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Development and validation of smartwatch-based activity recognition models for rigging crew workers on cable logging operations.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0250624. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Forest, Rangeland and Fire Sciences, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID, United States of America.

Analysis of high-resolution inertial sensor and global navigation satellite system (GNSS) data collected by mobile and wearable devices is a relatively new methodology in forestry and safety research that provides opportunities for modeling work activities in greater detail than traditional time study analysis. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether smartwatch-based activity recognition models could quantify the activities of rigging crew workers setting and disconnecting log chokers on cable logging operations. Four productive cycle elements (travel to log, set choker, travel away, clear) were timed for choker setters and four productive cycle elements (travel to log, unhook, travel away, clear) were timed for chasers working at five logging sites in North Idaho. Read More

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3D printing of lignin: Challenges, opportunities and roads onward.

Biopolymers 2021 May 11:e23431. Epub 2021 May 11.

Chair of Forest Biomaterials, Faculty of Environment and Natural Resources, Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Br., Germany.

As the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, and as a resource recently becoming more available in separated and purified form on an industrial scale due to the development of new isolation technologies, lignin has a key role to play in transitioning our material industry towards sustainability. Additive manufacturing (AM), the most efficient-material processing technology to date, has likewise made great strides to promote sustainable industrial solutions to our needs in engineered products. Bringing lignin research to AM has prompted the emergence of the nascent "lignin 3D printing" field. Read More

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The experiences, attitudes and understanding of research amongst medical students at an Australian medical school.

BMC Med Educ 2021 May 10;21(1):267. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: Research engagement plays an integral role in developing clinicians that practice effective, evidence-based medicine. Research participation by clinicians, however, is declining. Given the link between research during medical school and future research output, promotion of medical student research is one avenue by which this shortage can be addressed. Read More

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Using community-led development to build health communication about rheumatic heart disease in Aboriginal children: a developmental evaluation.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Northern Territory.

Objective: A high prevalence of acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) among Aboriginal children in northern Australia is coupled with low understanding among families. This has negative impacts on children's health, limits opportunities for prevention and suggests that better health communication is needed.

Methods: During an RHD echocardiography screening project, Aboriginal teachers in a remote community school created lessons to teach children about RHD in their home languages, drawing on principles of community-led development. Read More

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Real-Time Bibliometrics: Dimensions as a Resource for Analyzing Aspects of COVID-19.

Front Res Metr Anal 2020 12;5:595299. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Digital Science, London, United Kingdom.

Dimensions was built as a platform to allow stakeholders in the research community, including academic bibliometricians, to more easily create and understand the context of different types of research object through the linkages between these objects. Links between objects are created via persistent identifiers and machine learning techniques, while additional context is introduced via data enhancements such as per-object categorisations and person and institution disambiguation. While these features make analytical use cases accessible for end users, the COVID-19 crisis has highlighted a different set of needs to analyze trends in scholarship as they occur: Real-time bibliometrics. Read More

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January 2021

Moving the Needle on Global Surgery Education in the US.

J Surg Educ 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Global Surgery Student Alliance, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: Interest in global surgery continues to increase among students and trainees in the U.S. pursuing fields that provide perioperative care, including surgery, anesthesia, and OB/GYN. Read More

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In-situ at a distance? challenges and opportunities for health and place research methods in a post-COVID-19 world.

Health Place 2021 May 6;69:102572. Epub 2021 May 6.

Centre for Healthy Community, School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Alberta, Canada.

In-situ methodologies, including go-along and photo-elicited interviews, are ideal for harnessing people's lived experiences of place and their meanings for health and health equity. Their immersive nature means that the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted their use. Physical distancing measures combined to anxiety over the sharing of physical space have created ethical and practical challenges to the conduct of in-person in-situ methodologies. Read More

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Psychological distress and burden among family caregivers of children with and without developmental disabilities six months into the COVID-19 pandemic.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 May 5;114:103983. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Connecticut, United States.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created unique challenges for family caregivers of children with developmental disabilities (DD). The purpose of this study was to conduct a 6-month follow-up on the experiences of caregiver burden and psychological distress among caregivers of children with autism (ASD) and/or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during COVID-19 pandemic, compare their experiences to caregivers of children without DD, and test the interaction between opportunities for self-care and caregiver burden and psychological distress. Results indicated caregivers of children with ASD/ADHD continued to report significantly higher levels of psychological distress and caregiver burden compared to caregivers of children without DD. Read More

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A North-South-South partnership in higher education to develop health research capacity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: the challenge of finding a common language.

