146,224 results match your criteria complications caused


Transposition Mucosal Flap Combined With Autologous Fat Transplantation to Repair Lip Defects Caused by Sclerotherapy of Hemangioma.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Cleft Lip and Palate, Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Shijingshan Department of Stomatology, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Abstract: Infantile hemangiomas are the most common benign childhood tumors and can occur on any part of the human body. Sclerosing agents are used in the early stage of treatment of infantile hemangioma. Sometimes a lip defect remains after sclerosing agent treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Anterior decompression through a posterior approach for thoracic myelopathy caused by ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament: a novel concept in anterior decompression and technical notes with the preliminary outcomes.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 Sep 24:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

2Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Sendai, Japan.

Objective: Various surgical procedures are used to manage thoracic myelopathy due to ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). However, the outcomes of surgery for thoracic OPLL are generally unfavorable in comparison to surgery for cervical OPLL. Previous studies have shown a significant risk of perioperative complications in surgery for thoracic OPLL. Read More

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September 2021

Are open surgery and total resection good choices for traumatic myositis ossificans in children?

Int Orthop 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Orthopedics Department, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation base of Child development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Yuzhong District Zhongshan 2road 136#, Chongqing, 400014, People's Republic of China.

Background: Traumatic myositis ossificans is a self-limited, non-neoplastic, ectopic bone formation in the soft tissues caused by trauma. Conservative treatment is the mainstay of management. However, open surgery and complete resection should be considered in patients with limited joint function and constant pain. Read More

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September 2021

Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome with basilar artery stenosis: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(38):e27337

Department of Neurology, Jeonbuk National University Medical School and Hospital, Jeonju, South Korea.

Introduction: Acute severe headaches in young patients may be associated with fatal neurological complications that necessitate imaging examinations. Among acute severe headaches, a thunderclap headache may indicate the rupture of a cerebral aneurysm or the onset of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome for which emergent evaluation is required.

Patient Concerns: We report the case of a 36-year-old man who presented to our hospital with an acute severe headache after excessive exercise the previous day. Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of accuracy and safety between robot-assisted and conventional fluoroscope assisted placement of pedicle screws in thoracolumbar spine: A meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Sep;100(38):e27282

Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Objective: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to explore the screw positioning accuracy, complications related to pedicle screw implantation, revision rate and radiation exposure between robot screw placement and traditional fluoroscopic screw placement.

Methods: We searched several databases, including CNKI, Wanfang database, cqvip datebase, PubMed, Cochrane library and EMBASE, to identify articles that might meet the criteria. Meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5. Read More

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September 2021

Hydatid Disease of the Liver in the Middle East: A Single Center Experience.

Surg Infect (Larchmt) 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Liver Transplantation and Hepatopancreaticobiliary Unit, Department of General Surgery, American University of Beirut Medical Center Beirut, Lebanon.

Human cystic echinococcosis (CE), most commonly caused by echinococcosis granulosis, is the most common presentation of hydatid disease of the liver and is considered endemic in the Middle East region. This study is a retrospective single-center analysis of all patients with hepatic hydatid disease presenting for surgical management from 2001 to 2019. From 2001 to 2019, 100 patients (54 males, 46 females) were diagnosed with hydatid disease of the liver with a mean age of 45 years (range, 19-82). Read More

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September 2021

From regenerative strategies to pharmacological approaches: can we fine-tune treatment for Parkinson's disease?

Neural Regen Res 2022 May;17(5):933-936

Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, Braga; ICVS/3B's Associate Lab, PT Government Associated Lab, Braga/Guimarães, Portugal.

Parkinson's disease is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder worldwide. Clinically, it is characterized by severe motor complications caused by progressive degeneration of dopaminergic neurons. Current treatment is focused on mitigating the symptoms through the administration of levodopa, rather than on preventing dopaminergic neuronal damage. Read More

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Piperacillin-Tazobactam-Induced Immune Thrombocytopenia: A Case Report.

Authors:
Shangwe Kiliaki

J Pharm Pract 2021 Sep 24:8971900211048140. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hospital Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.

Drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia is an isolated thrombocytopenia caused by accelerated platelet destruction from drug-dependent, platelet-reactive antibodies. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is the most common drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia. Common implicated antibiotics for drug-induced immune thrombocytopenia include ceftriaxone, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, vancomycin, and penicillin. Read More

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September 2021

Imaging modalities for diagnosis and monitoring of cancer cachexia.

EJNMMI Res 2021 Sep 23;11(1):94. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum Rechts Der Isar, TUM School of Medicine, Technical University of Munich, Ismaninger Str. 22, 81675, Munich, Germany.

Cachexia, a multifactorial wasting syndrome, is highly prevalent among advanced-stage cancer patients. Unlike weight loss in healthy humans, the progressive loss of body weight in cancer cachexia primarily implicates lean body mass, caused by an aberrant metabolism and systemic inflammation. This may lead to disease aggravation, poorer quality of life, and increased mortality. Read More

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September 2021

Endovascular entry closure of a late type A aortic dissection after implantation of a self-expanding transcatheter heart valve (Evolut R): a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Sep 18;5(9):ytab343. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

MVZ-Department Structural Heart Disease, Asklepios Clinic St. Georg, Lohmühlenstraße 520099 Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Late Stanford type A aortic dissections (TAADs) are a very rare complication after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Surgery is the treatment of choice, but perioperative mortality (25%) and neurological complications (18%) remain high.

Case Summary: An 85-year-old male patient presented with acute chest pain 5 months after a transfemoral Evolut R 34 mm transcatheter heart valve (THV) implantation. Read More

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September 2021

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction due to septic coronary embolism: a case report.

Eur Heart J Case Rep 2021 Sep 29;5(9):ytab302. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, School of Human Health Sciences, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Careggi and University of Florence, Largo Brambilla 3, 50134, Florence, Italy.

Background : Coronary artery embolism is an infrequent cause of type 2 myocardial infarction which can be due to arterial thromboembolism or septic embolism. While systemic embolization is one of the most acknowledged and threatened complications of infective endocarditis, coronary localization of the emboli causing acute myocardial infarction is exceedingly rare occurring in <1% of cases.

Case Summary : A 52-year-old man with a history of Bentall procedure and redo aortic valve replacement due to prosthetic degeneration (11 years prior to the current presentation) presented to the emergency department with high-grade fever and myalgias. Read More

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September 2021

Pericardial effusion caused by accidently placing a Micra transcatheter pacing system into the coronary sinus.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Sep 23;21(1):461. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Institute of Cardiovascular Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Interventional Medicine, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, 200032, China.

Background: Leadless pacemaker has been acknowledged as a promising pacing strategy to prevent pocket and lead-related complications. Although rare, cardiac perforation remains a major safety concern for implantation of Micra transcatheter pacing system (TPS).

Case Presentation: A 83-year-old female with low body mass index (18. Read More

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September 2021

Adipocyte function and the development of cardiometabolic disease.

J Physiol 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention (IPEK), Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, 81377, Germany.

Key Points: Obesity and the associated adipocyte pathology are risk factors for cardiovascular disease Translational research is possible but strongly depends on the mouse model used White adipose tissue inflammation contributes to metabolic and vascular dysfunction Brown adipose tissue thermogenesis supports metabolic and vascular function ABSTRACT: Obesity is a medical disorder caused by multiple mechanisms of dysregulated energy balance. A major consequence of obesity is an increased risk to develop diabetes, diabetic complications, and cardiovascular disease. While a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms linking obesity, insulin resistance, and cardiovascular disease is needed, translational research of the human pathology is hampered by the available cellular and rodent model systems. Read More

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September 2021

Lighting up ATP in cells and tissues using a simple aptamer-based fluorescent probe.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 Sep 23;188(10):352. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Nanobioengineering/Bioelectronics Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University, 10555 West Flagler Street, Miami, FL, 33174, USA.

Extracellular ATP as a purinergic signaling molecule, together with ATP receptor, are playing an important role in tumor growth, therapy resistance, and host immunity suppression. Meanwhile ATP is a crucial indicator for cellular energy status and viability, thus a vital variable for tissue regeneration and in vitro tissue engineering. Most recent studies on COVID-19 virus suggest infection caused ATP deficit and release as a major characterization at the early stage of the disease and major causes for disease complications. Read More

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September 2021

Pseudohypoxic brain swelling and secondary hydrocephalus with pseudomeningocele after lumbar surgery: a case report.

