205,076 results match your criteria complications women

Quantitative proteomics analysis identifies salivary biomarkers for early detection of pregnancy loss in a Singaporean cohort - A pilot study.

Proteomics Clin Appl 2021 May 12:e2000068. Epub 2021 May 12.

Associate Professor, Singapore Oral Microbiomics Initiative, National Dental Research Institute Singapore, National Dental Center Singapore, Oral Health Academic Clinical Program, Duke NUS Medical School, Singapore.

Purpose: Early pregnancy loss (EPL) is one of the most common complications encountered in clinical practice. As most of EPLs occur relatively early on during pregnancy, they are often misunderstood as an expected menstrual cycle. Thus, it is essential to investigate the diagnostic biomarkers for monitoring pregnancy loss for continuous non-invasive monitoring of EPL. Read More

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A tailored flexible vaginal pessary treatment for pelvic organ prolapse in older women.

J Am Geriatr Soc 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Urogynecology and Pelvic Floor Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Objectives: To present a flexible protocol of vaginal pessaries for older women with significant pelvic organ prolapse (POP).

Design: A prospective cohort study of 140 consecutive older women (aged ≥65 years) with significant POP treated with individually fitted vaginal pessaries. After initial insertion, each patient was invited for a first evaluation after 1 month and subsequent follow-ups at increasing intervals of 1 month. Read More

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Extracellular vesicle-enriched miRNA profiles across pregnancy in the MADRES cohort.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0251259. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.

MicroRNA (miRNA) circulating in plasma have been proposed as biomarkers for a variety of conditions and diseases, including complications during pregnancy. During pregnancy, about 15-25% of maternal plasma exosomes, a small size-class of EVs, are hypothesized to originate in the placenta, and may play a role in communication between the fetus and mother. However, few studies have addressed changes in miRNA over the course of pregnancy with repeated measures, nor focused on diverse populations. Read More

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Determinants of pregnancy-induced hypertension on maternal and foetal outcomes in Hossana town administration, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia: Unmatched case-control study.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(5):e0250548. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Health Management and Economics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Globally, 292,982 women die due to the complications of pregnancy and childbirth per year, out of those deaths 85% occurs in Sub Saharan Africa. In Ethiopia, pre-eclampsia accounts for 11% of direct maternal deaths.

Objective: To determine maternal and foetal outcomes of pregnancy-induced hypertension among women who gave birth at health facilities in Hossana town administration. Read More

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Nailfold videocapillaroscopic changes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with connective tissue diseases.

Rheumatol Int 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, Hippokration University Hospital, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 49 Konstantinoupoleos Street, 54642, Thessaloníki, Greece.

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) represents one of the most devastating complications in connective tissue diseases (CTDs). The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of peripheral microangiopathy in patients with PAH associated with CTDs (CTD-PAH) by exploring nailfold videocapillaroscopic (NVC) changes and identify possible associations of NVC characteristics with markers of disease severity. Α cross-sectional study was performed in 18 CTD-PAH patients [13 PAH due to systemic sclerosis (SSc-PAH) and 5 with other types of CTD-PAH], 14 patients with SSc without PAH (SSc-non-PAH) and 20 healthy controls. Read More

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Complications and functional, psychological outcomes of bilateral tibial lengthening over intramedullary nail: evidence from Vietnam.

Int Orthop 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Institute of Trauma and Orthopaedics, 108 Military Central Hospital, No. 01 Tran Hung Dao Street, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the functional, psychological outcomes and complications of bilateral tibial lengthening over intramedullary nail. The intramedullary nail in this study was the Surgical Implant Generation Network (SIGN) nail.

Material And Methods: We enrolled patients desiring stature lengthening at the 108 Military Central Hospital (Hanoi, Vietnam) from October 2011 to January 2019. Read More

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Hospital Readmission Following Delivery with and Without Severe Maternal Morbidity.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Rutgers University, School of Public Health, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA.

