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Role of Ribosomal RNA Released from Red Cells in Blood Coagulation in Zebrafish and Humans.

Blood Adv 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, United States.

Hemolytic disorders are characterized by hemolysis and are prone to thrombosis. Previously, it has been shown that the RNA released from damaged blood cells activates clotting. However, the nature of RNA released from hemolysis is still elusive. Read More

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September 2021

An efficient biochar synthesized by iron-zinc modified corn straw for simultaneously immobilization Cd in acidic and alkaline soils.

Environ Pollut 2021 Sep 7;291:118129. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Innovation Team of Remediation for Heavy Metal Contaminated Farmlands, Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianjin, 300191, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Original Environmental Pollution Control, Ministry of Agriculture, Agro-Environmental Protection Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Tianjin, 300191, People's Republic of China.

Synthetic functional biochar using agricultural waste as raw materials not only serves as an effective means for recycling waste but can also be employed for the remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil. However, the associated effect and mechanism underlying the immobilization of functional biochar in acidic and alkaline soils remain unclear. In this study, a novel iron-zinc oxide composite modified corn straw (Fe/Zn-YBC) was prepared and applied for the remediation of cadmium-contaminated acidic and alkaline farmland soils. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluating endogenous loss and standard ileal digestibility of amino acids in response to the graded severity levels of E. maxima infection.

Poult Sci 2021 Aug 13;100(11):101426. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia, Athens, GA, USA. Electronic address:

The study was conducted to evaluate the effects of graded levels of Eimeria maxima challenge on endogenous loss, apparent ileal digestibility (AID), and standard ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids. A total of 768 fourteen-day-old male Cobb 500 broiler chickens were randomly allocated into 64 battery cages. Apart from the regular corn-soybean based diet, the nitrogen-free diet (NFD) was formulated to determine the endogenous loss of amino acids. Read More

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Effect of methionine chelated Zn and Mn and corn particle size on Large White male turkey live performance and carcass yields.

Poult Sci 2021 Aug 20;100(11):101444. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Prestage Department of Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7608, USA. Electronic address:

Most turkey research has been conducted with a regular corn particle size set through phase-feeding programs. This study's first objective was to determine the effect of increasing corn particle size through the feed phases on performance, processing yield, and feed milling energy usage in Large White commercial male turkey production. Zinc (Zn) and manganese (Mn) are essential microminerals for animals' healthy growth. Read More

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A comparison of organic-certified versus non-certified natural foods: Perceptions and motives and their influence on purchase behaviors.

Appetite 2021 Sep 18:105698. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Marketing, The University of Tampa, John H. Sykes College of Business, 401 West Kennedy Blvd., Tampa, FL, 33606, USA. Electronic address:

The present study investigates how consumers perceive organic-certified versus noncertified natural foods relative to each other, compares motives for purchasing them, and explores how these influence purchase behaviors toward the combined natural foods category. Analysis of a USA shopper survey finds there are still pronounced differences in perceptions, trust, and willingness to pay. Some 57% of respondents agree at a level of 4 or 5 (out of 5) that there are differences between organic-certified and non-certified foods. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of diet supply on milk production and weight performances of she-camels.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Sep 21;53(5):464. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Agricultural Research Centre for International Development, CIRAD-EMVT, TA 30/A, International Campus de Baillarguet, 34398, Montpellier-Cedex, France.

The milk productivity improvement of she-camels requires a good feeding program that should indicate appropriate foods, required quantities, and how and when to distribute them. The aim of this study was to explore the interactions between milk productivity and body variations of dairy camels in response to experimental dietary treatments. The camels received a new diet every 15 days approximately, with higher rate of concentrates and high energy concentration. Read More

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September 2021

Development and validation of diagnostic SNP markers for quality control genotyping in a collection of four rice (Oryza) species.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18617. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice), M'bé Research Station, 01 B.P. 2551, Bouaké 01, Côte d'Ivoire.

Morphological identification of closely related rice species, particularly those in the Oryza AA genome group, presents major challenges and often results in cases of misidentification. Recent work by this group identified diagnostic single nucleotide polymorphic (SNP) markers specific for several rice species and subspecies based on DArTseq next-generation sequencing technology ("DArTseq"). These SNPs can be used for quality control (QC) analysis in rice breeding and germplasm maintenance programs. Read More

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September 2021

Genome-wide identification and analysis of WRKY gene family in maize provide insights into regulatory network in response to abiotic stresses.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Sep 20;21(1):427. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Anhui Provincial Key Lab. of the Conservation and Exploitation of Biological Resources, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, 241000, China.

