123,746 results match your criteria conduct problems

Treatment components in behavioral versus nondirective telephone-assisted self-help interventions for parents of children with externalizing behavior problems.

J Clin Psychol 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to analyze treatment differentiation in a behavioral and a nondirective telephone-assisted self-help intervention for parents of children with externalizing behavior problems, including the development and evaluation of a rating scale.

Methods: In a randomized controlled trial, 149 parents of children aged 4-11 years with externalizing behavior problems were allocated to a behavioral or a nondirective guided self-help intervention. Parents in both conditions received eight self-help booklets and ten telephone consultations. Read More

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September 2021

Inpatient with an Anxious School Refusal: A Retrospective Study.

Psychiatr Danub 2021 Sep;33(Suppl 9):69-74

Department of Child Psychiatry, Queen Fabiola University Children Hospital, 15 Avenue Jean Joseph Crocq, 1020, Brussels, Belgium,

Background: School refusal has an impact on the mental health and on future of young people. This phenomenon cannot only be linked to school dysfunction but must be considered in a larger set of processes. Recent studies propose an understanding of school refusal in terms of psychopathology and individual functioning as well as in terms of associated environmental and family factors. Read More

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September 2021

The PUPPY Study: Protocol for a Longitudinal Mixed Methods Study Exploring Problems Coordinating and Accessing Primary Care for Attached and Unattached Patients Exacerbated During the COVID-19 Pandemic Year.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Queen's University, Kingston, CA.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic significantly disrupted primary care in Canada, with many walk-in clinics and family practices initially closing or being perceived as inaccessible, pharmacies remaining open with restrictions on patient interactions, rapid uptake of virtual care, and reduced referrals for lab tests, diagnostics, and specialist care. The PUPPY Study (Problems Coordinating and Accessing Primary Care for Attached and Unattached Patients Exacerbated During the COVID-19 Pandemic Year) seeks to understand the impact of COVID-19 across the quadruple aim of primary care, with particular focus on the impacts on patients without attachment to a regular provider and those with chronic health conditions.

Objective: The PUPPY Study objective is to understand the impact of COVID-19 across the quadruple aim of primary care. Read More

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September 2021

Longitudinal associations between positive attributes and psychopathology and their interactive effects on educational outcomes.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Universidade Federal Do Rio Grande Do Sul, Ramiro Barcelos, 2350 - room 2202, Porto Alegre, 90035-003, Brazil.

Psychopathology is associated with impaired learning and early termination of schooling, whereas positive attributes are associated with better educational outcomes. However, it is important to understand if and how psychopathology and positive attributes longitudinally impact each other so we could shed light on where to intervene to promote educational outcomes through these constructs. A large prospective school-based community cohort of youths (5-15 years of age, 45% female) were assessed and followed up for 3 years (n = 2010; 80% retention). Read More

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September 2021

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health: A Delphi Consensus Study for Actionable Public Mental Health Messages.

Am J Health Promot 2021 Sep 24:890117121998536. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Mental Health Foundation, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: Public health campaigns are still relatively rare in mental health. This paper aims to find consensus on the preventive self-management actions (i.e. Read More

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September 2021

Reduction of cortical parvalbumin expressing GABAergic interneurons in a rodent hyperoxia model of preterm birth brain injury with deficits in social behavior and cognition.

Development 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Neonatology, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany.

The inhibitory GABAergic system in the brain is involved in the etiology of various psychiatric problems, including autism spectrum disorders (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and others. These disorders are influenced not only by genetic but also by environmental factors, such as preterm birth, although the mechanisms underlying are not known. In a translational hyperoxia model, exposing mice pups at age P5 to 80% oxygen for 48 hours to mimic a steep rise of oxygen exposure caused by preterm birth from in utero into room air, we documented a persistent reduction of cortical mature parvalbumin expressing interneurons until adulthood. Read More

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September 2021

Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use and Associated Factors among HIV Infected Children and Adolescents Seeking Mental Health Services in Uganda.

EC Psychol Psychiatr 2020 Oct 28;9(10):1-8. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Department of Psychiatry, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda.

Background: Given the limited integration of mental health services into pediatric HIV care in sub-Saharan Africa, there is limited information on the nature of mental health service use sought by caregivers of children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS.