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Sep 23:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, Nagano, Japan.

Background: Postoperative intracranial complications are rare in spine surgery not including cranial procedures. We describe an uncommon case of pseudohypoxic brain swelling (PHBS) and secondary hydrocephalus after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) presenting as impaired consciousness and repeated seizures.

Case Presentation: A 65-year-old man underwent L4-5 TLIF for lumbar spondylolisthesis and began experiencing generalized seizures immediately postoperatively. Read More

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September 2021

[Internal carotid artery dissection in patients with Turner's syndrome].

Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova 2021 ;121(8. Vyp. 2):58-65

Research Center of Neurology, Moscow, Russia.

Cervical artery dissection (CeAD) due to arterial wall weakness (dysplasia) is one of the most common causes of ischemic stroke (IS) at a young age. A rare and little known cause of CeAD is Turner's syndrome (TS)-is an inherited disease caused by completely or partially missing X chromosome. In this paper, we describe 2 female patients, aged 27 and 33 years, with genetically confirmed TS (karyotype 45X0) and internal carotid artery dissection(ICAD). Read More

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September 2021

[Non-surgical orthopaedic therapies of the spine in the elderly].

Rev Prat 2021 May;71(5):522-529

Service de radiologie, hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, Garches, et hôpital Ambroise-Paré, Boulogne-Billancourt, France.

"Non-surgical orthopaedic therapies of the spine in the elderly. Non-surgical orthopaedic therapies of the spine in the elderly Aging is responsible for several spine pathologies characterized by static disorders. These are degenerative scoliosis (SD), degenerative lumbar kyphosis (CDL), narrow lumbar canal, fracturing osteoporosis with vertebral settlements, complications of spine surgery, degenerative spondylolisthesis, Camptocormia and drooping head. Read More

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Effect of lactic acid bacteria isolated from some fermented dairy products on carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of albino rats.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Minia University, El-Minia, Egypt.

The current research was performed to evaluate the potential protective effect of Lactobacillus paracasei ssp. paracasei, Pediococcus acidilactici, Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis, and silymarin in the alleviation of health (hepatic and renal) complications caused by carbon tetrachloride (CCl) in rats. Read More

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September 2021

Pulmonary Embolism after Core Decompression of the Femoral Head Using Injectable Bone Graft Substitute: A Case Report.

Hip Pelvis 2021 Sep 6;33(3):167-172. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Vall d'Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain.

The authors report a rare complication regarding the case of an 18-year-old female with bilateral osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) secondary to the treatment and hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) of an acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The patient underwent a bilateral necrotic bone debridement and core decompression (CD) surgery with injectable synthetic bone graft, which unfortunately caused a pulmonary injectable bone graft substitute embolism. Read More

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September 2021

Systemic Sclerosis: Highlighting Respiratory Complications and Significance of Early Screening.

Cureus 2021 Aug 18;13(8):e17291. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Research, California Institute of Behavioral Neurosciences & Psychology, Fairfield, USA.

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease that leads the patient to have a diverse clinical presentation encompassing several systems and a worse prognosis, mainly when complications arise. Most SSc-related deaths are caused by pulmonary hypertension (PH) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). This article focuses on pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) and ILD as pulmonary consequences of SSc. Read More

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Nasopharyngeal Coil Dislocation of an Embolized Internal Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm.

Case Rep Otolaryngol 2021 11;2021:4270441. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Medical Faculty OWL, Bielefeld University, Campus Klinikum, Bielefeld, Germany.

Objective: Severe epistaxis caused by ruptured intracranial pseudoaneurysms can be effectively treated by coil embolization. This is generally an efficient and safe procedure and provides sufficient protection recurrent epistaxis. However, complications such as aneurysm rupture, arterial dissection, bleeding, and emboli can occur. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluating the rate of post-surgical complications between three surgical methods in management of pulmonary hydatid disease.

Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol 2021 Mar 15;18(1):23-26. Epub 2021 May 15.

