10,420 results match your criteria conjunctival cell


Case of a Giant Conjunctival Melanocytic Nevus.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2021 Mar 18;7(2):97-102. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.

A 78-year-old female experienced extraocular extension of a giant conjunctival melanocytic mass. The clinical diagnosis was conjunctival malignant melanoma. We performed local excision and histopathological examination. Read More

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Combining Brachytherapy and Cryotherapy as Adjuvant Therapy for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Conjunctiva: Literature Review and Case Reports.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2021 Mar 11;7(2):77-84. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Separately, cryotherapy and brachytherapy have shown promising results when adjuvating the excision of squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva (SCCC). The aim of this paper is to assess the combined effect in terms of complications and recurrence rate.

Summary: We describe 2 patients suffering from SCCC, and we review the current literature on adjuvant cryotherapy and brachytherapy. Read More

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An Eye on COVID-19: A Meta-analysis of Positive Conjunctival Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction and SARS-CoV-2 Conjunctivitis Prevalence.

Optom Vis Sci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Atrius Health, Newton, Massachusetts

Significance: This analysis and review demonstrate that, although emerging data indicate that the prevalence of severe acute respiratory coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) on the ocular surface and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) conjunctivitis is rare, the ocular surface remains of interest as a potential inoculation and transmission site for SARS-CoV-2. Continued safety precautions should be taken as more data become available.Coronavirus disease 2019, caused by SARS-CoV-2, is a novel, global pandemic that has infected millions and, up to this point, caused more than two million fatalities worldwide. Read More

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Pro-Resolving Mediator Annexin A1 Regulates Intracellular Ca and Mucin Secretion in Cultured Goblet Cells Suggesting a New Use in Inflammatory Conjunctival Diseases.

Front Immunol 2021 22;12:618653. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Schepens Eye Research institute/Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

The amount of mucin secreted by conjunctival goblet cells is regulated to ensure the optimal level for protection of the ocular surface. Under physiological conditions lipid specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPM) are essential for maintaining tissue homeostasis including the conjunctiva. The protein Annexin A1 (AnxA1) can act as an SPM. Read More

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The genetic diversity of human papillomavirus types from the species Gammapapillomavirus 15: HPV135, HPV146, and HPV179.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0249829. Epub 2021 May 6.

Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Objectives: To determine the prevalence, viral load, tissue tropism, and genetic variability of novel human papillomavirus (HPV) type 179, which is etiologically associated with sporadic cases of common warts in immunocompromised patients, and phylogenetically related HPV types 135 and 146.

Methods: The representative collection of 850 HPV-associated clinical samples (oral/nasopharyngeal/anal, archival specimens of oral/oropharyngeal/conjunctival/cervical/skin cancer, benign lesions of the larynx/conjunctiva/skin, and eyebrows), obtained from immunocompetent individuals, was tested for the presence of HPV179, HPV135, and HPV146 using type-specific real-time PCRs. To assess the genetic diversity of the HPVs investigated in the non-coding long control region (LCR), several highly sensitive nested PCR protocols were developed for each HPV type. Read More

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Oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in dry eye disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Université Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, LaPSCo, Physiological and Psychosocial Stress, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Preventive and Occupational Medicine, Witty Fit, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Purpose: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis on the levels of oxidative stress markers and antioxidants in dry eye disease (DED) compared with healthy subject.

Method: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Science Direct and Google Scholar databases were searched on 10 January 2021 for studies reporting oxidative and antioxidative stress markers in DED and healthy controls. Main meta-analysis was stratified by type of biomarkers, type of samples (tears, conjunctival cells or biopsies), Sjögren's syndrome (SS) (patients with or without SS) and by geographical zones (Asia or Europe). Read More

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Clinical outcomes of modified simple limbal epithelial transplantation for limbal stem cell deficiency in Chinese population: a retrospective case series.

Stem Cell Res Ther 2021 May 1;12(1):259. Epub 2021 May 1.

Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences Key Laboratory, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100730, China.

Objective: To report the clinical outcomes of a novel surgical technique, namely simple limbal epithelial transplantation (SLET), for the treatment of limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD).

Methods: Thirteen patients (13 eyes) with LSCD who underwent autologous (10 eyes) or allogeneic (3 eyes) modified SLET between 2018 and 2021 were enrolled in this study. Grades of symblepharon, corneal conjunctivalization, vascularization, opacification, and visual acuity (VA) were evaluated preoperatively and postoperatively. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms and treatments for ocular symblephara.

Surv Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University School of Medicine. Electronic address:

There are currently no effective methods to prevent or durably treat ocular symblephara, the adhesions between the palpebral and bulbar conjunctiva. How symblephara form at the molecular level is largely unknown. We present here an overview of current clinical symblephara treatments and describe potential molecular mechanisms behind conjunctival adhesion formation that may inform future symblephara treatment and prevention options. Read More

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Optimization of goblet cell density quantification methods.