The relationship between severe maternal morbidity (SMM) events during inpatient delivery and subsequent hospital readmission is not well understood. This was a retrospective cohort study of women with a live inpatient delivery during 2016 recorded in MarketScan databases for commercially insured and Medicaid populations. Live inpatient births were identified by the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision diagnostic and procedural codes, Current Procedural Terminology, and Diagnosis-Related Group codes. Read More

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Obstetric and long-term graft outcomes in pregnant kidney transplant recipients: a single-center experience.

Clin Transplant 2021 May 12:e14349. Epub 2021 May 12.

Gazi University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Kidney transplantation (KT) is the best option for many women with end-stage renal disease desiring pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate obstetric and graft outcomes among KT recipient women in our center.

Methods: Maternal and fetal data were assessed in 29 pregnancies of 18 female KT recipients. Read More

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Prevalence of HBsAg and HCV antibodies in a cohort of pregnant women: the continuous survey as public health tool against pregnant and neonatal complications.

New Microbiol 2021 May 1;44(2). Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.

Pregnancy is a very delicate condition and different external factors can alter fetal development. Microorganisms are surely the principal ones. Several studies have shown that HBV and HCV infections could have an impact on pregnancy outcome. Read More

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Gamma Knife radiosurgery and refractory glossopharyngeal neuralgia: a single-center series with long-term follow-up.

Neurosurg Rev 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Functional Neurosurgery and Gamma Knife Radiosurgery, Ruber Internacional Hospital, C/ La Masó, 38, CP 28034, Madrid, Spain.

We present our experience with Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) and refractory glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN), analyzing its usefulness and safety in patients with or without previous surgeries, another concomitant neuralgia, or retreats. In addition, we study some factors that could condition the outcome of this technique. According to our review, our follow-up is the longest in the literature. Read More

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Adverse pregnancy outcomes, maternal complications, and severe illness among U.S. delivery hospitalizations with and without a COVID-19 diagnosis.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

CDC COVID-19 Response Team.

Background: Evidence on risk for adverse outcomes from COVID-19 among pregnant women is still emerging. We examined the association between COVID-19 at delivery and adverse pregnancy outcomes, maternal complications, and severe illness, whether these associations differ by race/ethnicity; and described discharge status by COVID-19 diagnosis and maternal complications.

Methods: Data from 703 hospitals in the Premier Healthcare Database during March-September 2020 were included. Read More

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Preeclampsia and Its Complications Exacerbate Development of Postpartum Depression: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Biomed Res Int 2021 22;2021:6641510. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

The Department of Obstetrics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

Background: Hypertensive disorders were proved to be associated with the development of depression. But it is unclear if pregnancy-induced hypertensive diseases, especially preeclampsia (PE), will affect postpartum moods. We aimed to determine the incidence rate of postpartum depression (PPD) in PE patients and comprehensively evaluate the association between PPD and PE, including its severity and complications. Read More

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Optimizing Breast Reconstruction through Integration of Plastic Surgery and Radiation Oncology.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 May 6;9(5):e3577. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass.

Post-mastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) is an important adjunct to improve oncologic outcomes and survival in select breast cancer patients at increased risk for local recurrence. As recommendations for PMRT broaden, an increasing number of patients will have it included as part of their breast cancer treatment plan.

Methods: This overview of the literature strives to broaden the exposure of the plastic surgeon to PMRT and describe the indications, guidelines, and considerations relevant to reconstructive surgery. Read More

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Neonatal and maternal outcomes among twin pregnancies stratified by mode of conception in the United States.

Fertil Steril 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Fetal Therapy and Surgery, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

Objective: To compare neonatal and maternal outcomes among twin pregnancies conceived as a result of different types of fertility treatments with those of spontaneously conceived twin pregnancies.

Design: Retrospective Cohort.

Setting: Population-based analysis. Read More

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Incidence and risk factors for severe preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome and eclampsia at preterm and term gestation: a population-based study.

Am J Obstet Gynecol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, and the Children's and Women's Hospital and Health Centre of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: A majority of previous studies of severe preeclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets) syndrome were hospital-based or included a relatively small number of women. Large population-based studies examining gestational age-specific incidence patterns and risk factors for these severe pregnancy complications are lacking.

