500,048 results match your criteria cross-sectional study

Association of food insecurity with dietary intakes and nutritional biomarkers among US children, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA.

Background: Food insecurity is associated with poorer nutrient intakes from food sources and lower dietary supplement use. However, its association with total usual nutrient intakes, inclusive of dietary supplements, and biomarkers of nutritional status among US children remains unknown.

Objective: The objective was to assess total usual nutrient intakes, Healthy Eating Index-2015 (HEI-2015) scores, and nutritional biomarkers by food security status, sex, and age among US children. Read More

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Cumulative tea consumption is inversely associated with colorectal adenomas in adults: A cross-sectional study in a Taiwanese population.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 May 5;73:101945. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Family Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; Division of Family Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital Dou-Liou Branch, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Yunlin, Taiwan; Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study examined the association between cumulative tea consumption over time and various colorectal adenomas as well as their pathology, number, and size.

Methods: 7355 eligible subjects who underwent health check-ups with colonoscopies were recruited. They were classified into three groups: polyp-free, having low-risk colorectal adenomas, and having high-risk colorectal adenomas. Read More

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Changes in Sexual Fantasy and Solitary Sexual Practice During Social Lockdown Among Young Adults in the UK.

Sex Med 2021 May 5;9(3):100342. Epub 2021 May 5.

Bournemouth University, Poole, England, UK. Electronic address:

Introduction: Pandemic-related social lockdown limited many sexual behaviors, but to date, no study has examined the perceived impact of social lockdown due to COVID-19 on sexual fantasy and solitary sexual behavior.

Aims: The present study sought to examine the perceived impact of social lockdown on sexual fantasy and solitary sexual behavior among UK young adults in various living situations.

Methods: A convenience sample of 565 adults aged 18-32 and living in the UK completed anonymous, web-based, study-specific questionnaires between May 14 and 18, 2020, 7 weeks after social lockdown was initiated. Read More

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Barriers to optimal and appropriate use of uterotonics during active labour and for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage in public health care facilities: An exploratory study in five states of India.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2021 Apr 23;29:100624. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

HRRC-NIRRH-FU, Dept. of Obstetrics & Gynecology, SSG Hospital, Medical College, Vadodara 390001, India.

Objective: The main objective is to understand the practices regarding use of uterotonics during active labour and for prevention of postpartum haemorrhage and the barriers for its optimal and appropriate use at different levels of health facilities in five states of India.

Study Design: Mixed methods approach comprising of cross-sectional observational study of existing practices of uterotonics use during labour and early postpartum period for 1479 vaginal deliveries at 56 facilities. Quantitative data was collected using pre-tested proformas filled by on-site observers and qualitative data was collected by in-depth interviews of 125 maternity care providers of the observed facilities. Read More

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A generic curriculum development model for the biomedical physics component of the educational and training programmes of the non-physics healthcare professions.

Phys Med 2021 May 5;85:32-41. Epub 2021 May 5.

Medical Physics Department, prof. Franciszek Lukaszczyk Memorial Oncology Centre & Collegium Medicum Nicholas Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland.

The objective of the study was the construction of a generic curriculum development model for the use of biomedical physics (BMP) educators teaching the non-physics healthcare professions (HCP) in Europe. A comprehensive, qualitative cross-sectional Europe-wide survey of the curricula delivered by BMP in Faculties of Medicine and Health Sciences (FMHS) was carried out. Curricular content was collected from faculty web-sites, curricular documents and textbooks. Read More

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Association of beverage consumption types with weight, height, and body mass index in grade 3 children in northern Taiwan: A cross-sectional study.

Nutrition 2021 Jan 29;90:111173. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan; Department of Pediatrics, Shin-Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Objectives: The prevalence of convenience and beverage stores in Taiwan provides an environment for children to access different beverages. To our knowledge, the relationship between beverage consumption types and anthropometrics in children has not been reported in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the consumption frequency of beverage type and anthropometrics in third-grade children. Read More

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January 2021

Cross-sectional association of meal skipping with lipid profiles and blood glucose in Chinese adults.

