1,163 results match your criteria criminality higher

Push and pushback: Control behavior as a precipitant of verbal and violent disputes.

Aggress Behav 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA.

We examine to what extent control behavior precipitates disputes involving adversaries in different social relationships. We hypothesize that disputes between intimate partners and illegal business partners are more likely than other disputes to involve control because they involve a higher level of interdependence between the participants. A sample of male inmates (n = 479) and nonoffenders (n = 206) were asked whether control behaviors (e. Read More

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General Offending and Intimate Partner Violence Perpetration in Young Adulthood: A Dutch Longitudinal Study.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 6:306624X211022657. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

This study examines the relationship between general offending and intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration in young adulthood, using a Dutch longitudinal study. Young adults were followed over four waves, and self-reported data on general offending, IPV perpetration, and a number of individual characteristics were collected. Results of random effects models demonstrated that young adults involved in more diverse offending behavior reported higher levels of different types of IPV perpetration, even when individual factors were taken into account. Read More

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Trajectories of adolescent poly-substance use and their long-term social and economic outcomes for males from low-income backgrounds.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Université de Montréal, Montréal, Canada.

Substance abuse is a significant public health concern that disproportionately burdens males and low-income communities. This study examined (1) longitudinal profiles of male adolescent poly-substance use and (2) their association with social and economic participation across early adulthood. Drawing on a cohort of males (n = 890) from low-income neighborhoods, we used group-based multi-trajectory modeling to identify profiles of poly-substance use (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, illicit drugs) from age 13-17 years. Read More

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Quality over quantity? Using sibling comparisons to examine relations between sleep quality, sleep duration, and delinquency.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 21;280:114053. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Sociology, Anthropology, And Criminal Justice Rutgers University Camden, NJ, 08102, USA.

Rationale: A growing body of research suggests that adolescents with problematic sleep patterns are more likely to engage in externalizing and delinquent behaviors. Few studies, however, have examined the role of between- and within-family effects on this association to establish whether poor sleep is related to delinquency after controlling for familial confounding.

Objective: The current study examines the relationship between self-reported restless sleep, sleep duration, and delinquency from ages 16-19 in a population-based sample of U. Read More

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Forensic psychiatric evaluation of 187 homicidal assailants with and without a schizophrenia spectrum disorder: Clinical, criminological and behavioral characteristics.

Behav Sci Law 2021 Apr;39(2):190-204

Section of Criminology and Forensic Psychiatry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Policlinico Universitario, Bari, Italy.

Intentional homicide, a declining phenomenon in Italy, represents one of the most extreme forms of violence. A specific subgroup of homicidal assailants is represented by those affected by mental disorders, where the relationship between psychopathology and characteristics of the homicidal attack is not yet fully understood. We analyzed the case files of 187 homicides or attempted homicides, in which the defendant had undergone a forensic psychiatric evaluation within the previous 10 years from a single forensic psychiatric center. Read More

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Trait aggression is associated with five-factor personality traits in males.

Brain Behav 2021 May 25:e02175. Epub 2021 May 25.

Neurobiology Research Unit, The Neuroscience Centre, Copenhagen University Hospital Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Although aggression is conceptualized as a dimensional construct with violent behavior representing the extreme end of a spectrum, studies on the involvement of personality traits in human aggression have typically only included data representing a restricted spectrum of aggressive behaviors.

Methods: In the current study, we therefore examine whether trait aggression is associated with five-factor model personality traits in an enriched sample of 259 men with a broad continuum of trait aggression, ranging from very low to very high including 39 incarcerated aggressive violent offenders. All participants completed the NEO Personality Inventory-Revised (NEO PI-R) and the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ). Read More

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Substance Use and Childhood Sexual Abuse among Girls Who Are Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 May 24:1-7. Epub 2021 May 24.

Lexington VA Medical Center, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Girls who are victims of commercial sexual exploitation (CSEC) have high rates of substance use and childhood sexual abuse. We compared girls who are victims of CSEC and matched controls on childhood sexual abuse and substance use, and examined if substance use is associated with increased CSEC odds. Data were retrospectively collected from assessments completed by 80 girls who were referred by the Department of Child Services (Mage=15. Read More

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Field validity of Static-99R and STABLE-2007 with 4,433 men serving sentences for sexual offences in British Columbia: New findings and meta-analysis.