Lung Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Introduction: Hydatid disease is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus. Surgery remains the gold standard approach of treatment.

Aim: This study reports on 10 years of experience on surgical management of 78 cases of pulmonary hydatid disease and compares the rates of post-surgical complications between three approaches. Read More

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Simplified Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy for Osteoporotic Vertebral Fractures.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Hospital Universitario Fundación Jiménez Diaz, Madrid, Spain.

Background: In osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) involving neurological symptoms and severe kyphosis, vertebral osteotomies are necessary but are associated with a high risk of complications.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study. In 14 patients (mean age, 69. Read More

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September 2021

An Eye-Popping Experience Immediately After Intubation: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2021 Sep 22;15(9):e01523. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

From the Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Ufuk University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

This case presents and discusses a case of unilateral proptosis immediately following intubation in a patient who underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair under general anesthesia. The patient developed a right-sided proptosis following intubation when noninvasive blood pressure was measured as 167/111 mm Hg. The operation was postponed, and anesthesia was terminated. Read More

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September 2021

An Uncommon Cause of Biliary Obstruction in a Patient With Budd-Chiari Syndrome.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 May 19;8(5):e00597. Epub 2021 May 19.

Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT.

Biliary varices (BVs) are an infrequent complication of chronic portal hypertension. Most cases of BVs are asymptomatic and are likely underdiagnosed. We present a case of a 34-year-old woman with Budd-Chiari syndrome who was found to have BVs caused by a significant inferior vena cava (IVC) stenosis. Read More

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Chronic exposure to tramadol induces cardiac inflammation and endothelial dysfunction in mice.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 21;11(1):18772. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt.

Tramadol is an opioid extensively used to treat moderate to severe pain; however, prolonged therapy is associated with several tissues damage. Chronic use of tramadol was linked to increased hospitalizations due to cardiovascular complications. Limited literature has described the effects of tramadol on the cardiovascular system, so we sought to investigate these actions and elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Read More

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September 2021

Topical medication as an initial therapeutic option for protruding and non-protruding condylomata acuminata of the distal urethra.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 21;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Clinical Microbiology Department, University Hospital Centre Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.

Genital warts (also known as condylomata acuminata) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) represent one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Although they are usually found in the outer genital region, a small proportion of men can present with (often unrecognised) intraurethral warts, generally limited to the distal urethra and urethral meatus. This poses a treatment challenge not adequately addressed by the current guidelines. Read More

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September 2021

Hypertensive emergency and seizures during haemodialysis.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Sep 21;14(9). Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Nephrology, Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Manipal, Karnataka, India.

Intracranial abscesses are uncommon, serious and life-threatening infections. A brain abscess is caused by inflammation and collection of infected material, coming from local or remote infectious sources. Patients with chronic kidney disease on dialysis are prone to invasive bacterial infections like methicillin-resistant (MRSA) especially in the presence of central venous catheters or arteriovenous grafts. Read More

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September 2021

Aqueous vaginal contrast and scheduled hematocolpos with magnetic resonance imaging to delineate complex müllerian anomalies.

Fertil Steril 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

The Ronald O. Perelman and Claudia Cohen Center for Reproductive Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York.

Objective: To demonstrate the advantage of using aqueous vaginal contrast and scheduled hematocolpos with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve the delineation of gynecologic anatomy and to recommend that this modality be considered in patients with complex müllerian anomalies.

Design: Video demonstration of MRI adjuncts to improve visualization of gynecologic anatomy.

Setting: Academic Hospital. Read More

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September 2021

Diagnosis patterns of sickle cell disease in Ghana: a secondary analysis.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 22;21(1):1719. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Children's National Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.

Background: Despite having the highest prevalence of sickle cell disease (SCD) in the world, no country in Sub-Saharan Africa has a universal screening program for the disease. We sought to capture the diagnosis patterns of SCD (age at SCD diagnosis, method of SCD diagnosis, and age of first pain crisis) in Accra, Ghana.

Methods: We administered an in-person, voluntary survey to parents of offspring with SCD between 2009 and 2013 in Accra as a part of a larger study and conducted a secondary data analysis to determine diagnosis patterns. Read More

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September 2021