8,083 results match your criteria correlated hip


Which Nonsurgical Treatments Do Patients Believe Are Most Effective for Hip and Knee Arthritis?

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2020 May;4(5):e2000046

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL.

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine which nonsurgical treatments patients believe are most effective for managing pain secondary to hip and knee arthritis.

Methods: Five hundred sixty-five consecutive patients were administered an anonymous questionnaire developed in consultation with a center with expertise in survey design. Statistical analyses included Student t-test, Fisher Exact, Wilcoxon Rank-Sum test, and generalized cost-effectiveness analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Influence of posterior tibial slope on three-dimensional femorotibial alignment under weightbearing conditions in healthy Japanese elderly people.

Biomed Mater Eng 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Orthopedic Surgery, Department of Regenerative and Transplant Medicine, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Niigata, Japan.

Background: Assessment of three-dimensional (3D) femorotibial alignment is essential for successful knee osteoarthritis treatment in the elderly. The complex morphology of the posterior tibial slope (PTS) might have an influence on sagittal and rotational alignment and the positional relationship between the femur and tibia in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction under weight-bearing conditions.

Objective: This study aimed to clarify the association between the PTS and 3D femorotibial alignment under weight-bearing conditions in healthy Japanese elderly individuals. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Femoro-Epiphyseal Acetabular Roof (FEAR) index and anterior acetabular coverage correlate with labral length in developmental dysplasia of the hip.

Arthroscopy 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between labral length and radiographic parameters of lateral and anterior acetabular coverage and the femoro-epiphyseal acetabular roof (FEAR) index in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from patients with DDH who visited our hip joint clinic for the first time due to hip symptoms. DDH presence was defined as a lateral center-edge angle (LCEA) ≤ 25°. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Correlation of cerebrospinal fluid amyloid β-protein 42 and neurofilament light protein levels with postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction in elderly patients].

Authors:
X Zhang Q Fu

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Apr;41(4):574-578

Department of Anesthesiology, General Hospital of PLA, Beijing 100853, China.

Objective: To detect cerebrospinal fluid levels of amyloid beta- protein 42 (Aβ42) and neurofilament light protein (NFL) and explore their correlation with postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (PNCD) in elderly patients.

Objective: A total of 90 elderly patients undergoing hip or knee replacement with joint epidural anesthesia in our Hospital between January, 2017 and December, 2018 were recruited in this study. The levels of Aβ42 and NFL in the cerebrospinal fluid were detected using ELISA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

State-level Google search volumes for neck and shoulder pain correlate with psychosocial and behavioral health indicators.

J Natl Med Assoc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery and Perioperative Care, Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA.

Background: There is growing interest in passively-generated online search data for health sciences research, but limited use to address musculoskeletal illness.

Questions/purposes: (1) To determine geographic and seasonal patterns in Google queries for shoulder, knee, hip, and neck pain across the United States, and (2) to quantify the state-level correlation of the volume of online symptom searches with rates of various population health indicators.

Methods: Using Google trends, we identified queries for shoulder, knee, hip, and neck pain in every state of the United States during 2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Associations Between Periosteal Reaction of Proximal Tibial and Medial Compartment Knee Osteoarthritis.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, Tianjin, China.

Objective: To evaluate and analyze the potential relationship between periosteal reaction and medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to assess the independent risk factors for the development of periosteal reaction associated with medial compartment KOA.

Methods: This is a retrospective comparative study. From January 2019 to December 2019 at the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, a total of 363 patients (726 knees) with medial compartment KOA were enrolled in this study according to our inclusion and exclusion criteria, including 91 males and 272 females, with an mean age of 57. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Body Adiposity, But Not Elements of Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior or Physical Activity, Is Associated With Circulating Liver Enzymes in Adults With Overweight and Obesity.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 20;12:655756. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Turku PET Centre, University of Turku and Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland.

Objective: We studied the associations between accelerometer-measured sedentary behavior (SB) and habitual physical activity (PA) as well as markers of body adiposity and other cardiometabolic risk factors with liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT).

Methods: A total of 144 middle-aged adults (mean age 57 (SD 6.5) years) with overweight or obesity (mean body mass index [BMI] 31. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cerebral Regional Homogeneity Alternation of Pregnant Women With Antenatal Depression During the Pandemic.

Front Psychiatry 2021 20;12:627871. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Wuxi Maternal and Child Health Hospital, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, China.

The COVID-19 epidemic has been a threat to the health of people all over the world. Various precautions during COVID-19 in China have kept a large number of people in isolation, and this has inconvenienced and placed enormous stress on pregnant women. Pregnant women are more likely to suffer from antenatal depression (ANDP) with social isolation or low social support. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Limb Muscular Strength and Bone Mineral Density in Elderly Subjects with Low Skeletal Muscle Mass Index.

J Clin Densitom 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Physical Education, Division of Education, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Balamand, El-Koura, Lebanon. Electronic address:

The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationships between limb muscular strength and bone mineral density (BMD) in a group of elderly subjects with low skeletal muscle mass index (SMI).55 elderly Lebanese subjects (35 women and 20 men) participated in the current study. Handgrip, one-repetition maximum (1-RM) dumbbell curl (1-RM biceps), 1-RM lying one arm triceps (1-RM triceps), 1-RM calf raise, 1-RM leg extension and 1-RM leg curl were evaluated using validated methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Intraoperative Computer Vision Integrated Interactive Fluoroscopy Correlates with Successful Femoroplasty on Clinic-based Radiographs.

Arthroscopy 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Young Adult Hip Surgery, Department of Sports Medicine, Midwest Orthopaedics at Rush University, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate computer vision interface (CVI)-guided femoroplasty in the arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) and compare those results with traditional unguided resections.

Methods: Consecutive patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for FAIS between July 2019 to October 2019 were evaluated. Cases with CVI were identified along with controls, consisting of patients from the same study period who underwent surgery without the CVI interface and were balanced for age, sex, laterality, and preoperative alpha angles. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Force-velocity-power profiling of maximal effort sprinting, jumping and hip thrusting: Exploring the importance of force orientation specificity for assessing neuromuscular function.

J Sports Sci 2021 May 6:1-8. Epub 2021 May 6.

Institute for Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Comprehensive information regarding neuromuscular function, as assessed through force-velocity-power (FVP) profiling, is of importance for training optimization in athletes. However, neuromuscular function is highly task-specific, potentially governed by dissimilarity of the overall orientation of forceapplication. The hip thrust (HT) exercise is thought to be of relevance for sprinting considering its antero-posterior force orientation and considerable hip-extensor recruitment, however, the association between their respective FVP profiles remains unexplored. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exercise leads to metabolic changes associated with improved strength and fatigue in people with MS.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Objective: The goal of this exploratory study was to evaluate the effects of an exercise intervention - progressive resistance training (PRT) on the metabolome of people with MS (pwMS) and to link these to changes in clinical outcomes.

Methods: 14 pwMS with EDSS <4.0 and 13 age- and sex-matched healthy controls completed a 12-week in-person PRT exercise intervention. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effects of venting and capsulotomy on traction force and hip distraction in hip arthroscopy.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 10;7(3):487-495. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Utah, 590 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA.

This study evaluated the effects of venting and capsulotomy on the ratio of normalized distraction distance to traction force, correlating this trend with patient demographic factors. A ratio was chosen to capture the total effect of each intervention on the hip joint. During primary hip arthroscopy, continuous traction force was recorded, and fluoroscopic images were acquired to measure joint distraction before and after the application of traction, venting and interportal capsulotomy. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Arthroscopic assessment of concomitant intraarticular pathologies in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 23;7(3):458-465. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Department of Orthopaedics & Orthopaedic Surgery, Saarland University, Kirrberger Strasse 100, Homburg 66421, Germany.

This study's purpose is to arthroscopically assess the occurrence of intraarticular pathologies in patients with osteonecrosis of the femoral head (OFNH) and to compare arthroscopic with radiologic findings. In a retrospective cohort analysis of ONFH patients undergoing combined core decompression (CD) and hip arthroscopy, concomitant intraarticular pathologies were qualitatively and quantitatively assessed by means of arthroscopy. Intraoperative findings were compared with preoperative radiodiagnostics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Liver Fibrosis is Independently Associated with Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

J Diabetes Investig 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, 12 Wulumuqi Road, Shanghai, 200040, China.

Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus are closely related and often occur simultaneously in patients. Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, resulting in intolerable pain and extremity amputation that reduces the quality of life. However, the role of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy remains unclear. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Tibial Mechanical Axis Is Nonorthogonal to the Floor in Varus Knee Alignment.

Arthroplast Today 2021 Apr 15;8:237-242. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Classical models of the knee assume the joint line is parallel to the floor and the tibial mechanical axis (TMA) is orthogonal to the floor. Our study characterizes the angle subtended by the TMA and floor during bipedal stance, called the tibial axis orientation angle (TAOA), and tests the assumption that the TMA should be orthogonal to the floor.

Methods: We reviewed the nonoperative knee on full-length, standing radiographs in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty between 2013 and 2017. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The metabolic and mechanical consequences of altered propulsive force generation in walking.

J Biomech 2021 Apr 18;122:110447. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Joint Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and North Carolina State University, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. Electronic address:

Older adults walk with greater metabolic energy consumption than younger for reasons that are not well understood. We suspect that a distal-to-proximal redistribution of leg muscle demand, from muscles spanning the ankle to those spanning the hip, contributes to greater metabolic energy costs. Recently, we found that when younger adults using biofeedback target smaller than normal peak propulsive forces (F), they do so via a similar redistribution of leg muscle demand during walking. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Femoral strength and strains in sideways fall: Validation of finite element models against bilateral strain measurements.

J Biomech 2021 Apr 17;122:110445. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Lund University, Sweden.

Low impact falls to the side are the main cause of hip fractures in elderly. Finite element (FE) models of the proximal femur may help in the assessment of patients at high risk for a hip fracture. However, extensive validation is essential before these models can be used in a clinical setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of digital thermography imaging to assess and monitor treatment of police working dogs with naturally occurring hip osteoarthritis.

BMC Vet Res 2021 May 1;17(1):180. Epub 2021 May 1.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Lisbon (FMV/ULisboa), Lisbon, Portugal.

Background: In dogs, thermal imaging has been documented only recently, but a growing interest in this modality has led to studies using thermography to assess pathologies in the canine hip, stifle, elbow, intervertebral disc, and bone neoplasia. This study aimed to evaluate the use of digital thermography in assessing and evaluating treatment response in dogs with hip osteoarthritis (OA) and comparing its results with an objective measure and two clinical metrology instruments. In an experimental, randomized, double-blinded study, one hundred hip joints of fifty police working dogs with bilateral hip OA were evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Expression and Function of Metastases Associated Lung Adenocarcinoma Transcript-1 Long Non-Coding RNA in Subchondral Bone and Osteoblasts from Patients with Osteoarthritis.

Cells 2021 Apr 1;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, MRC-ARUK Centre for Musculoskeletal Ageing Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.

Metastasis Associated Lung Adenocarcinoma Transcript-1 (MALAT1) is implicated in regulating the inflammatory response and in the pathology of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between OA subchondral bone expression of MALAT1 with parameters of joint health and biomarkers of joint inflammation, and to determine its functional role in human OA osteoblasts. Subchondral bone and blood were collected from hip and knee OA patients ( = 17) and bone only from neck of femur fracture patients ( = 6) undergoing joint replacement surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association of Chronic Pain with Radiologic Severity and Central Sensitization in Hip Osteoarthritis Patients.

J Pain Res 2021 22;14:1153-1160. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Faculty of Rehabilitation, Kobe Gakuin University Graduate School, Kobe, Hyogo, Japan.

Purpose: Pain and joint deformity are the most common symptoms of hip osteoarthritis (OA). However, no significant association between pain and severity of radiographic lesions has been reported. Recently, central sensitization has been suggested as an underlying mechanism of pain in OA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool and Lower Extremity Functional Scale in a Proximal Hamstring Avulsion Cohort: A Cross-sectional Study.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Apr 28:3635465211008568. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Karolinska Institutet, Department of Clinical Sciences, Danderyd Hospital, Division of Orthopaedics, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: The goal of treatment for a proximal hamstring avulsion (PHA) is an objectively restored muscle and a subjectively satisfied, pain-free patient at follow-up. Different self-reported and performance-based outcome measures have been used to evaluate recovery, but their validity is poorly investigated.

Purpose: To investigate 1) the correlation between the commonly used self-reported outcome measurements, the Perth Hamstring Assessment Tool (PHAT) and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS); 2) to what extent these scores can be explained by physical dysfunction as measured by performance-based tests; 3) whether performance-based tests can discriminate between the injured and uninjured extremity; and 4) which activity limitations are perceived by patients several years after the injury. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Novel use of radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a valid measure of indoor stair-based physical activity.

Appl Ergon 2021 Apr 22;95:103431. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, 330 River Road, Athens, GA, 30602, USA. Electronic address:

This study sought to test the validity of radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to measure indoor stair walking. RFID and Bluetooth sensors (accelerometers with the proximity function) were placed at landings across three floors within a stairwell. Participants (n = 29) were randomized to stair walking or sedentary control and concomitantly wore RFID tags at the hip, chest and neck. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Effect of Improving Dietary Structure on Serum 25(OH)VitD₃ Level in Hypertensive Patients in a Chinese Rural Area.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Apr 23;27:e929218. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Nutrition, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND In this study, we explored the effect of an improved dietary pattern on 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)VitD₃] level in hypertensive patients in a rural setting and investigated the possible mechanism for lowering blood pressure. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-three participants with overweight or obesity were randomly divided into 2 groups. A 24-h dietary review method was used for dietary assessment. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Influence of weight status on bone mineral content measured by DXA in children.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Apr 20;21(1):185. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Medical School, University of Miguel Hernández de Elche, Sant Joan d'Alacant, Spain.

Introduction: Childhood obesity is a public health problem with repercussions in later life. As tissue formation peaks in childhood we determined how weight status influences bone mineral content.

Material And Methods: We studied 553 children aged 4-18 years over 10 years (46. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Does the Change of Acetabular Anteversion Result From Lumbar Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy in Ankylosing Spondylitis-Related Kyphosis After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty?

Global Spine J 2021 Apr 20:21925682211004920. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Spine Surgery, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Objectives: To analyze the change in acetabular anteversion (AA) after lumbar pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis who have already undergone total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods: AS patients with thoracolumbar kyphosis following lumbar PSO from January 2005 to January 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluating the Value-Added of the Trabecular Bone Score in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Arch Iran Med 2021 Mar 1;24(3):193-198. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences , Tehran, Iran.

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) presents with inflammation in the joints and bony tissues around them. The trabecular bone score (TBS) is a relatively new indicator that predicts fracture risk better than bone mineral density (BMD). The aim of the current study was to measure TBSs and BMD of patients with RA referring to Resalat Hospital, Tehran. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A case of contralateral inguinal lymph node metastases from breast cancer.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 20;7(1):99. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Division of Pathology, Department of Pathology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 chuo-ku-Kusunokicho, Kobe, Hyogo, 650-0017, Japan.

Background: Breast cancer is well known to tends to invade through the lymphatic chains mainly to the axillary and subclavian nodes or occasionally to the internal mammary nodes. However, inguinal lymph node metastasis from breast cancer is extremely rare.

Case Presentation: We have experienced a case of an 82-year-old woman showing left inguinal lymph node metastases from right breast cancer. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Discordance between quantitative ultrasound and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in bone mineral density: The Vietnam Osteoporosis Study.

Osteoporos Sarcopenia 2021 Mar 20;7(1):6-10. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Objectives: Calcaneal quantitative ultrasound measurement (QUS) has been considered an alternative to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) based bone mineral density (BMD) for assessing bone health. This study sought to examine the utility of QUS as an osteoporosis screening tool by evaluating the correlation between QUS and DXA.

Methods: The study was a part of the Vietnam Osteoporosis Study that involved 1270 women and 773 men aged 18 years and older. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Optimizing the Femoral Offset for Restoring Physiological Hip Muscle Function in Patients With Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 30;9:645019. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

School of Biomedical Engineering, Med-X Research Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Objective: Femoral offset (FO) restoration is significantly correlated with functional recovery following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Accurately assessing the effects of FO changes on hip muscles following THA would help improve function and optimize functional outcomes. The present study aimed to (1) identify the impact of FO side difference on the hip muscle moment arms following unilateral THA during gait and (2) propose the optimal FO for a physiological hip muscle function. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF