N Engl J Med 2021 May;384(19):1789-1799
From the Departments of Pediatrics (A.H., J.L.P., M.H., D.H.K., S.B., G.B.M.P., T.R.S., J.M.M., M.K.-L., H.L., K.Y., J.P.N., N.S.) and Otolaryngology (D.H.C., J.E.D.), University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, the Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health (J.-H.J.), and Children's Community Pediatrics (N.L.C., B.C.) - all in Pittsburgh; Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC (D.P., D.E.F.); and Kentucky Pediatric and Adult Research, Bardstown (S.L.B.).
Background: Official recommendations differ regarding tympanostomy-tube placement for children with recurrent acute otitis media.
Methods: We randomly assigned children 6 to 35 months of age who had had at least three episodes of acute otitis media within 6 months, or at least four episodes within 12 months with at least one episode within the preceding 6 months, to either undergo tympanostomy-tube placement or receive medical management involving episodic antimicrobial treatment. The primary outcome was the mean number of episodes of acute otitis media per child-year (rate) during a 2-year period. Read More