2,602 results match your criteria correction evolution

Variability in venous gas emboli following the same dive at 3,658 meters.

Undersea Hyperb Med 2021 Second Quarter;48(2):119-126

University at Buffalo, Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Center for Research and Education in Special Environments, Buffalo, New York U.S.

Exposure to a reduction in ambient pressure such as in high-altitude climbing, flying in aircrafts, and decompression from underwater diving results in circulating vascular gas bubbles (i.e., venous gas emboli [VGE]). Read More

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Correction to: Disrupted intraflagellar transport due to IFT74 variants causes Joubert syndrome.

Genet Med 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Key Laboratory of Cell Differentiation and Apoptosis of Chinese Ministry of Education, Department of Pathophysiology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

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Author Correction: Comparative genomics of a novel clade shed light on the evolution of the genus Erysipelothrix and characterise an emerging species.

Sci Rep 2021 May 4;11(1):9861. Epub 2021 May 4.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Veterinárias, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Rua Ceará, 1084, Bloco 2D, Sala 54, Umuarama, Uberlândia, MG, CEP: 38405-240, Brasil.

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D-Dimer as Biomarker for Early Prediction of Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Severe Invasive Infections Due to and .

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 15;8:627830. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy.

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection; no current clinical measure adequately reflects the concept of dysregulated response. Coagulation plays a pivotal role in the normal response to pathogens (immunothrombosis), thus the evolution toward sepsis-induced coagulopathy could be individuate through coagulation/fibrinolysis-related biomarkers. We focused on the role of D-dimer assessed within 24 h after admission in predicting clinical outcomes in a cohort of 270 patients hospitalized in a 79 months period for meningitis and/or bloodstream infections due to ( = 162) or ( = 108). Read More

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Medial Knee Arthrosis: A Pathology with a Progressive Evolution.

Rev Bras Ortop (Sao Paulo) 2021 Apr 22;56(2):133-137. Epub 2020 Jul 22.

Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brasil.

Medial arthrosis of the knee is an evolutionary pathology that occurs due to progressive muscle imbalance. The muscles of the knee region have a large imbalance caused by the difference of power and lever arm. With the progression of life, this imbalance manifests itself more importantly, especially due to the loss of muscle strength due to aging. Read More

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Responses of fungal communities along a chronosequence succession in soils of a tailing dam with reclamation by Heteropogon contortus.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 28;218:112270. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

College of Geosciences, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, Sichuan, China.

Phytoremediation can obviously change the fungal communities in the soils, which will significantly impact carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling in ecological system. So far, the relationship between soil fungal communities and environmental factors is still poorly understood along a long chronosequence. In this study, fungal communities in the surface and rhizosphere soils of a tailing dam with Heteropogon contortus phytoremediation were investigated to explore the evolution of fungal community in a span of 50 years. Read More

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Correction to: Evolution at two time frames: ancient structural variants involved in post-glacial divergence of the European plaice (Pleuronectes platessa).

Heredity (Edinb) 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Vejlsøvej 39, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark.

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Arbitrary-Order Finite-Time Corrections for the Kramers-Moyal Operator.

Entropy (Basel) 2021 Apr 24;23(5). Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Computer Science, OsloMet-Oslo Metropolitan University, P.O. Box 4 St. Olavs plass, N-0130 Oslo, Norway.

With the aim of improving the reconstruction of stochastic evolution equations from empirical time-series data, we derive a full representation of the generator of the Kramers-Moyal operator via a power-series expansion of the exponential operator. This expansion is necessary for deriving the different terms in a stochastic differential equation. With the full representation of this operator, we are able to separate finite-time corrections of the power-series expansion of arbitrary order into terms with and without derivatives of the Kramers-Moyal coefficients. Read More

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Interlayer Bonding Capability of Additively Manufactured Polymer Structures under High Strain Rate Tensile and Shear Loading.

Polymers (Basel) 2021 Apr 15;13(8). Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Materials Test Engineering (WPT), TU Dortmund University, Baroper Str. 303, D-44227 Dortmund, Germany.

Additive manufacturing of polymers via material extrusion and its future applications are gaining interest. Supporting the evolution from prototype to serial applications, additional testing conditions are needed. The additively manufactured and anisotropic polymers often show a weak point in the interlayer contact area in the manufacturing direction. Read More

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Correction: De Vogel, F.A., et al. Comparative Genomics of Marine Bacteria from a Historically Defined Plastic Biodegradation Consortium with the Capacity to Biodegrade Polyhydroxyalkanoates. 2021, , 186.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 2;9(4). Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Marine Microbiology and Biogeochemistry, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, P.O. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, The Netherlands.

The authors wish to make the following corrections to this paper [... Read More

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Author Correction: "Dysfunctions" induced by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are concomitant with metabolic improvement independent of weight loss.

Cell Discov 2020 Apr 28;6(1):25. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy Sciences, Shanghai, 200031, China.

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Fang evolution in venomous snakes: Adaptation of 3D tooth shape to the biomechanical properties of their prey.

Evolution 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia.

Venomous snakes are among the world's most specialized predators. During feeding, they use fangs to penetrate the body tissues of their prey, but the success of this penetration depends on the shape of these highly specialized teeth. Here, we examined the evolution of fang shape in a wide range of snakes using 3D geometric morphometrics (3DGM) and cross-sectional tooth sharpness measurements. Read More

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Topic Evolution Analysis for Omics Data Integration in Cancers.

Li Ning He Huixin

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 7;9:631011. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Management Science and Engineering Department, Management School, Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

One of the vital challenges for cancer diseases is efficient biomarkers monitoring formation and development are limited. Omics data integration plays a crucial role in the mining of biomarkers in the human condition. As the link between omics study on biomarkers discovery and cancer diseases is deepened, defining the principal technologies applied in the field is a must not only for the current period but also for the future. Read More

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Weighted-Graph-Theoretic Methods for Many-Body Corrections within ONIOM: Smooth AIMD and the Role of High-Order Many-Body Terms.

J Chem Theory Comput 2021 May 23;17(5):2672-2690. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics, Indiana University, 800 East Kirkwood Avenue, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, United States.

We present a weighted-graph-theoretic approach to adaptively compute contributions from many-body approximations for smooth and accurate post-Hartree-Fock (pHF) molecular dynamics (AIMD) of highly fluxional chemical systems. This approach is ONIOM-like, where the full system is treated at a computationally feasible quality of treatment (density functional theory (DFT) for the size of systems considered in this publication), which is then improved through a perturbative correction that captures local many-body interactions up to a certain order within a higher level of theory (post-Hartree-Fock in this publication) described through graph-theoretic techniques. Due to the fluxional and dynamical nature of the systems studied here, these graphical representations evolve during dynamics. Read More

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Author Correction: On the causes of geographically heterogeneous parallel evolution in sticklebacks.

Nat Ecol Evol 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Ecological Genetics Research Unit, Organismal and Evolutionary Biology Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

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Modeling the spread of fake news on Twitter.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(4):e0250419. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Fake news can have a significant negative impact on society because of the growing use of mobile devices and the worldwide increase in Internet access. It is therefore essential to develop a simple mathematical model to understand the online dissemination of fake news. In this study, we propose a point process model of the spread of fake news on Twitter. Read More

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Temporal evolution of the biological response to laser-induced refractive index change (LIRIC) in rabbit corneas.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Apr 20;207:108579. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, 14627, USA; The Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, 14627, USA; The Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, 14642, USA. Electronic address:

Laser-induced refractive index change (LIRIC) is a new, non-incisional, non-ablative, femtosecond photo-modification technique being developed for vision correction in humans. Prior, exvivo studies showed intra-tissue refractive index change to induce minimal cell death, restricted to the laser focal zone in the corneal stroma, and with no observable damage to the epithelium or endothelium. Here, we used live rabbits to ascertain longer-term consequences of LIRIC in vivo. Read More

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Correction to: Hypoxia enhances ILC3 responses through HIF-1α-dependent mechanism.

Mucosal Immunol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Laboratory of Immunoinflammation, Department of Genetics, Evolution, Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, Campinas, Brazil.

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Correction: The chromosome-based lavender genome provides new insights into Lamiaceae evolution and terpenoid biosynthesis.

Hortic Res 2021 Apr 15;8(1):90. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Key Laboratory of Plant Resources and Beijing Botanical Garden, Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xiangshan, 100093, Beijing, China.

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An evaluation of biochemical, structural and volatile changes of dry-cured pork using a combined ion mobility spectrometry, hyperspectral and confocal imaging approach.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Food and Biological Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, PR China.

Background: Food processing induces various modifications that affect the structure, physical and chemical properties of food products and hence the acceptance of the product by the consumer. In this work, the evolution of volatile components, 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), moisture content (MC) and microstructural changes of pork was investigated by hyperspectral (HSI) and confocal imaging (CLSM) techniques in synergy with gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS). Models based on partial least squares regression (PLSR) were developed using the full HSI spectrum variables as well as optimum variables selected through a competitive adaptive reweighted sampling algorithm. Read More

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VirION2: a short- and long-read sequencing and informatics workflow to study the genomic diversity of viruses in nature.

PeerJ 2021 30;9:e11088. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

School of Biosciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom.

Microbes play fundamental roles in shaping natural ecosystem properties and functions, but do so under constraints imposed by their viral predators. However, studying viruses in nature can be challenging due to low biomass and the lack of universal gene markers. Though metagenomic short-read sequencing has greatly improved our virus ecology toolkit-and revealed many critical ecosystem roles for viruses-microdiverse populations and fine-scale genomic traits are missed. Read More

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