642 results match your criteria creating japanese


Creating new value of blast furnace slag as soil amendment to mitigate methane emission and improve rice cropping environments.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Oct 14:150961. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Division of Applied Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju 52828, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Blast furnace slag (BFS), a by-product of iron making, has been utilized as silicate fertilizer in Korean and Japanese rice paddy. Silicate fertilizer, which has high contents of active iron and manganese as electron acceptor, was newly known to suppress methane (CH) emission in flooded rice paddies, but the effect of its long-term application on rice cropping environment is still debatable. To evaluate the effect of silicate fertilization on suppressing CH emissions, the changes of CH index, indicating the ratio (%) of seasonal CH flux at the silicate fertilization treatment to that at the control, were generalized using the global investigation data (42 observations from 8 fields in Bangladesh, China, and Korea). Read More

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October 2021

O-JMeSH: creating a bilingual English-Japanese controlled vocabulary of MeSH UIDs through machine translation and mutual information.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e26. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Graduate School of Integrative Science and Engineering, Tokyo City University, Tokyo 158-8557, Japan.

Previous approaches to create a controlled vocabulary for Japanese have resorted to existing bilingual dictionary and transformation rules to allow such mappings. However, given the possible new terms introduced due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the emphasis on respiratory and infection-related terms, coverage might not be guaranteed. We propose creating a Japanese bilingual controlled vocabulary based on MeSH terms assigned to COVID-19 related publications in this work. Read More

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September 2021

Content validity and reliability of the modified Japanese version of the Healthcare Providers Patient-Activation Scale: self-reported adherence to patient-centered physical therapy scale.

Authors:
Hiroshi Takasaki

Physiother Theory Pract 2021 Oct 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Physical Therapy, Saitama Prefectural University, Koshigaya, Japan.

Background: Modifications to the Healthcare Providers Patient-Activation Scale (HP-PAS), which evaluates attitudes toward the importance of using a patient-centered approach (PCA), are required.

Purpose: Content validity and reliabilities of a scale developed from the HP-PAS to evaluate self-reported adherence to patient-centered physical therapy were preliminarily investigated.

Methods: A total of 86 Japanese physical therapists completed the validity assessments in an anonymous survey. Read More

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October 2021

[Consideration on Academia Environments for Creating Medical Innovation].

Yakugaku Zasshi 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Graduate School of Regional Innovation Studies, Mie University.

The spread of COVID-19 has re-affirmed the crucial importance of the pharmaceuticals industry in improving the level of citizens' health and medical care, as well as the industry's importance in terms of contribution to economic growth and tax revenues. Although some time has passed since the importance of industry-academia collaboration was first raised in relation to the creation of innovative new drugs and the continuation of global competitiveness, conflicts between academia and companies have also been highlighted as barriers that hinder efforts to promote the practical realization of academia-initiated seeds. The authors have hypothesized that conflicts between academia and companies can be attributed to the vulnerability of innovation creation environments, including drug discovery, on the academia side, insufficient awareness concerning human resources that will undertake industry-academia operations, and inadequate development of structures. Read More

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October 2021

New criteria of resectability for pancreatic cancer: A position paper by the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS).

J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Yokohama City University Graduate School Medicine, Yokohama, Japan.

The symposium "New criteria of resectability for pancreatic cancer" was held during the 33nd meeting of the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS) in 2021 to discuss the potential modifications that could be made in the current resectability classification. The meeting focused on setting the foundation for developing a new prognosis-based resectability classification that is based on the tumor biology and the response to neoadjuvant treatment (NAT). The symposium included selected experts from Western and Eastern high-volume centers who have discussed their concept of resectability status through published literature. Read More

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September 2021

Successful Reboot of High-Performance Sporting Activities by Japanese National Women's Handball Team in Tokyo, 2020 during the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Initiative Using the Japan Sports-Cyber Physical System (JS-CPS) of the Sports Research Innovation Project (SRIP).

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 09 18;18(18). Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Health and Sport Sciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka 5650871, Japan.

The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively impacted sporting activities across the world. However, practical training strategies for athletes to reduce the risk of infection during the pandemic have not been definitively studied. The purpose of this report was to provide an overview of the challenges we encountered during the reboot of high-performance sporting activities of the Japanese national handball team during the 3rd wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Tokyo, Japan. Read More

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September 2021

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis 2020.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Guidelines Committee for Creating and Evaluating the ''Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis'', The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology / The Japan Society of Hepatology, 6F Shimbashi i-MARK Building, 2-6-2 Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0004, Japan.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a serious public health issue not only in Western countries but also in Japan. Within the wide spectrum of NAFLD, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form of disease that often develops into liver cirrhosis and increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While a definite diagnosis of NASH requires liver biopsy to confirm the presence of hepatocyte ballooning, hepatic fibrosis is the most important prognostic factor in NAFLD. Read More

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September 2021

Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis 2020.

