725 results match your criteria constant survivors

Resilience as a multi-directional movement process: A conceptual and empirical exploration.

Br J Sociol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Movement is a recurrent thematic within extant resilience scholarship. Ecological theorizations of resilience emphasize systems that are in constant movement and flux. Terms such as "bouncing back" and "bouncing forward" are frequently used to describe how individuals recover and move on from adversity and trauma. Read More

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Epidemiology, outcomes, and utilization of intensive care unit resources for critically ill COVID-19 patients in Libya: A prospective multi-center cohort study.

PLoS One 2021 30;16(4):e0251085. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Faculty of Medicine University of Tripoli, Tripoli, Libya.

Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has severely affected African countries, specifically the countries, such as Libya, that are in constant conflict. Clinical and laboratory information, including mortality and associated risk factors in relation to hospital settings and available resources, about critically ill patients with COVID-19 in Africa is not available. This study aimed to determine the mortality and morbidity of COVID-19 patients in intensive care units (ICU) following 60 days after ICU admission, and explore the factors that influence in-ICU mortality rate. Read More

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Healthcare Provider Perspectives on Adherence to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy after Breast Cancer.

Curr Oncol 2021 Apr 9;28(2):1472-1482. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Adherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) for breast cancer is suboptimal. The purpose of this study was to: (1) explore the experiences and perspectives of healthcare providers (HCPs) in providing care to breast cancer survivors prescribed AET, (2) identify how social and structural factors influence the provision of AET-related care, and (3) ascertain HCP recommendations for optimizing AET adherence and related care. Individual, in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 HCPs using an interpretive descriptive approach to inquiry and the theoretical lens of relational autonomy. Read More

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Empowered Choices: African-American Women's Breast Reconstruction Decisions.

Am J Health Behav 2021 Mar;45(2):352-370

Lorraine R. Reitzel, Professor, Department of Psychological, Health, and Learning Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX, United States.

Breast reconstruction (BR) potentially can improve quality of life in postmastectomy breast cancer survivors (BCS); however, African-American women are less likely to undergo BR than Caucasian women. This qualitative study was undertaken to explore individual, sociocultural, and contextual factors influencing African-American women's BR decision-making processes and preferences. Postmastectomy African-American BCS with and without BR participated in semi-structured interviews. Read More

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A Fc engineering approach to define functional humoral correlates of immunity against Ebola virus.

Immunity 2021 Apr;54(4):815-828.e5

Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address:

Protective Ebola virus (EBOV) antibodies have neutralizing activity and induction of antibody constant domain (Fc)-mediated innate immune effector functions. Efforts to enhance Fc effector functionality often focus on maximizing antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, yet distinct combinations of functions could be critical for antibody-mediated protection. As neutralizing antibodies have been cloned from EBOV disease survivors, we sought to identify survivor Fc effector profiles to help guide Fc optimization strategies. Read More

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Improved cortical activity and reduced gait asymmetry during poststroke self-paced walking rehabilitation.

J Neuroeng Rehabil 2021 Apr 13;18(1):60. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, 34141, Republic of Korea.

Background: For patients with gait impairment due to neurological disorders, body weight-supported treadmill training (BWSTT) has been widely used for gait rehabilitation. On a conventional (passive) treadmill that runs at a constant speed, however, the level of patient engagement and cortical activity decreased compared with gait training on the ground. To increase the level of cognitive engagement and brain activity during gait rehabilitation, a self-paced (active) treadmill is introduced to allow patients to actively control walking speed, as with overground walking. Read More

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A conceptual model of fertility concerns among adolescents and young adults with cancer.

Psychooncology 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: For adolescents and young adults (AYAs), cancer-related fertility concerns (FC) are salient, disruptive, and complex. Clinical communication about FC and fertility preservation options are suboptimal, increasing patient distress. The purpose of this study is to construct a conceptual model of FC among AYAs with cancer to inform future measurement development. Read More

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Interpreting Cancer Survivors' Perceptions of the Survivor Label Through Social Identity and Communication Accommodation Theories.

Health Commun 2021 Apr 6:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Sales and Leasing Department, Uniland Development.

