226 results match your criteria cpr mandatory


Lean Six Sigma Redesign of a Process for Healthcare Mandatory Education in Basic Life Support-A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 11 6;18(21). Epub 2021 Nov 6.

UCD Centre for Interdisciplinary Research, Education & Innovation in Health Systems, School of Nursing, Midwifery & Health Systems, University College Dublin, D04 V1W8 Dublin, Ireland.

Healthcare staff are required to undertake mandatory training programs to ensure they maintain key clinical competencies. This study was conducted in a private hospital in Ireland, where the processes for accessing mandatory training were found to be highly complex and non-user friendly, resulting in missed training opportunities, specific training license expiration, and underutilized training slots which resulted in lost time for both the trainers and trainees. A pilot study was undertaken to review the process for accessing mandatory training with a focus on the mandatory training program of Basic Life Support (BLS). Read More

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November 2021

Sudden circulatory collapse caused by mechanical obstruction of the left main coronary trunk with infective endocarditis vegetation: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Oct 14;7(1):223. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by mechanical obstruction of the coronary artery with a vegetation is extremely rare but associated with high mortality. The optimal management strategy of this condition remains controversial because of its scarcity. We experienced a case of sudden circulatory collapse due to mechanical occlusion of the left main coronary trunk with a vegetation. Read More

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October 2021

Sildenafil Supplementation for Women Undergoing Infertility Treatments: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

J Clin Med 2021 Sep 24;10(19). Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Padua, 35128 Padua, Italy.

The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to summarize data on the effectiveness of Sildenafil supplementation for women undergoing assisted reproduction techniques. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluates the effects of Sildenafil administration during infertility treatments compared with a control group in infertile women. Outcomes evaluated were endometrial thickness (ETh) and the clinical pregnancy rate (CPR). Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Bystander CPR on Patients with Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests.

J Chin Med Assoc 2021 Oct 4. Epub 2021 Oct 4.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC College of Medicine, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Department of Medical Research, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC Department of Physical Therapy, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC.

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is one of the leading causes of death around the world. Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an independent factor to improve OHCA survival. However, the prevalence of bystander CPR remains low worldwide. Read More

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October 2021

Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation in-hospital cardiac arrest due to acute coronary syndrome.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2021 Jul 26;29(3):311-319. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Koşuyolu High Specialization Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation on survival and neurological outcomes in in-hospital cardiac arrest patients.

Methods: Between January 2018 and December 2020, a total of 22 patients (17 males, 5 females; mean age: 52.8±9. Read More

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Let's train CPR together: mandatory cardiopulmonary resuscitation competencies for undergraduate students in healthcare and education: A step forward to train schoolteachers.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2021 10;38(10):1106-1107

From the Faculty of Education Sciences, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain (CA-G, ), CLINURSID research group, Psychiatry, Radiology, Public Health, Nursing and Medicine Department, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spain (CA-G, AC-F, AR-N), Life Support and Simulation research group, Health Research Institute of Santiago, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela-CHUS, Spain (CA-G, AC-F, AR-N), Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain (SL-G) and Pediatric Critical, Intermediate and Palliative Care Section, Pediatric Department, University Hospital of Santiago de Compostela-CHUS, Spain (AR-N).

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October 2021

[Organ donation: A treatment option in end-of life intensive care?]

Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2021 Aug 20;146(16):1077-1084. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

A newly issued policy statement of the German Medical Association considers organ donation as an integral part of end-of-life intensive care in patients with devastating brain afflictions. Hence, patients' wishes towards organ donation and medical suitability should be evaluated when prognosis is considered futile and goals of treatment need to be reconsidered. Continuation of intensive care treatment towards the (mandatory) diagnosis of "brain death" and subsequently towards organ donation has to be legitimatized by patients' explicit wishes (organ donor card, advanced directive) or by surrogate decisions makers. Read More

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Reliability of mechanical ventilation during continuous chest compressions: a crossover study of transport ventilators in a human cadaver model of CPR.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2021 Jul 28;29(1):102. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Division of General Anaesthesiology, Emergency- and Intensive Care Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 29, 8036, Graz, Austria.

Background: Previous studies have stated that hyperventilation often occurs in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) mainly due to excessive ventilation frequencies, especially when a manual valve bag is used. Transport ventilators may provide mandatory ventilation with predetermined tidal volumes and without the risk of hyperventilation. Nonetheless, interactions between chest compressions and ventilations are likely to occur. Read More

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Characteristics of Restart a Heart 2019 event locations in the UK.

