Anesth Prog 2021 03;68(1):33-37
Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Faculty of Dental Medicine and Graduate School of Dental Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
This case report describes the prolonged general anesthetic management of a 41-year-old woman with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), systemic lupus erythematosus, and previously undiagnosed decreased cardiac function who underwent planned partial resection of the left tongue, tracheostomy, neck dissection, and pedicled flap reconstruction. This was immediately followed by emergent surgery to salvage the flap, and 1 month later, revision of the soft tissue flap was performed. A preoperative echocardiogram was performed because of her various risk factors, which identified lateral wall hypokinesis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction of 40%, despite no known cardiovascular disease. Read More