62,913 results match your criteria covid-19 epidemic


The Role of the Sense of Belonging During the Alarm Situation and Return to the New Normality of the 2020 Coronavirus Pandemic (COVID-19) in Spain.

Psychol Stud (Mysore) 2021 Jul 28:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Personality, Evaluation and Clinical Psychology Department, Chair Against Stigma Grupo 5-Complutense University of Madrid, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

In this study we intend to understand the impact of the COVID-19 crisis and the subsequent stay-at-home orders, on the Spanish population's sense of belonging at three moments in time: at the beginning of the lockdown, after one month of lockdown and with the return to the "new normality". A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online survey (N = 3480; N = 1041; N = 569). The sense of belonging was evaluated by means of four Likert-type items. Read More

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Erving Goffman and "The New Normal": Havoc and Containment in the Pandemic Era.

Am Sociol 2021 Jul 28:1-31. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of Sociology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614 USA.

In this article, we explore two of Goffman's "minor" categories-havoc and containment-- as the key for organizing/systematizing the more "major" categories-co-presence, the interaction order, presentation of self, the body as sheath, and frame analysis-in order to provide insight into the experience of the Covid-19 epidemic. Goffman offers a set of conceptual tools to understand our historical moment of the worst pandemic since 1918 and its context of social media contention, renewed calls for social justice, and the disruptive performances by President Donald J. Trump. Read More

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Global health security as it pertains to Zika, Ebola, and COVID-19.

Curr Opin Infect Dis 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

School of Medicine Center for Innovation in Global Health, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Purpose Of Review: Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic this past year, we have witnessed a significant acceleration in the science, technology, and policy of global health security. This review highlights important progress made toward the mitigation of Zika, Ebola, and COVID-19 outbreaks. These epidemics and their shared features suggest a unified policy and technology agenda that could broadly improve global health security. Read More

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Deciphering the impact of novel coronavirus pandemic on agricultural sustainability, food security, and socio-economic sectors-a review.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

School of Life Science and Food Engineering, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai'an, 223003, China.

The Spanish flu, Asian flu, Hong Kong flu, HIV/AIDS, SARS, Ebola, and Swine flu, among others, have had a significant impact on agriculture, education, the economy, and human activities, including leisureliness, shipping, healthiness, fisheries, mining, industry, and trade. Currently, manhood is dealing with a new epidemic, the infection of the latest coronavirus (2019-nCoV), which causes a deadly disease named COVID-19. This article aims to examine COVID-19's effect on agriculture, education, and the economy. Read More

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Effect of Non-lockdown Social Distancing and Testing-Contact Tracing During a COVID-19 Outbreak in Daegu, South Korea, February to April 2020: A Modeling Study.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objective: In Spring 2020, South Korea applied non-lockdown social distancing (avoiding mass gathering and non-essential social engagement, without restricting movement of people who were not patients or contacts), testing-and-isolation (testing), and tracing-and-quarantine the contacts (contact tracing), to successfully control the first large-scale COVID-19 outbreak outside China. However, the relative contributions of these two interventions remain uncertain.

Methods: We constructed an SEIR model of SARS-CoV-2 transmission (disproportionately through superspreading events), and fit the model to outbreak data in Daegu, South Korea, February to April 2020. Read More

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Prospective health surveillance for COVID-19 among health care workers at a university medical center in Taiwan, January to June 2020.

J Formos Med Assoc 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Healthcare personnel (HCP) at the front line of care are exposed to occupational hazards that place them at risk for infection, which then endanger patient safety and compromise the capability of the healthcare workforce. As of March 8, 2021 more than 420,170 HCP in US had been infected with SARS CoV-2 with 1388 deaths. In two Taiwan hospitals COVID-19 outbreaks involved HCP and resulted in shutdown of service. Read More

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Impact of a total lockdown for pandemic SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) on deep surgical site infections and other complications after orthopedic surgery: a retrospective analysis.

Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2021 Jul 31;10(1):112. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Infection Control, Balgrist University Hospital, University of Zurich, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: A total lockdown for pandemic SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) entailed a restriction of elective orthopedic surgeries in Switzerland.  While access to the hospital and human contacts were limited, hygiene measures were intensified. The objective was to investigate the impact of those strict public health guidelines on the rate of intra-hospital, deep surgical site infections (SSI), wound healing disorders and non-infectious postoperative complications after orthopedic surgery during the first Covid-19 lockdown. Read More

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Computational identification of repurposed drugs against viruses causing epidemics and pandemics via drug-target network analysis.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jul 23;136:104677. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Virology Unit and Bioinformatics Centre, Institute of Microbial Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Sector 39-A, Chandigarh, 160036, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, 201002, India. Electronic address:

Viral epidemics and pandemics are considered public health emergencies. However, traditional and novel antiviral discovery approaches are unable to mitigate them in a timely manner. Notably, drug repurposing emerged as an alternative strategy to provide antiviral solutions in a timely and cost-effective manner. Read More

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The toll of COVID-19 on African children: A descriptive analysis on the COVID-19-related morbidity and mortality among the pediatric population in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

WHO Regional Office for Africa, Epidemic Preparedness and Response Programme, Cité du Djoué, P.O. Box 06, Brazzaville, Republic du Congo. Electronic address:

Introduction: Few data on the COVID-19 epidemiological characteristics among the pediatric population in Africa exists. This paper examines the age and sex distribution of the morbidity and mortality rate in children with COVID-19 and compares it to the adult population within 15 Sub-Saharan African countries.

Methods: A merge line listing dataset shared by countries within the Regional Office for Africa was analyzed. Read More

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Association of public health interventions and COVID-19 incidence in Vietnam, January to December 2020.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, College of Health and Medicine, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia; The Kirby Institute, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Vietnam implemented various public health interventions such as contact tracing and testing, mandatory quarantine, and lockdowns in response to COVID-19. However, the effects of these measures on the epidemic remain unclear.

Methods: We described public health interventions in relation to COVID-19 incidence. Read More

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Cameroon's bold response to the COVID-19 pandemic during the first and second waves.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 08;21(8):1064-1065

Public Health Emergency Operations Coordination Centre, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Epicentre, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Electronic address:

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Evaluation of a SARS-CoV-2 antigen-detecting rapid diagnostic test as a self-test: diagnostic performance and usability.

J Med Virol 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Centre hospitalier régional d'Orléans, service des maladies infectieuses et tropicales, Orléans.

In order to control the spread of the COVID-19 epidemics, it is necessary to have easy-to-use, reliable diagnostic tests available. The nasopharyngeal sampling method being often uncomfortable, nasal sampling could prove to be a viable alternative to the reference sampling method. We performed a multicentre, prospective validation study of the COVID-VIRO test, using a nasal swab sampling method, in a point-of-care setting. Read More

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The impact of air pollution on COVID-19 pandemic varied within different cities in South America using different models.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Center for Excellence in Regional Atmospheric Environment, Key Lab of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiamen, 361021, China.

There is a rising concern that air pollution plays an important role in the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the results were not consistent on the association between air pollution and the spread of COVID-19. In the study, air pollution data and the confirmed cases of COVID-19 were both gathered from five severe cities across three countries in South America. Read More

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Viral-induced inflammatory coagulation disorders: Preparing for another epidemic.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Gastroenterology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

A number of viral infectious diseases have emerged or reemerged from wildlife vectors that have generated serious threats to global health. Increased international traveling and commerce increase the risk of transmission of viral or other infectious diseases. In addition, recent climate changes accelerate the potential spread of domestic disease. Read More

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Asymptomatic COVID-19 infection: diagnosis, transmission, population characteristics.

BMJ Support Palliat Care 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology & Hunan Province Key Laboratory of Basic and Applied Hematology, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan, China

A novel coronavirus first discovered in late December 2019 has spread to many countries around the world. An increasing number of asymptomatic patients have been reported and their ability to spread the virus has been proven. This brings major challenges to the control of the transmission. Read More

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Saving Lives: The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Rapid Naloxone Initiative.

Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf 2021 08 20;47(8):469-480. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Background: The United States is in the midst of an opioid epidemic within the COVID-19 pandemic, and veterans are twice as likely to die from accidental overdose compared to non-veterans. This article describes the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) Rapid Naloxone Initiative, which aims to prevent opioid overdose deaths among veterans through (1) opioid overdose education and naloxone distribution (OEND) to VHA patients at risk for opioid overdose, (2) VA Police naloxone, and (3) select automated external defibrillator (AED) cabinet naloxone.

Methods: VHA has taken a multifaceted, theory-based approach to ensuring the rapid availability of naloxone to prevent opioid overdose deaths. Read More

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Nasal Microbiota Imbalance as a Contributory Link in the Emergence of COVID-19 Associated Mucormycosis.

ACS Infect Dis 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Microbial Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh-160014, India.

COVID-19 associated mucormycosis (CAM) is being reported at an elevated frequency and has been declared an ongoing epidemic in India. A huge diabetic population, inappropriate corticosteroid usage and environmental mucoralean spore count, along with COVID-19 associated glycemic imbalance, hypoxemia, increased iron levels, vascular endothelial injury, as well as the immunosuppressive impact are being considered as important risk factors for CAM. The present viewpoint aims to discuss the plausible role of another important facet, the nasal microbiota imbalance, in the emergence of mucormycosis under the prevailing COVID-19 pandemic conditions. Read More

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All-cause mortality during the influenza season 2019- 2020: comparison with previous influenza seasons in the territory of the local health authority "Central Tuscany", Italy.

Ann Ig 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Epidemiology Unit, Department of Prevention, Central Tuscany Local Health Authority, Florence, Italy.

Materials And Methods: Age- and sex-adjusted mortality rates for 2019-2020 influenza season were compared with those of influenza seasons 2009-2010 to 2016-2017.

Results: No all-cause mortality excess was observed in the 2019-2020 influenza season, which, on the contrary, was characterized by the lowest all-cause mortality rate.

Introduction: Because of the 24 months latency in the release of official data on causes of death, and in consideration of the limited testing capacity during the first pandemic wave, to estimate the COVID-19- related mortality in 2020, the evaluation of all-cause mortality excess is often used instead. Read More

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[PROBLEMS OF REGULATORY AND LEGAL SUPPLY OF DRUGS CONTAINING NARCOTIC AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES OF OVERSEAS VESSEL].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):808-812

Admiral Ushakov Maritime State University, 353918, Novorossiysk, Russia.

In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, the issue of protecting the vital functions of crew members on ship's board in conditions of a long voyage and stay in a confined space is urgent. In addition, excluding cases of infection with a new coronavirus infection, one must not forget about the readiness to provide first and subsequent medical assistance in case of urgent need to any crew member, and this can sometimes be done only by using drugs containing narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances in treatment or medical care. The analysis carried out indicates that there is no normative legal regulation of the composition of a first-aid kit in the Russian Federation, and many of the available international documents are for the most part advisory in nature. Read More

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[PUBLIC MANAGEMENT DURING THE THREAT OF THE SPREAD OF COVID-19].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):804-807

N. A. Kosygin Russian State University (Technologies. Design. Art), 117997, Moscow, Russia.

The article is devoted to the research of problems and tasks of state management under the conditions of threat of spread of coronavirus infection COVID-19 and consideration of approaches to optimization of processes in the system of state management. The social and economic risks of the pandemic are identified and the directions of anti-crisis measures are considered. Public administration is a system consisting of citizens, business structures and government employees. Read More

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[PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MEASURES TAKEN IN RESPONSE TO THE THREAT OF THE SPREAD OF COVID-19: FOREIGN PRACTICE].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):795-798

Belgorod National State Research University, 30801585, Belgorod, Russia.

The rapid spread of the COVID-19 virus challenges governments to act in ways that are usually reserved for war or natural disasters. The pandemic has caused massive global upheaval that could last for months, or longer. Governments are taking extreme measures to limit economic shocks and human costs. Read More

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[ECONOMIC AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF STATE REGULATION OF THE HEALTH SECTOR IN THE REGION IN A COMPLEX EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):789-794

Bashkir State University, 450076, Ufa, Russia.

The article discusses the organizational and economic aspects of state regulation of the health sector, with special attention paid to the period of the pandemic. An analysis of state federal and regional health programs is carried out, an overview of state programs aimed at supporting medical workers during the spread of a new coronavirus infection is presented. The article presents the results of a sociological survey of medical workers in the Republic of Bashkortostan, conducted by the authors. Read More

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[THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE STUDENT'S HEALTH AND LIFESTYLE IN RUSSIA].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):779-783

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 125993, Moscow, Russia.