Background: The WRKY transcription factor family plays significant roles in biotic and abiotic stress responses, which has been associated with various biological processes in higher plants. However, very little is known regarding the structure and function of WRKY genes in maize.

Results: In this study, a total of 140 ZmWRKY proteins encoded by 125 ZmWRKY genes were eventually identified in maize. Read More

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September 2021

The genetic architecture of leaf stable carbon isotope composition in Zea mays and the effect of transpiration efficiency on leaf elemental accumulation.

G3 (Bethesda) 2021 Sep;11(9)

Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

With increased demand on freshwater resources for agriculture, it is imperative that more water-use efficient crops are developed. Leaf stable carbon isotope composition, δ13C, is a proxy for transpiration efficiency and a possible tool for breeders, but the underlying mechanisms effecting δ13C in C4 plants are not known. It has been suggested that differences in specific leaf area (SLA), which potentially reflects variation in internal CO2 diffusion, can impact leaf δ13C. Read More

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September 2021

Cold stress in maize (Zea mays) is alleviated by the over-expression of Phytoglobin 1 (ZmPgb1.1).

Plant Physiol Biochem 2021 Sep 1;167:901-910. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Plant Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, R3T2N2, MB, Canada. Electronic address:

Maize (Zea mays) plants over-expressing or suppressing the class 1 Phytoglobin (ZmPgb1.1) were evaluated for their ability to cope with low temperature stress. Cold treatment (10 °C day/4 °C night) depressed several gas exchange parameters including photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration, while elevated the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ROS-induced damage. Read More

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September 2021

Enhancing the degradation of Aflatoxin B by co-cultivation of two fungi strains with the improved production of detoxifying enzymes.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 8;371:131092. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

College of Biological Engineering, National Engineering Laboratory for Wheat & Corn Further Processing, Henan University of Technology, 450001 Zhengzhou, China. Electronic address:

After the co-culture of Aspergillus niger and Pleurotus ostreatus, the obtained extracellular crude enzymes solution was employed to aflatoxin B (AFB) degradation. The maximum AFB degradation with co-culture reached 93.4%, which increased by 65. Read More

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September 2021

Honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies benefit from grassland/ pasture while bumble bee (Bombus impatiens) colonies in the same landscapes benefit from non-corn/soybean cropland.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257701. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States of America.

Agriculturally important commercially managed pollinators including honey bees (Apis mellifera L., 1758) and bumble bees (Bombus impatiens Cresson, 1863) rely on the surrounding landscape to fulfill their dietary needs. A previous study in Europe demonstrated that managed honey bee foragers and unmanaged native bumble bee foragers are associated with different land uses. Read More

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September 2021

Gene Cloning, Functional Expression, and Characterization of a Novel GH46 Chitosanase from Streptomyces avermitilis (SaCsn46A).

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Laboratory of Applied Microbiology, School of Pharmaceutical, Changzhou University, Changzhou, China.

A n ovel glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 46 chitosanase (SaCsn46A) from Streptomyces avermitilis was cloned and functionally expressed in Escherichia coli Rosetta (DE3) strains. SaCsn46A consists of 271 amino acids, which includes a 34-amino acid signal peptide. The protein sequence of SaCsn46A shows maximum identity (83. Read More

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September 2021

Biotic stress caused by co-inoculation enhances the expression of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors by fungi.

Nat Prod Res 2021 Sep 20:1-5. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Chemistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Fungi are an inexhaustible source of bioactive metabolites that can be driven to find medicines for chronic diseases, as Alzheimer's disease. In the present work, five species of soil-originated fungi (, , , sp., and ) were submitted to mutual biotic stress aiming at activating the expression of metabolites capable of inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Read More

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September 2021

Genetic variability and trait association in maize ( L.) varieties for growth and yield traits.

Heliyon 2021 Sep 4;7(9):e07939. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Nepal Agricultural Research Council, National Plant Breeding and Genetics Research Centre, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal.

The present study was carried out to study the variation, broad-sense heritability, genetic advance, correlation among traits for growth, yield, and its attributing traits in maize genotypes. Ten maize genotypes were evaluated in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications from June 2019 to September 2019. The results indicated that the genotypes were significantly different for all traits. Read More

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September 2021

Is it Necessary to Send Clinically Diagnosed Benign Skin and Subcutaneous Lesions Excised Under Local Anesthesia for Routine Histopathological Examination?

Cureus 2021 Aug 15;13(8):e17194. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Puducherry, IND.

Background The common benign surgical lesions of skin and subcutaneous tissues like lipoma and sebaceous cysts are diagnosed clinically and treated by surgical excision under local anesthesia. The occurrence of malignancy in these lesions is extremely low, and routine histopathological examination (HPE) adds to increased costs and workload on pathologists. This study was undertaken to estimate the clinical concordance and the frequency of malignancy in these lesions. Read More

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Exogenous 6-Benzyladenine Improves Waterlogging Tolerance in Maize Seedlings by Mitigating Oxidative Stress and Upregulating the Ascorbate-Glutathione Cycle.

Front Plant Sci 2021 3;12:680376. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

College of Agronomy, Specialty Corn Institute, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, China.

The synthetic cytokinin 6-benzyladenine (6-BA) regulates plant growth and prevents the negative consequences of various forms of abiotic stress, including waterlogging in crop plants. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of exogenous 6-BA on the growth, oxidative stress, and ascorbate-glutathione (AsA-GSH) cycle system in the inbred SY-MY13 (waterlogging-resistant) and SY-XT1 (waterlogging-sensitive) seedlings of waxy corn in conditions of waterlogging stress. The results demonstrated that waterlogging stress causes chlorosis and necrosis in waxy corn leaves, inhibiting growth and leading to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which induces oxidative stress and, in turn, reduces membrane lipid peroxidation and the disruption of membrane homeostasis. Read More

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September 2021

Applications of Multi-Omics Technologies for Crop Improvement.

Front Plant Sci 2021 3;12:563953. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Hainan Key Laboratory of Tropical Oil Crops Biology/Coconut Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Wenchang, China.

Multiple "omics" approaches have emerged as successful technologies for plant systems over the last few decades. Advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) have paved a way for a new generation of different omics, such as genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. However, metabolomics, ionomics, and phenomics have also been well-documented in crop science. Read More

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September 2021

Lcz696 Alleviates Myocardial Fibrosis After Myocardial Infarction Through the sFRP-1/Wnt/β-Catenin Signaling Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 2;12:724147. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

The Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Chinese Ministry of Education, Chinese National Health Commission and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, The State and Shandong Province Joint Key Laboratory of Translational Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Qilu Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Lcz696 (ARNI, angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor; sacubitril/valsartan) shows an inhibitory effect on fibrosis after myocardial infarction (MI). However, the underlying signaling mechanisms are poorly understood. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is activated after MI and participates in the process of myocardial fibrosis. Read More

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September 2021

Return connectedness among commodity and financial assets during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from China and the US.

Resour Policy 2021 Oct 6;73:102166. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

School of Economics and Management, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China.

In this paper, we explore the dynamics of the return connectedness among major commodity assets (crude oil, gold and corn) and financial assets (stock, bond and currency) in China and the US during recent COVID-19 pandemic by using the time-varying connectedness measurement introduced by Antonakakis et al. (2020). Firstly, we find that the total return connectedness of the US commodity and financial assets is stronger than that of the Chinese commodity and financial assets in most cases, and both of them increase rapidly after the outbreak of COVID-19. Read More

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October 2021

Nutrient profiles, functional compositions, and antioxidant activities of seven types of grain fermented with fungus.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 11;58(11):4091-4101. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

Institute of Horticulture, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310021 Zhejiang People's Republic of China.

(SS) is a rare medicinal polypore fungus that grows solely on trees. In this study, seven grains (oats, barley, millet, rice, buckwheat, corn, and coix seed) were used as solid substrates for SS fermentation and characterized in their nutrition, functional composition, and antioxidant activities. After fermentation, the nutrient compositions of crude protein (  = 111. Read More

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November 2021

Increased super-conditioning temperature of corn grain affects performance, skeletal growth, and blood metabolites in Holstein dairy calves.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Production Systems, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Jokioinen 31600, Finland. Electronic address:

We aimed to evaluate the effects of feeding super-conditioned corn at different temperatures on intake, growth performance, total-tract starch digestibility, rumen fermentation, blood metabolites, and feeding behavior of dairy calves. Thirty-six Holstein female dairy calves (40 ± 1.72 kg of body weight, ± SD) were randomly assigned to 1 of the following 3 treatments: (1) ground corn (control; CON; n = 12), (2) corn super-conditioned at 75°C (T-75; n = 12), and (3) corn super-conditioned at 95°C (T-95; n = 12). Read More

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September 2021

[Urinary miRNA expression in cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) fed high salt rations].

Vopr Pitan 2021 22;90(4):94-102. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Academician I.P. Pavlov First St. Petersburg State Medical University of the Ministry of Healthcare of Russian Federation, 197022, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

High food intake of sodium chloride is associated with damage not only the cardiovascular system, but also the kidneys. The mechanisms of the potential negative effects of high-salt diets on the kidneys have not been established. of the study was to trace the changes in relative expression of miRNA-21, 203 and 133 in urine of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) fed high-salt diet with and without isolated soy proteins. Read More

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The impact of gliadin and glutenin on the formation and structure of starch-lipid complexes.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 8;371:131095. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

State Key Laboratory of Biobased Material and Green Papermaking, Qilu University of Technology, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Jinan 250353, China; Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, 12211 Giza, Egypt; Department of Medical Pharmacology, Medical Faculty, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey. Electronic address:

This study evaluated the influence of the main gluten fractions (gliadin and glutenin) on the physicochemical properties of binary wheat starch-Lauric acid (WS-LA) complexes during heat processing to explore the complex structure and digestion of WS-LA in the presence of gluten. Ternary WS-LA-glutenin complexes were prepared at different pH (5.2 and 7), whereas WS-LA-gliadin was prepared using ethanol, and their physicochemical properties were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Corn starch and methylcellulose edible films incorporated with fireweed (Chamaenerion angustifolium L.) extract: Comparison of physicochemical and antioxidant properties.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Biochemistry and Food Chemistry, Faculty of Food Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland.

The properties of edible films derived from corn starch (CS) and methylcellulose (MC) supplemented with fireweed extract (FE; 0.0125-0.05% w/w) were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Expression, biochemical and structural characterization of high-specific-activity β-amylase from Bacillus aryabhattai GEL-09 for application in starch hydrolysis.

Microb Cell Fact 2021 Sep 18;20(1):182. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

College of Light Industry and Food Engineering, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing, 210037, Jiangsu, China.

Background: β-amylase (EC 3.2.1. Read More

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September 2021

The ameliorative effect of ellagic acid on di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate-induced testicular structural alterations, oxidative stress, inflammation and sperm damages in adult mice.

Reprod Biol Endocrinol 2021 Sep 18;19(1):146. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Medicinal Plant Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

Background: Phthalates such as di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) are well known exogenous substances, disrupting reproductive system function and structure. The current research demonstrated the effect of ellagic acid (EA) on DEHP-induced testicular injury in mice.

Methods: Thirty-five healthy adult male mice were randomly divided to five groups; normal saline receiving group, DEHP (2 g/kg/day, dissolved in corn oil, p. Read More

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September 2021

Melatonin alleviates aluminum-induced growth inhibition by modulating carbon and nitrogen metabolism, and reestablishing redox homeostasis in Zea mays L.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Sep 12;423(Pt B):127159. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

College of Agriculture, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu, Shanxi 030800, China. Electronic address:

Melatonin, a regulatory molecule, performs pleiotropic functions in plants, including aluminum (Al) stress mitigation. Here, we conducted transcriptomic and physiological analyses to identify metabolic processes associated with the alleviated Al-induced growth inhibition of the melatonin-treated (MT) maize (Zea mays L.) seedlings. Read More

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September 2021

Detection of adulterations in a valuable Brazilian honey by using spectrofluorimetry and multiway classification.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 6;370:131064. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Departamento de Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas (ICEx), Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil; Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Bioanalítica, 13083-970 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Spectrofluorimetry combined with multiway chemometric tools were applied to discriminate pure Aroeira honey samples from samples adulterated with corn syrup, sugar cane molasses and polyfloral honey. Excitation emission spectra were acquired for 232 honey samples by recording excitation from 250 to 500 nm and emission from 270 to 640 nm. Parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), unfolded PLS-DA (UPLS-DA) and multilinear PLS-DA (NPLS-DA) methods were used to decompose the spectral data and build classification models. Read More

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September 2021

Abiraterone acetate plus prednisone in non-metastatic biochemically recurrent castration-naïve prostate cancer.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Sep 15;157:259-267. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Genitourinary Medical Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Intermittent androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in biochemically recurrent castration-naïve prostate cancer is non-inferior to continuous therapy. We hypothesised that finite-duration abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (Abi +P) added to ADT will further reduce the duration of treatment exposure by prolonging time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) recurrence without impacting eugonad state recovery.

Methods: This phase II, randomised, open-label trial enrolled patients with rising PSA ≥ 0. Read More

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September 2021