7,887 results match your criteria complications 251


Postoperative complications after non-obstetric surgery among pregnant patients in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program, 2005-2012.

Am J Surg 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Background: To examine whether pregnant patients have higher risk of major 30-day postoperative complications compared with their non-pregnant counterparts after non-obstetric surgery.

Methods: A secondary analysis of the prospective National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) from 2005 to 2012 of pregnant patients 18-51 years old, without surgery in the preceding 30 days, and who underwent a non-obstetrical operation. The primary outcome was composite 30-day major postoperative complications. Read More

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Thirty-Day Results of the Novel CGuard-Covered Stent in Patients Undergoing Carotid Artery Stenting.

J Endovasc Ther 2021 Apr 15:15266028211007466. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Vascular Unit, 1st University Surgical Department, Aristotle University, General Hospital Papageorgiou, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Objective: The aim of this study was to provide early-term evaluation, safety, and efficacy of the novel CGuard (Inspire MD, Tel Aviv, Israel) micromesh self-expanding stent with embolic protection system (EPS) during carotid artery stenting (CAS) procedure.

Materials And Methods: All patients who underwent CAS with CGuard carotid stent system from January 2018 to September 2020 in a tertiary center were prospectively evaluated. Primary endpoints included technical success and perioperative neurological events (0-48 hours). Read More

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Persistent Somatic Symptom Burden and Sleep Disturbance in Patients with COVID-19 During Hospitalization and After Discharge: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Apr 15;27:e930447. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND The present study was designed to reveal the trajectory of self-reported somatic symptom burden and sleep quality over time in patients with COVID-19 and to identify prognostic factors for greater somatic symptom burden and sleep disturbance. MATERIAL AND METHODS Seventy-four patients with COVID-19 were prospectively followed for longitudinal assessment of somatic symptom burden and sleep quality. We used the 8-item Somatic Symptom Scale (SSS-8) and the modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scale for somatic symptom burden and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index for sleep quality investigation. Read More

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Complications following secondary voice prosthesis insertion and impact of previous irradiation on their appearance.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Apr;24(4):470-475

Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad; Clinical Centre of Vojvodina, Clinic for Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Novi Sad, Serbia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the complications following secondary voice prosthesis insertion and impact of previous irradiation on their appearance.

Methods: This study included 106 totally laryngectomized patients who underwent secondary Provox 2 voice prosthesis insertion. Among them, 79 (74. Read More

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Necrotizing funisitis and calcification of umbilical vein: case report and review.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Apr 12;21(1):296. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, 251 Yaojiayuan Road, Beijing, 100026, China.

Background: Necrotising funisitis (NF) is a rare, chronic stage of funisitis, a severe inflammation of the umbilical cord and an important risk factor for fetal adverse outcomes. NF is characterized by yellow-white bands running parallel to the umbilical blood vessels. These bands consist of inflammatory cells, necrotic debris, and calcium deposits. Read More

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An 11-year Institutional Review of Nipple-Areolar Complex Tattooing for Breast Reconstruction: Identifying Risk Factors for Development of Tattoo-related Infectious Complications.

Ann Plast Surg 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

From the Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, MN.

Background: Nipple-areolar complex (NAC) tattooing remains a simple and safe procedure, which complements breast reconstruction. This study reviews 11 years of NAC tattooing to identify risk factors for tattoo-related complications.

Methods: Patients undergoing NAC tattooing from January 2009 to March 2020 were reviewed. Read More

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Nomograms incorporating preoperative RDW level for the prediction of postoperative complications and survival in colorectal liver metastases after resection.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.

Background: This study aimed to investigate the predictive significance of preoperative red cell volume distribution width (RDW) level for prognosis and to establish nomograms incorporating preoperative blood markers to predict postoperative complications and survival in patients with colorectal liver metastases (CRLM).

Methods: This retrospective study included 380 enrolled CRLM patients who underwent hepatic resection. Predictors of postoperative complications were explored using binary logistic regression analysis. Read More

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Allergic Reactions to Current Available COVID-19 Vaccinations: Pathophysiology, Causality, and Therapeutic Considerations.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Mar 5;9(3). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, New Taipei City 23561, Taiwan.

Vaccines constitute the most effective medications in public health as they control and prevent the spread of infectious diseases and reduce mortality. Similar to other medications, allergic reactions can occur during vaccination. While most reactions are neither frequent nor serious, anaphylactic reactions are potentially life-threatening allergic reactions that are encountered rarely, but can cause serious complications. Read More

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Use of an Insulation-Tipped Knife during Rigid Bronchoscopic Treatment of Benign Tracheobronchial Stenosis.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 8;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju 63241, Korea.

Tracheal or bronchial tears are potential complications of rigid bronchoscopy. This study aimed to investigate the acute complications and outcomes of using an insulation-tipped (IT) knife in combination with rigid bronchoscopic dilatation for treating benign tracheobronchial stenosis. We conducted a chart review of patients with benign tracheobronchial stenosis who were treated with rigid bronchoscopy and an IT knife at two referral centers. Read More

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Sequential correction using satellite rod for severe thoracic idiopathic scoliosis: an effective method to optimize deformity correction.

J Neurosurg Spine 2021 Apr 2:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Objective: The aim of this paper was to compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes between the sequential correction (SC) technique and the traditional 2-rod correction (TC) technique in patients with severe thoracic idiopathic scoliosis (STIS) undergoing posterior-only correction surgery.

Methods: Records of a consecutive series of STIS patients undergoing posterior-only correction surgery between October 2013 and October 2017 with more than 2 years of follow-up were reviewed. The radiographic parameters were assessed preoperatively, postoperatively, and at the last follow-up. Read More

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Can glucose-lowering drugs affect the prognosis of COVID-19 in patients with type 2 diabetes?

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 05 30;9(5):251-252. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Medicine I, Rudolfstiftung Hospital Vienna, Vienna A 1030, Austria; Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

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Comprehensive nutritional index for predicting overall survival in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after multiple transarterial chemoembolization.

Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 2021 ;30(1):7-14

Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Guangzhou, China.

Background And Objectives: Little is known about nutritional status in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after multiple rounds of transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). We established a comprehensive nutritional index (CNI) and evaluated its prognostic value for overall survival (OS) and time to progression (TTP).

Methods And Study Design: HCC patients (N=282) who underwent multiple TACE treatments were enrolled. Read More

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January 2021

Can an Imaging Marker of Consistency Predict Intraoperative Experience and Clinical Outcomes for Vestibular Schwannomas? A Retrospective Review.

J Neurol Surg B Skull Base 2021 Apr 24;82(2):251-257. Epub 2019 Sep 24.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio, United States.

 The main purpose of this article is to determine if vestibular schwannoma consistency as determined by tissue intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imagings (MRIs) is predictive of intraoperative experience and postoperative clinical outcomes.  Retrospective chart review.  Tertiary referral center. Read More

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Association of social vulnerability with the use of high-volume and Magnet recognition hospitals for hepatopancreatic cancer surgery.

Surgery 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and James Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, OH. Electronic address: https://twitter.com/timpawlik.

Background: In an effort to improve perioperative and oncologic outcomes, there have been multiple quality improvement initiatives, including regionalization of high-risk procedures and hospital accreditation designations from independent organizations. These initiatives may, however, hinder access to high-quality surgical care for certain patients living in areas with high social vulnerability who may be disproportionally affected, leading to disparities in access and worse postoperative outcomes.

Methods: Medicare beneficiaries who underwent liver or pancreas resection for cancer were identified using the 100% Medicare Inpatient Standard Analytic Files. Read More

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General anesthesia versus conscious sedation for endovascular therapy in acute ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Apr 25;86:10-17. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; China International Neuroscience Institute (China-INI), Beijing, China; Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is the first-line treatment for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). However, the optimal anesthetic modality during EVT is unclear. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis is aimed to summarize the current literatures from RCTs to provide new clinical evidence of choosing anesthetic modality for AIS patients when receiving EVT. Read More

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The risk assessment model of fracture nonunion after intramedullary nailing for subtrochanteric femur fracture.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(12):e25274

Shuangliu District First People's Hospital, Chengdu, China.

