839,606 results match your criteria cost lives


Effects of the joint prevention and control of atmospheric pollution policy on air pollutants-A quantitative analysis of Chinese policy texts.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 17;300:113721. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Melbourne School of Engineering, University of Melbourne, VIC, 3010, Australia.

Joint prevention and control of atmospheric pollution (JPCAP) policies play a vital role in alleviating regional pollution. Based on Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) model, we construct two policy strength measures of effectiveness and number, and investigate the effects of policy strength on air pollutant emissions for four types of JPCAP policies. The results show that the effects of economic incentive policy tools and supporting policy tools on emission reduction deviate significantly from policy preferences. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

How industrial convergence affects regional green development efficiency: A spatial conditional process analysis.

J Environ Manage 2021 Sep 17;300:113738. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

School of Economics and Management, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, PR China.

Industrial convergence is a key means to transform the economic mode. Taking the convergence of manufacturing and producer services in China as the research object, this study explored how industrial convergence affects regional green development efficiency (GDE). First, a coupling evaluation system was established to measure industrial convergence degree, and the directional distance function-based slacks-based measure was combined with the global Malmquist-Luenberger index to measure GDE. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

What is your research question? A mixed methods evaluation of an academic statistical consulting center.

Eval Program Plann 2021 Sep 16;89:102001. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

University of Northern Colorado, Applied Statistics and Research Methods, 501 20th St, Greeley, CO, 80639, USA.

Academic consulting centers on research and statistics are the bridge between applied researchers and statisticians and thus at the core of university-wide research. The client-centered evaluation focused on investigating the perspective of the clients in university research and statistical consulting center. A mixed-methods methodology was used in this study, specifically a concurrent triangulation design was implemented to have multiple data sources collected and analyzed simultaneously in order to identify areas of overlapping information. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Deep Tobit networks: A novel machine learning approach to microeconometrics.

Neural Netw 2021 Sep 9;144:279-296. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Statistics, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China. Electronic address:

Tobit models (also called as "censored regression models" or classified as "sample selection models" in microeconometrics) have been widely applied to microeconometric problems with censored outcomes. However, due to their linear parametric settings and restrictive normality assumptions, the traditional Tobit models fail to capture the pervading nonlinearities and thus may be inadequate for microeconometric analysis with large-scale datasets. This paper proposes two novel deep neural networks for Tobit problems and explores machine learning approaches in the context of microeconometric modeling. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

On the development of a regional climate change adaptation plan: Integrating model-assisted projections and stakeholders' perceptions.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Sep 14;805:150320. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-environmental Sciences, CITAB, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, UTAD, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal.

Climate change is expected to have strong social-ecological implications, with global but especially regional and local challenges. To assess the climatic vulnerability of a given territory, it is necessary to evaluate its exposure to climate change and its adaptive capacity. This study describes the development of an Action Plan for Adapting to Climate Change in the Tâmega and Sousa Region, a mountainous inter-municipal community in the North of Portugal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Achievable agricultural soil carbon sequestration across Europe from country-specific estimates.

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Agroscope Reckenholz, Climate and Agriculture Group, Reckenholzstrasse 191, 8046, Zürich, Switzerland.

The role of soils in the global carbon cycle and in reducing GHG emissions from agriculture has been increasingly acknowledged. The "4 per 1000" initiative (4p1000) has become a prominent action plan for climate change mitigation and achieve food security through an annual increase in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks by 0.4 %, ( i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Preferences, trust, and performance in youth business groups.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257637. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Economics and Business, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.

We study how social preferences and norms of reciprocity are related to generalized (outgroup) and particularized (ingroup) trust among members of youth business groups in northern Ethiopia. The Ethiopian government promotes youth employment among land-poor rural youth by allocating them rehabilitated communal lands for the formation of sustainable businesses. The typical sustainable production activities that the groups can invest in include apiculture, forestry, horticulture, and livestock production. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cost-effectiveness analysis of domiciliary topical sevoflurane for painful leg ulcers.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257494. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Anesthesiology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario, Albacete, Spain.

Objectives: The general anesthetic sevoflurane is being repurposed as a topical analgesic for painful chronic wounds. We conducted a Bayesian cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing the addition of domiciliary topical sevoflurane to conventional analgesics (SEVOFLURANE, n = 38) versus conventional analgesics alone (CONVENTIONAL, n = 26) for the treatment of nonrevascularizable painful leg ulcers in an outpatient Pain Clinic of a Spanish tertiary hospital.

Methods: We used real-world data collected from charts to conduct this CEA from a public healthcare perspective and with a one-year time horizon. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Knowledge and preventive actions toward COVID-19, vaccination intent, and health literacy among educators in Japan: An online survey.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257552. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Faculty of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Countermeasures against the spread of COVID-19 have become an urgent issue in educational settings, where many group activities are necessary. Educators are key to preventing the spread of COVID-19 in educational settings. Infection prevention behavior requires comprehensive and complex measures such as self-restraint. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The study on the role of dedicators on promoting cooperation in public goods game.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257475. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Public Management, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin, China.

In daily life, some people are always seen dedicating available resources to support collective activities. In this paper, we call these people who care group goals more than individual goals dedicators. Inspired by this phenomenon, we studied the role of dedicators on the evolution of cooperation in public goods game (PGG) based on a Chinese Folk Spring Festival Gala. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Personal Support Homes: An Innovative Approach to Reduce the Alternative Level of Care Population in Ontario Hospitals.

Authors:
Eric Nauenberg

Healthc Policy 2021 Aug;17(1):91-103

Associate Professor, Institute for Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto; Faculty Associate, Canadian Centre for Health Economics, Toronto, ON.

Objective: This study investigates the viability of personal support homes - a policy concept that reduces alternative level of care (ALC) days in Ontario hospitals. It allows people to leverage their empty bedrooms to temporarily house patients awaiting hospital discharge.

Method: Data from the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation are used to map geographic supply of empty bedrooms, and Ontario Ministry of Health administrative data are used to assess potential demand. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Optimizing Physician Payment Models to Address Health System Priorities: Perspectives from Specialist Physicians.

Healthc Policy 2021 Aug;17(1):58-72

Professor, Departments of Medicine and Community Health Sciences, O'Brien Institute of Public Health and Libin Cardiovascular Institute, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB.

Objective: Despite well-documented data on the mixed impact of physician payment models, there is limited evidence on how to enhance existing payment model designs. This study examines the approaches to optimizing payment models from the perspective of specialist physicians to better support patient and physician experience and other health system objectives.

Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 specialist physicians across Alberta, Canada. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Portrayals of 2v, 4v and 9vHPV vaccines on Chinese social media: a content analysis of hot posts on Sina Weibo.

Hum Vaccin Immunother 2021 Sep 20:1-9. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Analytical and Testing Center, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, PR China.

Rather than receive the effective 2vHPV vaccines that are readily available in China, Chinese women usually wait to receive 4v and 9vHPV vaccines, which are difficult to acquire. This means that Chinese women miss the opportunity for optimal protection from cervical cancer. As social media platforms are the main channel by which Chinese women learn about HPV vaccines, this study aimed to explore how HPV vaccines are described on social media, and in particular how they discuss or distinguish 2 v, 4 v and 9vHPV vaccines. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Economic evaluation of the Happy Talk pilot effectiveness trial: A targeted selective speech, language and communication intervention for children from areas of social disadvantage.

Int J Speech Lang Pathol 2021 Sep 20:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Economics, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland.

This study presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of a targeted selective pre-school intervention programme, "Happy Talk", which focuses on language development, by simultaneously enhancing parental interaction and the pre-school environment. Happy Talk (delivered to 77 children) is an add on intervention, and is compared to usual care, adopting a healthcare perspective. Cost-effectiveness analyses were carried out using the Pre-school Language Scale 5- Total (PLS-5) for baseline analysis and the Child Health Utility Instrument (CHU9D) in a secondary analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Absolute Versus Relative Success: Why Overconfidence Creates an Inefficient Equilibrium.

Psychol Sci 2021 Sep 20:9567976211007414. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Economics, University of Technology Sydney.

Overconfidence is one of the most ubiquitous biases in the social sciences, but the evidence regarding its overall costs and benefits is mixed. To test the possibility that overconfidence might yield important relative benefits that offset its absolute costs, we conducted an experiment ( = 298 university students) in which pairs of participants bargained over the unequal allocation of a prize that was earned through a joint effort. We manipulated confidence using a binary noisy signal to investigate the causal effect of negotiators' beliefs about their relative contribution to the outcome of the negotiation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Recycling Nutrients and Reducing Carbon Emissions in the Baltic Sea Region-Sustainable or Economically Infeasible?

Environ Manage 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Stockholm Environment Institute, Linnégatan 87D, 104 51, Stockholm, Sweden.

Ecotechnologies have the potential to reduce the use of finite resources while providing a variety of co-benefits to society, though they often lack in market competitiveness. In this study, we investigate the sustainability of ecotechnologies for recovering carbon and nutrients, and demonstrate how a so-called "bottom-up" approach can serve as a decision-making instrument. Based on three case study catchments with a focus on domestic wastewater in Sweden and Poland, and on manure, grass and blackwater substrates in Finland, we apply a cost-benefit analysis (CBA) on system alternatives derived from a participatory process. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Interventions to Reduce Hospital Length of Stay in High-risk Populations: A Systematic Review.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Sep 1;4(9):e2125846. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

ECRI Evidence-based Practice Center, Center for Clinical Evidence and Guidelines, Plymouth Meeting, Pennsylvania.

Importance: Many strategies to reduce hospital length of stay (LOS) have been implemented, but few studies have evaluated hospital-led interventions focused on high-risk populations. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Learning Health System panel commissioned this study to further evaluate system-level interventions for LOS reduction.

Objective: To identify and synthesize evidence regarding potential systems-level strategies to reduce LOS for patients at high risk for prolonged LOS. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Effectiveness and Ethics of Incentives for Research Participation: 2 Randomized Clinical Trials.

JAMA Intern Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Palliative and Advanced Illness Research Center, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Importance: Incentivizing research participation is controversial and variably regulated because of uncertainty regarding whether financial incentives serve as undue inducements by diminishing peoples' sensitivity to research risks or unjust inducements by preferentially increasing enrollment among underserved individuals.

Objective: To determine whether incentives improve enrollment in real randomized clinical trials (RCTs) or serve as undue or unjust inducements.

Design, Setting, And Participants: Two RCTs of incentives that were embedded in 2 parent RCTs, 1 comparing smoking cessation interventions (conducted at smoking cessation clinics in 2 health systems) and 1 evaluating an ambulation intervention (conducted across wards of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania) included all persons eligible for the parent trials who did not have prior knowledge of the incentives trials. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Entomophagy: A Narrative Review on Nutritional Value, Safety, Cultural Acceptance and A Focus on the Role of Food Neophobia in Italy.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Jun 3;10(2):628-643. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics (CREA-AN), 00142 Rome, Italy.

In recent years, the consumption of insects, or entomophagy, has produced an increasing interest amongst scientists and ecologists as a potential source of animal protein. Eating insects is also interesting in terms of low greenhouse gas emissions and low land use. In contrast to tropical countries, where most of the 2000 edible insect species are traditionally consumed, the concept of eating insects is still new to Western culture and diet. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Role of Family Motivation, Workplace Civility and Self-Efficacy in Developing Affective Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2020 Jan 7;10(1):358-374. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Institute of Business Administration, Uiversity of the Punjab, Lahore 54000, Pakistan.

The mechanism connecting the antecedents to positive attitudes like affective commitment (AC) and positive behaviors like organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is an under-researched area in the field of positive organizational scholarship. Drawing on Social Exchange Theory (SET), this study empirically validates family motivation and civility as antecedents of affective commitment and organizational citizenship behavior through the mediating mechanism of self-efficacy. The process by Hayes (2013) was used to analyze time-lagged and multi-source data collected from 335 employees of educational and telecom sector. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

The Capacities of Primary Health Care in Hungary: A Problem Statement.

Authors:
Csaba Bálint

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Dec 23;10(1):327-345. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Institute of Regional Economics and Rural Development, Szent István University, H-2100 Gödöllő, Hungary.

In the establishment, development, and provision of equal access to the health care system, the operation of adequate primary health care is essential and has undergone significant transformation in the most developed countries over the past decades. The central and eastern European countries, including Hungary, are struggling with the disadvantages of the traditional model of primary health care, based on independent general practitioner and family paediatrician practices: the ability of the system is extremely limited to meet emerging needs and is facing a chronic human resource crisis. In the current study, the functions, legislation, and challenges of the Hungarian primary health care system, as well as the basic interrelations of the development of vacant general practitioner and family paediatrician districts were examined, and the government measures for the sake of solving the occurrence of the vacancy and improving access in the lagging areas. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2019

Role of Relational Ties in the Relationship between Thriving at Work and Innovative Work Behavior: An Empirical Study.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Nov 19;10(1):218-231. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department of Mathematics, COMSATS University Islamabad, Attock Campus 43600, Pakistan.

Top management in organizations have begun to realize that innovative employees add to the competitive edge of a company which serves to maintain their position in intense market competition. For this purpose, management needs to seek new ways to combine the social environment and employees in the workplace in an inextricable manner that supports innovation. The purpose of this paper was to examine the role of thriving at work and its effects on an individual's innovative behavior. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2019

Health and Sport. Economic and Social Impact of Active Tourism.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Sep 5;10(1):70-81. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, 3810193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Concerns with health and wellness are currently a global trend. Consequently, people have increasingly been engaging in some form of regular sports practice in their adult lives. This is evidenced by the rise of markets that are related to the sports sector. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2019

Authentic Leadership and Creativity: Moderated Meditation Model of Resilience and Hope in the Health Sector.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2019 Jul 17;10(1):18-29. Epub 2019 Jul 17.

Department of Management Sciences, The Superior University, Lahore 55150, Pakistan.

Authentic leaders are recognized as self-aware individuals who act according to their values and beliefs in the organization. Most of the studies have acknowledged the positive impact of authentic leaders on followers. However, the characteristics of an authentic leader, such as making decisions according to his/her own belief system, might negatively affect the followers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Blockchain and Higher Education Diplomas.

Eur J Investig Health Psychol Educ 2021 Feb 19;11(1):154-167. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

INESC TEC, GOVCOPP, Department of Economics, Management, Industrial Engineering and Tourism, University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.

Due to added mobility and the increase in international students worldwide, as well as the current problem regarding the counterfeiting of diplomas and the selling of fraudulent certificates, we propose a technological solution. Namely, to ally blockchain technology to higher education certificates and diplomas, to make the process of checking for academic qualifications more facilitated and transparent. Employers of graduates, as well as higher education institutions which evaluate course applicants, would benefit. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021

Nurses' generational stereotypes and self-stereotypes: a cognitive study.

J Health Organ Manag 2021 Sep;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)

Faculty of Economics and Business, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Campus Brussels, Brussels, Belgium.

Purpose: The present research offers insights into the generational stereotypical beliefs that different generations of nurses hold about the own and the other generations and the implications on the work floor.

Design/methodology/approach: This cross-sectional, exploratory study employs a cognitive mapping approach known as the repertory grid. The sample consisted of 15 Generation Y, 15 Generation X and 15 Baby Boomer nurses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Falling behind: The role of student loans on forgoing healthcare.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Lincoln International Business School, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK.

An area for concern in public health research is the extent to which USA student loans are associated with poor health. This study's objective examines whether falling behind on student loans may compound ill-health by deterring people from seeking healthcare. The results of this study confirm that borrowers behind or in collections on student loans are forgoing healthcare after self-reporting general physical ill-health. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Treatment choice in the presence of conflicting information: The role of physician likeability in the choice of non-proven therapies against conventional treatment.

Br J Health Psychol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

CIBER of Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain.

Research on why patients sometimes choose non-proven therapies (NPT) instead of conventional treatments is limited. We investigated how physician likeability influences the choice of NPT instead of conventional treatment. In an experiment with three medical scenarios, participants (N = 384) consulted two physicians who gave conflicting recommendations: The first physician recommended a conventional treatment and the second one recommended a NPT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Interaction screening for high-dimensional heterogeneous data via robust hybrid metrics.

Authors:
Wei Xiong Han Pan

Stat Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Statistics, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing, China.

A novel model-free interaction screening approach called the hybrid metrics is introduced for high-dimensional heterogeneous data analysis. The metrics established based on the variation of conditional joint distribution function are measurements of interaction that include both size and direction. They are robust and can work with many types of response variables, including continuous, discrete, and categorical variables. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Gene-gene interaction analysis incorporating network information via a structured Bayesian approach.

Stat Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Statistics and Management, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China.

Increasing evidence has shown that gene-gene interactions have important effects in biological processes of human diseases. Due to the high dimensionality of genetic measurements, interaction analysis usually suffers from a lack of sufficient information and has unsatisfactory results. Biological network information has been massively accumulated, allowing researchers to identify biomarkers while taking a system perspective, conducting network selection (of functionally related biomarkers), and accommodating network structures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021