Hepatol Res 2021 Oct 17;51(10):1013-1025. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Guidelines Committee for Creating and Evaluating the "Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis", The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology, The Japan Society of Hepatology, Tokyo, Japan.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a serious public health issue not only in Western countries but also in Japan. Within the wide spectrum of NAFLD, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a progressive form of disease that often develops into liver cirrhosis and increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While a definite diagnosis of NASH requires liver biopsy to confirm the presence of hepatocyte ballooning, hepatic fibrosis is the most important prognostic factor in NAFLD. Read More

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October 2021

The Forgotten Ones: Crafting for Meaning and for Affiliation in the Context of Finnish and Japanese Employees' Off-Job Lives.

Front Psychol 2021 30;12:682479. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Faculty of Social Sciences (Psychology), Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.

In an intensifying working life, it is important for employees to proactively shape their lives beyond work to create opportunities for satisfying personal needs. These efforts can be beneficial for creating and sustaining well-being in terms of vitality. In this study, we focused on off-job crafting (OJC) for meaning and OJC for affiliation, conceptualized as proactive changes in off-job life with the aim of increasing satisfaction of needs for meaning and affiliation, among employees in Finland and Japan, two countries with disparate cultural values. Read More

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COVID-19 anti-Asian racism: A tripartite model of collective psychosocial resilience.

Am Psychol 2021 May-Jun;76(4):627-642

Department of Counseling and Educational Psychology, Indiana University Bloomington.

Anti-Asian racism has spiked since the outbreak of the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, creating compounded threats to Asian Americans' psychological wellbeing on top of other pandemic stressors (e.g., fears of infection, financial insecurity, or quarantine isolation). Read More

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September 2021

Semantic Textual Similarity in Japanese Clinical Domain Texts Using BERT.

Methods Inf Med 2021 06 8;60(S 01):e56-e64. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Graduate School of Science and Technology, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, Japan.

Background: Semantic textual similarity (STS) captures the degree of semantic similarity between texts. It plays an important role in many natural language processing applications such as text summarization, question answering, machine translation, information retrieval, dialog systems, plagiarism detection, and query ranking. STS has been widely studied in the general English domain. Read More

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Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for Liver Cirrhosis 2020.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 7;56(7):593-619. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Guidelines Committee for Creating and Evaluating the "Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Liver Cirrhosis", The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology / The Japan Society of Hepatology, 6F Shimbashi i-MARK Building, 2-6-2 Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0004, Japan.

The first edition of the clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis was published in 2010, and the second edition was published in 2015 by the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE). The revised third edition was recently published in 2020. This version has become a joint guideline by the JSGE and the Japan Society of Hepatology (JSH). Read More

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Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis 2020.

Hepatol Res 2021 Jul 6;51(7):725-749. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Guidelines Committee for Creating and Evaluating the Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Liver Cirrhosis, The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology/the Japan Society of hepatology, Tokyo, Japan.

The first edition of the clinical practice guidelines for liver cirrhosis was published in 2010, and the second edition was published in 2015 by the Japanese Society of Gastroenterology (JSGE). The revised third edition was recently published in 2020. This version has become a joint guideline by the JSGE and the Japanese Society of Hepatology (JSH). Read More

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Cascade of Inflammatory, Fibrotic Processes, and Stress-Induced Senescence in Chronic GVHD-Related Dry Eye Disease.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 6;22(11). Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.

Ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Ocular GVHD affects recipients' visual function and quality of life. Recent advanced research in this area has gradually attracted attention from a wide range of physicians and ophthalmologists. Read More

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Target languages, types of activities, engagement, and effectiveness of extramural language learning.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(6):e0253431. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Science and Technology, The Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

Since Sundqvist introduced the term "extramural English" in 2009, empirical research on extramural language learning has continued to expand. However, the expanding empirical research has yet yielded incommensurate review studies. To present a timely picture of the field of extramural language learning, this study conducts a review of 33 relevant articles retrieved from Scopus and Web of Science databases. Read More

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Japanese Rapid/Living recommendations on drug management for COVID-19.

Acute Med Surg 2021 May 4:e664. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine Fujita Health University School of Medicine Toyoake Japan.

The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread worldwide since early 2020, and there are still no signs of resolution. The Japanese Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock (J-SSCG) 2020 Special Committee created the Japanese Rapid/Living recommendations on drug management for COVID-19 using the experience of creating the J-SSCGs. The Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach was used to determine the certainty of the evidence and strength of the recommendations. Read More

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A Novel Model-Based Questionnaire Based on Low-Dose CT Screening Data for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Diagnosis in Shimane, Japan.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021 18;16:1823-1833. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology & Respiratory Medicine, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Shimane, Japan.

Purpose: Although there have been many reports on the use of respiratory function tests and questionnaires for creating chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) questionnaires, there have been no reports on the effectiveness of questionnaires using computed tomography (CT) screening data. We aimed to validate the International Primary Care Airways Group (IPAG) questionnaire and to propose a novel COPD screening questionnaire based on the CT screening data of Japanese participants.

Patients And Methods: Low-dose CT screening was performed for early detection of lung cancer and COPD since 2009 in Shimane, Japan, and clinical information was collected using an original questionnaire that included all the IPAG questionnaire items and eight additional items (for eg, on dyspnea) during CT screening. Read More

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Factors Influencing Classifications of Safety Specifications in a Risk Management Plan for Antineoplastic Agents Approved in Japan: A Review and Descriptive Analysis.

Ther Innov Regul Sci 2021 09 9;55(5):1075-1081. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Regulatory Science of Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan.

A risk management plan (RMP) has an important role in assuring the optimal benefit-risk balance of a drug throughout its life cycle. However, no clear standards have been established for differentiating risk classification between "important identified risks" and "important potential risks". This study was a review and descriptive analysis for Japanese RMPs with a focus on antineoplastic agents to identify effective factors to discriminate an important identified risk from an important potential risk. Read More

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September 2021

Contested Tracks to Modernity: Negotiating Narratives at Taiwan's Railway Department Park.

Authors:
Hsien-Chun Wang

Technol Cult 2021 ;62(2):573-583

This essay looks at the exhibitions of Taipei's Railway Department Park, a museum exhibiting Taiwan's "railway culture." It explores how the history of the island's railway system and the Railway Department as the symbol of modernity have been intricately linked to contested interpretations of Taiwan's history, which is shaped by wars, Japanese imperialism, and Chinese nationalism from the nineteenth century to the present day. It also reviews how the contents of the exhibitions may appeal to the general public, invoking shared memories of railway travel and creating a sense of community in a time when bickering over history has strained relationships among the Taiwanese people. Read More

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January 2021

Rural Social Participation through Osekkai during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 31;18(11). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Community Medicine Management, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, 89-1 Enya cho, Izumo 693-8501, Shimane Prefecture, Japan.

We investigated the effects of enabling Osekkai, the traditional Japanese behavior of creating a helping culture, on social participation among rural people in rebuilding social connections that can be vital during the coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The subjects of this cross-sectional study were people interested in the Osekkai conference (control group) and those actively involved in Osekkai activities (exposure group). The primary outcome of social participation was measured as the frequency of meeting and the number of friends or acquaintances. Read More

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The effect of the Original MethOd at pharmacy To ENhAnce Support for Health Improvement in the limited Japanese proficiency patients visiting local community pharmacy: A randomized controlled trial.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 May 23. Epub 2021 May 23.

Center for Accessing Early Promising Treatment, Kyoto University Hospital, Kyoto, Japan.

Objectives: With an increase in globalization, the number of non-native-speaking citizens and tourists visiting local pharmacies is rapidly growing worldwide, creating linguistic and sociological problems. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of adding our original method, Original MethOd at pharmacy To ENhAnce Support for Health Improvement (OMOTENASHI), to the conventional medication counselling method (CMC) when counselling non-Japanese patients at the pharmacy.

Methods: The OMOTENASHI consists of tools written in multiple languages and illustrations to clarify the effects and side effects, and to confirm patients' understanding. Read More

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Automatic Classification of Electronic Nursing Narrative Records Based on Japanese Standard Terminology for Nursing.

Comput Inform Nurs 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Author Affiliations: Department of Biomedical Informatics (Ms Aoki and Dr Ohe), Department of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare (Dr Shinohara), and The Center for Disease Biology and Integrative Medicine (Dr Imai), Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo; Department of Healthcare Information Management, The University of Tokyo Hospital (Mr Yokota and Dr Ohe), Tokyo; and Department of Biomedical Informatics and Management, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba (Dr Kagawa), Ibaraki, Japan.

In Japan, nursing records are not easily put to secondary use because nursing documentation is not standardized. In recent years, electronic health records have necessitated the creation of Japanese nursing terminology. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate an automatic classification system for narrative nursing records using natural language processing technology and machine learning. Read More

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From Yasashii Nihongo in non-disaster times towards a plurilingual language education approach: an outlook from the perspective of "reasonable accommodation".

