465,428 results match your criteria cross-sectional analysis

Vision Impairment and Adverse Health Conditions in Congolese Older People: A Population-Based Study.

Gerontology 2021 Jul 27:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

INSERM, IRD, U1094 Tropical Neuroepidemiology, Institute of Epidemiology and Tropical Neurology, GEIST, University of Limoges, Limoges, France.

Introduction: In sub-Saharan Africa, many older people experience vision impairment (VI) and its adverse health outcomes. In this study, we examined separately the association between VI and each adverse health conditions (cognitive disorders, vision-related quality of life [VRQoL], and daily functioning interference [DFI]) among Congolese older people. We also explored whether VI had a significant effect on VRQoL components in our population. Read More

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Victimization and depressive symptoms among Chinese adolescents: A moderated mediation model.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 20;294:375-381. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, No. 96 Jinzhai Road, Baohe District, Hefei 230022, PR China. Electronic address:

Background: Victimization as an inducing factor of depressive symptoms has been confirmed in previous studies. However, little is known about how and when it induces depressive symptoms in adolescents.

Methods: In total, 1174 Chinese adolescents were recruited to complete the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire, Security Questionnaire, Positive Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and the Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Read More

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Beyond internalizing and externalizing symptoms: The association between body disconnection and the symptoms of Internet gaming disorder.

Addict Behav 2021 Jul 7;123:107043. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Faculty of Human and Social Sciences, UKE - Kore University of Enna, Enna, Italy.

As the vast majority of online videogames imply the immersion into an alternative reality where a virtual body is also involved, the current cross-sectional study aims to investigate the contribution of low body awareness (i.e. low attention to sensory cues indicating bodily state) and body dissociation (i. Read More

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Nursing informatics competences of Finnish registered nurses after national educational initiatives: A cross-sectional study.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Jul 20;106:105060. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, P.O. Box 30, FI-00271 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address:

Background: Nursing informatics competences (ie. knowledge and skills in electronic and structured documentation) have become a necessary prerequisite for nurses to carry out their professional roles. Therefore, there is a global need to integrate nursing informatics into nursing curricula. Read More

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Urinary biomarkers of exposure to drinking water disinfection byproducts and ovarian reserve: A cross-sectional study in China.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 21;421:126683. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China; Key Laboratory of Environment and Health, Ministry of Education & Ministry of Environmental Protection, and State Key Laboratory of Environmental Health (incubating), School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, PR China. Electronic address:

Experimental studies have demonstrated that disinfection byproducts (DBPs) can cause ovarian toxicity including inhibition of antral follicle growth and disruption of steroidogenesis, but there is a paucity of human evidence. We aimed to investigate whether urinary biomarkers of exposure to drinking water DBPs were associated with ovarian reserve. The present study included 956 women attending an infertility clinic in Wuhan, China from December 2018 to January 2020. Read More

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Postoperative oral dysfunction following oral cancer resection and reconstruction: A preliminary cross-sectional study.

Oral Oncol 2021 Jul 24;121:105468. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Shimane, Japan.

Objectives: Oral cancer treatment reportedly causes decreased oral function, but few studies have examined the effects of oral cancer treatment on oral function in depth. This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the oral function after treatment and classify the conditions related to oral dysfunction in patients with oral cancer.

Materials And Methods: We recruited participants, collected their background data, and evaluated their oral function from September 2019 to March 2021. Read More

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Sports compression garments improve resting markers of venous return and muscle blood flow in male basketball players.

J Sport Health Sci 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Institute for Health and Sport (iHeS), Victoria University, Footscray, VIC 3011, Australia; Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT 2617, Australia.

Background: The benefits associated with sports compression garments are thought to be closely related to enhanced blood flow. However, findings are equivocal, possibly due to heterogeneity in techniques used for measuring blood flow, garment types used, and pressures applied. This study combined Doppler ultrasound and near-infrared spectroscopy technologies to provide the first comprehensive assessment of the effects of three sports compression garment types on markers of venous return and muscle blood flow at rest. Read More

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Ocular Biometric Characteristics Measured by Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography in Individuals Undergoing Cataract Surgery.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shaare Zedek Medical Center and the Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel 9103102.