Health Res Policy Syst 2021 May 7;19(1):79. Epub 2021 May 7.

Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Globally, increasing numbers of higher education institutions (HEIs) in non-English-speaking countries have adopted English as a medium of instruction (EMI), because of the perception that this provides opportunities to attract high-calibre students and academic staff, and engage with the international research community. We report an evaluation of a North-South-South collaboration to develop health research capacity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) by establishing a postgraduate programme in nutritional epidemiology at the Kinshasa School of Public Health (KSPH), where EMI was adopted. We report experiences and perceptions of stakeholders, facilitators and students about using EMI. Read More

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Switching the secondary and natural activity of Nitrilase from Acidovorax facilis 72 W for the efficient production of 2-picolinamide.

Biotechnol Lett 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, New World Institute of Biotechnology, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, 200237, People's Republic of China.

Objectives: Catalytic promiscuity, or the ability to catalyze a secondary reaction, provides new opportunities for industrial biocatalysis by expanding the range of biocatalytic reactions. Some nitrilases converting nitriles to amides, referred to as the secondary activity, show great potential for amides production. And our goal was exploiting the amide-forming potential of nitrilases. Read More

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ACT for Life: Why Psychiatrists Pound the Pavement to Provide Care.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 May 7:appips201900619. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute for Community Living (Tse), and New York University School of Medicine (Tse, Chablani), New York City. Jules M. Ranz, M.D., and Stephanie Le Melle, M.D., are editors of this column.

To better understand the experience of psychiatrists working on assertive community treatment (ACT) teams and the factors that may draw them to this work, the authors created a survey and distributed it through e-mail groups of the American Association of Community Psychiatrists, the Columbia University Public Psychiatry Fellowship Alumni, and the New York State Center for Practice Innovations ACT Institute. A second survey, with questions primarily regarding safety concerns for ACT providers, was distributed to respondents of the first survey. Responses suggested that ACT leaders should foster teamwork, fieldwork, creativity, flexibility, safety, and leadership opportunities on ACT teams if they wish to engage psychiatrists in this work. Read More

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Educational Content and Acceptability of Training Using Mobile Instant Messaging in Large HIV Clinics in Malawi.

Ann Glob Health 2021 04 16;87(1):39. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Lighthouse Trust, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Background: In resource-limited settings, many HIV-infected patients with advanced HIV-related disease need specialized care not represented in guidelines. Training opportunities for healthcare providers on advanced HIV care are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the educational content and acceptability of mobile instant messaging (MIM) as a training and telemedicine tool for HIV care providers in Malawi. Read More

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Development of a Novel Mentorship Platform to Foster Relational Mentoring, Empowered Vulnerability, and Professional Identity Formation in Undergraduate Medical Education.

Acad Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

J.J. Chen is a first-year resident physician, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5380-4825. J.J. Kusner is a fourth-year medical student, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1466-4345. F. Saldaña is dean for students, Harvard Medical School, and a clinical cardiologist, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1857-0848. J. Potter is advisory dean, director, William Bosworth Castle Society, Harvard Medical School, and director, Women's Health Center, Beth Israel Lahey Health, Boston, Massachusetts; ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6221-8895.

Problem: Mentorship is valuable to medical students undergoing professional identity formation. Many institutions lack infrastructure to facilitate the personalized mentoring that supports students' integration of new professional identities with their personal identities and values.

Approach: The authors developed a novel mentorship platform called Weave via a multistep, iterative design process, incorporating in-person and survey-based student and faculty feedback. Read More

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Northward range extension for Durvillaea poha bull kelp: Response to tectonic disturbance?

