2,988 results match your criteria covid-19 restrictions

Impact of Nonpharmaceutical Interventions on ICU Admissions During Lockdown for Coronavirus Disease 2019 in New Zealand-A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Crit Care Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cardiothoracic and Vascular ICU (CVICU), Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. Medical Research Institute of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand. ANZIC-Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. School of Nursing, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Objectives: Nonpharmaceutical interventions are implemented internationally to mitigate the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 with the aim to reduce coronavirus disease 2019-related deaths and to protect the health system, particularly intensive care facilities from being overwhelmed. The aim of this study is to describe the impact of nonpharmaceutical interventions on ICU admissions of non-coronavirus disease 2019-related patients.

Design: Retrospective cohort study. Read More

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The impact of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on referral characteristics in a national tertiary spinal injuries unit.

Ir J Med Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

National Spinal Injuries Unit, Mater Misericordiae University Hospital, Eccles Street, Dublin 7, Ireland.

Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has had profound implications on healthcare institutions.

Aims: This study aims to assess and compare referral patterns during COVID-19 to corresponding dates for the preceding 3 years (2017-2019), in order to preemptively coordinate the logistics of the surgical unit for similar future experiences.

Methods: Retrospective review for our institution, a national tertiary referral centre for spine pathology. Read More

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Weather, mental health, and mobility during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Health Econ 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Economics, University of Essex, UK.

During the first United Kingdom wave of the COVID-19 outbreak, the first lockdown was announced on March 23, 2020, with a final easing of the restrictions on July 4, 2020. Among the most important public health costs of lockdown restrictions are the potential adverse effects on mental health and physical activity. Using data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study and Google COVID-19 Mobility Reports we find evidence of reduced park mobility during the initial period of the first UK lockdown and confirm existing evidence of worsening mental health. Read More

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Giving birth during the COVID-19 pandemic, perspectives from a sample of the United States birthing persons during the first wave: March-June 2020.

Birth 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Wellspan, York Hospital, York, PA, USA.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forced hospitals in the United States to adjust policy and procedure in order to provide safe care and prevent the spread of disease. At the beginning of the pandemic, media and case reports described pressure for medical interventions, visitor restrictions, separation from newborns, and an increase in patient demand for community birth (home and birth center). The purpose of this study was to describe birth experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic centering the birthing person's perspective. Read More

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The impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions on COVID-19 epidemic growth in the 37 OECD member states.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Evidence-Based Public Health Unit, Centre for International Health Protection, Robert Koch Institute, Nordufer 20, 13353, Berlin, Germany.

We estimated the impact of a comprehensive set of non-pharmeceutical interventions on the COVID-19 epidemic growth rate across the 37 member states of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic and between October and December 2020. For this task, we conducted a data-driven, longitudinal analysis using a multilevel modelling approach with both maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation. We found that during the early phase of the epidemic: implementing restrictions on gatherings of more than 100 people, between 11 and 100 people, and 10 people or less was associated with a respective average reduction of 2. Read More

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Reductions of migrant population reduces the number of COVID-19 epidemic: a case study in China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, No. 38, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing City, 100191, China.

The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) broke out worldwide in 2020. The purpose of this paper was to find out the impact of migrant population on the epidemic, aiming to provide data support and suggestions for control measures in various epidemic areas. Generalized additive model was utilized to model the relationship between migrant population and the cumulative number of confirmed cases of COVID-19. Read More

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Telehealth and Autism Prior to and in the Age of COVID-19: A Systematic and Critical Review of the Last Decade.

Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, 236 Audubon Hall, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803, USA.

There has been growing interest in the use of telehealth; however, the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent isolation and restrictions placed on in-person services have fast-tracked implementation needs for these services. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been particularly affected due to the often-intensive service needs required by this population. As a result, the aim of this review was to examine the evidence base, methodology, and outcomes of studies that have used telehealth for assessment and/or intervention with children and adolescents with ASD as well as their families over the last decade. Read More

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Closer to or further from the new normal? business approach through social media analysis.

Heliyon 2021 May 25;7(5):e07106. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Audiovisual Communication and Advertising, Faculty of Communication Sciences, Universidad de Málaga, 29071, Malaga, Spain.

The outbreak of COVID-19 has led to radical change in all social and economic spheres and, even today, the scope of the pandemic cannot be detailed. This unprecedent situation is challenging the global world but particularly for business. The packages of measures internationally imposed as restrictions on commercial activity, isolation and social distancing mean that business should face a transformation in order to survive in each stage of the crisis. Read More

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Framework for Solid-Organ Transplantation During COVID-19 Pandemic in Europe.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 4;14:2421-2433. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

General, Visceral, and Transplant Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Introduction: Since the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on solid-organ transplantation (SOT) is unclear, an online survey on the specific framework of leading European transplant centers (n=155) in 31 European countries was conducted between April 24 and May 15, 2020.

Methods: A questionnaire was designed to collect information on restrictions on SOT, protective measures,(non)governmental information policies, and individual opinions on how to deal with SOT during COVID-19.

Results: The response rate was 37. Read More

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Forecasting the spread of COVID-19 using LSTM network.

BMC Bioinformatics 2021 Jun 10;22(Suppl 6):316. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Laboratory for Medical Science Mathematics, RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan.

Background: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and within a few months, it has become a global pandemic. This forced many affected countries to take stringent measures such as complete lockdown, shutting down businesses and trade, as well as travel restrictions, which has had a tremendous economic impact. Therefore, having knowledge and foresight about how a country might be able to contain the spread of COVID-19 will be of paramount importance to the government, policy makers, business partners and entrepreneurs. Read More

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Prevalence of COVID-19 in Iran: results of the first survey of the Iranian COVID-19 Serological Surveillance program.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Osteoporosis Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 in the general population of Iran.

Methods: The target population was all Iranian people aged six years and older in the country. A stratified random sampling design was used to select 28,314 subjects from among the individuals registered in the electronic health record systems used in primary health care in Iran. Read More

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Belief and adherence to COVID 19-lockdown restrictions in patients with asthma versus other chronic diseases: results from a cross-sectional survey nested in the ComPaRe e-cohort, in France.

J Asthma 2021 Jun 10:1-11. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Center for Clinical Investigation CIC-1425, Inserm, AP-HP Hôpital Bichat, F-75018 Paris, France.

Asthma patients are under-represented among patients with COVID-19. Their behavior during lockdown and associated restrictions is unknown, as well as whether it was influenced by coexistent cardiovascular conditions. We conducted a cross-sectional survey in May 2020, in France, nested in ComPaRe, an e-cohort of adults with chronic diseases. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 lockdown on dengue transmission in Sri Lanka; A natural experiment for understanding the influence of human mobility.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 10;15(6):e0009420. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Ministry of Health, Colombo, 01000, Sri Lanka.

Background: Dengue is one of the major public health problems in Sri Lanka. Its outbreak pattern depends on a multitude of drivers, including human mobility. Here we evaluate the impact of COVID-19 related mobility restriction (lockdown) on the risk of dengue in Sri Lanka. Read More

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Emergent Admissions to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit in the Setting of COVID-19 Pandemic-related, State-mandated Restrictions: Clinical Decision Making and Outcomes.

Neurodiagn J 2021 Jun 10:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of NeurologyUniversity of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the state of Texas-limited elective procedures to conserve beds and personal protective equipment (PPE); therefore, between March 22 and May 18, 2020, admission to the epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) was limited only to urgent and emergent cases. We evaluated clinical characteristics and outcomes of these patients who were admitted to the EMU. Nineteen patients were admitted (one patient twice) with average age of 36. Read More

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Infectious agents including COVID-19 and the involvement of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis. A narrative review.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 May;25(10):3886-3897

Department of Medical Science and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Objective: Platelets, blood coagulation along with fibrinolysis are greatly involved in the pathophysiology of infectious diseases induced by bacteria, parasites and virus. This phenomenon is not surprising since both the innate immunity and the hemostatic systems are two ancestral mechanisms which closely cooperate favoring host's defense against foreign invaders. However, the excessive response of these systems may be dangerous for the host itself. Read More

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Initial assessment of framework for delivery of elective orthopaedic surgery in the United Kingdom following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Musculoskelet Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Trauma and Orthopaedics Department, Goole and District Hospital, Goole, DN14 6RX, England, UK.

Purpose: In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, a framework for safe provision of elective orthopaedic surgery must be developed in order to restore and maintain activity. The aim of this study was to explore patient attitudes to surgery and theatre efficiency as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and assess a potential framework for the delivery of such services.

Methods: Prospectively collected data on theatre timings and procedures completed per session used to assess theatre efficiency comparing June 2019 to June 2020. Read More

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The trade-off between mobility and vaccination for COVID-19 control: a metapopulation modelling approach.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Jun 2;8(6):202240. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Instituto de Matemáticas, Campus Juriquilla, 76230, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Quéretaro, Mexico.

November 2020 received a string of encouraging results from leading vaccine developers raising hopes for the imminent availability of an effective and safe vaccine against the SARS-CoV-2. In the present work, we discuss the theoretical impact of introducing a vaccine across a range of scenarios. In particular, we investigate how vaccination coverage, efficacy and delivery time affect the control of the transmission dynamics in comparison to mobility restrictions. Read More

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Academic and emotional effects of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic on engineering students.

Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) 2021 Jun 5:1-28. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Pedagogy, Universitat Rovira i Virgili Ctra. de Valls, 43007 Tarragona, Spain.

The unprecedented situation of the COVID-19 pandemic has caused the closure of universities worldwide and has forced the transition to online learning. This exceptional context compels us to understand students' experience with online learning. Previous literature identifies relevant factors that intervene in the online education experience and can affect students' academic development. Read More

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COVID-19 Pandemic Decision Support System for an Appropriate Population Defense Strategy and Vaccination Effectiveness.

Saf Sci 2021 Jun 5:105370. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Environmental Physics and Meteorology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Panepistimioupolis, Bldg PHYS-V, GR-157 84 Athens, Greece.

The year 2020 ended with a significant COVID-19 pandemic, which traumatized almost many countries where the lockdowns were restored, and numerous emotional social protests erupted. According to the World Health Organization, the global epidemiological situation in the first months of 2021 deteriorated. In this paper, the decision-making supporting system (DMSS) is proposed to be an epidemiological prediction tool. Read More

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Pursuing breath research in unprecedented circumstances - Report from the Breath Biopsy Conference 2020.

J Breath Res 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Sensory Analytics, Fraunhofer IVV, Giggenhauser Strasse 35, Freising, 85354, GERMANY.

The global outbreak of Sars-CoV-2 commencing early in 2020 had a dramatic impact on breath research, imposing abrupt restrictions but also presenting unforeseen opportunities. Taking place against the background of the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020 Breath Biopsy Conference provided the breath research community with a platform to showcase and discuss the latest findings, including COVID-19 related research. As with most conferences under the present circumstance, it differed from its predecessor meetings by shifting to a virtual format, but retained its broad scope and interactive nature. Read More

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Reduction of pediatric emergency visits during the COVID-19 pandemic in a region with open preschools and schools.

Acta Paediatr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Sachs' Children and Youth Hospital at Södersjukhuset, Stockholm, Sweden.

Previous studies have reported a reduction in pediatric emergency visits for communicable diseases during the COVID-19 pandemic, which has been related to the use of face masks and school closures. As Sweden imposed less strict restrictions as compared to most countries we aimed to assess the effect of the behavioral changes, however without school closures and general usage of face masks in the society, on the spread of communicable diseases in children. We calculated cumulative incidences of pediatric emergency visits for lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs), gastroenteritis and as a control diagnosis urinary tract infections (UTIs) comparing 2020 with 2018-2019. Read More

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The Role of Virtual Physical Therapy in a Post Pandemic World - Pearls, Pitfalls, Challenges, and Adaptations.

Phys Ther 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Hospital for Special Surgery New York, NY.

Objective: To keep patients healthy and safe during the pandemic, payers and the Federal Government temporarily relaxed restrictions, expanded the eligible provider list for providing telehealth services, and developed a reimbursement structure. Physical therapists were uniquely challenged during the pandemic, requiring a reassessment of techniques and strategies in order to best support patients. The purpose of this case report is to describe a musculoskeletal institution's experience with implementing telehealth physical therapy. Read More

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Building Primary-School Children's Resilience through a Web-Based Interactive Learning Environment: Quasi-Experimental Pre-Post Study.

JMIR Pediatr Parent 2021 Jun 9;4(2):e27958. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Dyslexia Centers Limassol, Limassol, Cyprus.

Background: Resilience is a person's mental ability to deal with challenging situations adaptively and is a crucial stress management skill. Psychological resilience and finding ways to cope in crises is a highly relevant topic considering the COVID-19 pandemic, which enforced quarantine, social distancing measures, and school closures worldwide. Parents and children are currently living with increased stress due to COVID-19. Read More

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Consumer Views on Health Applications of Consumer Digital Data and Health Privacy Among US Adults: Qualitative Interview Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 06 9;23(6):e29395. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States.

Background: In 2020, the number of internet users surpassed 4.6 billion. Individuals who create and share digital data can leave a trail of information about their habits and preferences that collectively generate a digital footprint. Read More

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Best Foot Forward Leg Club-coping with COVID-19 restrictions on care.

Br J Community Nurs 2021 06;26(Sup6):S39

Tissue Viability Consultant Nurse; Director of Wound Care Consultancy Ltd.

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Alcohol use among young Australian adults in May-June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective cohort study.

Addiction 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Australia.

Aims: To estimate change in young people's alcohol consumption during COVID-19 restrictions in Australia in early-mid 2020, and test whether those changes were consistent by gender and level of consumption prior to the pandemic.

Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort SETTING: Secondary schools in New South Wales, Tasmania, and Western Australia.

Participants: Subsample of a cohort (n=443) recruited in the first year of secondary school in 2010-11. Read More

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Identifying Biomarkers for Biological Age: Geroscience and the ICFSR Task Force.

J Frailty Aging 2021 ;10(3):196-201

Nathan K. LeBrasseur, Robert and Arlene Kogod Center on Aging and Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA,

The International Conference on Frailty and Sarcopenia Research Task Force met in March 2020, in the shadow of the COVID-19 pandemic, to discuss strategies for advancing the interdisciplinary field of geroscience. Geroscience explores biological mechanisms of aging as targets for intervention that may delay the physiological consequences of aging, maintain function, and prevent frailty and disability. Priorities for clinical practice and research include identifying and validating a range of biomarkers of the hallmarks of aging. Read More

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Changes in motor function in Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients after travel restrictions due to COVID-19.

Muscle Nerve 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Neurology, National Hospital Organization, Matsumoto Medical Center, Nagano, Japan.

Aim: This retrospective study aimed to quantify the changes in motor function in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) due to the government-imposed travel restrictions associated with the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

Methods: Twelve DMD patients were enrolled in this investigation (mean±standard deviation age: 9.8±3. Read More

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End-of-use and end-of-life medicines-insights from pharmaceutical care process into waste medicines management.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil.

End-of-use and end-of-life medicines waste management has been a challenge for public and private managers in different countries. Reverse logistics is a waste management strategy whose application to public pharmaceutical care processes faces legal restrictions and incertitude. Nevertheless, reverse logistics of end-of-use and end-of-life medicines may be both a saving and an environmental strategy in developing countries that manage health under limited resources. Read More

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A survey of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in COVID-19 patients.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Mar;37(1):47-50. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

University Hospital of Cologne, Köln, Germany.

Background And Aims: The novel coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has placed severe resource constraints on hospitals. High mortality rates of the COVID-19 have overwhelmed the resuscitation services. The constant fear of virus infection during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) has placed severe restrictions on the resuscitation services. Read More

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