Nutrition 2021 Mar 17;90:111245. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Clinical Research Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: There is an increasing trend of skipping meals, especially breakfast and dinner, in China. Previous studies on the association of meal skipping with lipid profiles and blood glucose have yielded inconsistent results.

Methods: A national representative survey of 47 841 adults (age ≥ 45 y) was conducted in China. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of rapid nucleic acid tests for group A streptococcal pharyngitis: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Université de Paris, Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics (CRESS), INSERM, F-75004, Paris, France; Necker-Enfants malades Hospital, APHP, Université de Paris, Department of General Pediatrics and Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Acute pharyngitis is one of the most common conditions in outpatient settings and an important source of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing. Rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) offer diagnosis of group A streptococcus (GAS) at the point of care but have limited sensitivity. Rapid nucleic acid tests (RNATs) are now available; a systematic review of their accuracy is lacking. Read More

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Nutrient composition of mealtimes and its association with the energy intake of subsequent meals among Mexican adults.

Appetite 2021 May 5:105288. Epub 2021 May 5.

CONACYT-Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health. 7a Cerrada de Fray Pedro de Gante No. 50, Col. Sección XVI, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico, CP, 14080. Electronic address:

The composition of the diet influences energy intake by affecting satiety. Macronutrients have a hierarchical effect on satiety, where proteins have the greatest influence, followed by carbohydrates and fats. Alcohol consumption has also shown an effect on increasing energy intake in subsequent meals. Read More

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Femoro-Epiphyseal Acetabular Roof (FEAR) index and anterior acetabular coverage correlate with labral length in developmental dysplasia of the hip.

Arthroscopy 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between labral length and radiographic parameters of lateral and anterior acetabular coverage and the femoro-epiphyseal acetabular roof (FEAR) index in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients with DDH who visited our hip joint clinic for the first time due to hip symptoms. DDH presence was defined as a lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) ≤ 25°. Read More

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Frequency of health-care service use and severity of illness in undocumented migrants in Catalonia, Spain: a population-based, cross-sectional study.

Lancet Planet Health 2021 May;5(5):e286-e296

Institut Català de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In Spain, legislation was passed in 2012 excluding undocumented migrants from the public health-care system. Catalonia was one of the Spanish regions that did not implement this legislation, and continued to guarantee access to health care to the whole population. We aimed to analyse health-care use and health status among undocumented migrants in Catalonia, and compare health-care use and health status with legal residents classified according to their socioeconomic position (SEP). Read More

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Burnout, Professional Fulfillment, Intention to Leave, and Sleep-Related Impairment Among Faculty Radiologists in the United States: An Epidemiologic Study.

J Am Coll Radiol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Urology, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.

Objective: To examine the prevalence of burnout in faculty radiologists in the United States and to explore the relationship between burnout and professional fulfillment (PF), intention to leave (ITL), and sleep-related impairment by gender.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted through a voluntary anonymous, electronic survey of radiologists at 11 academic medical institutions participating in the Physician Wellness Academic Consortium between January 2017 and September 2018. Faculty radiologists who completed the survey were included in the study. Read More

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Identification of common features within massage therapists' professional identity.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objectives: In Ontario, Canada, MTs are regulated and have a common scope of practice. However, diverse practice settings and approaches to care create a need for MTs to articulate their professional identity. This study sought to answer, "what common features are foundational to the professional identity of MTs in Ontario?"

Methods: This quantitative research study was a part of a larger exploratory sequential mixed methods study. Read More

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Effect of HIV infection on pre- and post-liver transplant mortality in patients with organ failure.

HIV Med 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Infectious Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

Objectives: Organ failure (OF), a leading cause of death in HIV-positive individuals, is common in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT). We examined the impact of HIV infection on pre- and post-LT mortalities in cirrhotic patients stratified by the number and type of OFs.

Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study and a retrospective cohort study using the US National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) registry data, respectively. Read More

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Insights into the skin microbiome of sickle cell disease leg ulcers.

