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Interoceptive Sensibility, Alexithymia, and Emotion Regulation in Individuals Suffering from Fibromyalgia.

Psychopathology 2021 May 5:1-6. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Introduction: People suffering from fibromyalgia syndrome report various difficulties in emotional processing, possibly resulting from changes in bodily perception (interoception). In our study, we investigated the relationships between interoceptive sensibility (IS) and two disease-relevant emotional components (alexithymia and emotion regulation) in fibromyalgia sufferers compared to healthy individuals.

Methods: Fifty-five fibromyalgia sufferers and 55 healthy individuals, matched with regard to age and gender, participated in our cross-sectional study. Read More

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Renal Impairment and Risk of Acute Stroke: The INTERSTROKE Study.

Neuroepidemiology 2021 May 5:1-10. Epub 2021 May 5.

Estudios Clinicos Latinoamerica, Rosario, Argentina.

Background: Previous studies reported an association of renal impairment with stroke, but there are uncertainties underpinning this association.

Aims: We explored if the association is explained by shared risk factors or is independent and whether there are regional or stroke subtype variations.

Methods: INTERSTROKE is a case-control study and the largest international study of risk factors for first acute stroke, completed in 27 countries. Read More

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Anatomical Location of Initial and Repeat Mandible Fractures: A 5-Year, Multi-Institution Retrospective Study.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Professor and Reichmann Chair, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, OK.

Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to investigate new fracture patterns resulting from low velocity mechanisms in subjects who had previously fractured their mandible and had been treated with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or closed reduction.

Methods And Materials: A multi-institutional retrospective cohort study was designed to analyze subjects presenting at 2 tertiary care centers with mandibular fractures with specific interest in subjects who had repeat mandible fractures. Variables recorded included demographic (age, sex, etc) data, fracture location of all fractures treated, and the location of previous fracture. Read More

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Sleep disturbance and memory dysfunction in early multiple sclerosis.

Ann Clin Transl Neurol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Objective: Sleep-dependent memory processing occurs in animals including humans, and disturbed sleep negatively affects memory. Sleep disturbance and memory dysfunction are common in multiple sclerosis (MS), but little is known about the contributions of sleep disturbance to memory in MS. We investigated whether subjective sleep disturbance is linked to worse memory in early MS independently of potential confounders. Read More

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A nonrandomised pilot study to examine the feasibility and acceptability of reflexology in patients undergoing hospital-based haemodialysis (solitude study).

J Ren Care 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University, Belfast, UK.

Background: Patients with end-stage kidney disease, receiving haemodialysis can experience complications-hypotension, headache, muscle cramp, chest pain, nausea and vomiting. Patients who experience all or some of these symptoms will often report reduced health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and poor sleep quality, which may lead to increased morbidity and mortality.

Objective: The objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the feasibility of a larger randomised controlled trial to determine the effect of foot reflexology on a cohort of patients undergoing hospital-based haemodialysis. Read More

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Treatment outcomes of a lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer alcohol and other drug counselling service in Australia: A retrospective analysis of client records.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Substance use disorders are more prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) people than among their heterosexual and cisgender peers. There has been limited alcohol and other drug (AOD) treatment research with LGBTQ people outside of North America. This study aimed to examine the treatment outcomes of clients attending a LGBTQ-specific AOD counselling service in Australia (ACON's Substance Support Service) and compare their client profile and treatment outcomes with LGBTQ and non-LGBTQ clients of similar mainstream services. Read More

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Cognitive vulnerabilities to anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents: A 3-year longitudinal study.

J Clin Psychol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Educational Psychology, Tsung Tsin Mission of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Objective: This study established cognitive vulnerability of anxiety symptoms among high school students.

Method: A total of 72 grade 9-11 students completed measures on levels of anxiety sensitivity (AS), selective attentional processing, and anxiety symptoms annually between 2016 and 2018.

Results: Latent class growth analysis (unconditional model) showed a four-class model: High (stable) (6. Read More

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What is the Optimal Method Assessing for Persistent Villous Atrophy in Adult Coeliac Disease?

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Academic Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

Background And Aims: Methods of assessing gluten-free diet (GFD) adherence in adults with coeliac disease (CD) include serological testing, dietitian evaluation, questionnaires and repeat duodenal biopsies. Persisting villous atrophy (VA) is associated with CD complications, however gastroscopy with biopsies is expensive and invasive. This study aimed to assess the abilities of a duodenal bulb (D1) biopsy and the Celiac Dietary Adherence Test (CDAT) to detect persisting VA in adults with CD. Read More

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Mobile-phone-based e-diary derived patient reported outcomes: Association with clinical disease activity, psychological status and quality of life of patients with multiple sclerosis.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250647. Epub 2021 May 5.

Multiple Sclerosis Center & Department of Neurology, Lady Davis Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Background: The applicability of mobile digital technology to promote clinical care of people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) is gaining increased interest as part of the implementation of patient-centered approaches. We aimed at assessing adherence to a smartphone-based e-diary, which was designed to collect patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Secondary objectives were to evaluate the construct and predictive validity of e-diary derived PROs and to explore the various factors that were associated with changes in PROs over time. Read More

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Non-pharmacological intervention for rehabilitation of post-stroke spasticity: A protocol for systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25788

Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, China.

Background: Post-stroke spasticity (PSS) is a major worldwide health problem, and timely and effective rehabilitation is associated with the risk of diabetes development; there are a variety of non-pharmacological interventions applied to the rehabilitation of PSS in these treatments; however, the relative efficacy and safety of different therapies remain uncertain, and we will conduct a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate different non-pharmacological interventions. The relative efficacy and safety of intervention in PSS rehabilitation, thus providing evidence to support the optimization of the PSS rehabilitation program.

Methods: We searched the following databases electronically, including four English literature databases (i. Read More

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Comparison of efficacy and safety of complementary and alternative therapies for scapulohumeral periarthritis: A protocol for Bayesian network meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25769

The First Clinical College, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Background: Scapulohumeral periarthritis is a disease with high incidence and great pain. The current western treatments with many side effects, poor efficacy cannot fundamentally solve the problem. Complementary and alternative therapies have played an excellent role in the treatment of scapulohumeral periarthritis. Read More

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The safety and effectiveness of salvianolate in preventing perioperative venous thromboembolism in China: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis based on RCTs.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25639

Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.

Background: Salvianolate, a common drug for stabilizing heart disease and Angina Pectoris, is considered to be off-label for preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) or anticoagulation at present. However, many clinical studies have showed that salvianolate can effectively inhibit the deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) incidence, and prevent VTE of perioperative patients in the real world in China.

Objective: This analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of salvianolate in preventing VTE in perioperative patients. Read More

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Prognostic value of red blood cell distribution width in patients with acute pulmonary embolism: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25571

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliation Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi, PR China.

Background: Prior reports have suggested that the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) parameter could be measured as a prognostic indicator in pulmonary embolism (PE) patients, thereby helping to guide their care. However, no systematic analyses on this topic have been completed to date, and the exact relationship between RDW and PE remains to be fully clarified. We will therefore conduct a systematic literature review with the goal of defining the correlation between RDW and mortality in acute PE cases. Read More

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The neural correlates of delay discounting in obesity and binge eating disorder.

J Behav Addict 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

1Department of Psychiatry, Bellvitge University Hospital-IDIBELL, C/Feixa Llarga s/n, 08907, Barcelona, Spain.

Background And Aims: Increased delay discounting is associated with obesity and binge eating disorder (BED). Although BED and obesity frequently co-occur, the neural mechanisms underlying delay discounting in these conditions remain poorly understood.

Methods: Thirtyfive women with obesity, including 10 participants with obesity and BED and 31 controls completed a monetary delay discounting task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Engagement and Effectiveness of a Healthy Coping Intervention via Chatbot for university students: proof-of-concept study during the COVID-19 pandemic.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Digital Health Lab, Fondazione Bruno Kessler, Via Sommarive 18, Trento, IT.

Background: University students are increasingly reporting common mental health problems, such as stress, anxiety and depression, and they frequently face barriers to seeking psychological support, because of stigma, cost and availability of mental health services. This issue is even more critical in the challenging time of COVID-19 pandemic. Digital mental health interventions, such as those delivered via chatbots on mobile devices, offer the potential to achieve scalability of healthy coping interventions by lowering cost and supporting prevention. Read More

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Mother-infant bonding screening in a sample of postpartum women: comparison between online vs offline format.

J Reprod Infant Psychol 2021 May 5:1-16. Epub 2021 May 5.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Internacional De La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain.

: We aim to study the the reliability and factorial structure of the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ)administered through two different formats, offline (paper-and-pencil) and online. We also compared clinical, obstetrical, reproductive, and psychopathological variables related to poor mother infant bonding (MIB).: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,269 mothers. Read More

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Health care system barriers and facilitators to early prenatal care among diverse women in Florida.

Birth 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Chiles Center, Sunshine Education and Research Center, University of South Florida College of Public Health, Tampa, FL, USA.

Background: Worldwide, women continue to experience barriers to accessing early prenatal care. Given the unique nature of the United States health care system, this study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to early prenatal care reported by women in Florida.

Methods: A mixed-methods study of postpartum women with entry to care after 14 weeks' gestation was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Florida. Read More

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Association between the discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment and the risk of committing a crime leading to imprisonment: A Finnish registry-based 5-year follow-up.

Crim Behav Ment Health 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

A-Clinic Foundation, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Discontinuation of substance use inpatient treatment is common, generally due to dropout and rule breaking. In turn, this is associated with worse long-term substance use outcomes.

Aim: To investigate whether people who discontinued voluntary inpatient substance use treatment have a higher risk of imprisonment for a crime within 5 years of discontinuance than those who completed treatment. Read More

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Transvaginal primary layered repair of postsurgical urethrovaginal fistula.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

ASST Monza, Ospedale San Gerardo, via G.B. Pergolesi, 33 20900, Monza, Italy.

Introduction And Hypothesis: Urethrovaginal fistula (UVF) is a rare disorder, which implies the presence of an abnormal communication between the urethra and the vagina.

Methods: Surgical repair options include transurethral, transabdominal and transvaginal procedures, either with or without tissue interposition. The vaginal route is considered a safe and effective option to correct UVF. Read More

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Persistence of inefficient HIV prevention interventions: a mixed-method analysis of the reasons why.

Transl Behav Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Brown School, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Growing evidence suggests that public health organizations continue to provide inefficient interventions even when better intervention options may be available. Factors informing an organization's decision to continue providing inefficient interventions are unclear. We present an analysis of HIV service organizations to understand factors influencing organizations to continue or end interventions. Read More

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Podiatry Resident Wellness: A Group Survey Study.

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Background: Burnout and medical resident well-being has become an increasingly studied topic in medical degree (MD) and doctor of osteopathic medicine (DO) fields and specialties which has led to systemic changes in postgraduate education and training. Although an important topic to address for physicians of all experience levels and fields of practice, there is little research on this topic as it pertains specifically to the podiatric community.

Methods: A wellness needs assessment (WNA) was developed and distributed to podiatric residents via electronic survey. Read More

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Reversal of functional brain activity related to gut microbiome and hormones after VSG surgery in patients with obesity.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Shanghai National Clinical Research Center for Metabolic Diseases, Key Laboratory for Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases of Chinese Health Commission, Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai, China.

Background: Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) is becoming a prioritized surgical intervention for obese individuals; however, the brain circuits that mediate its effective control of food intake and predict surgical outcome remain largely unclear.

Methods: In this observational cohort study, 80 patients with obesity were screened. 36 patients together with 26 normal-weight subjects were enrolled and evaluated using the 21-item Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), MRI scanning, plasma intestinal hormone analysis and fecal sample sequencing. Read More

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Low back pain management - What Australian community pharmacists recommend and how this compares to current clinical guidelines.

Int J Pharm Pract 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Pharmacy, School of Health and Biomedical Sciences, RMIT University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a serious and debilitating condition that necessitates proper assessment and management. Community pharmacists are ideally positioned to interact with these patients and provide therapeutic recommendations in line with LBP clinical guidelines, which have changed in recent years. Understanding what therapeutic strategies pharmacists recommend and why, can provide insights into whether these recommendations are in line with current clinical resources. Read More

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Influence of malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life in children: a seven-year cohort study.