Abstract: To investigate the influencing factors of fracture nonunion after intramedullary nailing for subtrochanteric fractures and to construct a risk assessment model.Based on the multicenter retrospective analysis of 251 patients, all patients were divided into modeling group and verification group. In the modeling group, postoperative fracture nonunion rate, general data, fracture-related factors, surgical reduction-related factors, mechanical and biological factors were calculated, and the influencing factors of fracture nonunion were screened by univariate analysis. Read More

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Hyponatremia and Encephalopathy in a 55-Year-old Woman with Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone Secretion as an Isolated Presentation of SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Mar 24;22:e930135. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Nephrology, Brookdale University Hospital Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA.

BACKGROUND During the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic of 2020, varied presentations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) have been reported. The present report is of a case of hyponatremia and encephalopathy due to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) as the main presentation of SARS-CoV-2 infection in a 55-year-old woman. CASE REPORT A 55-year-old woman with type II diabetes mellitus presented with confusion and slurring of speech, with a temperature of 38. Read More

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Effect and safety of intraoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy on patients suffering from colorectal cancer.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 22;19(1):84. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Colorectal Section, Department of Surgery, The Second Hospital of Jilin University, No. 218, Ziqiang Dist, Changchun, 130041, Jilin, China.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC), the third most commonly diagnosed malignant carcinoma and the third most common cause of carcinoma-related mortality, continues to be a major international health problem. And approximately 33% of patients suffer from recurrence after radical surgery. Free malignant cell implanting in the peritoneum is generally accepted as one of the main reasons of such outcome. Read More

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Effects of a DPP-4 Inhibitor and RAS Blockade on Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Diabetes and COVID-19.

Diabetes Metab J 2021 03 5;45(2):251-259. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.

Background: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP-4i) and renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade are reported to affect the clinical course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM).

Methods: As of May 2020, analysis was conducted on all subjects who could confirm their history of claims related to COVID-19 in the National Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA) database in Korea. Using this dataset, we compared the short-term prognosis of COVID-19 infection according to the use of DPP-4i and RAS blockade. Read More

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C-Arm-Free Anterior Correction for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (Lenke Type 5C): Analysis of Early Outcomes and Complications.

World Neurosurg 2021 Mar 19. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Okayama University Hospital, Okayama, Japan.

Background: Computer-assisted spinal surgery as a technique for reducing radiation exposure to the operating staff and the complications of spinal deformity are receiving considerable attention. However, no technical reports have described the technique for navigating anterior correction of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis without C-arm fluoroscopy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this new C-arm-free anterior correction for scoliosis. Read More

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Large Sheath Management in Patients with Poor Peripheral Access.

Interv Cardiol Clin 2021 Apr 15;10(2):251-255. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Mercy-Health St Vincent Medical Center, 2409 Cherry Street, Suite 100, Toledo, OH 43608, USA.

Despite the evolution of device technology and increasing operator experience, vascular and bleeding complications remain a major source of perioperative morbidity and mortality, particularly in patients with peripheral arterial disease. These complications may be compounded with the use of large bore access sheaths for mechanical support, which may be required to be left in the vessels for a prolonged period of time. Through this article, the authors demonstrate the importance of assessment for peripheral arterial disease before insertion of large bore sheaths. Read More

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Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios in pregnant women with familial mediterranean fever.

Bratisl Lek Listy 2021 ;122(4):251-255

Objective: To investigate the association between maternal serum neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratios (NLRs) and pregnancy outcomes in women with familial mediterranean fever (FMF).

Background: FMF exists worldwide, it primarily affects Mediterranean countries METHODS: We retrospectively analysed data from 269 pregnant women, who underwent a routine prenatal follow-up and delivery in our hospital from 2016 to 2020. Clinical and demographic data, including age, gravida, parity, abortus, proteinuria in the first trimester, NLR, obstetrical complications, gestational age at delivery, birthweight were retrieved from the patients' medical records. Read More

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Venous thromboembolism after esophagectomy for cancer: a systematic review of the literature to evaluate incidence, risk factors, and prophylaxis.

Surg Today 2021 Mar 13. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

First Department of Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Laikon General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Purpose: Although esophagectomy remains the preferred treatment for esophageal cancer, it is still associated with a number of complications, including post-operative venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of this study was to summarize the reported incidence of VTE after esophagectomy, its risk factors, and prevention strategies.