This study uses social identity theory and communication accommodation theory as lenses to examine former cancer patients' perspectives of the "survivor" label, replacement labels for their experience, and use of survivor services. Semi-structured interviews of 43 former cancer patients offer insight into their unique cancer experiences and explain how these events influence their perceptions of the term survivor. Coders used constant comparison methods to capture six themes related to the participants' impressions of the survivor label. Read More

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Increased motor variability facilitates motor learning in weight shift toward the paretic side during walking in individuals post-stroke.

Eur J Neurosci 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Legs and Walking Lab, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, Chicago, IL, USA.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether applying "varied" versus constant pelvis assistance force mediolaterally toward the paretic side of stroke survivors during walking would result in short-term improvement in weight shift toward the paretic side. Twelve individuals post-stroke (60.4 ± 6. Read More

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"I never heard anything about it": Knowledge and psychosocial needs of Latina breast cancer survivors with lymphedema.

Womens Health (Lond) 2021 Jan-Dec;17:17455065211002488

Department of Educational and Psychological Studies, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.

Objective: Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed form of cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related death among Latina women in the United States. One aspect of recovery that has been underrepresented in the English-language literature is the recovery of Latina women who have developed lymphedema, a debilitating condition characterized by persistent swelling of the arm, hand, chest, and/or breast. To fill this research gap, a study was conducted to examine the lived experiences of Latina women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. Read More

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In silico Nigellidine (N. sativa) bind to viral spike/active-sites of ACE1/2, AT1/2 to prevent COVID-19 induced vaso-tumult/vascular-damage/comorbidity.

Vascul Pharmacol 2021 Mar 18:106856. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Departmentof Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Cell and Molecular Therapeutics Laboratory, Oriental Institute of Science and Technology, Midnapore, India.

COVID-19, a global-pandemic binds human-lung-ACE2. ACE2 causes vasodilatation. ACE2 works in balance with ACE1. Read More

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Motoric Subtypes of Delirium and Long-Term Functional and Mental Health Outcomes in Adults After Critical Illness.

Crit Care Med 2021 May;49(5):e521-e532

Critical Illness, Brain Dysfunction, and Survivorship (CIBS) Center and the Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

Objectives: Adult ICU survivors that experience delirium are at high risk for developing new functional disabilities and mental health disorders. We sought to determine if individual motoric subtypes of delirium are associated with worse disability, depression, and/or post-traumatic stress disorder in ICU survivors.

Design: Secondary analysis of a prospective multicenter cohort study. Read More

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Developing a Web-Based Shared Decision-Making Tool for Fertility Preservation Among Reproductive-Age Women With Breast Cancer: An Action Research Approach.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Mar 17;23(3):e24926. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

MacKay Medical College, Department of Nursing, New Taipei City, Taiwan.

Background: The pregnancy rate after cancer treatment for female survivors is lower than that of the general population. Future infertility is a significant concern for patients with breast cancer and is associated with a poor quality of life. Reproductive-age patients with breast cancer have safe options when choosing a type of fertility preservation method to be applied. Read More

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: The Serious Consequences of Sexual Violence against Women and Girls, Their Search for Inner Healing and the Significance of the #MeToo Movement.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 02 14;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 14.

School of Health Sciences, University of Akureyri, Nordurslod 2, 600 Akureyri, Iceland.

This paper uses the method of theory synthesis, primarily from our own previous studies and psychoneuroimmunology research, with the aim of exploring and better understanding the consequences of sexual violence for women and their search for inner healing. The impact of the #MeToo movement is also examined. The main finding is that sexual violence causes persistent suffering for women and girls. Read More

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February 2021

Immunological Endotyping of Chronic Critical Illness After Severe Sepsis.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 15;7:616694. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Surgery, Sepsis and Critical Illness Research Center, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, United States.

Improved management of severe sepsis has been one of the major health care accomplishments of the last two decades. Due to enhanced recognition and improved management of severe sepsis, in-hospital mortality has been reduced by up to 40%. With that good news, a new syndrome has unfortunately replaced in-hospital multi-organ failure and death. Read More

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February 2021

Qualitative Study of Chinese Stroke Caregivers' Caregiving Experience During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Stroke 2021 04 16;52(4):1407-1414. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, LKS Faculty of Medicine (K.K.L.), The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR.