Purpose: To study the distribution of ocular biometric parameters utilizing a swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) biometer in adult candidates for cataract surgery.

Design: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

Methods: SETTING: A single-center analysis of consecutive eyes measured with the IOLMaster 700 SS-OCT biometer at a large tertiary medical center between February 2018 and June 2020. Read More

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Bipolar symptoms, somatic burden and functioning in older-age bipolar disorder: Analyses from the Global Aging & Geriatric Experiments in Bipolar Disorder Database project.

Bipolar Disord 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, and Desert-Pacific Mental Illness Research Education and Clinical Center, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA, USA.

Objective: Literature on older-age bipolar disorder (OABD) is limited. This first-ever analysis of the Global Aging & Geriatric Experiments in Bipolar Disorder Database (GAGE-BD) investigated associations among age, BD symptoms, comorbidity, and functioning.

Methods: This analysis used harmonized, baseline, cross-sectional data from 19 international studies (N = 1377). Read More

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Factors influencing study engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-sectional study among health and social professions students.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(7):e0255191. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Social Work, Munich, Catholic University of Applied Sciences Munich, Munich, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study is to explore factors influencing the study engagement of health and social professions students during the COVID-19 pandemic. While antecedents of study engagement have been studied previously, the factors influencing engagement under pandemic conditions have not yet been investigated. Furthermore, there is a particular need for research among students in health and social professions programs, as these students are particularly affected by the pandemic. Read More

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The gap in contraceptive knowledge and use between the military and non-military populations of Kinshasa, DRC, 2016-2019.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(7):e0254915. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Health Policy and Management, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America.

Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess change over time in the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (MCPR) and related variables among married women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in the military population in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, compared to women in the non-military population, based on cross-sectional surveys in 2016 and 2019.

Methods: Data among women living in military camps were collected as a special study of contraceptive knowledge, use, and exposure to FP messaging, for comparison to women in the non-military population from the annual PMA2020 survey. Both used a two-stage cluster sampling design to randomly select participants. Read More

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Prevalence of urogenital and intestinal schistosomiasis among school children in South-west Nigeria.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jul 27;15(7):e0009628. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Medical Microbiology & Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria.

Background: The risk of co-infection with Schistosoma haematobium and S. mansoni and the potential harmful effect on morbidity and control is enhanced by the overlapping distribution of both species in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the reported high endemicity of both species in Nigeria, studies on the spread and effect of their mixed infection are limited. Read More

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MosquirixTM malaria vaccine: an evaluation of patients' willingness to pay in Cameroon.

Ig Sanita Pubbl 2021 Mar-Apr;77(2):459-473

Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the average price that a patient living in Cameroon would be willing to pay for the MosquirixTM vaccine and the factors influencing the proposed price.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study Methods: Data were collected using a semi-open questionnaire in 5 hospitals in Cameroon. This study included all persons over 18 years who came for consultation in one of the 5 selected hospitals during the study period (from 02th to 14th April 2018 and from 02th to 22th July 2018). Read More

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Insomnia episodes, new-onset pharmacological treatments and other sleep disturbances during the COVID-19 pandemic: a nationwide cross-sectional study in Brazilian health care professionals.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Laboratório do Sono, LIM 63, Pulmonary Division, Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clínicas HCFMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Study Objectives: To evaluate the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on insomnia and other sleep disturbances in health care professionals.

Methods: A survey was distributed using social media and organizational emails to Brazilian active health care professionals during the COVID-19 outbreak. We explored potential associated factors including age, gender, occupation, workplace, work hours, income, previous infection with COVID-19, recent/current contact with COVID-19 patients, regional number of incident deaths, anxiety, and burnout. Read More

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COVID-19 state anxiety of older adults: effects of defensive information processes.

