Am J Psychiatry 2021 May 14:appiajp202020060947. Epub 2021 May 14.
Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience (Pitharouli, Hotopf, Pariante), and Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Centre (Pitharouli, Hagenaars, Glanville, Coleman, Lewis), King's College London, London; National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London (Hotopf, Lewis, Pariante).
Objective: The authors investigated the pathways (genetic, environmental, lifestyle, medical) leading to inflammation in major depressive disorder using C-reactive protein (CRP), genetic, and phenotypic data from the UK Biobank.
Methods: This was a case-control study of 26,894 participants with a lifetime diagnosis of major depressive disorder from the Composite International Diagnostic Interview and 59,001 control subjects who reported no mental disorder and had not reported taking any antidepressant medication. Linear regression models of log CRP level were fitted to regress out the effects of age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and smoking and to test whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) for major depression was associated with log CRP level and whether the association between log CRP level and major depression remained after adjusting for early-life trauma, socioeconomic status, and self-reported health status. Read More