7,215 results match your criteria country origin

Slovak Tokaj wines classification with respect to geographical origin by means of one class approaches.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 1;257:119770. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Radlinského 9, 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia. Electronic address:

Tokaj wines could be produced only in so called Tokaj/Tokay wine region that falls within two countries Slovakia and Hungary. Thus, wines bearing Tokaj appellation must be produced only in Hungary and Slovakia by traditional process. Unfortunately, some counterfeit wines from neighbour region in Ukraine could be found in market. Read More

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Darwin's perception of nature and the question of disenchantment: a semantic analysis across the six editions of On the Origin of Species.

Hist Philos Life Sci 2021 Apr 14;43(2):57. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

IAS-Research - Centre for Life, Mind and Society. Philosophy Department, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastián, Spain.

This body of work is motivated by an apparent contradiction between, on the one hand, Darwin's testimony in his autobiographical text about a supposed perceptual colour blindness before the aesthetic magnificence of natural landscapes, and, on the other hand, the last paragraph of On the Origin of Species, where he claims to perceive the forms of nature as beautiful and wonderful. My aim is to delve into the essence of the Darwinian perception of beauty in the context of the Weberian concept of "disenchantment of the world", assumed as a possible conceptual axis that enables the unravelling of the core of this contrast of perceptions. In acknowledging the theory of evolution as one of the most prominent scientific theories likely to have contributed to disenchantment, a number of questions arise: Is disenchantment compatible with aesthetic experience and sensibility before natural beauty? Was it Darwin's disenchanted conception of the world that led him to believe he was colour blind? To answer these questions, a computer-assisted semantic analysis of lexical frequency and variability, most especially focused on aesthetic-emotional and religious or spiritual adverbs and adjectives, has been undertaken across the six editions of The Origin. Read More

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Factors influencing student choice of a degree in physiotherapy: a population-based study in Catalonia (Spain).

PeerJ 2021 1;9:e10991. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Research group on Methodology, Methods, Models and Outcomes of Health and Social Sciences (M3O), Faculty of Health Sciences and Welfare, Centre for Health and Social Care Research (CESS), University of Vic-Central University of Catalonia (UVic-UCC), Vic, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: In other healthcare professions, there has been extensive research into students' motivation, but studies aiming to determine what leads individuals to choose a degree in physiotherapy are scarce. This research study had three main objectives: to obtain a sociodemographic profile of first-year physiotherapy students in Catalonia; to determine the factors that lead individuals to choose a degree in physiotherapy; and to determine potential differences, according to gender and country of origin.

Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional, multicentre study. Read More

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Salmon bias effect as hypothesis of the lower mortality rates among immigrants in Italy.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 13;11(1):8033. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP), Istituto Nazionale per la promozione della salute delle popolazioni Migranti e per il contrasto delle malattie della Povertà (INMP), Via di S. Gallicano 25/a, 00153, Roma, Italy.

Compared with natives, immigrants have lower all-cause mortality rates, despite their lower socioeconomic status, an epidemiological paradox generally explained by the healthy migrant effect. Another hypothesis is the so-called salmon bias effect: "statistically immortal" subjects return to their country of origin when they expect to die shortly, but their deaths are not registered in the statistics of the country of residence. This underestimation of deaths determines an artificially low immigrant mortality rate. Read More

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How might access to postgraduate medical education in regional and rural locations be best improved? A scoping review.

Aust J Rural Health 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Centre for Medical and Health Sciences Education, School of Medicine, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Rural medical education is known as one of the most effective strategies in improving rural recruitment and retention. The aim was to identify modes of delivery to improve access to rural postgraduate medical education. Arksey and O'Malley's methodological framework was used for conducting scoping reviews. Read More

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Analytical and Clinical Evaluation of Two RT-qPCR SARS-CoV-2 Diagnostic Tests with Emergency Use Authorization in Ecuador.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

1One Health Research Group, Universidad de Las Americas, Quito, Ecuador.

Dozens of RT-qPCR kits are available in the market for SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis, some of them with Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or at least by a responsible agency of their country of origin, but many of them lack proper evaluation studies because of COVID-19 pandemic emergency. We evaluated the clinical performance of two commercially available kits in South America, the 2019-nCoV kit (Da An Gene, Guangzhou, China) and GenomeCoV19 kit (ABM, Richmond, Canada), for RT-qPCR SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis using the FDA EUA 2019-nCoV CDC kit (IDT, Coralville, IA) as gold standard. We found striking differences among clinical performance and analytical sensitivity in both kits; whereas the 2019-nCoV kit (Da An Gene) has a limit of detection of 2,000 copies/mL and 100% of sensitivity, the GenomeCoV19 kit (ABM) has a poor sensitivity of 75% and a limit of detection estimated to be over 8. Read More

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Social and ethnic disparities in stillbirth and infant death in Denmark, 2005-2016.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):8001. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Section of Epidemiology, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5, Postbox 2099, 1014, Copenhagen K, Denmark.

Ethnic disparity in stillbirth and infant death has been demonstrated in Europe. As the relation between migration and health change over time, this population based register study investigated the recent figures and explored if potential differences could be explained by the well-known educational and income inequalities in stillbirth and infant death using a novel approach. Stillbirth and infant mortality varied considerably according to country of origin, with only immigrants from China, Norway, and Poland having an overall lower risk than Danish women. Read More

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When politics collides with public health: COVID-19 vaccine country of origin and vaccination acceptance in Brazil.

Vaccine 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Political Science, University of Western Ontario, Canada.

This study examines the effect of the country of origin of the vaccine on vaccination acceptance against COVID-19. More specifically, we show how the political context in Brazil has affected acceptance of vaccines produced in China, Russia, the US, and England at the University of Oxford. Our data come from a survey experiment applied to a national sample of 2771 adult Brazilians between September 23 and October 2, 2020. Read More

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Virulence of from different clinical origins in and host models.

Virulence 2021 Dec;12(1):1063-1075

Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursery, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Bilbao, Spain.

is an emerging multidrug-resistant fungal pathogen responsible for nosocomial outbreaks of invasive candidiasis. Although several studies on the pathogenicity of this species have been reported, the knowledge on virulence is still limited. This study aims to analyze the pathogenicity of , using one aggregating isolate and eleven non-aggregating isolates from different clinical origins (blood, urine and oropharyngeal specimens) in two alternative host models of candidiasis: and . Read More

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December 2021

Molecular Characterization of Isolates From Different Sources in Estonia Reveals Potential Transmission of Resistance Genes Among Different Reservoirs.

Front Microbiol 2021 26;12:601490. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Institute of Technology, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia.

In this study, we aimed to characterize the population structure, drug resistance mechanisms, and virulence genes of isolates in Estonia. Sixty-one and 34 isolates were collected between 2012 and 2014 across the country from various sites and sources, including farm animals and poultry ( = 53), humans ( = 12), environment ( = 24), and wild birds ( = 44). Clonal relationships of the strains were determined by whole-genome sequencing and analyzed by multi-locus sequence typing. Read More

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Does Lolland-Falster make people sick, or do sick people move to Lolland-Falster? An example of selective migration and mortality in Denmark, 1968-2017.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Apr 3;277:113893. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Centre for Epidemiological Research, Nykøbing Falster Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Nykøbing Falster, Denmark.

Introduction: Lolland-Falster is a rural area in south-eastern Denmark that scores unfavourable in health surveys and has the lowest life expectancy in the country. To determine the origin of poor health in Lolland-Falster, we investigated impact on mortality of long-term population movements.

Methods: We used data from the Danish Central Population Register 1968-2017 to track movements in and out of Lolland-Falster. Read More

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U.S. Occupational Mobility of Children of Immigrants Based on Parents' Origin-Country Occupation.

Demography 2021 Feb;58(1):219-245

Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

This study provides a national-level assessment of occupational mobility and early-career attainment of children of immigrants based on parents' origin-country occupation. Exploiting unique aspects of the Educational Longitudinal Study, we examine how parent-child U.S. Read More

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February 2021

Fertility Drain or Fertility Gain? Emigration and Fertility During the Great Recession in Italy.

Demography 2021 Apr;58(2):631-654

Department of Social and Political Sciences, Bocconi University, Dondena, Italy.

How does emigration affect fertility in the country of origin? We address this question by estimating counterfactual fertility during the Great Recession in order to understand what the effect of the recession on fertility would be in the absence of emigration. Between 2009 and 2014, Southern European countries suffered from harsh economic instability, which triggered a sharp drop in fertility and a spike in emigration. We focus on Italy, exploiting the richness of the Italian Administrative Registry of Italians Residing Abroad (AIRE), which records information about all Italian citizens moving their residence abroad, as well as Italian birth records. Read More

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Comparison of Argentinean microbiota with other geographical populations reveals different taxonomic and functional signatures associated with obesity.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7762. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Microbiology and Mycology Program, Biomedical Sciences Institute (ICBM), School of Medicine, University of Chile, Av. Independencia 1027, Independencia, Santiago, Chile.