Anxiety Stress Coping 2021 Jul 27:1-13. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

School of Psychological Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background And Objectives: To explore coping processes used by adults aged 60 and above (defined as high age-related risk group) in reaction to the COVID-19 threat, and the associations between these processes and state anxiety.

Design And Methods: A cross-sectional study with 498 respondents of an online survey, 72 (15%) in the high age-related risk group. Questionnaires measured: background variables, state anxiety, and COVID-19 related perceptions. Read More

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Otolaryngologist Performance in the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System in 2018.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jul 27:1945998211032896. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

In 2017, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services transitioned clinicians to the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), the largest mandatory pay-for-performance program in health care history. The first full MIPS program year was 2018, during which the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services raised participation requirements and performance thresholds. Using publicly available Medicare data, we conducted a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of otolaryngologist participation and performance in the MIPS in 2017 and 2018. Read More

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Maternal Perfluoroalkyl Substances, Thyroid Hormones, and Genes: A Spanish Cross-sectional Study.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Epidemiology and Environmental Health Joint Research Unit, FISABIO-University Jaume I-University of Valencia, 46019 Valencia, Spain.

Results of studies on perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) and thyroid hormones (THs) are heterogeneous, and the mechanisms underlying the action of PFASs to target THs have not been fully characterized. We examined the relation between first-trimester maternal PFAS and TH levels and the role played by polymorphisms in the iodothyronine deiodinase 1 (1) and 2 (2) genes in this association. Our sample comprised 919 pregnant Spanish women (recruitment = 2003-2008) with measurements of perfluorohexanesulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total triiodothyronine (TT3), and free thyroxine (FT4), and we genotyped for single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the 1 (rs2235544) and 2 (rs12885300) genes. Read More

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Variation in spending associated with primary care practices.

Am J Manag Care 2021 Jul;27(7):297-300

Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Ste 207, Boston, MA 02115. Email:

Objectives: To measure variation in spending and inpatient prices associated with the primary care physician (PCP) practice to which patients are attributed.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analysis of claims data.

Methods: We used random effect models to estimate case mix-adjusted spending across large PCP practices within 3-digit zip codes. Read More

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Healthier Minds in Fitter Bodies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Association between Physical Fitness and Mental Health in Youth.

Sports Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

PROFITH 'PROmoting FITness and Health Through Physical Activity' Research Group, Sport and Health University Research Institute (iMUDS), Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.

Background: Physical fitness is an important marker of current and future health status, yet the association between physical fitness and indicators of mental health in youth has not been systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed.

Objective: The aim of this work was to systematically review and meta-analyze the association between physical fitness components (i.e. Read More

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Oral hygiene and health-related quality of life in institutionalized older people.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Purpose: We evaluated the level of oral hygiene and its association with oral health status and need for oral treatment among older residents in long-term care facilities. In addition, the association between oral hygiene level and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was explored.

Methods: This cross-sectional study assessed 231 dentate residents in long-term care facilities (71% female, mean age 81 years, 70% had dementia). Read More

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Children's education and level of health care utilization among parents: a pooled cross-sectional study from national population-based survey in India.

Geroscience 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, 9 Bow Street, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA, USA.

The study of upward spill over on parents of their offspring's education is vital for understanding the family dynamics and role of adult children in the decisions of parents. Such association has widespread implication and application on ageing policies. We use pooled data from population-based cross-sectional health consumption surveys conducted by the National Sample Survey Organization in 2014 and 2018 (rounds 71 and 75, respectively) in this study. Read More

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The Effect of Nurses' Death Anxiety on Life Satisfaction During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Turkey.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Vocational School of Health Services, Medical Services and Techniques, First and Emergency Aid Program, Sirnak University, 73000, Sirnak, Turkey.

The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of nurses' death anxiety on life satisfaction during the COVID-19 pandemic. This cross-sectional and correlational study was conducted with 411 nurses in Turkey. Data were collected online through Google Forms using a sociodemographic form, the Revised Death Anxiety Scale (RDAS), and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS). Read More

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Feasibility and Repeatability of Handheld Optical Coherence Tomography in Children With Craniosynostosis.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 Jul;10(8):24

The University of Leicester Ulverscroft Eye Unit, Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicester, UK.