Wound Repair Regen 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Dermatology and Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Leg ulcers are estimated to occur in 1%-10% of North American patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Their pathophysiology remains poorly defined, but as with other chronic wounds, it is hypothesised that the microbial milieu, or microbiome, contributes to their healing and clinical outcomes. This study utilises 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing to describe, for the first time, the microbiome of the SCD leg ulcer and its association with clinical factors. Read More

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The effect of ankyloglossia and tongue-tie division on speech articulation: A systematic review.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, P. R. China.

Aim: Ankyloglossia is a common congenital malformation characterized by a short, thick, or tight tongue frenulum and its effect on speech articulation remains controversial. This study aimed to evaluate 1) the association between ankyloglossia and speech disorders, and 2) the effectiveness of surgical interventions on the articulation of patients with ankyloglossia.

Material And Methods: A comprehensive search of PubMed was conducted. Read More

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The role of oxidative stress in onychomycosis: thiol/disulfide homeostasis.

Mycoses 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Dermatology, Guglielmo Marconi University, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: Onychomycosis is the general term to define fungal nail infections that arise from dermatophytes, non-dermatophytic molds, and yeasts. Thiol/disulfide homeostasis is a new indicator of oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of thiol/disulfide balance in the pathogenesis of onychomycosis. Read More

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Detecting Mollicutes by PCR in goats in southwestern Bahia, Brazil.

Braz J Microbiol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Instituto de Ciências Biomedicas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil, Professor Lineu Prestes Avenue, 2415, Butantã, São Paulo, 05508-900, Brazil.

Brazil has a herd of over 9 million goats, and the northeast of Brazil is home to over 93% of this herd. Caprine mycoplasmosis are widely disseminated worldwide, being highly contagious with high rates of morbidity and mortality, causing considerable economic loss to goat herders. In addition, there has been a lack of research using molecular testing to monitor the health and detect Mollicutes in this herd in Brazil. Read More

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Weight Loss Results and Compliance with Follow-up after Bariatric Surgery.

Obes Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Bariatric Surgery, Spaarne Gasthuis, Haarlem, the Netherlands.

Purpose: The importance of follow-up (FU) for midterm weight loss (WL) after bariatric surgery is controversial. Compliance to this FU remains challenging. Several risk factors for loss to FU (LtFU) have been mentioned. Read More

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Biopsy of the same organ within 30 days: a potential radiology performance measure.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Radiology, Michigan Medicine, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose: To assess the potential value of repeat image-guided biopsy within 30 days as a radiology performance metric.

Methods: This was a HIPAA-compliant IRB-approved retrospective cohort study of all consecutive ultrasound- and CT-guided core biopsies of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis performed at one institution November 2016 to June 2020. The inclusion criterion was repeat biopsy of the same organ within 30 days of the initial biopsy. Read More

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Serum bile acid levels assist the prediction of biliary stricture and survival after liver transplantation in children.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 8, Chung-Shan S. Rd., Taipei, Taiwan.

Biliary stricture is an important biliary complication after liver transplant in children. We aimed to investigate the utility of serum bile acid levels for prediction of biliary stricture in children after liver transplant. This study enrolled 60 children who underwent liver transplantation at a mean age of 2. Read More

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Validation of a new hemifacial spasm grading questionnaire (HFS score) assessing clinical and quality of life parameters.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Bonn, Ernst-Abbe-Str. 2, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Validation of the new hemifacial spasm (HFS) questionnaire "HFS score" that captures both clinical (HFS clinical) and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) parameters (HFS subjective) in one tool and comparison with a global HRQOL questionnaire. Cross sectional, prospective validation study including 143 subjects (62 HFS patients and 81 healthy volunteers) from the University Eye Hospital Bonn. Patients were interviewed with the new HFS score and the SF-12 questionnaire prior to and 3 weeks after Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) injection. Read More

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Mental health literacy: A systematic review of knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders in Malaysia.

Asia Pac Psychiatry 2021 May 8:e12475. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Psychology, School of Medical and Life Sciences, Sunway University, 5, Jalan Universiti, Bandar Sunway, Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia.

Background: Mental health problems in Malaysia are on a rise. This study aimed at performing a systematic review of mental health literacy (MHL) in Malaysia.

Methods: Medline, Embase, ERIC/Proquest, ScienceDirect, Pubmed, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus, EBM Reviews - Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Emcare and reference lists of included studies were searched in February 2020. Read More

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Association of masseter muscles thickness and facial morphology with facial expressions in children.

Clin Exp Dent Res 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Orthodontics, University Clinics of Dental Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Objective: To evaluate the potential influence of muscular capacity and facial morphology on facial expressions in children.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 40 healthy children (ages 9-13), without previous orthodontic treatment. Masseter muscle thickness and anthropometric facial proportions were measured using ultrasound and digital calipers respectively. Read More

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International registry of dermatological manifestations secondary to COVID-19 infection in 347 Hispanic patients from 25 countries.

Int J Dermatol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Departamento de Dermatología, Instituto de Biomedicina, Universidad Central de Venezuela, Hospital Vargas Clínica El Ávila, Caracas, Venezuela.

Background: The infection by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been associated with multiple cutaneous manifestations, although characterization of them in Hispanic patients with darker skin phototypes is lacking. The objective of this study is to characterize the clinical dermatological manifestations associated with COVID-19 infection in cases with few or without general symptoms in patients from Latin America.

Methods: Cross-sectional study using a questionnaire that was made for health professionals (physicians with a specialty in dermatology) to investigate dermatological lesions associated with COVID-19 infection in patients from 25 countries of Latin America. Read More

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Dietary intake of sulfur amino acids and risk of kwashiorkor malnutrition in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, Tufts University, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Kwashiorkor is an often-fatal type of severe acute malnutrition affecting hundreds of thousands of children annually, but whose etiology is still unknown. Evidence suggests inadequate sulfur amino acid (SAA) status may explain many signs of the condition but studies evaluating dietary protein intake in relation to the genesis of kwashiorkor have been conflicting. We know of no studies of kwashiorkor that have measured dietary SAAs. Read More

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Correlates of serum IGF-1 in young children with moderate acute malnutrition: a cross-sectional study in Burkina Faso.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (sIGF-1) is an important growth factor in childhood. However, studies on sIGF-1 among children from low-income countries are few, and the role of body composition is unknown.

Objectives: To assess the associations of anthropometry, body composition, inflammation, and breastfeeding with sIGF-1 among children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). Read More

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Association between meal-specific daily protein intake and lean mass in older adults: results of the cross-sectional BASE-II study.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Berlin Institute of Health, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Adequate total and meal-specific protein intake is considered an important prerequisite to preserve appendicular lean mass (ALM) in older adults and to prevent sarcopenia.

Objectives: We analyzed the meal-specific protein intake across the main meals between participants with normal vs. low ALM to BMI ratio (ALMBMI). Read More

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Framework Fracture of Zirconia Supported Full Arch Implant Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Evaluation of Cantilever Length and Distal Cross-Sectional Connection Area in 140 Patients Over an Up-To-7 Year Follow-Up Period.

J Prosthodont 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Freelance statistician, Ferrara, Italy.

Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between different dimensional parameters in implant-supported monolithic zirconia fixed complete dental prostheses (IFCDPs) and the incidence of framework fracture in a large sample of cases in-vivo.

Materials And Methods: This retrospective observational study evaluated all patients rehabilitated with screw-retained zirconia IFCDPs between January 2013 and April 2019 at a private practice. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year after occlusal loading. Read More

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Factors associated with self-management practices and self-efficacy among adults with cancer under treatment in Saudi Arabia.

J Clin Nurs 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Aims And Objectives: To discover the current state of self-management practices and levels of self-efficacy among adults with cancer under treatment in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia, and to identify their associated factors.

Background: The prevalence of cancer and cancer treatment-related problems is increasing in Saudi Arabia. However, effective cancer care programmes are not provided in this country. Read More

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