The aim of our research was to study changes in the student's health and lifestyle in the pandemic period. The summaries were based on the statistical analysis of the sociological research (the sample size was 289 people). The authors formulated five hypotheses, two of which were fully confirmed: about the link between student's attitudes to the concept of a healthy living (HL) and the attributes of HL, and about the discrepancy between the real lifestyle of students of the Financial University and the concept of HL. Read More

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[PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN TERMS OF THE SPREAD OF THE NEW CORONAVIRUS INFECTION COVID-19].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):774-778

Committee for social policy of St. Petersburg, 191060, St. Petersburg, Russia.

One of the vulnerable categories of the population during a pandemic of coronavirus infection is the disabled, both from the point of view of the high risk of a severe course of the disease, and from the point of view of the possibility of significantly limiting everyday, professional and social activities. The article discusses the regulatory and organizational measures taken to ensure the rights of people with disabilities in Russia to prevent the spread of coronavirus infection. The epidemiological situation and features of the spread of coronavirus in long-term care facilities have been analyzed. Read More

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[Social health of the citizens of the States of the Eurasian Economic Union in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):768-773

Institute for Demographic Research, subdivision of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 119333, Moscow, Russia.

Based on the results of sociological research, the article considers the consequences of the pandemic on the social health of citizens of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) states. A comparative analysis is carried out between groups of labor migrants from the EAEU states in Moscow and Russian citizens of the same age. The paper discusses the measures taken by the EАEU, for the maintenance of social health in terms of the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. Read More

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[HEALTHY LIFESTYLE OF THE POPULATION IN THE CONTEXT OF A PANDEMIC: EXPERT OPINIONS OF RESEARCHERS AND EMPLOEES OF NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):763-767

Moscow State University of Humanities and Economics, 107150, Moscow, Russia.

The article presents the results of a study aimed at identifying the problems of maintaining a healthy lifestyle in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The results of the study showed that not only people of older age groups are infected, but also young people with chronic diseases. Forced isolation, uncertainty of the future and stress have significantly worsened the physical, social and mental health of the population of all age groups. Read More

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[THE ATTITUDE OF RUSSIANS TO VACCINATION AGAINST COVID-19: PROBLEMS AND CONTRADICTIONS].

Authors:
E S Bogomiagkova

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):736-742

Saint-Petersburg State University, 199034, Saint-Petersburg, Russia,

Despite the unfolding of the COVID-19 pandemic, the rate of involvement of Russians in vaccination remains low, which makes the study of attitudes to this technology particularly relevant. Based on the results of the author's empirical research and data from mass surveys of the Foundation "Public Opinion" and All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion, the article assesses the attitude of residents of our country to immunoprophylaxis against coronavirus. The study revealed that vaccination attitudes are a continuum, and the perception of vaccination against a new virus is associated in Russians with seasonal flu shots, and not with the National Vaccination Calendar. Read More

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[CHANGING OF SOCIAL WELL-BEING AND HEALTH OF OLDER WOMEN DURING COVID-19: OBJECTIVE AND SUBJECTIVE FACTORS].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):731-735

Russian State Social University, 129226, Moscow, Russia.

The social well-being and health of citizens of all countries has been greatly tested during the pandemic of COVID-19. The situation has exacerbated many social problems. Older women found themselves in a particularly difficult situation, who experienced increased psychological burden, deteriorating health conditions, and social isolation. Read More

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[THE WAGES IN THE PUBLIC HEALTHCARE: THE PANDEMIC CHALLENGES].

Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med 2021 Jun;29(Special Issue):720-725

Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, 125993, Moscow, Russia.

The article analyzes the current practice of remuneration in the Russian budget health care. According to the analysis concluded that at the present stage, the main problems in this area are the high level of differentiation of wages in the context of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, and between different categories of health workers; staff shortages, as well as the opacity of approaches to pay. In addition, it was found that the COVID-19 pandemic not only significantly aggravated the above-mentioned «bottlenecks» of the domestic budget health care, but also created new problems, the most significant of which was the procedure for compensation payments to employees involved in working with COVID-19 patients. Read More

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