Resusc Plus 2021 Jun 10;6:100132. Epub 2021 May 10.

Resuscitation Council UK 5th Floor Tavistock House North, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9H, UK.

Introduction: Restart a Heart (RSAH) is an annual CPR mass training initiative delivered predominantly by ambulance services in the UK. The aim of this study was to identify to what extent voluntary participation in the 2019 initiative delivered training to the population with the highest need.

Methods: A cross-sectional observational study of location characteristics for RSAH training events conducted by UK ambulance services. Read More

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Impact of community initiatives on non-EMS bystander CPR rates in West Yorkshire between 2014 and 2018.

Resusc Plus 2021 Jun 4;6:100115. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, University of Warwick, UK.

Aim: Bystander CPR rates have steadily increased in England between 2014 and 2018. In West Yorkshire, there have been two important developments during this time. We aimed to describe whether postcode districts (PCDs) with more cumulative annual 'Restart a Heart' (RSAH) and/or Community First Responder (CFR) scheme activity between 2014 and 2018 were associated with greater improvements in non-EMS bystander CPR rates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) when compared with PCDs in the same region with lesser or no such historic activity during the same time period. Read More

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Smartphone apps to support laypersons in bystander CPR are of ambivalent benefit: a controlled trial using medical simulation.

Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2021 Jun 3;29(1):76. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Anaesthesiology, University Medicine Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.

Background: Bystander-initiated resuscitation is essential for surviving out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Smartphone apps can provide real-time guidance for medical laypersons in these situations. Are these apps a beneficial addition to traditional resuscitation training?

Methods: In this controlled trial, we assessed the impact of app use on the quality of resuscitation (hands-off time, assessment of the patient's condition, quality of chest compression, body and arm positioning). Read More

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Death Due to Adrenal Crisis: Case Report and a Review of the Forensic Literature.

Am J Forensic Med Pathol 2021 Dec;42(4):392-396

From the Department of Pathology, State University of New York, Syracuse, NY.

Abstract: Adrenal crisis is a life-threatening manifestation of acute adrenal insufficiency. One of the most important underlying causes is Addison disease (primary adrenal insufficiency).A 42-year-old White woman with a medical history of Addison disease on chronic steroid therapy was admitted to the emergency department due to sustained episodes of cardiopulmonary arrest. Read More

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December 2021

What is the Public Opinion of Advance Care Planning within the Punjabi Sikh Community?

Indian J Palliat Care 2020 Oct-Dec;26(4):411-414. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

Midyorks NHS Trust, Wakefield, England, UK.

Aim: The aim was to gain an understanding of what the United Kingdom (UK) Punjabi Sikh community understands and thinks about advance care planning (ACP). This is in response to evidence showing a lack of service usage by Black, Asian, and Minority Ethnic groups.

Methods: Surveys containing questions about the impressions of terms, advance decisions for care, do-not-attempt-resuscitation, and lasting power of attorney were taken to targeted community groups; these included community day centers, sporting groups, temples, and social media circles. Read More

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November 2020

Life-Saving Procedures Performed While Wearing CBRNe Personal Protective Equipment: A Mannequin Randomized Trial.

Simul Healthc 2021 Jan 8;Publish Ahead of Print. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

From the Department of Medicine (DIMED) (G.M., M.P., C.A., S.S., F.F.), University of Padova, Padova; Venice Emergency Medical Service Operations Center (N.B., D.P.), Venezia; and Istituto di Anestesia e Rianimazione-Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Padova (A.G., P.N.), Padova, Italy.

Introduction: Chemical-biological-radiological-nuclear-explosive (CBRNe) are complex events. Decontamination is mandatory to avoid harm and contain hazardous materials, but can delay care. Therefore, the stabilization of patients in the warm zone seems reasonable, but research is limited. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of Awareness, Knowledge, and Attitudes Towards Basic Life Support Among Non-Medical Students at Two Academic Institutions in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Adv Med Educ Pract 2020 23;11:1015-1021. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Preventive Medicine Resident, Joint Program, Ministry of Health, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Cardiac arrests are a leading cause of mortality in Saudi Arabia. Prompt and quick intervention using early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be a life-saving strategy. Sufficient knowledge and awareness regarding CPR are important in initial care, particularly during an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Read More

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December 2020

[Evaluation of the project for the introduction of bystander resuscitation in schools in North Rhine-Westphalia].

