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Organizational Readiness for Intimate Partner Violence Response among Supportive Housing Providers: A Capacity Assessment in Maryland.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 11:8862605211015223. Epub 2021 May 11.

Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) frequently leads to housing instability and homelessness among survivors. While the client populations of many housing support programs are likely to include IPV survivors who have unique safety needs, the organizational readiness of these housing providers to identify and support IPV survivors is not clear. This study assessed organizational readiness for IPV response among Rapid Re-Housing (RRH) and Transitional Housing (TH) providers in Maryland, whose client populations include women ( = 32). Read More

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Responsiveness of the self-measured 6-minute walking test and the Timed Up and Go test in patients with degenerative lumbar disorders.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Zurich and Clinical Neuroscience Center, University of Zurich.

Objective: The 6-minute walking test (6WT) and the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test are two of the most commonly applied standardized measures of objective functional impairment that help support clinical decision-making for patients undergoing surgery for degenerative lumbar disorders. This study correlates smartphone-app-based 6WT and TUG results to evaluate their responsiveness.

Methods: In a prospective study, 49 consecutive patients were assessed preoperatively and 6 weeks postoperatively using the 6WT, the TUG test, and commonly used patient-reported outcome measures. Read More

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Effectiveness and safety of glibenclamide for stroke: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 May 10;11(5):e043585. Epub 2021 May 10.

Emergency Department, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital, Chengdu, China

Introduction: Despite the continuous improvement in modern medical treatment, stroke is still a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. How to effectively improve the survival rate and reduce disability in patients who had a stroke has become the focus of many investigations. Recent findings concerning the benefits of glibenclamide as a neuroprotective drug have initiated a new area for prospective studies on the effects of sulfonylureas. Read More

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Comparative effectiveness of paravertebral Ozone injection and caudal epidural steroid-hyaluronidase injection in lumbosacral spinal stenosis.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 May 8:1-6. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Lumbosacral spinal stenosis (LSS) is the narrowing of the lumbar spinal canal. LSS usually happens in older people who do not have the proper physical condition to undergo surgery. Therefore, minimally invasive methods such as Ozone therapy and epidural injection can be used in these patients. Read More

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The Smartphone App haMSter for Tracking Patient-Reported Outcomes in People With Multiple Sclerosis: Protocol for a Pilot Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 7;10(5):e25011. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Neurology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Treatment and monitoring decisions in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) are based commonly on clinician-reported outcomes. These reflect physical and radiological disease activity and are the most relevant endpoints in clinical trials. Over the past few years, the number of studies evaluating so-called patient-reported outcomes (PROs) has been increasing. Read More

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Preference for patient-centered communication among the citizens of the Visegrad countries.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Health Systems Management and Quality Management for Health Care, Faculty of Public Health, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary. Electronic address:

Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the preferences that citizens of four Visegrad countries hold concerning the communication between patient and provider.

Methods: The patient-practitioner orientation scale was used on a general population in our research, which consists of the Sharing and Caring subscales and assesses patient-centered or doctor-centered orientation toward communication. The statistical analysis included 4000 respondents of citizens from the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland and Hungary. Read More

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Dismantling, optimising, and personalising internet cognitive behavioural therapy for depression: a systematic review and component network meta-analysis using individual participant data.

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Background: Internet cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) is a viable delivery format of CBT for depression. However, iCBT programmes include training in a wide array of cognitive and behavioural skills via different delivery methods, and it remains unclear which of these components are more efficacious and for whom.

Methods: We did a systematic review and individual participant data component network meta-analysis (cNMA) of iCBT trials for depression. Read More

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Genetic Meta-Analysis of Twin Birth Weight Shows High Genetic Correlation with Singleton Birth Weight.

Hum Mol Genet 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatististics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Birth weight (BW) is an important predictor of newborn survival and health and has associations with many adult health outcomes, including cardio-metabolic disorders, autoimmune diseases, and mental health. On average, twins have a lower BW than singletons as a result of a different pattern of fetal growth and shorter gestational duration. Therefore, investigations into the genetics of BW often exclude data from twins, leading to a reduction in sample size and remaining ambiguities concerning the genetic contribution to BW in twins. Read More

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CHECKLIST USE FOR ASSESSMENT OF SATISFACTION WITH TRANS-TIBIAL PROSTHESES.