F1000Res 2021 28;10:52. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Independent Researcher, Cologne, Germany.

In order to address labor shortages, starting April 2019 the Japanese government introduced two new visa categories, and it can be expected that the growing number of foreign residents living and working in Japan will be increasing further in the foreseeable future. Within this context, the notion of Yasashii Nihongo or Simplified Japanese has been gaining attention over recent years. Originally designed as a tool for transmitting information in disaster-related situations and proposed for disaster mitigation purposes, at present it is being advocated as a means of communication to be used in non-disaster situations as well. Read More

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Structure and predictors of in-hospital nursing care leading to reduction in early readmission among patients with schizophrenia in Japan: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 30;16(4):e0250771. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nursing, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine (Health Sciences), Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by psychotic relapses. Globally, about 15%-30% of patients with schizophrenia discharged from inpatient psychiatric admissions are readmitted within 90 days due to exacerbation of symptoms that leads to self-harm, harm to others, or self-neglect. The purpose of this study was to investigate the structure and predictors of in-hospital nursing care leading to reduction in early readmission among patients with schizophrenia. Read More

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October 2021

The Relationship between Achievement Motivation and Job Performance among Chinese Physicians: A Conditional Process Analysis.

Biomed Res Int 2021 7;2021:6646980. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Medical Education, School of Health Management, Harbin Medical University, Heilongjiang Province, China.

Background: To explore the relationship between achievement motivation and job performance among physicians, this study investigated the impacts of different personality traits on job performance among the physicians.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2017 and 1,523 physicians from eight tertiary grade A hospitals in Harbin, China. The type of data collected included the achievement motivation of the physicians, job performance, organizational commitment, personality traits, and other demographic variables. Read More

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Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for inflammatory bowel disease 2020.

J Gastroenterol 2021 06 22;56(6):489-526. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Guidelines Committee for Creating and Evaluating the "Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Inflammatory Bowel Disease", The Japanese Society of Gastroenterology, 6F Shimbashi i-MARK Building, 2-6-2 Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-0004, Japan.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a general term for chronic or remitting/relapsing inflammatory diseases of the intestinal tract and generally refers to ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Since 1950, the number of patients with IBD in Japan has been increasing. The etiology of IBD remains unclear; however, recent research data indicate that the pathophysiology of IBD involves abnormalities in disease susceptibility genes, environmental factors and intestinal bacteria. Read More

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Immunity against a Japanese local strain of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus decreases viremia and symptoms of a highly pathogenic strain.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Apr 13;17(1):156. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Viral Disease and Epidemiology, National Institute of Animal Health, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 3-1-5 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0856, Japan.

Background: The type 2 highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) has spread throughout countries of southeast Asia, where it has caused severe economic losses. Even countries presently free of PRRSV are at high risk for infection and spread of this virus. Some of these countries, including Japan, have broad epidemics of the local type 2 PRRSV, creating chronic pathogenicity in the domestic pig population. Read More

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Organizational climate for safe and effective inter-unit handoffs in Japanese hospitals.

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 Jul 1;36(4):1153-1165. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Industrial Engineering and Economics, School of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo, Japan.

Objectives: To extract the organizational climate factors that contribute to safe and effective inter-unit patient handoffs, as well as to capture their crucial characteristics in the context of current Japanese hospitals.

Methods: A questionnaire survey was conducted among nursing staff in 31 general hospitals, collecting a total of 5117 valid responses (69% response rate).

Results: A five-factor model was established to determine the inter-unit handoff climate within hospitals. Read More

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Social innovation for life expectancy extension utilizing a platform-centered system used in the Iwaki health promotion project: A protocol paper.

SAGE Open Med 2021 19;9:20503121211002606. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Oral Health Care, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Japan.

Introduction: We are trying to create a platform for social innovation to extend life span.

Methods: Since 2005, health data (approximately 3000 items per person as of 2020) of approximately 1000 adults have been collected each year during the Iwaki Health Promotion Project. The industry, government, academia, and citizens have involvements in data collection, aiming to build a platform that encourages societal innovation and subsequently extends life expectancy in Aomori. Read More

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Local Renewable Energy Initiatives in Germany and Japan in a Changing National Policy Environment.

Rev Policy Res 2020 May 10;37(3):386-411. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St Louis, MO 63110 USA.

Our article explores the contribution of local initiatives to the creation of path dependencies for energy transition in Germany and Japan in the face of resistance from entrenched incumbents at the national level. We use a process-tracing methodology based partly on interviews with local participants. In particular, we explore the role of local initiatives in securing "socio-political space" for the expansion of renewable energy and in embedding themselves in "ecosystems" of public and private institutions. Read More

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