Purpose: To determine whether handheld optical coherence tomography (OCT) is feasible and repeatable in children with craniosynostosis.

Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Children with syndromic and non-syndromic craniosynostosis 0 to 18 years of age were recruited between February 13, 2020, and October 1, 2020. Read More

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Does This Adult Patient Have Hypertension?: The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review.

JAMA 2021 Jul;326(4):339-347

Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine and Clinical Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Importance: Office blood pressure (BP) measurements are not the most accurate method to diagnose hypertension. Home BP monitoring (HBPM) and 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) are out-of-office alternatives, and ABPM is considered the reference standard for BP assessment.

Objective: To systematically review the accuracy of oscillometric office and home BP measurement methods for correctly classifying adults as having hypertension, defined using ABPM. Read More

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Effects of Living Alone and Sedentary Behavior on Quality of Life in Patients With Multimorbidities: A Secondary Analysis of Cross-Sectional Survey Data Obtained From the National Community Database.

J Nurs Res 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

MSN, RN, Doctoral Student, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea PhD, RN, Associate Professor, College of Nursing, The Research Institute of Nursing Research, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Having multimorbidities may increase health problems. Moreover, health-related quality of life correlates negatively with the number of chronic conditions a patient has. Living alone has been identified as a predictor of poorer quality of life, and a sedentary lifestyle is widely known to increase health problems and mortality. Read More

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Men Exhibit Greater Pain Pressure Thresholds and Times to Task Failure but Not Performance Fatigability Following Self-Paced Exercise.

Percept Mot Skills 2021 Jul 27:315125211035028. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, College of Education, University of Nebraska - Lincoln, Lincoln, United States.

The purpose of the current study was to determine if, and to what extent, sex differences in performance fatigability after a sustained, bilateral leg extension, anchored to a moderate rating of perceived exertion (RPE), could be attributed to muscle size, muscular strength, or pain pressure threshold (PPT) in young, healthy adults. Thirty adults (men: n = 15, women: n = 15) volunteered to complete a sustained leg extension task anchored to RPE = 5 (10-point OMNI scale) as well as pretest and posttest maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVIC) trials. The fatigue-induced decline in MVIC force was defined as performance fatigability. Read More

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Dietary patterns and internalizing symptoms in children and adolescents: A meta-analysis.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 Jul 27:48674211031486. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Context: Studies of child and adolescent internalizing symptoms and dietary pattern have produced mixed results.

Objectives: To quantify the association between dietary patterns and internalizing symptoms, including depression, in children and adolescents.

Data Sources: Embase, PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science and Cochrane up to March 2021. Read More

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Factors influencing cervical cancer screening practice among female health workers in Nigeria: A systematic review.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2021 Jul 27:e1514. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: Cervical cancer is the most prevalent gynaecologic cancer in Nigeria. Despite being largely preventable through screening, cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer morbidity and mortality in Nigeria. To reduce the burden of cervical cancer in Nigeria, female health workers (FHWs) are expected to play an influential role in leading screening uptake and promoting access to cervical cancer education and screening. Read More

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Equitable migrant-friendly perinatal healthcare access and quality in public maternity units in Portugal.

Eur J Public Health 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

EPIUnit-Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto (ISPUP), Porto, Portugal.

Background: Migrant women are at higher risk to face access barriers to perinatal care services and to experience worse pregnancy outcomes compared to native. Assessing the perception of migrant women and health providers discloses a multifaceted view on migrant-friendly care, a multidimensional concept in itself. This study aims to compare self-perceived assessments of migrant women and directors of obstetrics and gynaecology (GYN/OBS) departments on equitable migrant-friendly perinatal healthcare quality and access during the intrapartum and postpartum period at public maternities in Portugal. Read More

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