J Rehabil Med Clin Commun 2021 29;4:1000057. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

University Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objective: To assess satisfaction of prosthesis users with their prostheses, and the problems they experience with the residual limb, using a checklist, in order to evaluate potential benefits of checklist use and to summarize issues and problems with the prosthesis and/or residual limb presented by prosthesis users.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Subjects: Participants were adult trans-tibial prosthesis users ( = 82) and certified prosthetist orthotist ( = 19) experienced in fitting lower-limb prostheses. Read More

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HSE Management Standards and burnout dimensions among rehabilitation professionals.

Occup Med (Lond) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Human Neurosciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy.

Background: The Health & Safety Executive Indicator Tool (HSE-IT) is a standard-based questionnaire commonly used to assess work-related stress in organizations. Although the HSE-IT validity has been well documented and significant relationships have been observed between its scales and several work-related outcomes, to date there is no evidence concerning the relationships between the HSE-IT and burnout among healthcare workers.

Aims: To investigate the relationships between the HSE-IT subscales and burnout dimensions as measured by the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) in a sample of Italian rehabilitation professionals employed in healthcare institutions. Read More

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Influence of the second stage of labor on maternal and neonatal outcomes in vaginal births after caesarean section: a multicenter study in Germany.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 4;21(1):356. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Schleswig Holstein, Campus Kiel, Kiel, Germany.

Background: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) introduced a new standard of care in 2014, extending the duration of the second stage of labor in order to reduce caesarean delivery (CD) rates and its severe complications. The aim of the present study is to evaluate success rates of trial of labor after caesarean section (TOLAC), as well as maternal and neonatal outcomes after the establishment of the recent guidelines.

Methods: A retrospective study was performed at two large departments in Germany from January 2008 to January 2018. Read More

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Interpersonal Perception of Time-Use Patterns in Romantic Relationships: Protocol for the IP-COUPLES Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 4;10(5):e21306. Epub 2021 May 4.

AGEIS, University Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France.

Background: Perceptual congruence has been defined as the level of agreement between partners on various aspects of their shared lives, including perceived engagement in individual and jointly performed activities. While the level of adjustment made by partners to such activities is thought to contribute to a couple's sense of mutuality, perceptions of time use concerning activity engagement has yet to be considered. As such, this study will determine the level of perceptual congruence between partners with respect to perceived time use in their respective and shared activities. Read More

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Mechanical Ventilation and Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Case-Control Analysis of Clinical Characteristics, Lung Mechanics, and Mortality.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Apr 26;3(4):e0377. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI.

Objectives: To investigate the differences in clinical course, ventilator mechanics, and outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 secondary to acute respiratory distress syndrome infection compared with a historical cohort of acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Design: Comparative case-control study.

Setting: Multicenter, comprehensive tertiary healthcare facility in Detroit, MI. Read More

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Bond strength of metal brackets to feldspathic ceramic treated with different surface conditioning methods: an in vitro study.

Eur Oral Res 2021 Jan;55(1):1-7

Jacksonville University, Brooks Rehabilitation College of Healthcare Sciences, School of Orthodontics,Jacksonville, FL,USA.

Purpose: To compare MEP which is originally manufactured for increasing bond strength between organic resins and ceramic with conventional surface treatment methods in preparation of leucite-reinforced FC surfaces regarding shear bond strength (SBS) of stainless steel brackets and the mode of bond failure.

Materials And Methods: Forty specimens that were fabricated from FC material and glazed were randomly assigned to four surface conditioning methods: (1) CoJet Sand; (2) MEP; (3) HF acid etching followed by silane coupling agent; (4) Diamond bur followed by silane coupling agent. The SBS was determined using universal testing machine. Read More

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January 2021

Can we Avoid the Unnecessary Loss of nephrons in the Management of Small Solid Renal Masses? Additional Clinical Parameters to Predict Benign-malign Distinction.

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul 2021 17;55(1):53-61. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Urology, University of Health Science Turkey, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the predictive value of additional parameters for distinguishing benign-malign tumors and to prevent the loss of nephrons in small (≤4 cm) solid renal masses.