Psychol Assess 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Ministry of Attorney General (British Columbia).

Many forensic assessment measures are developed and validated under research conditions but applied in the field, where professionals or paraprofessionals have varied training, unknown fidelity to administration procedures, and contextual pressures related to their institutions or legal system. Yet few studies examine the generalizability of psychometric properties of these scales as actually applied in field settings. This study examined 4,433 individuals assessed by probation officers on the Static-99R or STABLE-2007 sexual recidivism risk scales in British Columbia, Canada. Read More

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Primary and secondary callous-unemotional traits in adolescence are associated with distinct maladaptive and adaptive outcomes in adulthood.

Dev Psychopathol 2021 May 19:1-16. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada.

While phenotypically indistinguishable with respect to callousness, individuals with primary and secondary callous-unemotional (CU) traits may show different developmental outcomes. This research predominantly comprised cross-sectional studies of male participants with a focus on maladaptive correlates. Thus, the present study examined whether youth with primary and secondary CU traits identified in Grade 7 reported distinct maladaptive outcomes (internalizing, externalizing, and substance use problems; criminal offenses; and sexual and partner experiences) and adaptive outcomes (health and wellbeing, education, and employment) in adulthood at age 25. Read More

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Exploring the Gaps in Programming for Men and Women with a Gambling Disorder in the Correctional System in Canada.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 May 19:306624X211013743. Epub 2021 May 19.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The prevalence of problem gambling in the correctional system is about 10 times higher than in the general population, but programming for gambling problems in the correctional system is scarce. Examined barriers to treatment for problem gamblers in the correctional system, sex or gender differences, and options for program design. We conducted interviews with 16 experts who had worked with problem gamblers in the correctional system and analyzed the data in terms of themes. Read More

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The Wheel of Change Moves On: Assessing the Severity of Stalking Behavior.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 8:8862605211015216. Epub 2021 May 8.

University of Roehampton, London, UK.

Stalking is a significant social issue. The inconsistency as to what defines stalking has resulted in the creation of different methods to measure the crime. However, there has been minimal work done that assesses the severity of individual stalking behaviors. Read More

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Prevalence of Childhood Maltreatment and Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Among Male Inmates in Iceland.

J Forensic Nurs 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Author Affiliation:School of Health Sciences School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Akureyri.

Introduction: Childhood maltreatment is highly correlated with adult criminal behavior, and the prevalence of childhood maltreatment within prison populations is high. Furthermore, studies have repeatedly shown a higher prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in samples of prisoners compared with the general public.

Purpose And Methodology: The aims of the current study were to determine the frequency of childhood maltreatment among male inmates in Iceland and the percentage of male inmates meeting screening criteria for PTSD. Read More

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Association between the discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment and the risk of committing a crime leading to imprisonment: A Finnish registry-based 5-year follow-up.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Jun 5;31(3):171-182. Epub 2021 May 5.

A-Clinic Foundation, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment is common, generally due to dropout and rule breaking. In turn, this is associated with worse long-term substance use outcomes.

Aim: To investigate whether people who discontinued voluntary inpatient substance use treatment have a higher risk of imprisonment for a crime within 5 years of discontinuance than those who completed treatment. Read More

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Quantitative standardization of resident mouse behavior for studies of aggression and social defeat.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Neuroscience Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

Territorial reactive aggression in mice is used to study the biology of aggression-related behavior and is also a critical component of procedures used to study mood disorders, such as chronic social defeat stress. However, quantifying mouse aggression in a systematic, representative, and easily adoptable way that allows direct comparison between cohorts within or between studies remains a challenge. Here, we propose a structural equation modeling approach to quantify aggression observed during the resident-intruder procedure. Read More

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The perfect storm. An analysis of the processes that increase lethal violence in Mexico after 2006.

Trends Organ Crime 2021 Apr 27:1-26. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Public Policy Program, UNCC, Charlotte, NC USA.

Research on 'the War on Drugs' in Mexico finds that military interventions increase lethal violence in the country. However, these studies fail to account for other processes that may be driving the behavior of lethal violence in the Mexican municipalities. We find confirmation that these rival processes influence the relative impact that military interventions have on lethal violence. Read More

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Racial/Ethnic Inequities in Adverse Childhood Experiences and Selected Health-Related Behaviors and Problems Among Maryland Adolescents.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Apr 24:15248399211008238. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.