Methods: We analyzed data from a sample of 135 children and adolescents living with HIV/AIDS and attending a pediatric HIV care service whose parents or caregivers had sought for mental health care for their emotional or behavior problems in the past year. We assessed complementary alternative medicine use, socio-demographic characteristics and types of behavioral problems using a SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC questionnaire and the child behavioral checklist (6 - 18) respectively. Read More

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October 2020

Intergenerational effects of violence on women's perinatal wellbeing and infant health outcomes: evidence from a birth cohort study in Central Vietnam.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 23;21(1):648. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Community Health Research, Hue University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Hue University, Hue, Vietnam.

Background: Girls exposed to violence have a high risk of being victimized as adults and are more likely than non-abused women to have children who are treated violently. This intergenerational transmission may be especially serious when women suffer violence during pregnancy and early motherhood, as it impairs maternal wellbeing and infant health and development. This study examined the intergenerational effects of being exposed to childhood maltreatment (CM) and prenatal intimate partner violence (p-IPV) on perinatal mental distress and birth outcomes in central Vietnam. Read More

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September 2021

Short Sleep Duration Among Infants, Children, and Adolescents Aged 4 Months-17 Years - United States, 2016-2018.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 Sep 24;70(38):1315-1321. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Infants, children, and adolescents who do not get sufficient sleep are at increased risk for injuries, obesity, type 2 diabetes, poor mental health, attention and behavior problems, and poor cognitive development (1). The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) provides age-specific sleep duration recommendations to promote optimal health (1). CDC analyzed data from the 2016-2018 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) to assess the prevalence of short sleep duration among persons in the United States aged 4 months-17 years. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of different arrangement of molecular chains in term of low and high shear rate's viscosities on heat and mass flow of Non-Newtonian shear thinning fluids.

Comb Chem High Throughput Screen 2021 Jul 18. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Engineer Abdullah Bugshan Research Chair for Dental and Oral Rehabilitation, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Non-Newtonian fluids, especially shear thinning fluids, have several applications in the polymer industry, food industry, and even in everyday life. The viscosity of shear thinning fluids is sometimes decreased by two or three orders of magnitude due to the alignment of the molecules in order when the shear rate is increased, and it cannot be ignored in the case of polymer processing and lubrication problems.

Objective: So, the effects of viscosities at a low and high shear rate on the heat and mass boundary layer flow of shear thinning fluid over moving belts is investigated in this study. Read More

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Stone affordances as potential for action expression in object play in long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis).

J Comp Psychol 2021 Aug;135(3):430-438

Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge.

Object affordances play a major role in action expression: (a) providing opportunities to generate potential solutions to instrumental problems and (b) shaping and constraining the motor actions available to an individual. The playful manipulation of objects can facilitate individual acquisition of functional object-assisted actions through affordance learning. We tested the "object affordance" hypothesis in free-ranging long-tailed macaques. Read More

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Sources of variability in the prospective relation of language to social, emotional, and behavior problem symptoms: Implications for developmental language disorder.

J Abnorm Psychol 2021 Aug;130(6):676-689

Psychology and Language Sciences.

Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) are at risk for social, emotional, and behavioral (SEB) maladjustment throughout development, though it is unclear if poor language proficiency per se can account for this risk as associations between language and SEB appear more variable among typical-language children. This study investigated whether the relationship between language and SEB problems is stronger at very low levels of language and considered confounders including socioeconomic status, sex, and nonverbal intelligence. These were examined using a population-based survey design, including children with a wide range of language and cognitive profiles, and assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and six standardized language measures (n = 363, weighted n = 6,451). Read More

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How Authoritarian Leadership Affects Employee's Helping Behavior? The Mediating Role of Rumination and Moderating Role of Psychological Ownership.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:667348. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

School of Management, University of Science and Technology of China, Anhui, China.

Interpersonal helping behaviors, i.e., voluntarily assisting colleagues for their workplace related problems, have received immense amount of scholarly attention due to their significant impacts on organizational effectiveness. Read More

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September 2021

Network Meta-Analysis.

Methods Mol Biol 2022 ;2345:187-201

Institute of Primary Health Care (BIHAM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

There are often multiple potential interventions to treat a disease; therefore, we need a method for simultaneously comparing and ranking all of these available interventions. In contrast to pairwise meta-analysis, which allows for the comparison of one intervention to another based on head-to-head data from randomized trials, network meta-analysis (NMA) facilitates simultaneous comparison of the efficacy or safety of multiple interventions that may not have been directly compared in a randomized trial. NMAs help researchers study important and previously unanswerable questions, which have contributed to a rapid rise in the number of NMA publications in the biomedical literature. Read More

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January 2022

[Project to Improve Satisfaction in the Conscription Physical Examinations Service].