Methods: The data of 56 patients underwent partial or radical nephrectomy between September 2009 and December 2017 due to diagnosis of localized renal cell carcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic datas, histopathological tumor types, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), monocyte/lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), the Framingham risk score and its components, postoperative follow-up results were recorded. Read More

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Empowerment among adult patients with type 2 diabetes: age differentials in relation to person-centred primary care, community resources, social support and other life-contextual circumstances.

BMC Public Health 2021 May 1;21(1):844. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku University Hospital, Lemminkäisenkatu 1, Turun yliopisto, 20014, Turku, Finland.

Background: Rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D), also among younger adults, constitutes a growing public health challenge. According to the person-centred Chronic Care Model, proactive care and self-management support in combination with community resources enhance quality of healthcare and health outcomes for patients with T2D. However, research is scarce concerning the importance of person-centred care and community resources for such outcomes as empowerment, and the relative impact of various patient support sources for empowerment is not known. Read More

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The evaluation of using new trachea and skin manikins for practicing emergency anterior neck access.

Int J Emerg Med 2021 May 1;14(1):27. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Emergency anterior neck access may be performed if intubation and ventilation fail. Practicing this life-saving procedure with manikins before facing a real-life emergency anterior neck access is required to do this procedure successfully when we encounter a difficult airway situation. The current manikins are expensive and thus are sometimes difficult to acquire in low-cost settings such as Thailand. Read More

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Combined Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Anterolateral Ligament Reconstruction Results in Superior Rotational Stability Compared with Isolated Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction in High Grade Pivoting Sport Patients: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Knee Surg 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Foişor Orthopaedics Hospital, Bucharest, Romania.

The purpose of the current randomized clinical trial (RCT) was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and anterolateral ligament (ALL) reconstruction and to compare them with those of isolated ACL reconstruction. The hypothesis was that combined ACL and ALL reconstruction will result in superior clinical outcomes in terms of the rotational stability of the knee. This prospective RCT included 57 patients (44 men and 13 women, mean age = 31 ± 7. Read More

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Tinnitus features according to caffeine consumption.

Prog Brain Res 2021 27;262:335-344. Epub 2020 Aug 27.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: Consumption of high amounts of caffeine has been historically associated with tinnitus worsening. However, recent studies demonstrated that this seems not to be true, and caffeine may even improve tinnitus distress.

Aim: To analyze tinnitus features according to caffeine consumption levels. Read More

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Hepatitis C Virus Infection Increases the Risk of Adverse Outcomes Following Joint Arthroplasty: A Meta-analysis of Observational Studies.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 Apr 27:102947. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, No.600 Yishan Road, Xuhui District, 200233 Shanghai, The People's Republic of China.

Background: Whether hepatitis C virus (HCV)-positive patients are at risk for increased complications and long hospital stay following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) remains unclear. Therefore we performed a meta-analysis aiming to answer the following question: 1) are there differences in postoperative complications including joint infection and mortality between patients with or without hepatitis C following TJAs? 2) Are patients without HCV be associated with less blood loss, shorter hospital stay, lower readmission rate, higher function scores, lower revision and reoperation rates than patients with HCV?

Methods: A meta-analysis was conducted to pool data and quantitatively assessing the association between HCV infection and risks for adverse postoperative outcomes. A systematic search of all published studies concerning HCV and TJA was performed in five bibliographic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases. Read More

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Neonatal outcome of second-stage cesarean delivery versus vacuum extraction among neonates <34 weeks.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Dec 1:1-8. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Ramat-Gan, Israel.

Objective: Among deliveries <34 weeks, there is inconclusive evidence regarding the preferred route of delivery when there is a need to expedite delivery during the second stage of labor. As it is unreasonable that future randomized controlled trials will be conducted to settle this query, every clinical data concerning this topic, may be helpful. We aim to compare neonatal outcomes among women undergoing emergent cesarean delivery (ECD) versus vacuum-assisted delivery (VAD) during the second stage of labor among singleton gestations <34 weeks. Read More

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December 2020

Evaluation of a risk score based on dietary and lifestyle factors to target a population at risk in colorectal cancer screening.