We examined racial/ethnic inequities in the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and examined the association between ACEs and selected health-related behaviors and problems. Data for this cross-sectional study come from the 2018 Maryland Youth Risk Behavior Survey/Youth Tobacco Survey, a statewide survey of high school students (n = 40,188). ACEs included caregiver verbal abuse and household food insecurity, substance use or gambling, mental illness, and involvement with the criminal justice system. Read More

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LSD use in the United States: Trends, correlates, and a typology of us.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 Jun 20;223:108715. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

School of Social Work, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA, 02467, United States.

Background: Recent years have witnessed an increased interest in LSD. This study investigates current information on the trends and correlates of LSD use from years 2002-2018 and seeks to develop an initial typology of use and misuse.

Methods: Data is taken from the NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) collected between 2002 and 2018 and trends and correlates of LSD use were analyzed with a survey adjusted logistic regression. Read More

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Callous-Unemotional Traits as an Intervention Target and Moderator of Parent-Child Interaction Therapy-Emotion Development Treatment for Preschool Depression and Conduct Problems.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Drs. Donohue, Hoyniak, Barch, and Luby and Ms. Tillman are with Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Objective: Callous-unemotional (CU) traits-characterized by low empathy, prosociality, and guilt-predict severe and persistent conduct problems. Although some interventions for conduct problems have been less effective in children with high levels of CU traits, studies have not examined whether CU traits interfere with treatment for other childhood disorders. Moreover, few treatments have demonstrated efficacy in decreasing CU traits themselves in early childhood. Read More

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Attentional variability and avoidance of hostile stimuli decrease aggression in Chinese male juvenile delinquents.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 Apr 13;15(1):19. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, No.152 Luoyu Road, Wuhan, Hubei, 430079, People's Republic of China.

Background: As a prominent issue worldwide, juveniles' aggressive and violent crimes have attracted much interest in recent years. Based on the social information processing model, the present study aimed to evaluate the Chinese male juvenile delinquents' attention bias towards hostile stimuli from both static and dynamic perspectives. Additionally, the predictive effect of attention bias on aggressive behavior and the moderating effect of group (juvenile delinquents and the controls with no criminal history) were also investigated. Read More

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Chronic high risk of intimate partner violence against women in disadvantaged neighborhoods: An eight-year space-time analysis.

Prev Med 2021 Jul 20;148:106550. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Social Psychology, University of Valencia, Av. Blasco Ibáñez, 21, 46010, Valencia, Spain.

We conducted a small-area ecological longitudinal study to analyze neighborhood contextual influences on the spatio-temporal variations in intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) risk in a southern European city over an eight-year period. We used geocoded data of IPVAW cases with associated protection orders (n = 5867) in the city of Valencia, Spain (2011-2018). The city's 552 census block groups were used as the neighborhood units. Read More

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The exacerbation of violence against women as a form of discrimination in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 14;7(3):e06491. Epub 2021 Mar 14.

Maestría en Conflicto y Paz, Universidad de Medellín, Colombia.

The crisis provoked by COVID-19 has rapidly and profoundly affected Latin America. The impacts are seen not only in infection and mortality rates, but also in the economic decline and increased inequality that plague the region, problems which have been exacerbated as a result of the pandemic. Women, in particular, constitute one of the groups most heavily impacted by the pandemic, facing higher rates of unemployment and furloughing due to structural discrimination and a subsequent increase in economic dependency as they are forced to return to traditional unremunerated occupations like caregiving and homemaking. Read More

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The mediating role of externalising and healthy schema modes in the relationship between early maladaptive schemata and overt behaviours in adolescent boys with offending behaviours, and a comparison of their early schemata with those of typically developing boys.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 Apr 25;31(2):109-119. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Evidence-based treatments in routine clinical practice often fail to achieve or sustain amelioration of severe behaviour problems in adolescents. Better understanding of mechanisms underlying such severe behaviour problems could improve treatments. Underlying schemata and schema modes may play an important role. Read More

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Prevalence and Nature of Sexist and Racial/Ethnic Microaggressions Against Surgeons and Anesthesiologists.

JAMA Surg 2021 May 12;156(5):e210265. Epub 2021 May 12.

Irvine Medical Center, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Irvine.

Importance: Workplace mistreatment can manifest as microaggressions that cause chronic, severe distress. As physician burnout becomes a global crisis, quantitative research to delineate the impact of microaggressions is imperative.

Objectives: To examine the prevalence and nature of sexist and racial/ethnic microaggressions against female and racial/ethnic-minority surgeons and anesthesiologists and assess the association with physician burnout. Read More

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Antisocial Personality Disorder in Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Feb 20;57(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy.

: Bipolar Disorder (BD) is a severe psychiatric disorder that worsens quality of life and functional impairment. Personality disorders (PDs), in particular Cluster B personality, have a high incidence among BD patients and is considered a poor prognostic factor. The study of this co-morbidity represents an important clinical and diagnostic challenge in psychiatry. Read More

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February 2021

Does seeing it make a difference? The self-reported deterrent impact of random breath testing.

J Safety Res 2021 02 3;76:1-8. Epub 2020 Nov 3.

Road Safety Research Collaboration, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, 4556 Queensland, Australia.

Introduction: Random Breath Testing (RBT) remains a primary method to both deter and apprehend drink drivers, yet a large proportion of road fatalities continue to be caused by the offense. Outstanding questions remain regarding how much exposure to RBT operations is needed to influence deterrence-based perceptions and subsequent offending.

Method: Given this, licensed motorists (N = 961) in Queensland were recruited to complete a questionnaire either in the community (N = 741) or on the side of the road after just being breath tested (N = 243). Read More

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February 2021

Perceptions and Attitudes of Correctional Staff Toward ADHD-A Challenging Disorder in Everyday Prison Life.

Front Psychiatry 2020 28;11:600005. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Institute of Forensic Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is associated with risk-taking behaviors, poor self-control, and interpersonal difficulties. Affected individuals have an increased probability of involvement with the criminal justice system, contributing to a higher rate of arrest, and imprisonment compared with the general population; they are also inadequately treated once sentenced. Because prison staff play a central role in the identification of inmates with mental disorders, they could well be key to improving provision of care. Read More

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January 2021

Self-Reported Voluntary Blame-Taking: Kinship Before Friendship and No Effect of Incentives.

Front Psychol 2021 2;12:621960. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Section of Social Psychology, Department of Psychology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Inspired by theories of prosocial behavior, we tested the effect of relationship status and incentives on intended voluntary blame-taking in two experiments (Experiment 2 was pre-registered). Participants ( = 211 and = 232) imagined a close family member, a close friend, or an acquaintance and read a scenario that described this person committing a minor traffic offense. The person offered either a monetary, social, or no incentive for taking the blame. Read More

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February 2021

Higher Levels of Nicotine Dependence in Adolescence are Associated with Younger Onset Age of Violent Criminality: A Follow-Up Study of Former Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients.

J Can Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Feb 1;30(1):6-11. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

University of Oulu, Faculty of Medicine, Research Unit of Clinical Neuroscience, Psychiatry, Oulu, Finland.

Objective: Earlier studies have reported that smoking is associated with violent behaviour. This study investigated nicotine dependence (ND), defined as already present in adolescence, and its relation to subsequent violent criminal offending.

Method: The baseline dataset is composed of 508 former adolescent inpatients, admitted to a psychiatric hospital between the ages of 13-17. Read More

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February 2021


Georgian Med News 2020 Dec(309):100-107

5Stepan Gzhytskyi National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies Lviv, Ukraine.

The purpose of the study is to determine universal medical and legal measures for individual and nationwide prevention of fortification of the population for practical application by developing and adopting international normative legal act - the Convention on Combating Fortification in Society. To achieve this purpose, the authors have used general scientific and special methods of cognition. Thus, the statistical method was used to analyze the data of official statistics for 2014-2019 regarding the number of crimes committed while intoxication; the method of comparison was used in the analysis of data on studying the development of adolescents' behavior due to alcohol consumption and the effect of special programs on the prevention of alcoholism; the method of questioning was used when interviewing students of higher educational institutions regarding the prevalence of alcohol consumption among young people. Read More

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December 2020