Methods: We conducted a systematic search of the literature in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Read More

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More Than 50 Long-Term Effects of COVID-19: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Res Sq 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

COVID-19, caused by SARS-CoV-2, can involve sequelae and other medical complications that last weeks to months after initial recovery, which has come to be called Long-COVID or COVID long-haulers. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to identify studies assessing long-term effects of COVID-19 and estimates the prevalence of each symptom, sign, or laboratory parameter of patients at a post-COVID-19 stage. . Read More

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Omega-3 fatty acids reduce cardiometabolic risk in first-episode schizophrenia patients treated with antipsychotics: Findings from the OFFER randomized controlled study.

Schizophr Res 2021 Mar 5;230:61-68. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, ul. Żeromskiego 113, 90-549 Lodz, Poland.

Metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases the risk of premature mortality observed in schizophrenia (SCZ). N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) deficiency has been reported in different stages of schizophrenia. N-3 PUFA supplementation was found to be beneficial in both chronic SCZ and MetS. Read More

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Kikuchi-Fujimoto Disease: Report of a Case with Progression to Lupus Nephritis.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Mar 7;22:e927351. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Internal Medicine, High Specialty Medical Unit, Specialty Hospital, Dr. Antonio Fraga Mouret, La Raza National Medical Center, México City, Mexico.

BACKGROUND Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) is an enigmatic disease, with a distinctive histopathology and a benign and self-limited course. It is more frequent in young Asian women. Autoimmune diseases are identified as one of its triggers; primarily SLE, which may precede, be concomitant with, or develop after the diagnosis of KFD. Read More

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Long-term outcomes of Boston keratoprosthesis type I: the Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital experience.

Br J Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Ophthalmology, General Hospital of People's Liberation Army, Beijing, China

Purpose: To report the long-term outcomes of Boston keratoprosthesis type I (B-KPro type I) implantation in the management of severe ocular surface disorders.

Methods: Retrospective case series. Patients who underwent B-KPro type I implantation at the People's Liberation Army General Hospital were enrolled between March 2011 and September 2019. Read More

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Percutaneous Occlusion of the Left Atrial Appendage with Thrombus Irresponsive to Antithrombotic Therapy.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 12;10(4). Epub 2021 Feb 12.

1st Department of Cardiology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Dluga1/2, 61-848 Poznan, Poland.

We analyzed clinical experience with percutaneous closure of instances of left atrial appendage with thrombus (LAAT) irresponsive to antithrombotic therapy in patients treated in three high-volume cardiology centers. Clinical and procedural data regarding consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (PLAAC) due to LAAT were retrospectively analyzed. The study population consisted of 17 patients (11 men; 68 ± 14 years; CHADSVASC 4. Read More

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February 2021

Knowledge, Beliefs and Attitudes towards the Influenza Vaccine among Future Healthcare Workers in Poland.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Feb 22;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Biology and Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University of Lodz, 90-151 Lodz, Poland.

The flu vaccine is the best treatment for avoiding the flu and its complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the knowledge of the flu vaccine and attitude towards the influenza vaccine among medical students in four majors of study (Nursing, Midwifery, Pharmacy, and Public health) in all years of study. A total number of 1137 subjects took part in the study. Read More

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February 2021

Comparison of the Time to Extubation and Length of Stay in the PACU after Sugammadex and Neostigmine Use in Two Types of Surgery: A Monocentric Retrospective Analysis.

J Clin Med 2021 Feb 17;10(4). Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Anesthesia, Institut Gustave Roussy, 94080 Villejuif, France.

Sugammadex provides a rapid pharmacological reversal of aminosteroid, as well as fewer pulmonary complications, a better physiological recovery, and shorter stays in the postanesthetic recovery unit (PACU). This retrospective analysis of our Centricity anesthesia database in 2017-2019 assessed the efficiency of sugammadex in real-life situations in two groups of surgical cancer patients (breast and abdominal surgery) based on the extubation time, operating room exit time, and length of PACU stay. Overall, 382 anesthesia records (131 breast and 251 abdominal surgeries) were extracted for the pharmacological reversal of neuromuscular blockades by neostigmine or sugammadex. Read More

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February 2021