Background And Purpose: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak has led to disruptions in health care service delivery worldwide, inevitably affecting stroke survivors requiring ongoing rehabilitation and chronic illness management. To date, no published research has been found on stroke caregiving during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to explore Hong Kong stroke caregivers' caregiving experiences in the midst of this difficult time. Read More

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Recruiting participants for an international mHealth study via Facebook Ads: Experiences from the Untire App RCT.

Internet Interv 2021 Mar 7;23:100362. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Health Psychology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands.

Introduction: Social media recruitment via Facebook Ads seems to be a promising method for large-scale international trials examining the effectiveness of mHealth interventions. However, little is known about this method in terms of strategy, reach, and costs in the context of psycho-oncology. This paper presents the results of the recruitment strategy that was applied in the Untire app study and shows how many participants could be reached using advertisements (i. Read More

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Mental health recovery for survivors of modern slavery: grounded theory study protocol.

BMJ Open 2020 11 19;10(11):e038583. Epub 2020 Nov 19.

School of Health Sciences, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Introduction: Slavery and human trafficking are crimes involving the violation of human rights and refer to exploitative situations where an individual cannot refuse or leave due to threats, coercion or abuse of power. Activities involving slavery include forced labour exploitation, forced sexual exploitation, forced marriage and servitude. Epidemiological studies show high levels of mental health need and poor provision of appropriate support for survivors. Read More

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November 2020

Share our stories: An exploration of the healthcare experiences of child sex trafficking survivors.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Feb 9;112:104896. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, United States; Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The trafficking of children and adolescents is widespread, and pediatric providers are on the front line. Current research demonstrates that trafficked children do access health care. However, few studies describe these interactions from their perspectives. Read More

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February 2021

Prehabilitation in head and neck cancer patients: a literature review.

J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jan 6;50(1). Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 8205 114St 2-70 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, Alberta, T6R 3T5, Canada.

Background: Dysphagia is one consequence of head and neck cancer that has a significant impact on quality of life for head and neck cancer survivors. While survival rates continue to improve, focus has shifted to maximizing long-term function, with prevention or prehabilitation programs becoming more common. Prehabilitation programs typically include an exercise regime that specifies the exercise type, the number of repetitions to complete per set, the number of sets of each exercise to complete per day, as well as the length of the treatment block. Read More

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January 2021

Comparison of respiratory muscle strength and endurance, maximal oxygen consumption, and fatigue in colorectal cancer survivors with healthy adults.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jan 3. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate respiratory muscle strength and endurance, maximal oxygen consumption, and fatigue of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors and compare them with healthy individuals.

Methods: Demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded. Respiratory muscle strength (maximal inspiratory pressure (MIP), maximal expiratory pressure (MEP)) was measured using an electronic mouth pressure device, and respiratory muscle endurance was assessed using a constant workload protocol with linear workload device. Read More

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January 2021

Exploring the experience of recurrence with advanced cancer for people who perceived themselves to be cancer free: a grounded theory study.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jan 2. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.

Purpose: Advances in cancer treatment have led to longer cancer-free periods and overall survival. This study aimed to understand patients' experiences of transitioning out of a state of believing to be cancer free into incurable recurrence with advanced disease.

Methods: Using constructivist grounded theory with in-depth interviews patients (n = 15) with solid tumors from a major US cancer center participated. Read More

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January 2021

Clinical features and outcome of septic shock in dogs: 37 Cases (2008-2015).

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2020 Dec 31. Epub 2020 Dec 31.

Colorado State University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Fort Collins, CO.

Objectives: To describe patient characteristics of dogs with septic shock, investigate markers of disease severity, and assess treatment impact on outcome.

Design: Retrospective study.

Setting: Single center, university veterinary teaching intensive care unit. Read More

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December 2020

The reaching movement in breast cancer survivors: Attention to the principles of rehabilitation.

J Bodyw Mov Ther 2020 Oct 30;24(4):102-108. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Anatomical and Histological Sciences, Legal Medicine and Orthopedics, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Introduction: Breast-cancer is leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women. The prognosis and survival rate of women with breast-cancer have significantly improved worldwide; more attention needs to be paid to rehabilitative interventions after surgery. This paper describes use of reaching movement to assess upper limb motorcontrol and functional ability after breast-cancer surgery (BC). Read More

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October 2020

Pharmacokinetic and Efficacy Study of Acyclovir Against Cyprinid Herpesvirus 3 in .

Front Vet Sci 2020 22;7:587952. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States.

Cyprinid Herpesvirus 3 (CyHV-3), more commonly known as Koi Herpesvirus (KHV), is a re-emergent virus causing acute systemic infection with high mortality rates in koi fish (). Survivors from outbreaks can become latent carriers, with viral reactivation under stressful conditions and permissible temperatures. No vaccines or treatments are currently available in the United States. Read More

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October 2020

Web-Based Lifestyle Interventions for Prostate Cancer Survivors: Qualitative Study.

JMIR Cancer 2020 Nov 10;6(2):e19362. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: Exercise and a healthy diet can improve the quality of life and prognosis of prostate cancer survivors, but there have been limited studies on the feasibility of web-based lifestyle interventions in this population.

Objective: This study aims to develop a data-driven grounded theory of web-based engagement by prostate cancer survivors based on their experience in the Community of Wellness, a 12-week randomized clinical trial designed to support healthy diet and exercise habits.

Methods: TrueNTH's Community of Wellness was a four-arm pilot study of men with prostate cancer (N=202) who received progressive levels of behavioral support (level 1: website; level 2: website with individualized diet and exercise recommendations; level 3: website with individualized diet and exercise recommendations, Fitbit, and text messages; and level 4: website with individualized diet and exercise recommendations, Fitbit and text messages, and separate phone calls with an exercise trainer and a registered dietitian). Read More

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November 2020

Continued improvement in morbidity reduction in extremely premature infants.

Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed 2021 May 27;106(3):265-270. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Provide a progress report updating our long-term quality improvement collaboration focused on major morbidity reduction in extremely premature infants 23-27 weeks.

Methods: 10 Vermont Oxford Network (VON) neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) (the POD) sustained a structured alliance: (A) face-to-face meetings, site visits and teleconferences, (B) transparent process and outcomes sharing, (C) utilisation of evidence-based potentially better practice toolkits, (D) family integration and (E) benchmarking via a composite mortality-morbidity score (Benefit Metric). Morbidity-specific toolkits were employed variably by each NICU according to local priorities. Read More

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Chipped or Whole? Listening to Survivors' Experiences With Disclosure Following Sexual Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Oct 22:886260520967745. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.

Sexual violence is a prevalent crime but vastly underreported and with serious long-term health consequences for survivors. Disclosure of sexual violence represents a social experience that may offer support towards healing or further traumatization depending on the response received. Although current research suggests that process of disclosure itself is important, as are social responses, there is a dearth of research examining the perceived impact of initial responses to disclosure on healing and relationships, particularly over time. Read More

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October 2020

"It's All Sort of Cool and Interesting…but What Do I Do With It?" A Qualitative Study of Stroke Survivors' Perceptions of Surface Electromyography.

Front Neurol 2020 17;11:1037. Epub 2020 Sep 17.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Stroke is one of the most common neurologic injuries worldwide. Over decades, evidence-based neurorehabilitation research and advancements in wireless, wearable sensor design have supported the deployment of technologies to facilitate recovery after stroke. Surface electromyography (sEMG) is one such technology, however, clinical application remains limited. Read More

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September 2020

Religion and spirituality: their role in the psychosocial adjustment to breast cancer and subsequent symptom management of adjuvant endocrine therapy.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Jun 9;29(6):3017-3024. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Preventive Medicine, The Gehr Family Center for Health Systems Science, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Purpose: Distress from being diagnosed with breast cancer can impact a woman's decision to continue taking adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET). The purpose of this study is to explore how religion and/or spirituality influence women's psychosocial adjustment to breast cancer and subsequent symptom management among women on active AET.

Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with breast cancer survivors (n = 19) from California and Texas. Read More

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