Dental Press J Orthod 2021 30;26(2):e2119244. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Departamento de Estomatologia, Faculdade de Odontologia (Santa Maria/RS, Brazil).

Objective: To assess the influence of early childhood malocclusion on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).

Methods: 7-year cohort study involving 639 preschoolers (1 to 5 years) who had been evaluated initially with a survey conduced in 2010. Children completed the Brazilian version of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) to assess OHRQoL during the follow-up period. Read More

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Mental Health Status of Canadian Funeral Service Workers at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Occup Environ Med 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB, Canada.

Objective: To describe the mental health situation and job stress levels of Funeral Service Workers (FSW) during the first months of the pandemic.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in Canada between May and July 2020. Funeral service professional organizations were asked to spread a questionnaire to their members including job description, assessment of anxiety (GAD-7), depression (PHQ-8), and job stress (effort-reward imbalance questionnaire). Read More

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Developing Nursing Leadership Potential Through Education in a Low-Resource Setting.

Nurse Educ 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Author Affiliations: Professor (Dr Street), Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Boston; and Professor (Drs Street and Mandel), External Evaluator (Ms Bermudez), Program Director (Ms Lawton), and Assistant Professor (Ms Barry), Regis College, Weston, Massachusetts.

Background: Global partnerships amplify nursing leadership capacity in low-resource countries through targeted education efforts.

Purpose: We examined a nursing faculty partnership between US and Haitian universities, where Haitian faculty completed graduate-level degrees highlighting leadership and education. This marked the first time a Haitian university awarded a master's of nursing degree. Read More

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Estimation of trapezoidal-shaped overlapping nuclear pulse parameters based on a deep learning CNN-LSTM model.

J Synchrotron Radiat 2021 May 19;28(Pt 3):910-918. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

College of Nuclear Technology and Automation Engineering, Chengdu University of Technology, Dongsanlu, Erxianqiao, Chengdu 610059, People's Republic of China.

The Long Short-Term Memory neural network (LSTM) has excellent learning ability for the time series of the nuclear pulse signal. It can accurately estimate the parameters (such as amplitude, time constant, etc.) of the digitally shaped nuclear pulse signal (especially the overlapping pulse signal). Read More

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Promoting HIV, Hepatitis B Virus, and Hepatitis C Virus Screening Among Migrants With a Language Barrier: Protocol for the Development and Evaluation of an Electronic App (Apidé).

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 May 5;10(5):e22239. Epub 2021 May 5.

Patient-Reported Outcomes Unit (PROQOL), UMR 1123, Université de Paris, INSERM, F-75004, Paris, France.

Background: Late diagnoses of HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are important public health problems that affect the population at large and migrants in particular. Missed opportunities of HIV and hepatitis screening are numerous, with language differences being a significant barrier to testing. Several studies have shown that migrants who do not speak the language of the health provider are less likely to get tested, due to health providers' reluctance to offer a test and to migrants' reluctance to accept testing. Read More

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Sleep-wake characteristics, daytime sleepiness, and glycemia in young adults with type 1 diabetes.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Nursing and School of Medicine, Yale University, West Haven, Connecticut.

Study Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe objective sleep-wake characteristics and glycemia over 7 - 14 days in young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Additionally, person level associations among objective sleep-wake characteristics (total sleep time, sleep variability, and sleep fragmentation index), daytime sleepiness, and glycemia (glycemic control and glucose variability) were examined.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, objective sleep-wake characteristics were measured via actigraphy and glucose variability via continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) over 6-14 days. Read More

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The influence of family social support on quality of life of informal caregivers of cancer patients.

Nurs Open 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Medical Oncology Department, Reina Sofía University Hospital, Córdoba, Spain.

Aim: Caregivers of cancer patients are at high risk of experiencing impairments in terms of anxiety, depression and quality of life. This study examines the mediation capacity that perceived emotional support can have after diagnosis and six months later between depression and anxiety after diagnosis and quality of life in informal caregivers of cancer patients.

Design: A sample of 67 informal caregivers of cancer patients was used. Read More

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