Anaesthesist 2021 05 26;70(5):383-391. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Klinik für Anästhesiologie, Medizinische Fakultät, RWTH Aachen University, Uniklinik RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstr. 30, 52074, Aachen, Deutschland.

Background: Teaching of resuscitation measures is not mandatory in all schools in Germany. It is currently limited to individual, partly mandatory projects despite a low bystander resuscitation rate. For this reason, the Ministry for Schools and Education of North Rhine-Westphalia initiated the project "Bystander resuscitation at schools in NRW" in March 2017. Read More

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Perioperative anaphylaxis in children: A report from the Wake-Up Safe collaborative.

Paediatr Anaesth 2021 02 4;31(2):205-212. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA.

Background: Anaphylactic reactions to antigens in the perioperative environment are uncommon, but they have a potential to lead to serious morbidity and/or mortality. The incidence of anaphylactic reactions is 1:37 000 pediatric anesthetics, and substantially less than the 1:10 000 to 1:20 000 incidence in the adult population. Neuromuscular blocking agents, latex, and antibiotics are the most frequently cited triggers. Read More

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February 2021

Hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for schoolchildren: A comparison study among different class groups.

Turk J Emerg Med 2020 Oct-Dec;20(4):186-192. Epub 2020 Oct 7.

Department of Emergency Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background And Aim: Up to 70% of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests are witnessed by family members, friends, and other bystanders. These bystanders can play a vital role in delivering help, before professional help arrives. Mandatory nationwide training of schoolchildren has shown the highest impact in improving the bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rate. Read More

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October 2020

Mandatory cardiopulmonary resuscitation competencies for undergraduate healthcare students in Europe: A European Resuscitation Council guidance note.

Eur J Anaesthesiol 2020 10;37(10):839-841

From the Section of Cardiology, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Pavia (EB), Cardiac Intensive Care Unit, Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology and Experimental Cardiology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo (EB), Division of Cardiology, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo (SS), AREU Azienda Regionale Emergenza Urgenza - AAT Pavia C/O Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy (EC), Emergency Department, Calderdale Royal Hospital, Halifax (AL), School of Nursing, Midwifery & Social Work, The University of Manchester, Manchester (PC), Resuscitation for Medical Disciplines, University of Birmingham & Sandwell and West Birmingham NHS Trust, Birmingham, UK (JH), Department of Emergency Medicine, 'Grigore T. Popa' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Iasi, Romania (DC), Paediatric Emergency Department, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK (IM), Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Hospital of Cologne, Köln, Germany (BWB), Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Bern University Hospital, Bern, Switzerland (RG) and School of Medicine, Sigmund Freud University Vienna, Vienna, Austria (RG).

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October 2020

Recommendations for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) of patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19.

Braz J Anesthesiol 2020 Jun 13. Epub 2020 Jun 13.

Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (SBC), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.

The care for patients suffering from cardiopulmonary arrest in a context of a COVID-19 pandemic has particularities that should be highlighted. The following recommendations from the Brazilian Association of Emergency Medicine (ABRAMEDE), the Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC) and the Brazilian Association of Intensive Medicine (AMIB) and the Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA), associations and societies official representatives of specialties affiliated to the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB), aim to guide the various assistant teams, in a context of little solid evidence, maximizing the protection of teams and patients. It is essential to wear full Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for aerosols during the care of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and it is imperative to consider and treat the potential causes in these patients, especially hypoxia and arrhythmias caused by changes in the QT interval or myocarditis. Read More

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The understanding and recall of school children in Mumbai in compression only life support cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Indian J Anaesth 2020 Jun 1;64(6):501-506. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Saifee Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background And Aims: Out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Increased bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is observed in regions where school CPR training has been mandatory and led to reduced mortality by OHCA. We would like to explore the feasibility of teaching compression only life support (COLS) CPR to Indian school children through the following objectives determining their understanding of theoretical knowledge after a training session in the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists' (ISA) COLS protocol and reviewing the information recall three months later. Read More

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Basic Life Support: Need of the Hour-A Study on the Knowledge of Basic Life Support among Young Doctors in India.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2020 May;24(5):332-335

Department of Emergency Medicine, Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur, Kerala, India.

Introduction: Knowledge about basic life support (BLS) is mandatory for healthcare professionals. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge among medical students who have completed their MBBS course and have enrolled for internship.

Materials And Methods: A questionnaire pertaining to BLS before and after the BLS workshop (pretest and posttest 1) was distributed among the 50 participants consented for the study. Read More

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Mandatory CPR teaching in Welsh schools: missed opportunity?

Emerg Med J 2020 10 10;37(10):655. Epub 2020 Jul 10.

School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

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October 2020

Cardiac arrest as a reportable condition: a cohort study of the first 6 years of the Norwegian out-of-hospital cardiac arrest registry.

BMJ Open 2020 07 8;10(7):e038133. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Division of Prehospital Services, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Objectives: The Norwegian Cardiac Arrest Registry (NorCAR) was established in 2013 when cardiac arrest became a mandatory reportable condition. The aim of this cohort study is to describe how the world's first mandatory, population-based cardiac arrest registry evolved during its first 6 years.

Setting: Norway has a total population of 5. Read More

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Position Statement: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation of Patients with Confirmed or Suspected COVID-19 - 2020.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2020 06 3;114(6):1078-1087. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Hospital Alberto Urquiza Wanderley, João Pessoa, PB, Brasil.

Care for patients with cardiac arrest in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has several unique aspects that warrant particular attention. This joint position statement by the Brazilian Association of Emergency Medicine (ABRAMEDE), Brazilian Society of Cardiology (SBC), Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine (AMIB), and Brazilian Society of Anesthesiology (SBA), all official societies representing the corresponding medical specialties affiliated with the Brazilian Medical Association (AMB), provides recommendations to guide health care workers in the current context of limited robust evidence, aiming to maximize the protection of staff and patients alike. It is essential that full aerosol precautions, which include wearing appropriate personal protective equipment, be followed during resuscitation. Read More

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Recruiting Medical Students for a First Responder Project in the Social Age: Direct Contact Still Outperforms Social Media.

Emerg Med Int 2020 1;2020:9438560. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Bern University Hospital and University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Introduction: Efficient recruitment of first responders (FRs) is crucial for long-term success of any FR project. FRs are laypersons who are trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), medical professionals, and firemen, police officers, and other professions with a duty of help. As social media are widely used for rapid communication, we carried out a prospective observational study to test the hypothesis that recruitment of FRs via social media is more efficient than recruitment via direct face-to-face contact. Read More

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The impact of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training on schoolchildren and their CPR knowledge, attitudes toward CPR, and willingness to help others and to perform CPR: mixed methods research design.

BMC Public Health 2020 Jun 12;20(1):915. Epub 2020 Jun 12.

Angela Boškin Faculty of Health Care, Spodnji Plavž 3, SI-4270, Jesenice, Slovenia.

Background: The benefits of cardiopulmonary resuscitation training for schoolchildren are well known, but the appropriate age for introducing training is still being discussed. This is a very important issue, since out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is a major public health concern. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of implemented cardiopulmonary resuscitation training on the knowledge of schoolchildren in the last three grades of Slovenian elementary schools and theirs willingness, attitudes, and intentions toward helping others and performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Read More

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From paper to paperless: Do electronic systems ensure safe and effective communication and documentation of DNACPR decisions?

Clin Med (Lond) 2020 05;20(3):329-333

King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Introduction: An electronic resuscitation system, implemented in 2015, within electronic patient records (EPR) at King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust was studied, aiming to review and improve decision documentation and communication.

Method: The study (January 2018 - June 2018) included all gerontology inpatients with electronic do not attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation (e-DNACPR) decisions. Cases were identified weekly, followed by retrospective analysis of discharges. Read More

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Recent high school graduates support mandatory cardiopulmonary resuscitation education in Australian high schools.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2020 Jun 4;44(3):215-218. Epub 2020 May 4.

School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University Joondalup, Western Australia.

Objective: To evaluate recent high school graduates' opinions on mandatory cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training in the high school curriculum as a solution to improving bystander CPR rates.

Methods: Participants completed questionnaires assessing their CPR training history during their high school education, their willingness to learn CPR during their high school years and their opinion on making CPR training mandatory for high school curricula.

Results: Of the 178 participants in this study, 60% had undertaken CPR training during their high school education. Read More

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A National Survey on Physician Trainee Participation in Pediatric Interfacility Transport.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2020 03;21(3):222-227

Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Objectives: To ascertain the national experience regarding which physician trainees are allowed to participate in pediatric interfacility transports and what is considered adequate education and training for physician trainees prior to participating in the transport of children.

Design: Self-administered electronic survey.

Setting: Pediatric transport teams listed with the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Transport Medicine. Read More

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