Exp Eye Res 2021 Apr 28;207:108607. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Allergan plc, 2525 Dupont Dr., Irvine, CA, 92612, USA.

The purpose of this study was to develop a standardized, accurate and efficient method for estimating conjunctival goblet cell density (GCD) via optimizing sample storage conditions and quantification methods. Conjunctival impression cytology (CIC) membranes were collected from both eyes of 32 participants and were randomized to two storage durations (2-3 weeks, 6-7 weeks) and two storage container types (microcentrifuge tube, flat histology cassette). The CIC membranes were stained and subdivided into 25 areas (5 mm × 5 mm) for imaging and the GCs were counted under 200X magnification using three different methods: (1) full CIC membrane GC count of the 25 images with cell-counting software ("full"; reference method), (2) partial membrane GC count of 9 images with cell-counting software ("partial"), and (3) manual counting of the 25 images ("manual"). Read More

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Efficacy of Modified Amnion-Assisted Conjunctival Epithelial Redirection (ACER) for Partial Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Apr 10;57(4). Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore 168751, Singapore.

: the aim of this study was to analyze the efficacy of a modified "amnion-assisted conjunctival epithelial redirection (ACER)" technique for the treatment of partial limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD). : the medical records of three patients with partial LSCD who underwent corneal surface reconstruction with modified ACER following superficial keratectomy were retrospectively studied. Briefly, in this technique, an inner amniotic membrane (AM) layer was applied on the corneal surface to promote corneal re-epithelialization. Read More

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Autologous Scleral Pocket Technique for Ahmed Glaucoma Valve Implantation with Pars Plana Tube Insertion for Neovascular Glaucoma.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 10;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Division of Ophthalmology, Department of Surgery, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-2 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 650-0017, Japan.

Specific postoperative complications, such as tube exposure and conjunctival erosion, have occurred despite the favorable surgical outcomes of tube shunt surgeries for refractory glaucoma. The new autologous scleral pocket technique is performed by inserting the tube into the vitreous cavity without using a donor scleral patch. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surgical results of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) implantation using this technique for neovascular glaucoma (NVG), which is one of the representative refractory types of glaucoma. Read More

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[Clinical and pathological analysis of ocular adnexal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;57(5):366-371

Tianjin Eye Hospital, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Nankai University Affiliated Eye Hospital, Clinical College of Ophthalmology of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Eye Institute, Tianjin 300020, China.

To summarize the clinical and pathological characteristics of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of ocular adnexal (OA-DLBCL). A retrospective case series study. Twenty-three cases of OA-DLBCL were collected in Tianjin Eye Hospital from January 2005 to December 2018. Read More

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Heparin: A simplistic repurposing to prevent SARS-CoV-2 transmission in light of its in-vitro nanomolar efficacy.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 26;183:203-212. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Infectious Diseases, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL, USA. Electronic address:

The world is currently facing a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. The greatest threat that is disrupting the normal functioning of society is the exceptionally high species independent transmission. Drug repurposing is understood to be the best strategy to immediately deploy well-characterized agents against new pathogens. Read More

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Update on ocular graft-versus-host disease.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 May;69(5):1038-1050

Department of Ophthalmology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Ocular graft-versus-host disease (oGVHD) occurs as a complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and is associated with significant ocular morbidity resulting in a marked reduction in the quality of life. With no current consensus on treatment protocols, management becomes challenging as recurrent oGVHD often refractory to conventional treatment. Most authors now diagnose and grade the disease based on criteria provided by the National Institutes of Health Consensus Conference (NIH CC) or the International Chronic oGVHD (ICCGVHD) consensus group. Read More

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Treatment of Capecitabine Corneal Side Effects With Autologous Blood-derived Serum Eye Drops.

In Vivo 2021 May-Jun;35(3):1881-1884

Ophthalmic Clinic, Department of Life, Health and Environmental Sciences, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Background/aim: To describe the clinical progress and management of ocular side effects in a 35-year-old patient with metastatic breast cancer who underwent oral chemotherapy with capecitabine and lapatinib.

Materials And Methods: Slit lamp evaluation revealed bilateral perikeratic hyperemia, perilimbal conjunctival edema associated with corneal marginal infiltrates and epithelial and anterior stromal defects in both eyes. Slit lamp examination, in vivo confocal microscopy and anterior-segment optical coherence tomography were highly suggestive for limbal stem cell deficiency. Read More

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February 2021

Orbital migration of schistosome eggs: a case report.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 27;21(1):189. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

CHU-IOTA/ Université des sciences des techniques et des technologies de Bamako, Bamako, Mali.

Background: Ocular damage, including damage to the conjunctiva, lacrimal gland, eyelids, and orbit, caused by Schistosoma haematobium is sporadic. We report a clinical case of orbital migration of schistosome eggs.

