2,538 results match your criteria continent well

SARS-Cov2: a meta-analysis of symptom distribution by continent in 7310 adult COVID-19 infected patients.

Virusdisease 2021 Jun 9:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Infirmary Square, University Hospital of Leicester, Leicester, UK.

There is recent evidence that suggests that there are multiple strains of coronavirus in different parts of the world. Moreover, scientist have noted multiple mutations and postulated that these changes might increase the infective rate of the virus. However literature on varying severity of disease based on these strains is absent. Read More

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Health of African refugee children outside Africa: A scoping review.

J Pediatr Nurs 2021 Jun 9;61:199-206. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Educational Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G5, Canada. Electronic address:

Problem: Africa is the largest source continent of refugee children. However, we found no published synthesis of the literature on the health of African refugee children outside Africa. Conducting a review of the literature on this particular population will help illuminate the particular contextual health issues faced by African child refugees who live outside Africa. Read More

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Multilocus phylogenies reveal three new truffle-like taxa and the traces of interspecific hybridization in Octaviania (Boletaceae, Boletales).

IMA Fungus 2021 Jun 11;12(1):14. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, 32611-0680, USA.

Among many convergently evolved sequestrate fungal genera in Boletaceae (Boletales, Basidiomycota), the genus Octaviania is the most diverse. We recently collected many specimens of Octaviania subg. Octaviania, including several undescribed taxa, from Japan and the Americas. Read More

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The effect of vesicourethral anastomosis technique on functional results in retropubic radical prostatectomy.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jun 9:e14460. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Ege University Hospital, Department of Urology, Izmir, Turkey.

Aim: We aimed to compare the functional results of two different vesicourethral anastomosis (VUA) techniques used in open retropubic radical prostatectomy.

Methods: A total of 476 patients including the first group with four focus VUA at 12-, 3-, 6-, and 9-o'clock positions (n = 288) and the second group with six focus VUA at 12-, 2-, 4-, 6-, 8- and 10-o'clock (n = 188) were included in the study. Perioperative data, erectile function and continence status over a 12-month period were compared. Read More

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Genetic variation in Neotropical butterflies is associated with sampling scale, species distributions, and historical forest dynamics.

Mol Ecol Resour 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (MACN-CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Prior studies of butterfly diversification in the Neotropics have focused on Amazonia and the tropical Andes, while southern regions of the continent have received little attention. To address the gap in knowledge about the Lepidoptera of temperate South America, we analyzed over 3,000 specimens representing nearly 500 species from Argentina for a segment of the mitochondrial COI gene. Representing 42% of the country's butterfly fauna, collections targeted species from the Atlantic and Andean forests, biodiversity hotspots that were previously connected but are now isolated. Read More

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Neurocognition in Kenyan youth at clinical high risk for psychosis.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2021 Sep 25;25:100198. Epub 2021 May 25.

Africa Mental Health Research and Training Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya.

Introduction: Cognitive deficits are typically seen in schizophrenia and in the prodrome, and are a major predictor of functional outcomes in patients. In Africa, few studies have investigated neurocognition in psychosis, which presents a gap in our understanding of the heterogeneity of the illness. In this study, we assessed neurocognition among the largest sample of psychosis-risk participants recruited in the continent to date. Read More

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September 2021

One-year impact of a bowel management program in treating fecal incontinence in patients with anorectal malformations.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Pediatric Colorectal and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, Nationwide Children's Hospital, 700 Children's Drive, Columbus, OH 43205, United States.

Background: Many patients with anorectal malformations (ARM) need a bowel management program (BMP) to manage lifelong problems of fecal incontinence or severe constipation. We aimed to evaluate the sustainability of the results in such a program.

Methods: A single-institution retrospective review was performed in children with ARM who attended our BMP (2015-2019). Read More

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COVID-19 and the marginalized: an opinion piece on further measures to address COVID-19 in prisons in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Int J Prison Health 2021 06;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)

Department of Geography and Rural Development, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

Purpose: This paper examines prison services and how they can be managed to uphold COVID-19 prevention etiquettes, in light of the contemporary rise in COVID-19 cases across the sub-Saharan Africa continent and the world at large.

Design/methodology/approach: An extensive review of existing literature on COVID-19 was conducted to ascertain the nature of the pandemic in prisons in sub-Saharan Africa.

Findings: In line with empirical observations, the paper recommends regular disinfection of prisons and correctional facilities on the sub-continent. Read More

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Antenatal and postnatal assessment of pelvic floor muscles in continent and incontinent primigravida women.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Reduced pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength and thickness are considered critical factors in pregnancy-related stress urinary incontinence. Various methods have been evaluated for the measurement of these two factors, but validity needs to be well established. The objective was to assess the strength and thickness of pelvic floor muscles of continent and incontinent primigravida women using the digital method and transperineal ultrasound, and to study the correlation between the two methods. Read More

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Continental scale distribution and diversity of Ceratobasidium orchid mycorrhizal fungi in Australia.

Ann Bot 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Ecology and Evolution, Research School of Biology, The Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia.

Background And Aims: Mycorrhizal fungi are a critical component of the ecological niche of most plants and can potentially constrain their geographic range. Unlike other types of mycorrhizal fungi, the distributions of orchid mycorrhizal fungi (OMF) at large spatial scales are not well understood. Here, we investigate the distribution and diversity of Ceratobasidium OMF in orchids and soils across the Australian continent. Read More

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Totally robotic intracorporeal Monti-Yang continent ileovesicostomy in patient with previous robotic surgery-Technique description.

J Pediatr Urol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatric Urology, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, 33136, FL, USA; Department of Pediatric Urology, Nicklaus Children's Hospital, Miami, 33155, FL, USA; Department of Urology, Miami University Medical School, Miami, 33136, FL, USA. Electronic address:

We present a video case report of a pediatric patient with previous robotic abdominal surgery who underwent robotic assisted Monti-Yang continent ileovesicostomy. This 10-year-old female had a history of spina bifida, with previous myelomeningocele repair and ventriculoperitoneal shunt as an infant and robotic-assisted Malone procedure and artificial urethral sphincter placed 4 years ago. After undergoing bilateral hip surgery, she presented with difficult urethral catheterization due to reduced leg mobility. Read More

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Continent-Wide Analysis of COVID 19: Total Cases, Deaths, Tests, Socio-Economic, and Morbidity Factors Associated to the Mortality Rate, and Forecasting Analysis in 2020-2021.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 18;18(10). Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Bahrain, Sakhir 32038, Bahrain.

Background: The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in China in December 2019 and has become a pandemic that resulted in more than one million deaths and infected over 35 million people worldwide. In this study, a continent-wide analysis of COVID-19 cases from 31st December 2019 to 14th June 2020 was performed along with socio-economic factors associated with mortality rates as well as a predicted future scenario of COVID-19 cases until the end of 2020.

Methods: Epidemiological and statistical tools such as linear regression, Pearson's correlation analysis, and the Auto Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model were used in this study. Read More

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Contribution of close-in fallout from the French atmospheric tests in inventories of Cs, Am and plutonium (238, 239, 240) in Gambier Islands (French Polynesia) - Signatures of stratospheric fallout in the Southern Hemisphere.

J Environ Radioact 2021 Sep 28;235-236:106624. Epub 2021 May 28.

Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté nucléaire, Cadarache Bât 153, 13108, St Paul-lès-Durance, France.

The inventories of Cs (503 ± 34 Bq.m), Am (11.3 ± 1. Read More

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September 2021

Mortality in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019-associated pulmonary aspergillosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Mycoses 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India.

Reports of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) are rising, but the associated mortality and factors affecting it are not well-characterised. We performed a systematic review including 20 peer-reviewed English language studies reporting mortality in CAPA published till 18 February 2021from PubMed, Ovid SP, Web of Science, Embase and CINHAL. The pooled mortality in CAPA was 51. Read More

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Health Disparities in Rheumatic Diseases: Understanding Global Challenges in Africa, Europe, Latin America, and Asia and Proposing Strategies for Improvement.

Rheum Dis Clin North Am 2021 Feb;47(1):119-132

Shanghai Institute of Rheumatology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Rheumatic diseases reach across continents with some similarities as well as unique challenges. The intersection between genetic factors, environmental exposures and socioeconomic factors, as well as challenges, with delays in access to subspecialty care and medications, manifest in different ways. By understanding both the challenges and successes in different countries, while also recognizing the significant diversity both within and across continents, unified strategies to improve rheumatic disease outcomes and decrease disparities among the most vulnerable groups can be developed and disseminated. Read More

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February 2021

Systematic review and meta-analysis of mortality risk prediction models in adult cardiac surgery.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Bristol Heart Institute, Translational Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK.

Objectives: The most used mortality risk prediction models in cardiac surgery are the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (ES) and Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) score. There is no agreement on which score should be considered more accurate nor which score should be utilized in each population subgroup. We sought to provide a thorough quantitative assessment of these 2 models. Read More

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Single Port Transvesical Robotic Radical Prostatectomy: Initial Clinical Experience and Description of Technique.

Urology 2021 May 23. Epub 2021 May 23.

Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Objective: To describe our surgical technique and early results for the single port (SP) transvesical robotic radical prostatectomy using the da Vinci SPࣨ surgical system.

Patients & Methods: Twenty patients underwent SP radical prostatectomy through a transvesical approach. Through a 3 cm suprapubic incision, the bladder was incised and a GelPOINT mini system was used for floating docking. Read More

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The black carbon dispersion in the Southern Hemisphere and its transport and fate to Antarctica, an Anthropocene evidence for climate change policies.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 10;778:146242. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Departamento de Estadística, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Avenida Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Santiago de Chile, Chile.

Black carbon (BC) has been measured in Antarctica's air, and its global warming effect can potentially speed up the ice melting in the most solid water reservoir of the planet. However, the primary responsible sources are not well evidenced in this region. The dispersion of black carbon emissions from the Southern Hemisphere was conducting using atmospheric chemical transport model and we compared the results with satellite registries from March 1st to April 30th in 2014. Read More

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Comparing pattern of musculoskeletal injuries prior to and during COVID-19 lockdown: A time-trend case study from a tertiary level Trauma Center of Northern India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jan 30;10(1):427-431. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Lead Epidemiologist, Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Alchemist Research and Data Analysis, Chandigarh, India.

Background And Aims: In the COVID-19 times, Indian sub-continent is struggling to contain the epidemic and trying to strengthen the existing health infrastructure, the national level lockdown has raised concerns about the pattern of injuries whether it has remained the same or has changed over this period. This is the first study to compare injury pattern during the two months lockdown period with the data of corresponding months from years 2016-2020. Also we compared the age- and sex-wise distribution patterns of these injuries for the above mentioned period. Read More

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January 2021

External quality assessment of Rift Valley fever diagnosis in countries at risk of the disease: African, Indian Ocean and Middle-East regions.

PLoS One 2021 19;16(5):e0251263. Epub 2021 May 19.

The Ministry of Environment, Water and Agriculture (MEWA), Jazan Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory, Jizan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), an arbovirus belonging to the Phlebovirus genus of the Phenuiviridae family, causes the zoonotic and mosquito-borne RVF. The virus, which primarily affects livestock (ruminants and camels) and humans, is at the origin of recent major outbreaks across the African continent (Mauritania, Libya, Sudan), and in the South-Western Indian Ocean (SWIO) islands (Mayotte). In order to be better prepared for upcoming outbreaks, to predict its introduction in RVFV unscathed countries, and to run efficient surveillance programmes, the priority is harmonising and improving the diagnostic capacity of endemic countries and/or countries considered to be at risk of RVF. Read More

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sp. n. (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) from (Smith, 1846) (Mugilidae) from Table Bay, South Africa.

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2021 Aug 7;15:87-94. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Fish Health Research Group, P.O. Box 750, Sentrum, NO-0106, Oslo, Norway.

sp. n. is described from the body surface and fins of the South African mullet, (Smith, 1846) collected from Table Bay Harbour, Cape Town and is compared to five other species described from grey mullets globally namely Ling, 1963 and Zhukov, 1970 from (Temminck and Schlegel, 1845); Rawson, 1973 from L. Read More

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Design and performance analysis of a parabolic trough power plant under the climatological conditions of Tamanrasset, Algeria.

Int J Environ Sci Technol (Tehran) 2021 May 8:1-18. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Algeria's energy demands are tremendously growing, and on the African continent it ranks among the countries with the highest energy consumption. To counter its growing energy demand, the country is progressively adopting renewable energy technologies, although conventional energy technologies still play a central role in its electricity production. The huge solar energy potential in Algeria can be exploited and utilized to meet the country's growing energy demand with minimal greenhouse gas production. Read More

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Climate change impact on EU rivers' dilution capacity and ecological status.

Water Res 2021 Jul 22;199:117166. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Catalan Institute for Water Research (ICRA). Carrer Emili Grahit 101, 17003 Girona, Spain; University of Girona. Plaça de Sant Domènec 3, 17004 Girona, Spain. Electronic address:

Impacts from urban wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) to receiving riverine surface water bodies (SWBs) depend on the load of contaminants discharged, as well as on their dilution capacity. Yet, climate change impacts on such dilution capacity and ultimately on the SWBs ecological status remain unclear. Here, we assess SWBs dilution capacity across the European continent to identify most vulnerable areas using information from centralized European databases. Read More

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Therapeutic Potentials of Antiviral Plants Used in Traditional African Medicine With COVID-19 in Focus: A Nigerian Perspective.

Front Pharmacol 2021 26;12:596855. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is caused by an infectious novel strain of coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which was earlier referred to as 2019-nCoV. The respiratory disease is the most consequential global public health crisis of the 21st century whose level of negative impact increasingly experienced globally has not been recorded since World War II. Up till now, there has been no specific globally authorized antiviral drug, vaccines, supplement or herbal remedy available for the treatment of this lethal disease except preventive measures, supportive care and non-specific treatment options adopted in different countries via divergent approaches to halt the pandemic. Read More

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Barriers and facilitators to online medical and nursing education during the COVID-19 pandemic: perspectives from international students from low- and middle-income countries and their teaching staff.

Hum Resour Health 2021 05 12;19(1):64. Epub 2021 May 12.

School of International Education, Xuzhou Medical University, No. 209 of Tongshan Road, Yunlong, Xuzhou, 221004, China.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic posed a huge challenge to the education systems worldwide, forcing many countries to provisionally close educational institutions and deliver courses fully online. The aim of this study was to explore the quality of the online education in China for international medical and nursing students from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as well as the factors that influenced their satisfaction with online education during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: Questionnaires were developed and administered to 316 international medical and nursing students and 120 teachers at a university in China. Read More

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Histopathological changes in Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters, 1852) ovaries after a chronic exposure to a mixture of the HIV drug nevirapine and the antibiotics sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 9;274:129900. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Department of Zoology, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, University of Johannesburg, 2006, South Africa. Electronic address:

The burden of the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection has transformed the African continent into a major consumer of antiretrovirals (ARVs) drugs. In addition to HIV burden, the African continent has also a high incidence of tuberculosis (TB) and has been experiencing recurring outbreaks of several other viral, bacterial, and parasitic epidemic diseases. The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2 or Covid-19) pandemic outbreak is adding to the continent's infectious diseases burden as experts are predicting that it will be here for a long time. Read More

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Urinary Diversion: Core Curriculum 2021.

Am J Kidney Dis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Urinary diversion after cystectomy has been a historical standard for the treatment of numerous benign and malignant diseases of the bladder. Since the first published description in the early 1900s, improvements in surgical technique and a better understanding of the metabolic sequelae postoperatively have greatly enhanced patient outcomes. Both continent and incontinent diversions are available to patients after cystectomy. Read More

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Dioctophimosis: A Parasitic Zoonosis of Public Health Importance.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1306:129-142

Project Dioctophyme renale in Dogs and Cats (PRODIC), Department of Veterinary Clinics, Veterinary College, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, Brazil.

Dioctophyme renale, the giant kidney worm, is a renal nematode from domestic and wild mammals that has zoonotic potential. In humans, dioctophimosis has been reported in several countries, mainly on the Asian continent, totaling more than 40 cases, which describe the parasite mainly infecting the kidneys, bladder, urethra and skin. Infection in animals and humans is related to the ingestion of the infective larva (L3) present in the aquatic oligochaete annelid (mandatory intermediate host) or fish and anurans (facultative paratenic hosts). Read More

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Clear phylogeographic pattern and genetic structure of wild boar Sus scrofa population in Central and Eastern Europe.

Sci Rep 2021 May 6;11(1):9680. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Forensic Medicine, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Toruń, Poland.

The wild boar Sus scrofa is one of the widely spread ungulate species in Europe, yet the origin and genetic structure of the population inhabiting Central and Eastern Europe are not well recognized. We analysed 101 newly obtained sequences of complete mtDNA genomes and 548 D-loop sequences of the species and combined them with previously published data. We identified five phylogenetic clades in Europe with clear phylogeographic pattern. Read More

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The molecular basis of antimalarial drug resistance in Plasmodium vivax.

Int J Parasitol Drugs Drug Resist 2021 Apr 26;16:23-37. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, 02115, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Plasmodium vivax is the most geographically widespread cause of human malaria and is responsible for the majority of cases outside of the African continent. While great progress has been made towards eliminating human malaria, drug resistant parasite strains pose a threat towards continued progress. Resistance has arisen to multiple antimalarials in P. Read More

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