Dig Liver Dis 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Hepato-Gastroenterology, University Hospital, 4 rue Larrey, 49933, Angers, France; HIFIH laboratory, UNIV Angers, Université Bretagne Loire, Angers, France; CAP-Santé 49, Angers, France. Electronic address:

Background: The aim of our study was to assess three risk scores to predict lesions, advanced neoplasia (high-risk adenomas and colorectal cancer (CRC)) and CRC in individuals who participate to colorectal cancer screening.

Methods: The data of dietary and lifestyle risk factors were carried out during 2 mass screening campaigns in France (2013-2016) and the FOBT result was collected until December 2018. The colonoscopy result in positive FOBT was recovered. Read More

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Using Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) and Cardiac Arrest Hospital Prognosis (CAHP) Scores with Modified Objective Data to Improve Neurological Prognostic Performance for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survivors.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 22;10(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, 282, Munhwa-ro, Jung-gu, Daejeon 35015, Korea.

This study aimed to determine whether accuracy and sensitivity concerning neurological prognostic performance increased for survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) treated with targeted temperature management (TTM), using OHCA and cardiac arrest hospital prognosis (CAHP) scores and modified objective variables. We retrospectively analyzed non-traumatic OHCA survivors treated with TTM. The primary outcome was poor neurological outcome at 3 months after return of spontaneous circulation (cerebral performance category, 3-5). Read More

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Korean Version of the Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory among Construction Workers: Cultural Adaptation and Psychometric Evaluation.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 18;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 18.

College of Nursing, Yonsei University, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea.

The Swedish Occupational Fatigue Inventory (SOFI) has been tested in different languages and populations; thus, there is a need for a culturally adapted Korean version. We evaluated the psychometric properties of a Korean version of the SOFI among construction workers. The SOFI was translated into Korean and reviewed through a back-translation process involving standardized scaling procedures. Read More

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Xenoestrogen exposure and kidney function in the general population: Results of a community-based study by laboratory tests and questionnaire-based interviewing.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 25;155:106585. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Nephrology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung Branch, 222, Mai-Chin Road, Keelung 20401, Taiwan, ROC; College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taipei, Taiwan, No. 259, Wenhua 1st Rd., Guishan Dist., Taoyuan City 33302, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing concern worldwide. Exposure to xenoestrogens (XEs), such as phthalates, parabens, and phenols, lead to CKD. However, kidney function and its complex relationship with XEs, lifestyle, and dietary habits are not well understood. Read More

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Effect of Exercise Involving Standing Weight Shifting to the Nonparetic Side on an Inclined Surface in the Early Phase After a Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Phys Ther 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Rehabilitation, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center 1397-1, Yamane, Hidaka, Saitama 350-1298, Japan.

Objective: This study aimed to clarify whether an exercise involving weight shifting to the nonparetic side while standing on an inclined surface improves standing balance in the early phase after stroke.

Methods: This assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial included people undergoing inpatient rehabilitation at a university hospital. Participants (n = 52) with hemiparesis caused by a stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 26) or control group (n = 26). Read More

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Obstetric factors associated with postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder after spontaneous vaginal birth.

Birth 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Nursing, University of Jaen, Jaén, Spain.

Background: This study aimed to determine whether there is an association between clinical practices carried out during spontaneous vaginal birth (SVB), or clinical situations that arise during vaginal birth, and the incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Methods: A cross-sectional study with 839 puerperal women in Spain was conducted. The Perinatal Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Questionnaire (PPQ) was administered online. Read More

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Substance use, Unlike Dolutegravir, is Associated with Mood Symptoms in People Living with HIV.

AIDS Behav 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Internal Medicine, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Contradictory data have been reported concerning neuropsychiatric side effects of the first-line antiretroviral drug dolutegravir, which may be partly due to lack of control groups or psychiatric assessment tools. Using validated self-report questionnaires, we compared mood and anxiety (DASS-42), impulsivity (BIS-11), and substance use (MATE-Q) between dolutegravir-treated and dolutegravir-naive people living with HIV (PLHIV). We analyzed 194, mostly male, PLHIV on long-term treatment of whom 82/194 (42. Read More

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