Objectives: To assess gestational age-specific incidence rates and risk factors for severe preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and eclampsia. Read More

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The influence of frozen-thawed and fresh embryo transfer on utero-placental (vascular) development: the Rotterdam Periconception cohort.

Hum Reprod 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Study Question: Does frozen-thawed or fresh embryo transfer (ET) influence utero-placental (vascular) development, when studied using three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound and virtual reality imaging techniques?

Summary Answer: In the first trimester, placental developmental parameters, that is, placental volume (PV) and utero-placental vascular volume (uPVV), were comparable between pregnancies resulting from frozen-thawed ET, fresh ET and natural conception; and in the second and the third trimester, uterine artery Doppler indices were lower in pregnancies after frozen-thawed ET compared to pregnancies after fresh ET and natural conception.

What Is Known Already: Pregnancies after frozen-thawed ET are at risk of developing placenta-related pregnancy complications. There is strong evidence that impaired first-trimester spiral artery remodelling is involved in the pathophysiology of these complications. Read More

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In-cell western assay as a high-throughput approach for Chlamydia trachomatis quantification and susceptibility testing to antimicrobials.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(5):e0251075. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Section of Microbiology, University of Rome "Sapienza", Rome, Italy.

Chlamydia trachomatis, the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted diseases in developed countries, with around 127 million new cases per year, is mainly responsible for urethritis and cervicitis in women, and urethritis and epididymitis in men. Most C. trachomatis infections remain asymptomatic (>50%) and, hence, untreated, leading to severe reproductive complications in both women and men, like infertility. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 prevalence, maternal and perinatal outcomes among pregnant women admitted for delivery: Experience from Covid-19 dedicated maternity hospital in Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir (India).

J Med Virol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of microbiology, Government Medical College, Jammu(J&K).

Background: Impact of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women and their neonates is exotic area of research now a days. Till date, there is limited knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 prevalence, maternal and perinatal outcomes of pregnant women at term in middle and low income countries.

Methods: In present retro-prospective study, medical records of pregnant women admitted for delivery were reviewed from the largest Covid-19 dedicated Shri Maharaja Gulab Singh (SMGS) maternity hospital. Read More

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Pregnancy Outcomes in Undifferentiated Connective Tissue Disease Compared to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Single Academic Center's Experience.

Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Duke University Medical Center, Durham, United States.

Objective: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have more pregnancy complications than healthy patients. Data regarding pregnancy outcomes in women with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD) are more limited, and existing studies are concentrated in Italy and predominantly in patients with a new diagnosis. We compared pregnancy outcomes for UCTD and SLE patients with established disease. Read More

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Cesarean Section Delivery From Maternal Perspective : An Exploratory Study in Jordan.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 May 10:e14349. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, 22110, Jordan.

Aims Of The Study: This study aims to determine females' views, experiences, and attitudes regarding the cesarean section (CS) and to explore the factors that increase the prevalence of CS in Jordan.

Design: This is a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire that was distributed electronically through social media websites. Study participants included 1005 females with a history of at least one CS. Read More

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Coronavirus Diseases in Pregnant Women, the Placenta, Fetus, and Neonate.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1318:223-241

Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA.

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), the etiological agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is similar to two other coronaviruses, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), in causing life-threatening respiratory infections and systemic complications in both children and adults. As the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to spread globally, increasing numbers of pregnant women have become infected, raising concern not only for their health but also for the health of their infants. This chapter discusses the effects of coronavirus infections, e. Read More

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Transperitoneal versus extraperitoneal laparoscopic aortic lymph nodal staging for locally advanced cervical cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Surg Oncol 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, ARNAS Civico Di Cristina Benfratelli, Palermo, Italy.

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common neoplasm in women. In locally advanced cervical cancers, the international guidelines recommend nodal aortic assessment. Two techniques have been described to perform laparoscopic aortic lymphadenectomy: transperitoneal laparoscopic lymphadenectomy (TLL) and extraperitoneal laparoscopic lymphadenectomy (ELL). Read More

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Sensitisation patterns and allergy outcomes in pregnant women living in the urban area.

Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol 2021 May 10;17(1):46. Epub 2021 May 10.

1st Department of Pediatrics, Allergology and Cardiology, Wroclaw Medical University, ul. Chalubinskiego 2a, 50-368, Wroclaw, Poland.

Background: Worldwide, allergy affects more than one billion people, with particularly rising prevalence in industrialised areas. Specifically, young adults appear to be predominantly targeted for an allergy diagnosis. Allergic diseases in pregnancy are mainly pre-existing but could also occur de novo. Read More

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When to perform curettage after uterine artery embolization for cesarean scar pregnancy: a clinical study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 May 10;21(1):367. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Development and Related Diseases of Women and Children Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Ministry of Education, West China Second Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, People's Republic of China.

Background: Prophylactic uterine artery embolization (UAE) combined with subsequent curettage is suggested as an effective and minimally invasive treatment strategy for cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) with a high bleeding risk. However, the timing of curettage after UAE remains to be studied. Thus, we aimed to identify the optimal time interval to perform curettage after UAE in patients with CSP. Read More

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Posterior Polyethylene Tethers Reduce Occurrence of Proximal Junctional Kyphosis After Multilevel Spinal Instrumentation for Adult Spinal Deformity: A Retrospective Analysis.

Neurosurgery 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA.

Background: Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a common postoperative complication after adult spinal deformity (ASD) surgery and may manifest with neurological decline, worsening spinal deformity, and spinal instability, which warrant reoperation. Rates of PJK may be as high as 69.4% after ASD surgery. Read More

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Risk of miscarriage in women with chronic diseases in Norway: A registry linkage study.

PLoS Med 2021 May 10;18(5):e1003603. Epub 2021 May 10.

Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Increased risk of miscarriage has been reported for women with specific chronic health conditions. A broader investigation of chronic diseases and miscarriage risk may uncover patterns across categories of illness. The objective of this study was to study the risk of miscarriage according to various preexisting chronic diseases. Read More

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Associations of treated and untreated human papillomavirus infection with preterm delivery and neonatal mortality: A Swedish population-based study.

PLoS Med 2021 May 10;18(5):e1003641. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is associated with an increased risk of preterm delivery (PTD) although the exact pathomechanism is not yet understood. Women with untreated CIN also seem to have an increased risk of PTD. It is unclear whether this is attributable to human papillomavirus (HPV) infection or other factors. Read More

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Surfactant therapy via thin catheter in preterm infants with or at risk of respiratory distress syndrome.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 May 10;5:CD011672. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Paediatrics, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Australia.

Background: Non-invasive respiratory support is increasingly used for the management of respiratory dysfunction in preterm infants. This approach runs the risk of under-treating those with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), for whom surfactant administration is of paramount importance. Several techniques of minimally invasive surfactant therapy have been described. Read More

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Outcomes of Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Acetabular Protrusio.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2020 Jul;4(7):e2000121

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (Dr. Greig, Dr. Hsiue, Mr. Chen, Dr. Trikha, and Dr. Stavrakis), and the Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Dr. Khoshbin), Canada.

Background: Acetabular protrusio (AP) is associated with distorted anatomic landmarks and insufficient bone stock that increases complexity of total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study used a large national database to compare outcomes after THA in patients with and without AP.

Methods: The Nationwide Readmissions Database was used to identify patients with and without AP who underwent THA from 2010 to 2014. Read More

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Clinical presentation and management of urolithiasis in the obstetric patient: a matched cohort study.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 May 9:1-6. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of pregnancy on the clinical presentation, inpatient procedure rates, and length of hospital stay, on women with urolithiasis.

Materials And Methods: We carried out a matched cohort study using the United States' Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project-Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 1999 to 2015. Pregnant women with urolithiasis were compared to age-matched non-pregnant women (1:1) with urolithiasis. Read More

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