Hu Li Za Zhi 2021 Oct;68(5):65-73

MSN, RN, Supervisor, Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital, Hsin-Chu Branch, Taiwan, ROC.

Background & Problems: In response to a decrease in satisfaction to 69.3%, we resolved to optimize the process of conducting conscription physical examinations. After an investigatory panel conducted an analysis, the following problems were identified. Read More

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October 2021

Micronutrient characteristic in recurrent seizure in medicinecontrolled epileptic children with normal nutritional status.

Acta Neurol Taiwan 2021 Jun;30(2):54-62

Departement of Child Health Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga,Indonesia.

Background: Recurrent seizure in epileptic children is correlated with future motoric disorders, behavior problems, and intellectual disabilities. Various factors are thought to modulate the risk of recurrent seizure, including micronutrient status such as calcium, 25-dehydroxycholecalciferol (25-(OH)D), and serum iron presented as hemoglobin level.

Aim: To analyze correlation between micronutrient characteristics of epileptic children and recurrence of seizure. Read More

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Prevention of Hematite Settling in Water-Based Mud at High Pressure and High Temperature.

ACS Omega 2021 Sep 27;6(36):23607-23613. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

College of Petroleum Engineering and Geosciences, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia.

Hematite was recently introduced as a weighting agent in drilling fluids; however, its use has some problems because of the settlement of solid particles (solid sagging). Particularly when it comes to high-pressure high-temperature (HP/HT) wells, sagging causes inconsistency in the drilling fluid and gives rise to serious drilling operational and technical challenges. This work provides a solution to this challenge via a thorough investigation of hematite sagging in water-based mud for HP/HT applications where ilmenite is combined with hematite. Read More

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September 2021

Remote Support for Adults with Intellectual Disability During COVID-19: From a Caregiver's Perspective.

J Policy Pract Intellect Disabil 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Faculty of Philosophy and Social Sciences Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń Torun Poland.

The reality of people with ID changed during the pandemic COVID-19. Most institutions supporting people with ID switched to remote work. This required some major adaptation to these individuals' new realities, their immediate families, and facility staff. Read More

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Cost-Effectiveness of a Proteomic Test for Preterm Birth Prediction.

Clinicoecon Outcomes Res 2021 14;13:809-820. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Scientific Affairs, HealthCore, Inc., Wilmington, DE, USA.

Background: Preterm birth (PTB) carries increased risk of short- and long-term health problems as well as higher healthcare costs. Current strategies using clinically accepted maternal risk factors (prior PTB, short cervix) can only identify a minority of singleton PTBs.

Objective: We modeled the cost-effectiveness of a risk-screening-and-treat strategy versus usual care for commercially insured pregnant US women without clinically accepted PTB risk factors. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Pathogen-Avoidance Tendency on Infection-Prevention Behaviors and Exclusionary Attitudes toward Foreigners: A Longitudinal Study of the COVID-19 Outbreak in Japan.

Jpn Psychol Res 2021 Aug 10. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Osaka University.

This study investigated the changes in public behaviors and attitudes following the spread of COVID-19 in Japan. Using a longitudinal approach that analyzes the movement of an unpredictable and real infection threat to explain and predict human behavior during the pandemic-a novel approach in behavioral immune system research-a panel survey was conducted on Japanese citizens. The results of the survey, conducted in late January, mid-February, and early March 2020, indicated that the influence of the interaction between the changes in situational infection threat and individual differences in pathogen-avoidance tendency on infection-prevention behaviors and exclusionary attitudes toward foreigners was not significant. Read More

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Predictors of behavioural and emotional outcomes in toddlers with congenital heart disease.

Cardiol Young 2021 Sep 22:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objectives: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for psychological challenges, including internalising (e.g., depression, anxiety) and externalising (e. Read More

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September 2021

Self and parent-reported sleep problems of adolescents with childhood conduct problems and comorbid psychological problems.

J Adolesc 2021 Sep 20;92:165-176. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Groupe de recherche et d'intervention sur les adaptations sociales de l'enfance, Département de Psychoéducation, Université de Sherbrooke, Pavillon A7, 2500 Boul. de L'Université, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Childhood conduct problems (CP) are characterized by maladaptive externalizing behaviors and are linked with poor sleep. CP are highly comorbid with other psychological problems, including attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and depression, which are also associated with disturbed sleep. The present study examined if childhood CP and comorbid depressive and/or attentional-hyperactivity problems were prospectively associated with parent and self-reported sleep difficulties in adolescence. Read More

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September 2021

Systematic study of paracetamol powder mixtures and granules tabletability: key role of rheological properties and dynamic image analysis.

