33,748 results match your criteria cpr


Peer video feedback builds basic life support skills: A randomized controlled non-inferiority trial.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254923. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Medical Faculty, AIXTRA-Competency Center for Training and Patient Safety, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.

Introduction: Training Basic Life Support saves lives. However, current BLS training approaches are time-consuming and costly. Alternative cost-efficient and effective training methods are highly needed. Read More

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Sports safety matting diminishes cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and increases rescuer perceived exertion.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254800. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, Leeds, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom.

Objectives: Compliant surfaces beneath a casualty diminish the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in clinical environments. To examine this issue in a sporting environment, we assessed chest compression quality and rescuer exertion upon compliant sports safety matting.

Methods: Twenty-seven advanced life support providers volunteered (13 male/14 female; mass = 79. Read More

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Immediate Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation to Sudden Cardiac Arrest During Sports is Associated with Improved Survival-a Video Analysis.

Sports Med Open 2021 Jul 22;7(1):50. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Heart Centre, Amsterdam University Medical Centre, AMC, Meibergdreef 9, 1105, AZ, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) during sports can be the first symptom of yet undetected cardiovascular conditions. Immediate chest compressions and early defibrillation offer SCA victims the best chance of survival, which requires prompt bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

Aims: To determine the effect of rapid bystander CPR to SCA during sports by searching for and analyzing videos of these SCA/SCD events from the internet. Read More

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Visual attention during pediatric resuscitation with feedback devices: a randomized simulation study.

Pediatr Res 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Divison of Neonatology, Pediatric Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Comprehensive Center for Pediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of feedback devices on visual attention and the quality of pediatric resuscitation.

Methods: This was a randomized cross-over simulation study at the Medical University of Vienna. Participants were students and neonatal providers performing four resuscitation scenarios with the support of feedback devices randomized. Read More

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Education on cardiac risk and CPR in cardiology clinic waiting rooms: a randomised clinical trial.

Heart 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Westmead Applied Research Centre, The University of Sydney, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: Waiting time is inevitable during cardiovascular (CV) care. This study examines whether waiting room-based CV education could complement CV care.

Methods: A 2:1 randomised clinical trial of patients in waiting rooms of hospital cardiology clinics. Read More

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Thoracic diameters and cardiopulmonary resuscitation-related injuries.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Aug;75(8):e14202

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Health Sciences, Hamidiye Sisli EtfalTraining and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

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Partnering with survivors & families to determine research priorities for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A James Lind Alliance Priority Setting Partnership.

Resusc Plus 2021 Sep 7;7:100148. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Research priority setting in health care has historically been done by expert health care providers and researchers and has not involved patients, family or the public. Survivors & family members have been particularly absent from this process in the field of resuscitation research and specifically adult out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). As such, we sought to conduct a priority setting exercise in partnership with survivors, lay responders and their families in order to ensure that their priorities were visible. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of Advanced Airway Management by Paramedics During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest on Chest Compression Fraction and Return of Spontaneous Circulation.

Open Access Emerg Med 2021 12;13:305-310. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Emergency and Disaster Medicine, University of Toyama, Toyama, Japan.

Purpose: To obtain effective systemic blood flow and coronary perfusion by chest compressions during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is recommended that the interruption time of chest compressions be kept to a minimum, and that the chest compression fraction (CCF) should be kept high. In this study, we examined the effects of advanced airway management by paramedics in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) cases on CCF and on return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) before arrival at the hospital.

Participants And Methods: A total of 283 adult, non-traumatic OHCA cases who were in cardiopulmonary arrest at the time of EMS contact between April 2015 and March 2017 were registered for this study. Read More

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Sustained Inflation During Chest Compression: A New Technique of Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation That Improves Recovery and Survival in a Pediatric Porcine Model.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Jul 21:e019136. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Neonatal Research Unit, Centre for the Studies of Asphyxia and Resuscitation Royal Alexandra Hospital Edmonton Alberta Canada.

Background Chest compression (CC) during sustained inflations (CC+SI) compared with CC with asynchronized ventilation (CCaV) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in asphyxiated pediatric piglets will reduce time to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Methods and Results Piglets (20-23 days of age, weighing 6.2-10. Read More

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Pandemic Hospitals and Re-organizing Emergency Departments.

Turk J Med Sci 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Emergency departments have always been the first point of contact for hospitals in many situations, including man-made and natural disasters. The first places where patients with symptoms of COVID-19 were met in health institutions were also emergency departments. Emergency departments play an important role in diagnosing the disease and isolating patients (by hospitalization if necessary). Read More

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The role of the brain-sparing effect of growth-restricted fetuses in newborn germinal matrix/intraventricular hemorrhage.

J Perinat Med 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Erciyes University Medicine Faculty, Kayseri, Turkey.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of the brain-sparing effect (BSE) of fetal growth restriction (FGR) in newborn germinal matrix/intraventricular hemorrhage (GM/IVH).