J Phycol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Zoology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Understanding the forces that shape species distributions is increasingly important in a fast-changing world. Although major disturbance events can adversely affect natural populations, they can also present new opportunities, for example by opening up habitat for colonization by other lineages. Following extensive geographic sampling, we use genomic data to infer a range extension following disturbance for an ecologically important intertidal macroalgal species. Read More

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A Review of the State of HIV Nursing Science With Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity/Expression Peoples.

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2021 May-Jun 01;32(3):225-252

J. Craig Phillips, PhD, LLM, RN, ACRN, FAAN, is a Professor of Nursing and Vice Dean of Governance and Secretary, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Jufri Hidayat, MSN, RN, is an MSN Graduate, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan. Kristen D. Clark, MSN, RN, is a PhD Candidate, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. Julia Melisek, BScN, RN, is a Master of Nursing Graduate Student, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada. Monique S. Balthazar, DNP, PhD, FNP-BC, AGACNP-BC, is a Postdoctoral Fellow, Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Albert G. D. Beck is a Senior Policy Analyst, Métis National Council, Ottawa, Canada, and an Indigenous Fellow, Indigenous Fellowship Programme, United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Geneva, Switzerland. Scott E. Moore, PhD, APRN, AGPCNP-BC, is an Assistant Professor, Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA. Carol Dawson-Rose, PhD, RN, FAAN, is a Professor and Chair, Department of Community Health Systems, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA.

Abstract: Throughout the HIV pandemic, nurses have contributed to or led approaches to understanding the effects of HIV disease at individual and societal levels. Nurses have advocated for socially just care for more than a century, and our efforts have created a foundation on which to further build the state of HIV nursing science with sexual orientation and gender identity/expression (SOGI) Peoples. Nurses have also participated in the development of approaches to manage HIV disease for and in collaboration with populations directly affected by the disease. Read More

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Intraprofessional collaboration between enrolled and registered nurses in the care of clinically deteriorating ward patients: A qualitative study.

Aust Crit Care 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Level 3, Clinical Research Centre, Block MD11, 10 Medical Drive, 117597, Singapore.

Background: Nurses' role in vital signs monitoring places them in an ideal position to recognise and respond to clinical deterioration in general wards. However, enrolled nurses (ENs) and registered nurses (RNs) do not always work collaboratively, and this can lead to delays in recognition and escalation of clinical deterioration in general wards.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the collaboration experiences between ENs and RNs in recognising and responding to clinical deterioration in general ward settings. Read More

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Multiscale Virtual Screening Optimization for Shotgun Drug Repurposing Using the CANDO Platform.

Molecules 2021 Apr 28;26(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Biomedical Informatics, Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14203, USA.

Drug repurposing, the practice of utilizing existing drugs for novel clinical indications, has tremendous potential for improving human health outcomes and increasing therapeutic development efficiency. The goal of multi-disease multitarget drug repurposing, also known as shotgun drug repurposing, is to develop platforms that assess the therapeutic potential of each existing drug for every clinical indication. Our Computational Analysis of Novel Drug Opportunities (CANDO) platform for shotgun multitarget repurposing implements several pipelines for the large-scale modeling and simulation of interactions between comprehensive libraries of drugs/compounds and protein structures. Read More

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Inclusive Communication Model Supporting the Employment Cycle of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 28;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdańsk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland.

Difficulties with interpersonal communication experienced by individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) significantly contribute to their underrepresentation in the workforce as well as problems experienced while in employment. Consistently, it is vital to understand how communication within the employment cycle of this group can be improved. This study aims to identify and analyze the possibilities of modifying the communication processes around recruitment, selection, onboarding, and job retention to address the specific characteristics and needs of the representatives of this group. Read More

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A Review of Recent Deep Learning Approaches in Human-Centered Machine Learning.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 3;21(7). Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Augmented Human Lab, Auckland Bioengineering Institue, The University of Auckland, 70 Symonds Street, Grafton, Auckland 1010, New Zealand.

After Deep Learning (DL) regained popularity recently, the Artificial Intelligence (AI) or Machine Learning (ML) field is undergoing rapid growth concerning research and real-world application development. Deep Learning has generated complexities in algorithms, and researchers and users have raised concerns regarding the usability and adoptability of Deep Learning systems. These concerns, coupled with the increasing human-AI interactions, have created the emerging field that is Human-Centered Machine Learning (HCML). Read More

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[Primary health care through the eyes of the general practitioner; an international study].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2021 04 8;165. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Nederlands Huisartsen Genootschap, Utrecht.

This study is based on a large international survey, which collected the views of general practitioners (GPs) in 11 different countries on their respective healthcare systems in 2019. Findings show that Dutch GPs are positive about the quality of GP care and that they are satisfied with their profession. However, findings also show that there is room for improvement. Read More

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COVID-19's impact on faculty and staff at a School of Medicine in the US: what is the blueprint for the future?

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Apr 28;21(1):395. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, 12401 E. 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA.

Background: The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused unprecedented challenges within medical centers, revealing inequities embedded in the medical community and exposing fragile social support systems. While faculty and staff faced extraordinary demands in workplace duties, personal responsibilities also increased. The goal of this study was to understand the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on personal and professional activities of faculty and staff in order to illuminate current challenges and explore solutions. Read More

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An evaluation of social media utilization by general surgery programs in the COVID-19 era.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; O'Neal Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.

Background: Our study investigates how general surgery residency programs utilized social media to adapt to the challenges of COVID-19.

Methods: 319 participating general surgery residency programs provided by the Electronic Residency Application Service were analyzed in this study. Associated Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook accounts were assessed to find virtual open houses and externships. Read More

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Implementing Enhanced Primary Care Registered Nurse Reimbursement in Rural Health Clinics: A Policy Analysis.

Policy Polit Nurs Pract 2021 Apr 27:15271544211011989. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

School of Nursing, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, United States.

Rural Health Clinics (RHCs) were created in 1977 to address the high health care needs, limited provider access, and poor health outcomes of rural Americans. Although innovative at their inception, the provider-centric model of RHC cost-based reimbursement structures has not evolved, leaving limited opportunities for change; many have failed. Comprehensive, proactive change is needed. Read More

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Patient-Powered Research Networks of the Autoimmune Research Collaborative: Rationale, Capacity, and Future Directions.

Patient 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Patient-Powered Research Networks (PPRNs) are US-based registry infrastructures co-created by advocacy groups, patient research partners, academic investigators, and other healthcare stakeholders. Patient-Powered Research Networks collect information directly from patients to conduct and disseminate the results of patient-centered/powered research that helps patients make more informed decisions about their healthcare. Patient-Powered Research Networks gather and utilize real-world data and patient-reported outcomes to conduct comparative effectiveness, safety, and other research, and leverage the Internet to accomplish this effectively and efficiently. Read More

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Weight-Related Behaviors of Children with Obesity during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Child Obes 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Population Health Sciences, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA.

During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, children and families have had to adapt their daily lives. The purpose of this study was to describe changes in the weight-related behaviors of children with obesity after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. Semistructured interviews ( = 51) were conducted from April to June 2020 with parents of children with obesity. Read More

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The monthly operating cost of an institutional COVID-19 airway response team: A financial model and sensitivity analysis based on experience at an academic medical center.

Perioper Care Oper Room Manag 2021 Jun 20;23:100168. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) airway response teams concentrate equipment and expertise while minimizing the number of providers exposed to aerosol generating procedures. These airway teams were implemented in various hospitals around the world to respond to the acute increase of critical ill patients requiring ventilatory support. We created a financial model to estimate the costs for staffing and maintaining a dedicated COVID-19 airway response team based on the experience at an urban academic hospital in the Northeastern United States between March and June of 2020. Read More

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Analysis of Supervisors' Feedback to Residents on Communicator, Collaborator, and Professional Roles During Case Discussions.

J Grad Med Educ 2021 Apr 16;13(2):246-256. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

is Associate Professor, Department of Family and Emergency Medicine, Office of Education and Continuing Professional Development, Laval University Faculty of Medicine, Quebec City, Canada.

Background: Literature examining the feedback supervisors give to residents during case discussions in the realms of communication, collaboration, and professional roles (intrinsic roles) focuses on analyses of written feedback and self-reporting.

Objectives: We quantified how much of the supervisors' verbal feedback time targeted residents' intrinsic roles and how well feedback time was aligned with the role targeted by each case. We analyzed the educational goals of this feedback. Read More

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