses than recalling non-social stress or a relaxing event.

Methods: Young adults (n = 114) underwent one of three inductions: recalling a social stressor in which one felt lonely, recalling a non-social non-lonely stressor, and relaxation. Negative affect was assessed during baseline, induction, and recovery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A novel method for localization of the maximum glenoid bone defect during reverse shoulder arthroplasty.

JSES Int 2021 Jul 28;5(4):667-672. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Background: Management of glenoid bone defects during reverse shoulder arthroplasty remains a challenge. The aim of our study was to preoperatively localize the maximal depth of glenoid bone defects in relation to glenoid reaming.

Methods: Thirty preoperative shoulder computed tomography scans were collected. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Short-stem uncemented anatomical shoulder replacement for osteoarthritis in patients older than 70 years: is it appropriate?

JSES Int 2021 Jul 17;5(4):656-662. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Service de Chirurgie de Orthopédique et Traumatologique, Hôpital Pierre Paul Riquet, Toulouse, France.

Background: Despite a new trend to systematically use reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in elderly population regardless of the indication, total anatomical shoulder arthroplasty can get good functional results in this population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of uncemented short-stem anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis in patients older than 70 years and to compare these results to a matched population with an uncemented short-stem RSA.

Methods: In this retrospective monocentric study, clinical outcomes were based on constant score (Cst), subjective shoulder value (SSV) score, and range of motion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Failure rates and clinical outcomes after treatment for long-head biceps brachii tendon pathology: a comparison of three treatment types.

JSES Int 2021 Jul 10;5(4):630-635. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, UPMC Freddie Fu Sports Medicine Center, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Hypothesis/background: Treatment options for the biceps brachii tendon include tenotomy, arthroscopic tenodesis, and open tenodesis. Few studies to date have compared all treatment options in the context of a rotator cuff repair.

Methods: A retrospective review of 100 patients who underwent arthroscopic supraspinatus repair between 2013 and 2018 with a minimum of one-year follow-up was performed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Primary treatment of complex proximal humerus fractures using Humelock cementless reversible shoulder arthroplasty in the elderly.

Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg 2021 Jul;27(4):457-464

Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Uludağ University Faculty of Medicine, Bursa-Turkey.

Background: Proximal humerus fractures are quite common, constituting 5% of all fractures. Plate osteosynthesis of comminuted fractures in the elderly with osteoporotic bones is prone to complications, including loss of reduction, intraarticular protrusion of screws, avascular necrosis and non-union. Hemiarthroplasty may be preferred to achieve a stable fixation, which permits early shoulder motion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Hysterectomy via transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery versus single-port laparoscopy: Comparison of early outcomes.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Obstetricsand Gynecology, University of Health Science, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar City Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: The study objective was to compare intraoperative and early postoperative outcomes among patients who underwent hysterectomy via transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (and single-port lararoscopy for presumed benign gynecologic disorders).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 40 patients who underwent single-port laparoscopic hysterectomy and 20 patients who underwent hysterectomy via natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery. Patients' age, body mass index, history of previous delivery and surgery, total operation time (from skin incision to closure), intraoperative and postoperative complications conversion to another surgical procedure, drop of hemoglobin level, postoperative pain at 1 and 18 h, average hospital stay, and clinical outcomes were analyzed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Anterior Cable Tears in Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repairs.

Paul B Roache

Arthrosc Sports Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 5;3(3):e695-e705. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, California Pacific Medical Center, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Purpose: To determine whether anterior cable tears could be identified at the time of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair and determine the characteristics of the anterior cable tears identified.

Methods: From 2016 to 2017 all shoulder arthroscopies had data collected prospectively at the time of surgery, specifically including injury to the capsular and tendon zones of insertion on the greater tuberosity. Anterior cable position and degree of injury and medialization were recorded, as well as complete findings of the diagnostic arthroscopy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Ultrasound-Guided Prolotherapy in Supraspinatus Tendon with Ultrasound-Guided Corticosteroid Injection of Subacromial Subdeltoid Bursa in Rotator Cuff-Related Shoulder Pain: A Clinical Trial Study.

Adv Biomed Res 2021 30;10:12. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Shoulder pain is the third most common type of musculoskeletal disorder and rotator cuff (RC) tendinopathy is the most frequent diagnosis. Ultrasound is the most preferable guidance tool for diagnostic and interventional purposes. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the prolotherapy injection with corticosteroid injection in patients with RC dysfunction. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Nuclear lamin A in rotator cuff tear margin tenocytes: an antiapoptotic and cell mechanostat factor.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jun 30;16(1):413. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopaedics Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Istituto Clinico Ortopedico Traumatologico (ICOT), Latina, Italy.

Background: The network of intermediate filament proteins underlying the inner nuclear membrane forms the nuclear lamin. A- and B-type lamins are the major components of the nuclear lamina. Lamins function in many nuclear activities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association of Habitual Physical Activity With Home Blood Pressure in the Electronic Framingham Heart Study (eFHS): Cross-sectional Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 24;23(6):e25591. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Medicine, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA, United States.

Background: When studied in community-based samples, the association of physical activity with blood pressure (BP) remains controversial and is perhaps dependent on the intensity of physical activity. Prior studies have not explored the association of smartwatch-measured physical activity with home BP.

Objective: We aimed to study the association of habitual physical activity with home BP. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association Between Rotator Cuff Tears and Superior Migration of the Humeral Head: An MRI-Based Anatomic Study.

Orthop J Sports Med 2021 Jun 10;9(6):23259671211009846. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California, USA.

Background: Superior humeral migration has been established as a component of rotator cuff disease, as it disrupts normal glenohumeral kinematics. Decreased acromiohumeral interval (AHI) as measured on radiographs has been used to indicate rotator cuff tendinopathy. Currently, the data are mixed regarding the specific rotator cuff pathology that contributes the most to humeral head migration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Long-term prognoses of patients with and without re-rupture after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.

J Phys Ther Sci 2021 Jun 18;33(6):460-465. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Section of Rehabilitation, Fuchinobe General Hospital, Japan.

[Purpose] We followed-up patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (ARCR) for 2 years to assess the prognosis of rotator cuff tears and compared the outcomes of the patients with and without re-rupture. We also examined the usefulness of Shoulder36, a self-assessment tool, for assessing the long-term prognosis in patients undergoing ARCR. [Participants and Methods] We included 28 patients who received occupational therapy pre- and post-ARCR between April 2012 and August 2015 and categorized them based on the occurrence of re-rupture. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of task rotation on activation and fatigue response of rotator cuff muscles during overhead work.

Appl Ergon 2021 Jun 23;97:103461. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering, West Virginia University, PO Box 6070, Morgantown, WV, 26506-6107, USA. Electronic address:

Overhead work is known as one of the ergonomic risk factors that can lead to shoulder overload and injury. Anatomical alignment of rotator cuff muscles makes them the most vulnerable to injuries during overhead work. In this study, the effect of task rotation, as one of the administrative controls to reduce the risk of injury during overhead work, on the fatigue response of rotator cuff muscles was investigated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effects of dual-task training with blood flow restriction on cognitive functions, muscle quality, and circulatory biomarkers in elderly women.

Physiol Behav 2021 Jun 24;239:113500. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Charles Darwin University, College of Health and Human Sciences, Northern Territory, Australia. Electronic address:

This study investigated the effects of an eight-week dual-task training with and without blood flow restriction (BFR) on muscle quality (MQ) biomarkers, physical and cognitive functions in older women. Twenty-four healthy volunteers (62.9 ± 3. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of head cooling and remote ischemic conditioning on patients with traumatic brain injury.

iScience 2021 Jun 24;24(6):102472. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran.

Cerebral impairment caused by an external force to the head is known as traumatic brain injury (TBI). The aim of this study was to determine the role of local hypothermia and remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) on oxidative stress, inflammatory response after TBI, and other involved variables. The present study is a clinical trial on 84 patients with TBI who were divided into 4 groups. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Assessing the accuracy of ultrasound measurements of tracheal diameter: an in vitro experimental study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Jun 24;21(1):177. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Ultrasonography, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325006, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Recent studies indicate that ultrasound can detect changes in tracheal diameter during endotracheal tube (ETT) cuff inflation. We sought to assess the accuracy of ultrasound measurement of tracheal diameter, and to determine the relationship between tracheal wall pressure (TWP), cuff inflation volume (CIV), and the degree of tracheal deformation.

Methods: Our study comprised two parts: the first included 45 porcine tracheas, the second 41 porcine tracheas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF