22,572 results match your criteria crc patients


Functional and dysfunctional impulsivities changes after subthalamic nucleus-deep brain stimulation in Parkinson Disease.

Neurochirurgie 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Université Côte d'Azur, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Department of Neurosurgery, Nice, France.

Objectives: We investigated changes of impulsivity after deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients, distinguishing functional from dysfunctional impulsivity and their contributing factors.

Methods: Data of 33 PD patients treated by STN-DBS were studied before and 6 months after surgery: motor impairment, medication (dose and dopaminergic agonists), cognition, mood and occurrence of impulse control disorders. Impulsivity was assessed by the Dickman Impulsivity Inventory, which distinguishes functional impulsivity (FI), reflecting the potential for reasoning and rapid action when the situation requires it, and dysfunctional impulsivity (DI), reflecting the lack of prior reasoning, even when the situation demands it. Read More

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Alterations in the Oral and Gut Microbiome of Colorectal Cancer Patients and Association with Host Clinical Factors.

Int J Cancer 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ministry of Health, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University; Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, Shanghai, China.

Previous studies have suggested that gut microbiota plays a critical role in colorectal cancer (CRC). Although preliminary comparisons of the oral and gut microbiota between CRC and healthy control (HC) patients have been made, the association between microbiome abundance and host clinical factors has not been fully illustrated, especially oral health conditions. Matching samples of unstimulated saliva, cancer tissues or biopsies and stools were collected from 30 CRC and 30 HC patients from Shanghai Jiao Tong University affiliated Renji Hospital for 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. Read More

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Relationship of HER2 alteration and MSI status in colorectal adenocarcinoma.

Oncologist 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Oncology, Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center; State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, 651 Dongfeng Road East, Guangzhou, 510060, P. R. China.

Background: The impact of HER2 somatic mutations in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) has not been well studied and its relationship with MSI-H is yet to be fully elucidated.

Methods: From February 2017 to February 2020, the data of CRC patients who underwent next-generation sequencing and had detailed record of clinicopathological information were investigated. HER2 alteration and its relationship with MSI-H were analyzed. Read More

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Endoscopic Resection Before Surgery Does Not Affect the Recurrence Rate in Patients With High-Risk T1 Colorectal Cancer.

Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2021 Apr 12;12(4):e00336. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Introduction: Patients with high-risk T1 colorectal cancer (CRC) after endoscopic resection (ER) should undergo surgery in view of the risk of lymph node metastasis. Although additional surgery can potentially prevent recurrence, there is a paucity of data and longitudinal studies exploring this potential. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the prolonged influence of ER before additional surgery on recurrence in T1 CRC. Read More

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Case Report: Coinheritance of Germline Mutations in and in Colorectal Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:658389. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Oncology, Nanjing Tongren Hospital, Nanjing, China.

Deleterious mutations in gene cause the autosomal dominant familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) which is typically characterized by the occurrence of hundreds to thousands of colorectal adenomas that eventually lead to colorectal cancers (CRCs). are the two major susceptibility genes for breast and ovarian cancers. Here, we reported a coinheritance of mutations in and genes in a 20-year-old CRC patient with typical clinical features for FAP. Read More

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Development of a Novel Prognostic Model for Predicting Lymph Node Metastasis in Early Colorectal Cancer: Analysis Based on the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:614398. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Internal Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Kyung Hee University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: Identification of a simplified prediction model for lymph node metastasis (LNM) for patients with early colorectal cancer (CRC) is urgently needed to determine treatment and follow-up strategies. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to develop an accurate predictive model for LNM in early CRC.

Methods: We analyzed data from the 2004-2016 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database to develop and validate prediction models for LNM. Read More

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The Spectrum, Tendency and Predictive Value of Mutation in Chinese Colorectal Cancer Patients.

Front Oncol 2021 26;11:595675. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Pathology, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: is a high-frequency mutation gene in colorectal cancer, while its prognostic value remains unclear. This study evaluated the mutation tendency, spectrum, prognosis power and predictive power in cetuximab treatment of in Chinese CRC cohort.

Methods: The exon 9 and 20 status of 5763 CRC patients was detected with Sanger sequencing and a high-resolution melting test. Read More

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Role of kynurenine in promoting the generation of exhausted CD8 T cells in colorectal cancer.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(3):1535-1547. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinzhou Medical University Jinzhou 121000, China.

Although blocking programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) has emerged as a standard treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), a vast majority of CRC patients still respond poorly to anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. In this study, we showed that the levels of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and its catabolite kynurenine (Kyn) were higher in late stages (stages III and IV) than in early stages (stages I and II) of CRC patients. We found that Kyn could induce the expression of immune checkpoints and exhaustion markers in CD8 tumor-infiltrating T cells. Read More

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Cost-Effectiveness of Multitarget Stool DNA Testing vs Colonoscopy or Fecal Immunochemical Testing for Colorectal Cancer Screening in Alaska Native People.

Mayo Clin Proc 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Objective: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of multitarget stool DNA testing (MT-sDNA) compared with colonoscopy and fecal immunochemical testing (FIT) for Alaska Native adults.

Patients And Methods: A Markov model was used to evaluate the 3 screening test effects over 40 years. Outcomes included colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality, costs, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). Read More

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Emu Oil Attenuates Disease Severity and Results in Fewer Large Colonic Tumors in a Mouse Model of Colitis-Associated Colorectal Cancer.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Apr 12:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Gastroenterology, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Ulcerative colitis patients have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the current study was to determine whether Emu Oil (EO) could reduce the severity of colitis, thereby inhibiting colitis-associated CRC (CA-CRC) development. Female C57BL/6 mice ( = 8/group) were injected (i. Read More

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Differences in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients who did and did not undergo screening: Results from the 45 and Up Study cohort.

Cancer Epidemiol 2021 Apr 8;72:101936. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

University of Wollongong, Australia; Sax Institute, Australia. Electronic address:

Background: The Australian National Bowel Cancer Screening Program is a free population-based screening program aiming to identify precancerous lesions and early colorectal cancer using faecal occult blood tests in average-risk Australians. The participation rate in people invited to screening was 42 % in 2017-2018, well below the 56.6 % target level. Read More

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Gene-Specific Variation in Colorectal Cancer Surveillance Strategies for Lynch Syndrome.

Gastroenterology 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, New York; Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Columbia University Irving Medical Cancer and the Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York; Division of General Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Cancer and the Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.

Background & Aims: Lynch syndrome is associated with pathogenic variants in 4 mismatch repair (MMR) genes that increase lifetime risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Guidelines recommend intensive CRC surveillance with colonoscopy every 1-2 years starting at 25 years for all carriers of Lynch syndrome-associated variants, regardless of gene product. We constructed a simulation model to analyze the effects of different ages of colonoscopy initiation and surveillance intervals for each MMR gene (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2) on CRC incidence and mortality, quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), and cost. Read More

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miR-140-3p inhibits colorectal cancer progression and its liver metastasis by targeting BCL9 and BCL2.

Cancer Med 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of General Surgery, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China.

Recent studies have identified microRNAs (miRNAs) as a compelling novel class of biomarker in colorectal cancer (CRC) development and metastasis. Here, we demonstrated that the level of plasma exosomal miR-140-3p in CRC patients was lower than that in healthy controls. The decreased miR-140-3p level was also observed in CRC patients with liver metastasis. Read More

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A novel founder MSH2 deletion in Ethiopian Jews is mainly associated with early-onset colorectal cancer.

Fam Cancer 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

The Raphael Recanati Genetics Institute, Rabin Medical Center - Beilinson Hospital, 39 Jabotinsky St., 4941492, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Lynch syndrome is an inherited cancer predisposition syndrome caused by germline defects in any of the mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Diagnosis of carriers makes precision prevention, early detection, and tailored treatment possible. Herein we report a novel founder deletion of 18,758 bp, mediated by Alu repeats on both sides, detected in Ethiopian Jews. Read More

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Effects of an optimised approach to home-based respiratory care in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 Apr 9;11(4):e042780. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Departamento de Fisioterapia, PneumoCardioVascular Lab/HUOL e Laboratório de Inovação Tecnológica em Reabilitação, Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes, Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (EBSERH), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil.

Introduction: This study aims to investigate the effects of an optimal home-based respiratory care protocol in individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Methods And Analysis: This is a randomised, blinded controlled trial involving patients diagnosed with ALS, both sexes, age between 18 and 80 years. Patients will be randomly allocated into the conventional respiratory care (CRC) group and the optimised respiratory care home-based (ORC) group. Read More

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Werner helicase is a synthetic-lethal vulnerability in Mismatch Repair-Deficient Colorectal Cancer Refractory to Targeted Therapies, Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy.

