570,645 results match your criteria cross-sectional study


Development of an EQ-5D Value Set for India Using an Extended Design (DEVINE) Study: The Indian 5-Level Version EQ-5D Value Set.

Value Health 2022 Jul 5;25(7):1218-1226. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Objectives: This study aimed to develop the Indian 5-level version EQ-5D (EQ-5D-5L) value set, which is a key input in health technology assessment for resource allocation in healthcare.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey using the EuroQol Group's Valuation Technology was undertaken in a representative sample of 3548 adult respondents, selected from 5 different states of India using a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The participants were interviewed using a computer-assisted personal interviewing technique. Read More

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Correlation between proteolytic activity and abdominal aortic aneurysm wall morphology with intraluminal thrombus volume.

Ann Vasc Surg 2022 Jun 29. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Serbia; Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade.

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of intraluminal thrombus (ILT) volume on the level of proteolytic activity and the content of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) wall.

Material And Methods: The research was designed as a cross-sectional study at the Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia in the period from April 2017 to February 2018. During this period, a total of 155 patients with asymptomatic AAA underwent open surgical treatment and 50 were included in the study based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Read More

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Associations between parenting stress, parent feeding practices, and perceptions of child eating behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Appetite 2022 Jun 29:106148. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Center for Health Research, Department of Kinesiology and Public Health, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to explore associations between parenting stress, feeding practices, and perceptions of children's eating behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic. Parents (n = 284) of children aged 4-6 years completed a cross-sectional online survey during the onset of pandemic-related stay-at-home mandates in the U.S. Read More

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New Onset (Incidence) of Epilepsy and Seizures in Nursing Home Residents.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2022 Jun 30. Epub 2022 Jun 30.

Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Objective: The point prevalence of epilepsy is high in nursing homes (NH), but the incidence of epilepsy after admission is unknown. This study was done to determine the incidence of epilepsy/seizure (epi/sz) comorbid with other conditions in older adult NH residents.

Design: Retrospective evaluation of Minimum Data Set records to identify new onset epi/sz in NH residents. Read More

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Using a mediating model of death attitude and meaning in life to understand nursing students attitude about hospice care.

Nurse Educ Today 2022 Jun 24;116:105448. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

School of Nursing, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Background: Nurse-led hospice teams are an emerging trend in contemporary health care practice in China. However, Chinese nursing students are often ill-prepared to work in hospice care. Study findings on the attitude of nursing students toward the care of people who are dying and death varied among different countries and regions. Read More

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Comparing pregnancy outcomes between symptomatic and asymptomatic COVID-19 positive unvaccinated women: Multicenter study in Saudi Arabia.

J Infect Public Health 2022 Jun 24;15(8):845-852. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ministry of National Health Affairs, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Introduction: COVID-19 infection in pregnancy ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe disease. However, the maternal and pregnancy outcomes are primarily favorable. Acute Respiratory Illness (ARI) score is a Visual Triage Checklist for Acute Respiratory symptoms created by the ministry of health of Saudi Arabia to screen the patient for acute respiratory infection with MERS-CoV. Read More

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Body sway and movement strategies for control of postural stability in people with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3: A cross-sectional study.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2022 Jun 24;97:105711. Epub 2022 Jun 24.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Reabilitação, Centro Universitário Augusto Motta - UNISUAM, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Postural instability with an excessive body sway is a disabling manifestation in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3. Whether the larger body sway reflects distinct movement strategies for postural control remains uncertain. This study compared the control of postural stability of people with spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 with healthy subjects using body sway and movement strategy analyses derived from bi- and three-dimensional posturography. Read More

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Oculomotor abnormalities and its association with sleep stages in progressive supranuclear palsy.

Sleep Med 2022 Jun 16;98:34-38. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, 560029, India. Electronic address:

Background: Oculomotor abnormalities are one of the cardinal clinical features of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). Vertical saccadic slowing is an early sign of PSP. The association between oculomotor abnormalities and sleep architecture has not been studied so far. Read More

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[Influence of the companion in Primary Care consultations on communication skills and interview time].

Aten Primaria 2022 Jun 29;54(9):102388. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Centro de Salud El Valle, Distrito Sanitario Jaén-Jaén Sur, Servicio Andaluz de Salud, Jaén, España.

Objetives: To know the influence of the companion in triadic clinical encounter on the quality of doctor-patient communication and the duration of the interview.

Design: Cross-sectional descriptive study.

Location: 10 Primary Care Centers. Read More

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Deficiency in vitamin D is associated with bilateral hearing impairment and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss in older adults.

Authors:
Galya Bigman

Nutr Res 2022 May 28;105:1-10. Epub 2022 May 28.

Baltimore VA Medical Center, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. Electronic address:

Hearing impairment and vitamin D (VD) deficiency are both public health concerns. The purpose of the study was to examine whether VD deficiency and hearing impairment, specifically sensorineural hearing loss, are associated. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (2001-2006, 2009-2012) were used in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Association between increased caregiver burden and severe psychological distress for informal caregivers during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan: A cross-sectional study.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2022 Jun 21;102:104756. Epub 2022 Jun 21.

Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan.

Objective: During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, informal caregivers' mental health deteriorated more than that of non-caregivers. We examined the association between increased caregiver burden during the pandemic and severe psychological distress (SPD).

Methods: We used cross-sectional data from a nationwide internet survey conducted between August and September 2020 in Japan. Read More

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The prevalence of sexual violence against female children: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Child Abuse Negl 2022 Jun 29;131:105764. Epub 2022 Jun 29.

Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Electronic address:

Background: Sexual violence against female children is considered an important public health problem. However, there are currently no clear prevalence rates across the globe on which to base measures to protect these children. The objective of this study is to systematically summarize the prevalence of sexual violence against female children. Read More

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Association Between the Tissue and Circulating Advanced Glycation End-Products and the Micro- and Macrovascular Complications in Type 1 Diabetes: The DIABAGE Study.

Diabetes Ther 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Service d'Endocrinologie, Diabète et Nutrition, CHU de Reims, Avenue du Général Koenig, 51092, Reims, France.

Introduction: Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of vascular complications. We aimed to investigate the association between serum and tissue advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and micro- and macrovascular complications in type 1 diabetes (T1D).

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study on 196 adults with T1D (mean age 44. Read More

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Psychological complications in patients with acromegaly: relationships with sex, arthropathy, and quality of life.

Endocrine 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy.

Purpose: Current treatment of acromegaly restores a normal life expectancy in most cases. So, the study of persistent complications affecting patients' quality of life (QoL) is of paramount importance, especially motor disability and depression. In a large cohort of acromegalic patients we aimed at establishing the prevalence of depression, to look for clinical and sociodemographic factors associated with it, and to investigate the respective roles (and interactions) of depression and arthropathy in influencing QoL. Read More

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Apparent autistic traits in transgender people: a prospective study of the impact of gender-affirming hormonal treatment.

J Endocrinol Invest 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Andrology, Women's Endocrinology and Gender Incongruence Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence University Hospital, Florence, Italy.

Purpose: We evaluated differences in Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores between a sample of hormone-naïve transgender and cisgender people and the impact of gender-affirming hormonal treatment (GAHT) on AQ scores across time. Furthermore, we assessed alexithymia and social anxiety as possible mediators of changes in AQ scores.

Methods: A cross-sectional comparison between cisgender and transgender people before GAHT and a prospective study on the effects of GAHT over time were performed. Read More

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Risk Factors of Pneumonia in Primary Antibody Deficiency Patients Receiving Immunoglobulin Therapy: Data from the US Immunodeficiency Network (USIDNET).

J Clin Immunol 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

The William T Shearer Center for Human Immunobiology at Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Background: Despite immunoglobulin replacement (IgRT) therapy, some patients with primary antibody deficiency (PAD) continue to develop respiratory infections. Recurrent and severe respiratory infections, particularly pneumonia, can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Therefore, we sought to determine the risk factors of developing pneumonia in PAD patients, already receiving IgRT. Read More

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The effect of different types of convergent strabismus on horizontal eye movements.

Int Ophthalmol 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: To investigate the effect of different types of convergent strabismus on horizontal eye movements and compare data with healthy control subjects.

Materials And Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study included 38 patients with convergent strabismus (16 fully accommodative, 13 partially accommodative and 9 non-accommodative esotropia) and 19 age-matched control subjects. All of the participants had a detailed ophthalmological examination including visual acuity assessment, cover-uncover prism test, slit lamp, and indirect ophthalmoscopy examination. Read More

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Patient-Physician Relationships and Mammography Use in Korean American Women.

J Immigr Minor Health 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Department of Social Work and Sociology, North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, Greensboro, NC, USA.

Breast cancer is prevalent and fatal in Korean American women (KAW) and KAW report low screening rates. This study examined the impact of patient-physician relationships on mammography use in KAW, focusing on patient-physician ethnic and gender concordance, distrust in health professionals, and accessibility to health care. Cross-sectional survey data were collected from 340 KAW in North Carolina, and logistic regression was conducted to identify factors associated with mammography use. Read More

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Risk and main contributing factors for constipation in patients with gastrointestinal cancer: a multicenter cross-sectional study in China.

Support Care Cancer 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research, Ministry of Education/Beijing), Nursing Department, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, NO.52 Fucheng Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100142, China.

Background And Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the risk of constipation and to identify the significant risk factors for constipation in patients with gastrointestinal cancer using the Chinese version of the constipation risk assessment scale (CRAS-C), as well as to explore the complementary constipation risk factors in patients with gastrointestinal cancer, to improve the specificity of the CRAS-C in this population, and finally to provide a theoretical basis for constipation prevention.

Research Design And Methods: A cross-sectional study involving multiple centers was conducted. A total of 190 patients with gastrointestinal cancer completed surveys that included demographic information, defecation habits, and the CRAS-C. Read More

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Prevalence of symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse and associated factors in Southern Nations, Nationalities, People's Region referral hospitals, Ethiopia.

Int Urogynecol J 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Department of Reproductive Health, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, PO Box 196, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Pelvic organ prolapse is one of the major causes of morbidity among women that affect their quality of life. Despite the severity of the problem, there is limited information in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of symptomatic POP and its associated factors. Read More

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Standardized measurement of abdominal muscle by computed tomography: association with cardiometabolic risk in the Framingham Heart Study.

Eur Radiol 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Cardiovascular Imaging Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Objectives: To provide a standard for total abdominal muscle mass (TAM) quantification on computed tomography (CT) and investigate its association with cardiovascular risk in a primary prevention setting.

Methods: We included 3016 Framingham Heart Study participants free of cardiovascular disease (CVD) who underwent abdominal CT between 2002 and 2005. On a single CT slice at the level of L3/L4, we segmented (1) TAM-Area, (2) TAM-Index (= TAM-Area/height) and, (3) TAM-Fraction (= TAM-Area/total cross-sectional CT-area). Read More

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Higher antibody responses after mRNA-based vaccine compared to inactivated vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 in Behcet's syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, 81310, Istanbul, Turkey.

There are limited data about humoral response to vaccine in Behçet's syndrome (BS). We compared SARS-CoV-2 antibody response after two doses of inactivated (Sinovac/CoronaVac) or mRNA (Pfizer/BioNTech) vaccines in patients with BS and healthy controls (HCs). We studied 166 (92M/74F) patients with BS (mean age: 42. Read More

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Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate levels predict weight gain in women with anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Neuroendocrine Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objective: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious condition characterized by undernutrition, complicated by endocrine dysregulation, and with few predictors of recovery. Urinary free cortisol (UFC) is a predictor of weight gain, but 24-h urine samples are challenging to collect. We hypothesized that serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), which like cortisol is regulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), would predict weight gain and increases in fat mass in women with AN. Read More

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Primary Care Professionals' Attitudes Towards Vaccination Recommendation for Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Inflamm Bowel Dis 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Division of Population Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA, 30341, USA.

Background: Immunization among patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is suboptimal. We sought to characterize attitudes of US primary care professionals (PCPs) towards immunization practices for patients with IBD.

Methods: Using a web-based opt-in panel of PCPs (DocStyles survey, spring 2021, cross-sectional study), we assessed likelihood of PCPs' recommending influenza, pneumococcal disease, herpes zoster, and human papilloma virus vaccinations for IBD patients by PCP characteristics and availability of clinical tools. Read More

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Body height, weight, and Body Mass Index - magnitude and pace of secular changes in children and adolescents from Kraków (Poland) between 1983 and 2020.

Am J Hum Biol 2022 Jul 2:e23779. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, University of Physical Education, Kraków, Poland.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the occurrence and pace of secular trends regarding body height, weight, and Body Mass Index (BMI) among children and adolescents from Kraków (Poland) examined in 1983, 2000, 2010, and 2020.

Methods: The study group consisted of 17 407 individuals (8650 girls and 8757 boys) aged 3-18 included in four cross-sectional studies conducted in 1983, 2000, 2010, and 2020.Analyzed anthropometric characteristics included body height (measured according to Martin's technique, with an anthropometer) and body weight. Read More

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Blood extracellular vesicles carrying synaptic function- and brain-related proteins as potential biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease.

Alzheimers Dement 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Department of Pathology, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Zhejiang, China.

Introduction: Objective and accessible markers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other dementias are critically needed.

Methods: We identified NMDAR2A, a protein related to synaptic function, as a novel marker of central nervous system (CNS)-derived plasma extracellular vesicles (EVs) and developed a flow cytometry-based technology for detecting such plasma EVs readily. The assay was initially tested in our local cross-sectional study to distinguish AD patients from healthy controls (HCs) or from Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, followed by a validation study using an independent cohort collected from multiple medical centers (the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative). Read More

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A global perspective on the management and outcomes of peripartum cardiomyopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Heart Fail 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Cape Heart Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Aims: Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) remains a major contributor to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. The disease is associated with various complications occurring mainly early during its course. Reported adverse outcomes include decompensated heart failure, thromboembolic complications, arrhythmias and death. Read More

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Rectal measurements and their correlation with bowel habits: Evaluation by trans-abdominal ultrasound in children with functional constipation.

J Paediatr Child Health 2022 Jul 2. Epub 2022 Jul 2.

Student Research Committee, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.

Aim: Constipation is one of the most common complaints in childhood affecting the quality of life of both children and parents. This study intends to investigate rectal measurements on ultrasound and their relationship with bowel habits.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 children with functional constipation (FC) referred to a single hospital between 2018 and 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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Psychometric properties of the evidence-based practice mentorship scale.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2022 Jul 1. Epub 2022 Jul 1.

College of Nursing, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Evidence-based practice (EBP) improves the quality of care, decreases healthcare costs, and improves job satisfaction. However, nurses and other clinicians, as well as their institutions, struggle to consistently implement EBP. The Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC©) Model established that a cadre of EBP mentors is key to improving EBP knowledge, beliefs, competency, and implementation in clinicians. Read More

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