Case Presentation: A 14-year-old boy of Malian nationality presented with a painless swelling of the upper right eyelid, which had been gradually increasing for approximately 3 months. Read More

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Actinic Granuloma of the Conjunctiva: Case series and review of the literature.

Am J Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Pathology, Wills Eye Hospital, Sidney Kimmel Medical College at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To report the clinical and histopathological features of actinic granuloma of the conjunctiva.

Design: Retrospective observational case series.

Methods: Institutional pathology records between 2014 and 2020 were searched for all cases of conjunctival actinic granuloma. Read More

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[Osteoarticular infections in patients with sickle cell disease in Lubumbashi: epidemiological study focusing on etiology and management].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 22;38:77. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Département de Chirurgie, Cliniques Universitaires de Lubumbashi, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Lubumbashi, Lubumbashi, Haut Katanga, République Démocratique du Congo.

Introduction: infections are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with sickle cell disease, especially before age 5 years. The purpose of this study was to highlight the epidemiological features, etiologies and management of osteoarticular infections in patients with sickle cell disease in Lubumbashi.

Methods: we conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study at the Research Center for Sickle Cell Disease in Lubumbashi (RCSCDL) over a three-year period from June 2014 to June 2017. Read More

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Meibomian glands dropout in patients with inactive thyroid related orbitopathy.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(4):e0250617. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Chulalongkorn University and King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Thai Red Cross Society, Bangkok, Thailand.

Purpose: To evaluate the structure and function of meibomian glands in patients with thyroid related orbitopathy (TRO) compared with age- and sex-matched controls without TRO.

Methods: This cross-sectional study included 106 eyes of 53 patients with TRO and 106 eyes of 53 age- and sex-matched controls without TRO. Patients with TRO were assessed for thyroid hormone status, activity and severity of TRO. Read More

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A Case Report of a Primary Conjunctival Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Keeping an Eye out Following a Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma.

Cureus 2021 Mar 15;13(3):e13904. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Internal Medicine, Immunohematology and Cellular Therapy Laboratory, Medical School of Oujda, Mohammed First University, Oujda, MAR.

Primary diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the conjunctiva is a rare disease. In this article, we report the case of a 40-year-old man who had previously been treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy for undifferentiated carcinoma of nasopharyngeal type (UCNT) and who subsequently developed conjunctival lymphoma. We underline through this observation the importance of thinking about a secondary cancer post-radio-chemotherapy even when the clinical presentation is atypical. Read More

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Clinical performance of presbyopia correction with a multifocal corneoscleral lens.

Int J Ophthalmol 2021 18;14(4):529-535. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Ophthalmology, Dong-A University College of Medicine, Busan 49201, Republic of Korea.

Aim: To assess the clinical performance of a multifocal corneoscleral lens for the presbyopia correction.

Methods: A prospective clinical trial of the Onefit™ A multifocal corneoscleral lens was conducted with 40 participants with presbyopia. At 4wk of continuous wear of the corneoscleral lens, changes in the distance, intermediate, and near visual acuity (VA) were evaluated. Read More

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Identification of differentially expressed genes and signaling pathways in human conjunctiva and reproductive tract infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Hum Genomics 2021 Apr 19;15(1):22. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510150, China.

Background: Currently, Chlamydia trachomatis-specific host defense mechanisms in humans remain poorly defined. To study the characteristics of host cells infected early with Chlamydia trachomatis, we used bioinformatics methods to analyze the RNA transcription profiles of the conjunctiva, fallopian tubes, and endometrium in humans infected with Chlamydia trachomatis.

Method: The gene expression profiles of GSE20430, GSE20436, GSE26692, and GSE41075 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Synthesis (GEO) database. Read More

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Anatomical and morphometric evaluation of the orbit, eye tunics, eyelids and orbital glands of the captive females of the South African painted dog (Lycaon pictus pictus Temminck, 1820) (Caniformia: Canidae).

PLoS One 2021 19;16(4):e0249368. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Biostructure and Animal Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland.

In this study, we present the first data concerning the anatomical, morphometrical, histological and histochemical study of the orbit, eye tunics, eyelids and orbital glands in South African Painted Dogs (Lycaon pictus pictus). The study was performed using eyeball morphometry, analysis of the bony orbit including its morphometry, macroscopic study, morphometry, histological examination of the eye tunics and chosen accessory organs of the eye and histochemical analysis. The orbit was funnel shaped and was open-type. Read More

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Clinical and Pathologic Presentation of Primary Ocular Surface Tumors among Zambians.

Ocul Oncol Pathol 2021 Mar 21;7(2):108-120. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Nebraska Center for Virology and the School of Biological Sciences, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Aim: This study aimed to characterize the clinical and pathologic presentation of ocular surface tumors (OSTs) and to more precisely differentiate the grades of ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) and benign lesions among Zambians.

Methods: Two-hundred sixty-five Zambian patients presenting with ocular surface growths, suspicious for OSSN, were recruited between November 2017 and November 2019 to a cross-sectional study to investigate their lesions. Sociodemographic data were collected, HIV infection status and vision tests were performed, and lesions were measured and documented. Read More

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A single cell atlas of human cornea that defines its development, limbal progenitor cells and their interactions with the immune cells.

Ocul Surf 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Biosciences Institute, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Newcastle University, UK. Electronic address:

Purpose: Single cell (sc) analyses of key embryonic, fetal and adult stages were performed to generate a comprehensive single cell atlas of all the corneal and adjacent conjunctival cell types from development to adulthood.

Methods: Four human adult and seventeen embryonic and fetal corneas from 10 to 21 post conception week (PCW) specimens were dissociated to single cells and subjected to scRNA- and/or ATAC-Seq using the 10x Genomics platform. These were embedded using Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection (UMAP) and clustered using Seurat graph-based clustering. Read More

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Cevimeline-induced anti-inflammatory effect through upregulations of mucins in the ocular surface of a dry eye mouse model.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Apr 13;139:111571. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

T2B infrastructure Center for Ocular Disease, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan 47392, Republic of Korea; Department of Ophthalmology, Inje University College of Medicine, Inje University Busan Paik Hospital, Busan 47392, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of various concentrations of cevimelines (CVMs) and compare them with commercial drugs in a murine model of dry eye. The experimental mouse model used male and female NOD.B10. Read More

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The role of cyclin D1, BCL-2, p53 and Ki-67 in epithelial cells in the etiopathogenesis of pterygium.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2021 Apr-Jun;64(2):238-242

Department of Pathology, Health Sciences University, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Antalya, Turkey.

Context: Pterygium is a degenerative disease that consists of conjunctival epithelia and fibrovascular tissue. Some studies suggest that there is a defect in the regulation of apoptosis in the epithelial cell cycle characterized by the development of the disease. But, still this matter being debated. Read More

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Oncolytic HSV-1 G207 Immunovirotherapy for Pediatric High-Grade Gliomas.

N Engl J Med 2021 04 10;384(17):1613-1622. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

From the Department of Pediatrics, Divisions of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology (G.K.F., K.K., L.N., K.-D.K., S.T., C.S., A.M.-S.), Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (T.P.A.), and Pediatric Infectious Disease (R.J.W.), and the Departments of Neurosurgery (G.K.F., J.M.J., J.M.M., G.Y.G.), Pathology (R.L.), Biostatistics (I.A.), and Radiation Oncology (J.B.F.), University of Alabama at Birmingham, and Children's of Alabama (G.K.F., J.M.J., R.L., K.K., A.M.-S., T.P.A., R.J.W.) - both in Birmingham; the Department of Diagnostic Imaging, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis (A.K.B.), and the Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville (D.P.) - both in Tennessee; the Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston (J.D.B.); the Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (A.M.M.), and the Departments of Pediatrics (S.F.S., Y.K., M.A.K.) and Neurology (Y.K.), Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - both in New York; the Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City (R.M.-K.); the Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Bone Marrow Transplant (K.W., D.S.O., M.S.A.) and the Department of Pediatric Neurosurgery (J.L.), Nationwide Children's Hospital, and the Department of Radiation Oncology, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center (J.D.P.) - both in Columbus; and the Division of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology, and Bone Marrow Transplant, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis (M.S.A.).

Background: Outcomes in children and adolescents with recurrent or progressive high-grade glioma are poor, with a historical median overall survival of 5.6 months. Pediatric high-grade gliomas are largely immunologically silent or "cold," with few tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. Read More

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Age-related changes in ocular mucosal tolerance: Lessons learned from gut and respiratory tract immunity.

Immunology 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ocular Surface Center, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

The ocular surface is the part of the visual system directly exposed to the environment, and it comprises the cornea, the first refractive tissue layer and its surrounding structures. The ocular surface has evolved to keep the cornea smooth and wet, a prerequisite for proper sight, and also protected. To this aim, the ocular surface is a bona fide mucosal niche with an immune system capable of fighting against dangerous pathogens. Read More

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Histopathological Variability and Concomitant Lesions in Pterygium in a Large Case Series.

J Ophthalmol 2021 19;2021:6623794. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

The MUHC-McGill University Ocular Pathology & Translational Research Laboratory, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Pterygium is a common lesion consisting of fleshy conjunctival growth extending towards the cornea. There is no documented risk of malignant transformation; however, concomitant disease is not rare, and its link to sunlight exposure indicates a risk of other malignancies. The purpose of our study is to describe histopathological features of resected pterygiums and to recognize patients at risk of other conjunctival diseases. Read More

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