Int J Pharm 2021 Sep 18:121110. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Ak. Heyrovského 1203, 500 05 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

The aim of this systematic study was to analyze the granulometric and rheological behavior of tableting mixtures in relation to tabletability by single tablet and lab-scale batch compression with an eccentric tablet machine. Three mixtures containing 33, 50, and 66% of the cohesive drug paracetamol were prepared. The high compressibility of the powder mixtures caused problems with overcompaction or lamination in the single tablet compression method; due to jamming of the material during the filling of the die, the lab-scale batch compression was impossible. Read More

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September 2021

Delay discounting, time perspective, and self-schemas in adolescent alcohol drinking and disordered eating behaviors.

Appetite 2021 Sep 18:105703. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Health Management, I-Shou University, 8 Yida Road, Kaohsiung, 82445, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Delay discounting, time perspective, and self-schemas are well-known predictors of health risk behaviors among adolescents. However, the associations between these constructs and their influence on such behaviors are yet to be examined. This study aimed to determine the relationships among three cognitive constructs, namely, delay discounting, time perspective, and self-schemas, and determine the associations of these constructs with alcohol drinking (alcohol use and alcohol problems) and disordered eating behaviors in adolescents. Read More

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September 2021

Fast and Accurate Road Crack Detection Based on Adaptive Cost-Sensitive Loss Function.

IEEE Trans Cybern 2021 Sep 21;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Numerous detection problems in computer vision, including road crack detection, suffer from exceedingly foreground-background imbalance. Fortunately, modification of loss function appears to solve this puzzle once and for all. In this article, we propose a pixel-based adaptive weighted cross-entropy (WCE) loss in conjunction with Jaccard distance to facilitate high-quality pixel-level road crack detection. Read More

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September 2021

Multiview Learning With Robust Double-Sided Twin SVM.

IEEE Trans Cybern 2021 Sep 21;PP. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Multiview learning (MVL), which enhances the learners' performance by coordinating complementarity and consistency among different views, has attracted much attention. The multiview generalized eigenvalue proximal support vector machine (MvGSVM) is a recently proposed effective binary classification method, which introduces the concept of MVL into the classical generalized eigenvalue proximal support vector machine (GEPSVM). However, this approach cannot guarantee good classification performance and robustness yet. Read More

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September 2021

Adolescents' use of nicotine-free and nicotine e-cigarettes: A longitudinal study of vaping transitions and vaper characteristics.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Introduction: Although adolescents' nicotine addiction from e-cigarettes is a concern, few studies differentiate between vaping with and without nicotine. This study examines the prevalence of nicotine and nicotine-free vaping, maps transitions between vaping behaviours, and assesses differences in the personal characteristics of vapers in a sample of Norwegian adolescents.

Methods: Data came from a nationwide longitudinal study of adolescents (n=2,018) conducted in 2017 (T1), 2018 (T2) and 2019 (T3) (mean age: 14. Read More

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September 2021

Emotional behavior and brain anatomy of the mdx52 mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Dis Model Mech 2021 Sep 21;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, Institut des Neurosciences Paris Saclay, 91190, Gif-sur-Yvette, France.

The exon-52-deleted mdx52 mouse is a critical model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), as it features a deletion in a hotspot region of the DMD gene, frequently mutated in patients. Deletion of exon 52 impedes expression of several brain dystrophins (Dp427, Dp260 and Dp140), thus providing a key model for studying the cognitive impairment associated with DMD and testing rescuing strategies. Here, using in vivo magnetic resonance imaging and neurohistology, we found no gross brain abnormalities in mdx52 mice, suggesting that the neural dysfunctions in this model are likely at the level of brain cellular functionalities. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of contingency management and use of reminders for drug use treatment on readmission and criminality among young people: A linkage study of a randomized trial.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 Aug 31:108617. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Introduction: An increasing number of adolescents and emerging adults are entering treatment for drug use disorders in high-income countries. This fact points not only to a need to evaluate treatment outcomes related to drug use reduction, but also to evaluate other indicators of treatment success. The aim of this study was to examine treatment effects on predicting readmission to drug use treatment and being convicted for a criminal offence among youth. Read More

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