Cancer Discov 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Cancer Programme, Wellcome Sanger Institute

Targeted therapies, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy are used to treat patients with mismatch repair-deficient (dMMR)/microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) colorectal cancer (CRC). The clinical effectiveness of targeted therapy and chemotherapy is limited by resistance and drug toxicities, and about half of immunotherapy patients are refractory to immune checkpoint inhibitors. Loss of Werner syndrome ATP-dependent helicase (WRN) is a synthetic-lethality in dMMR/MSI-H cells. Read More

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Multi gene mutation signatures in colorectal cancer patients: predict for the diagnosis, pathological classification, staging and prognosis.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 9;21(1):380. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Oncology, Tianjin Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, No.354 Beima Road, Hongqiao District, Tianjin, 300120, China.

Background: Identifying gene mutation signatures will enable a better understanding for the occurrence and development of colorectal cancer (CRC), and provide some potential biomarkers for clinical practice. Currently, however, there is still few effective biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognostic judgment in CRC patients. The purpose was to identify novel mutation signatures for the diagnosis and prognosis of CRC. Read More

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Management of BRAF-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer: a review of treatment options and evidence-based guidelines.

Ann Oncol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Vall d'Hebron Hospital Campus, Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology, UVIC-UCC, IOB-Quiron, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is still a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and worldwide, despite recent improvements in cancer management. CRC, like many malignancies, is a heterogeneous disease, with subtypes characterized by genetic alterations. One common mutation in CRC is in the BRAF gene (most commonly V600E substitution). Read More

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Temporal improvements noted in life expectancy of patients with colorectal cancer; a Dutch population-based study.

J Clin Epidemiol 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Department of Research and Development, Comprehensive Netherlands Cancer Organization, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Objective: Specific survival estimates are needed for the increasing number of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors. The aim of this population-based study was to determine conditional loss in expectation of life (LEL) due to CRC.

Study Design And Setting: All surgically treated patients with CRC registered in the Netherlands Cancer Registry with stage I-III between 1990-2016, were included (N=203,216). Read More

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Robotic and laparoscopic liver resection-comparative experiences at a high-volume German academic center.

Langenbecks Arch Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of General, Visceral, Vascular, and Transplant Surgery, University Hospital Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Germany.

Purpose: Minimally invasive liver surgery (MILS) is a feasible and safe procedure for benign and malignant tumors. There has been an ongoing debate on whether conventional laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) or robotic liver resection (RLR) is superior and if one approach should be favored over the other. We started using LLR in 2010, and introduced RLR in 2013. Read More

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Association between CT-Quantified Body Composition and Recurrence, Survival in Nonmetastasis Colorectal Cancer Patients Underwent Regular Chemotherapy after Surgery.

Biomed Res Int 2021 25;2021:6657566. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Gastroenterology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China.

Background: Body mass index, measured at colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis has been associated with recurrence and survival outcomes. Computed tomography- (CT-) defined body compositions accurately reflect body mass, but there was no consistent perspective on the influence of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and skeletal muscle mass (SM) on the prognosis of nonmetastasis CRC, especially in the patients underwent surgery and regularly standard chemotherapy.

Methods: We investigated the associations of CT-quantified body composition (VAT and SM) with CRC patients successively underwent surgery and regular 8-12 of periods standard chemotherapy. Read More

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Systemic Inflammatory Markers of Resectable Colorectal Cancer Patients with Different Mismatch Repair Gene Status.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 30;13:2925-2935. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary & Gastric Medical Oncology, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Institute of Cancer and Basic Medicine (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, 310022, People's Republic of China.

Background: We aimed to assess the differences in gene expression and systemic inflammatory markers in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients with different mismatch repair (MMR) statuses.

Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was used to identify the different expression genes in patients with CRC at different MMR statuses. A total of 208 patients with resectable colorectal cancer, including 104 deficient mismatch repair (dMMR) patients and 104 matched proficient mismatch repair (pMMR) patients, were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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miR-944 Suppresses EGF-Induced EMT in Colorectal Cancer Cells by Directly Targeting GATA6.

Onco Targets Ther 2021 31;14:2311-2325. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery & Hernia and Abdominal Wall Surgery, The First Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, Liaoning, People's Republic of China.

Background: miR-944 belongs to the MicroRNAs family, as shown in our previous study, and is essential in the colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. It is negatively associated with invasion depth and lymph node status. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is essential in tumor invasion and metastasis. Read More

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How do colorectal cancer patients rate their GP: a mixed methods study.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 Apr 8;22(1):67. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Medical Research Centre, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Background: New Zealand (NZ) has a high incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and low rates of early diagnosis. With screening not yet nationwide, the majority of CRC is diagnosed through general practice. A good patient-general practitioner (GP) relationship can facilitate prompt diagnosis, but when there is a breakdown in this relationship, delays can occur. Read More

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Predictive and prognostic biomarkers with therapeutic targets in colorectal cancer: A 2021 update on current development, evidence, and recommendation.

Authors:
Clement Chung

J Oncol Pharm Pract 2021 Apr 9:10781552211005525. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

23530Houston Methodist West Hospital, Houston, TX, USA.

Although therapeutically actionable molecular alterations are widely distributed across many cancer types, only a handful of them show evidence of clinical utility and are recommended for routine clinical practice in the management of cancers of colon and rectum (CRC). This 2021 update aims to provide a succinct summary on the use of prognostic and/or predictive biomarkers (expanded , , microsatellite-high [MSI-H] or deficient mismatch repair [dMMR], neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase [] fusion genes, and human epidermal growth factor receptor type II [] gene amplification) associated with CRC. Therapeutic implications of each relevant predictive or prognostic biomarker for patients with CRC are described, along with discussion on new developments on (1) biomarker-driven therapies such as testing of , promoter methylation and germline genes in differentiating sporadic CRC or hereditary conditions such as Lynch syndrome; (2) first-line use of immune checkpoint inhibitors in metastatic CRC; (3) risk stratification and therapy selection based on primary tumor location (left-sided vs. Read More

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Fluoropyrimdine therapy induced alterations in interleukins expression in colorectal cancer patients.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Dec;35:20587384211008332

Pharmacology and Experimental Oncology Unit, Cancer Biology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo, Egypt.

This study monitored the changes in the expression of inflammatory IL-6 and IL-1β during the treatment period of Fluoropyrimidine (FP) based therapy. RNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of 102 CRC patients before treatment with FP therapy, and from 48 and 32 patients after 3 and 6 months of treatment, respectively. The genetic transcription of IL-6 and IL-1β was determined by real time PCR. Read More

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Nomograms predicting primary lymph node metastases and prognosis for synchronous colorectal liver metastasis with simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer and liver metastases.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: It is necessary to identify valuable predictors of primary lymph node metastasis and prognosis for patients with synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) with simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer (CRC) and liver metastases. This study constructed nomograms especially incorporating preoperative testing markers to predict primary lymph node metastases and prognosis in CRLM patients.

Methods: By the highest Youden index (sensitivity + 1-specificity), the optimal cut-off values of testing markers for postoperative major complications and lymph node metastasis were identified. Read More

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[Mismatch repair protein expression of colorectal cancer: a retrospective analysis of 3 428 cases].

Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;50(4):369-375

Department of Pathology, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital; National Clinical Research Center for Cancer; Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin;Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, China.

To analyze the expression of mismatch repair (MMR) proteins in colorectal cancers (CRC) and to evaluate the feasibility and potential pitfalls of immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis for MMR. The IHC sections for MMR proteins were reviewed in 3 428 cases of resected CRC without neoadjuvant therapy at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from July 2014 to October 2018. For the cases with unclear MMR IHC results during the initial review, IHC staining was repeated and microsatellite instability (MSI) analysis was performed. Read More

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PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint blockade-based combinational treatment: Immunotherapeutic amplification strategies against colorectal cancer.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Apr 5;96:107607. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

School of Medical and Life Sciences/Reproductive & Women-children Hospital, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, Sichuan 611137, PR China. Electronic address:

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumours of the digestive system, and most patients are already in an advanced stage at the time of diagnosis. Moreover, current single-use immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), such as programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitors, are only effective for some advanced CRC patients with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H), and most patients may be unable to benefit from it due to a lack of CD8 T cells in the tumour microenvironment. Additionally, the subtype of CRC has emerged as a factor affecting treatment responses, with immunogenic subtypes carrying a better prognosis. Read More

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Pharmacokinetics of the oral multikinase inhibitor regorafenib and its association with real-world treatment outcomes.

Invest New Drugs 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Division of Metabolism and Biosystemic Science, Gastroenterology, and Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Japan.

Purpose Despite the established activity of regorafenib in metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC), gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), its toxicity profile has limited clinical use. We aimed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of regorafenib and its active metabolites M-2/M-5, and to clarify the relationships between total drug-related exposure and clinical outcomes in real-world practice. Methods Blood samples at steady state were obtained during Cycle 1 from patients treated with regorafenib. Read More

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