Accumulating evidence suggests that various genetic and environmental factors contribute to the development of obesity. Among the latter, the gut microbiota has emerged as a critical player in the regulation of human metabolism and health and the development of non-communicable chronic diseases. Considering that no information on this matter is available in Argentina, our aim was to identify the microorganisms associated with obesity as well as their potential functionality. Read More

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Intragenerational social mobility and self-rated oral health in the british cohort study.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Apr 7;19(1):115. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Dental Public Health group, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral and Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom Bessemer Road, London, SE5 9RS, UK.

Background: Most studies on social mobility and oral health have focused on movement between generations (intergenerational mobility) rather than movement within an individual's own lifetime (intragenerational mobility). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between intragenerational social mobility from early to middle adulthood and self-rated oral health.

Methods: This study used data from 6524 participants of the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study, an ongoing population-based birth cohort of individuals born in England, Scotland and Wales. Read More

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The relationship between violence and depression in migrant women through their experiences in care services.

Salud Colect 2021 Mar 4;17:e3054. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Doctora en Antropología Médica. Postdoctorante, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México.

Based on ethnographic work with undocumented immigrant women who developed depressive episodes due to various forms of violence, this article recovers the women's experience of care in the clinic space of their host country. Through therapeutic itineraries of care, the article focuses on the case studies of two women of Mexican origin in New York City to describe, based on their experience, the communication and the encounter between the doctor and patient; the expectations of migrant women regarding mental health care services; and the explanatory models of depression of both the patients and the treating physicians. This analysis seeks to contribute to the knowledge regarding ways of treating the mental health problems of undocumented women in contexts of violence. Read More

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A bibliometric analysis of the dental scientific literature on COVID-19.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

School of Dentistry, College of Biomedical and Life Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Objectives: The rapid production of a large volume of literature during the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak created a substantial burden for clinicians and scientists. Therefore, this manuscript aims to identify and describe the scientific literature addressing COVID-19 from a dental research perspective, in terms of the manuscript origin, research domain, study type, and level of evidence (LoE).

Materials And Methods: Data were retrieved from Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed. Read More

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Top 100 cited paramedicine papers: A bibliometric study.

Emerg Med Australas 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Paramedicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Objective: Understanding the impact different journal articles have in any academic field is important - particularly in emerging professions. A bibliometric analysis like this does not yet exist for paramedicine, despite the rapid increase in its primary literature. The objective of the present study was to identify and analyse the 100 top-cited articles about paramedicine. Read More

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Inadequate Measles, Mumps, Rubella, and Varicella Immunity Among Employees.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211005902

Crossover Health, San Clemente, CA, USA.

Objectives: The purpose of this cohort study was to evaluate measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), and varicella immunity among a population of adult employees receiving primary care in an employer-sponsored health center.

Methods: Participants were eligible for MMR and varicella immunity screening if they were an employee receiving primary care in an employer-sponsored health center between January 1, 2019 and November 1, 2020 who could not provide proof of immunization and 1) had it recommended by their provider, 2) specifically requested immunity testing (often because they had heard of measles outbreaks in their country of origin), or 3) were seen for an immigration physical for their Green Card application.

Results: Overall, 3494 patients were screened for their MMR immunity. Read More

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Interaction of Microbiome, Diet and Hospitalizations between Brazilian and American Patients with Cirrhosis.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Virginia Commonwealth University and McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Richmond, VA, United States. Electronic address:

Background/aims: Gut microbiota are affected by diet, country and affects outcomes in cirrhosis. Western diets are associated with dysbiosis. Comparisons with other diets is needed. Read More

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A bibliometric analysis of the top 100 most cited articles in the Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine (1972 - 2020).

J Oral Pathol Med 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth, UK.

Objective: The steady and continued increase of the Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine's (JOPM) popularity, prompted a bibliometric analysis of the journal. The purpose was to assess the significance and effect of the published research articles in the Journal from 1972 - 2020, aiding the identification of landmark articles. We performed a bibliometric analysis using the top 100 cited papers in the Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine. Read More

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Seroprevalence of Hepatitis E Virus Infection among Blood Donors in Bulgaria.

Viruses 2021 Mar 16;13(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Microbiology, Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Trakia University, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria.

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is widespread among domestic pigs, industrial swine, and wild boars in Bulgaria. The aim of the current research was to present the HEV seroprevalence among blood donors in Bulgaria. In the present study, 555 blood donors (479 males and 76 females) were enrolled from five districts in the country (Shumen, Pleven, Stara Zagora, Plovdiv, and Sofia districts). Read More

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Comprehensive Metabolite Profiling in Genetic Resources of Garlic ( L.) Collected from Different Geographical Regions.

Molecules 2021 Mar 5;26(5). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Laboratory of Vegetable Crop Science, Graduate School of Sciences and Technology for Innovation, College of Agriculture, Yamaguchi University Yamaguchi City, Yamaguchi 753-8515, Japan.

Garlic () is the second most important crop that has been used as a vegetable and condiment from ancient times due to its characteristic flavor and taste. Although garlic is a sterile plant that reproduces vegetatively through cloves, garlic shows high biodiversity, as well as phenotypic plasticity and environmental adaptation capacity. To determine the possible mechanism underlying this phenomenon and to provide new genetic materials for the development of a novel garlic cultivar with useful agronomic traits, the metabolic profiles in the leaf tissue of 30 garlic accessions collected from different geographical regions, with a special focus on the Asian region, were investigated using LC/MS. Read More

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Maternal Lineages from 10-11th Century Commoner Cemeteries of the Carpathian Basin.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Mar 23;12(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Genetics, University of Szeged, H-6726 Szeged, Hungary.

Nomadic groups of conquering Hungarians played a predominant role in Hungarian prehistory, but genetic data are available only from the immigrant elite strata. Most of the 10-11th century remains in the Carpathian Basin belong to common people, whose origin and relation to the immigrant elite have been widely debated. Mitogenome sequences were obtained from 202 individuals with next generation sequencing combined with hybridization capture. Read More

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Advances and Perspectives in Dental Pulp Stem Cell Based Neuroregeneration Therapies.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 29;22(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Department of Cell Biology and Histology, Faculty of Medicine and Nursing, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 48940 Leioa, Spain.

Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are some of the most promising stem cell types for regenerative therapies given their ability to grow in the absence of serum and their realistic possibility to be used in autologous grafts. In this review, we describe the particular advantages of hDPSCs for neuroregenerative cell therapies. We thoroughly discuss the knowledge about their embryonic origin and characteristics of their postnatal niche, as well as the current status of cell culture protocols to maximize their multilineage differentiation potential, highlighting some common issues when assessing neuronal differentiation fates of hDPSCs. Read More

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Serious Notifications on Food Contact Materials in the EU RASFF.

Vet Sci 2021 Mar 29;8(4). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Laboratory of Animal Food Products Hygiene-Veterinary Public Health, Department of Hygiene and Technology of Food of Animal Origin, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece.

Serious alert and border rejection notifications on food contact materials (FCM) retrieved from the RASFF database were analyzed for the first time regarding the period 2012-2019. The findings indicate that China was the main transgressor country for both types of notifications. Official controls were responsible for most FCM serious alerts (91. Read More

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Bisphenol A and Metabolites in Meat and Meat Products: Occurrence, Toxicity, and Recent Development in Analytical Methods.

Foods 2021 Mar 27;10(4). Epub 2021 Mar 27.

School of Agriculture and Food Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

Bisphenol A (BPA) is a commonly used compound in many industries and has versatile applications in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins production. BPA is classified as endocrine-disrupting chemical which can hamper fetal development during pregnancy and may have long term negative health outcomes in humans. Dietary sources, main route of BPA exposure, can be contaminated by the migration of BPA into food during processing. Read More

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Investigating the Role of Micromammals in the Ecology of in Spain.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Mar 2;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos IREC (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ronda de Toledo 12, 13071 Ciudad Real, Spain.

, the causal agent of human Q fever and animal Coxiellosis, is a zoonotic infectious bacterium with a complex ecology that results from its ability to replicate in multiple (in)vertebrate host species. Spain notifies the highest number of Q fever cases to the ECDC annually and wildlife plays a relevant role in ecology in the country. However, the whole picture of hosts is incomplete, so this study seeks to better understand the role of micromammals in ecology in the country. Read More

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Birth plan presentation to hospitals and its relation to obstetric outcomes and selected pain relief methods during childbirth.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 1;21(1):274. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Cap Sant Felix, Carretera de Barcelona 473, 08206, Sabadell Barcelona, Spain.

Background: The information on birth plan (BP) usage in Spanish hospitals is scant.

Aim: To identify the percentage of pregnant women presenting a BP at five hospitals in Spain, the reasons why some women failed to do so and how BP presentation relates to obstetric outcomes and selected pain relief methods.

Methods: In this descriptive, multi-centre study, data were retrospectively collected. Read More

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The role of pharmacy in the management of cardiometabolic risk, metabolic syndrome and related diseases in severe mental illness: a mixed-methods systematic literature review.

Syst Rev 2021 Mar 31;10(1):92. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, B4 7ET, UK.

Background: Individuals with severe mental illness, e.g. schizophrenia have up to a 20% shortened life expectancy compared to the general population. Read More

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