Mol Cell Endocrinol 2020 12 14;518:111032. Epub 2020 Sep 14.
Laboratory of Endocrinology and Receptor Biology, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address:
Thyroid transcription factors (TTFs) - NKX2-1, FOXE1, PAX8 and HHEX - regulate multiple genes involved in thyroid development in mice but little is known about TTF regulation of thyroid-specific genes - thyroglobulin (TG), thyroid peroxidase (TPO), deiodinase type 2 (DIO2), sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) and TSH receptor (TSHR) - in adult, human thyrocytes. Thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone, TSH) regulation of thyroid-specific gene expression in primary cultures of human thyrocytes is biphasic yielding an inverted U-shaped dose-response curve (IUDRC) with upregulation at low doses and decreases at high doses. Herein we show that NKX2-1, FOXE1 and PAX8 are required for TSH-induced upregulation of the mRNA levels of TG, TPO, DIO2, NIS, and TSHR whereas HHEX has little effect on the levels of these thyroid-specific gene mRNAs. Read More