Methods: A total of 320 patients who delivered prior to the 34th gestational week were analyzed from data records. 201 patients were divided into two groups according to cerebro-placental ratio (CPR): early fetal growth restriction (FGR) with abnormal CPR group (n=104) and appropriate for gestational age with normal Doppler group (control) (n=97). Read More

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Evaluating Quality, Usability, Evidence-Based Content, and Gamification Features in Mobile Learning Apps Designed to Teach Children Basic Life Support: Systematic Search in App Stores and Content Analysis.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Jul 20;9(7):e25437. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Faculty of Medicine, University of Maribor, Maribor, Slovenia.

Background: Globally, 3.7 million people die of sudden cardiac death annually. Following the World Health Organization endorsement of the Kids Save Lives statements, initiatives to train school-age children in basic life support (BLS) have been widespread. Read More

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Prediction of Neurological Outcomes in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors Immediately after Return of Spontaneous Circulation: Ensemble Technique with Four Machine Learning Models.

J Korean Med Sci 2021 Jul 19;36(28):e187. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Medicine and Institute of Medical & Biological Engineering, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Background: We performed this study to establish a prediction model for 1-year neurological outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) immediately after ROSC using machine learning methods.

Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of an OHCA survivor registry. Patients aged ≥ 18 years were included. Read More

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Predicting Adverse Outcomes in Monochorionic-Diamniotic Twins: The Role of Intertwin Discrepancy in Middle Cerebral Artery Doppler Measurements and the Cerebroplacental Ratio.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Objective:  This study was aimed to evaluate the role of intertwin discrepancy in middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity (MCA-PSV) and cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) for the prediction of adverse outcomes in monochorionic-diamniotic (MCDA) twin pregnancies.

Study Design:  A retrospective cohort study of MCDA pregnancies that underwent ultrasound surveillance at a perinatal referral center from 2007 to 2017. Intertwin MCA-PSV discrepancy (MCA-Δ) was defined as the absolute difference of MCA-PSV multiple of the median (MoM) for gestational age between twins. Read More

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Evaluating Effectiveness of YouTube Videos for Teaching Medical Students CPR: Solution to Optimizing Clinician Educator Workload during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 07 2;18(13). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Emergency and Disaster Medicine, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki 036-8562, Japan.

(1) Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of using a pre-existing video on CPR to support preclinical resuscitation education for medical students; (2) Methods: In total, 129 students selected to learn CPR using a pre-existing YouTube video or the conventional screencast video by their university faculties. All students responded to the pre- and post-training multiple-choice questionnaire on the basic knowledge of CPR, and, based on their responses, an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to assess the comparability of effectiveness across learning modalities. (3) Results: Among the students, 49 (38. Read More

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Analysis of Physiological Response during Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with Personal Protective Equipment: A Randomized Crossover Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 2;18(13). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

CLINURSID Research Group, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

The use of personal protective equipment (PPE) is required for the self-protection of healthcare workers during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients at risk of aerosol transmission of infectious agents. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of personal protective equipment on physiological parameters during CPR. A randomized, quasi-experimental, crossover design was used. Read More

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The Diagnostic Ability of the Cerebroplacental Ratio for the Prediction of Adverse Perinatal Outcome and Intrapartum Fetal Compromise within One Day of Delivery.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 Jul 19:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Servicio de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Hospital Universitario y Politécnico La Fe, Valencia, Spain.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic abilities of the cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) for the prediction of adverse perinatal outcome (APO) and cesarean section for intrapartum fetal compromise (CS-IFC) within 1 day of delivery.

Design: Retrospective observational case-control study.

Methods: This was a study of 254 high-risk fetuses attending the day hospital unit of a tertiary referral hospital that underwent an ultrasound examination at 32-41 weeks and gave birth within 1 day of examination. Read More

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The COVID-19 pandemic and its global effects on dental practice. An international survey.

J Dent 2021 Jul 16:103749. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Bundeswehr Medical Service Headquarters, Koblenz, Germany.

Objectives: A multicentre survey was designed to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on dental practice worldwide, estimate the COVID-19 related symptoms/signs, work attitudes and behaviour and the routine use of protective measures and personal protective equipment (PPE).

Methods: A global survey using a standardized questionnaire with research groups from 36 countries was designed. The questionnaire was developed and pretested during April 2020 and contained three domains: 1) personal data; 2) COVID-19 positive rate and symptoms/signs presumably related to the coronavirus; 3) working conditions and PPE adopted after the outbreak. Read More

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The fetal cerebroplacental ratio in pregnancies complicated by hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Centre for Maternal and Fetal Medicine, Mater Mother's Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Hypertensive disorder in pregnancy is common and the optimal ultrasound surveillance of the fetus in this setting is unclear.

Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between the fetal cerebroplacental ratio (CPR) and perinatal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by maternal hypertension.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed over ten years at a single centre. Read More

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Routine ketorolac at oocyte retrieval decreases postoperative narcotic use by more than 50.

F S Rep 2021 Jun 10;2(2):156-160. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 330 Brookline Ave, Boston, Massachusetts.

Objective: To study the impact of routine ketorolac administration during oocyte retrieval on the proportion of patients who require postoperative narcotics for analgesia.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Single, university-affiliated infertility clinic. Read More

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Liver Dysfunction Associated With In-Hospital Mortality in Adult Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Support.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Jul 13;3(7):e0484. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenator support is a powerful clinical tool that is currently enjoying a resurgence in popularity. Wider use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenator support is limited by its significant risk profile and extreme consumption of resources. This study examines the role of markers of liver dysfunction in predicting outcomes of adult patients requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenator support. Read More

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Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation-Induced Hardware Failure After Surgical Stabilization of Flail Chest.

Cureus 2021 Jun 9;13(6):e15549. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Surgery, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

Flail chest occurs when three or more ribs have concurrent fractures in two or more places. Flail chest is a marker of injury severity and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The management of flail chest includes multiple nonoperative components in addition to surgical stabilization, which has been shown to lower mortality rates to those of multiple rib fractures with a stable chest wall (i. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and immunotherapy in locally resectable advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Jun;13(6):3518-3528

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.

Background: Esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) patients with the potentially resectable disease most would experience relapse after surgery. Immunotherapy has been reported to improve the prognosis of advanced esophageal cancer and may be a new strategy to prevent this urgent condition's recurrence. We first evaluated the efficacy and safety of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy in patients with resectable ESCC. Read More

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New volumetric capnography-derived parameter: a potentially valuable tool for detecting hyperventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a porcine model.

J Thorac Dis 2021 Jun;13(6):3467-3477

Emergency Department, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Background: Volumetric capnography is increasingly being applied in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the abnormal ventilation state affects the monitoring effect of the most commonly used capnography-derived parameter, the partial carbon dioxide end-tidal pressure (PetCO). In this study, we evaluated the ability of a new volumetric capnography-derived parameter, the ratio between the PetCO and the volume of carbon dioxide (CO) eliminated per min and per kilogram of body weight, for detecting hyperventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Read More

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The Value of Extracellular Cold-Inducible RNA-Binding Protein (eCIRP) in Predicting the Severity and Prognosis of Patients After Cardiac Arrest: A Preliminary Observational Study.

Shock 2021 Aug;56(2):229-236

Department of Emergency, First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China.

Background: Extracellular cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (eCIRP) acting as a novel damage-associated molecular pattern molecule promotes systemic inflammatory responses, including neuroinflammation in cerebral ischemia. We aimed to observe the changes of serum eCIRP and evaluate whether the increased serum eCIRP was associated with the severity and prognosis in patients with restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC).

Methods: A total of 73 patients after ROSC were divided into non-survivor (n = 48) and survivor (n = 25) groups based on 28-day survival. Read More

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Evaluation of Autonomous Actions on Bystander-Initiated Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Public Access Defibrillation in Tokyo.

Int Heart J 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Acute Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo.

The frequencies of autonomous bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and public access defibrillation have not yet been clarified. We aimed to evaluate the frequency of autonomous actions by citizens not having a duty to act.This retrospective observational study included patients who suffered an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in Tokyo between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2017. Read More

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Quantitative determination of vivianite in sewage sludge by a phosphate extraction protocol validated by PXRD, SEM-EDS, and P NMR spectroscopy towards efficient vivianite recovery.

Water Res 2021 Jul 7;202:117411. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Physics, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Southern Denmark, 5230 Odense M, Denmark. Electronic address:

Vivianite (Fe(PO)⋅8HO) is a potential phosphorus (P) recovery product from wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, routine methods for quantification of vivianite bound P (vivianite-P) are needed to establish the link between vivianite formation and operating conditions, as current approaches require specialized instrumentation (Mössbauer or synchrotron). This study modified a conventional sequential P extraction protocol by insertion of an extraction step (0. Read More

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The Association Between Functional Status and Health-Related Quality of Life Following Discharge from the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

Neurocrit Care 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Pediatric Critical Care and Neurotrauma Recovery Program, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA.

Background: Despite one third of children with acquired brain injury (ABI) experiencing new functional impairments following critical care admission, there is limited research investigating the impact of new functional impairments on overall health-related quality of life (HRQOL) or among important HRQOL domains. We aimed to investigate the association between new functional impairments, measured by the Functional Status Scale (FSS), and HRQOL in pediatric patients with ABI after critical care.

Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of a prospective observational study of 275 children aged 2 months to 18 years with ABI. Read More

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