Eur J Med Genet 2020 Jan 25;63(1):103624. Epub 2019 Jan 25.
Mendelics Genomic Analysis, CEP 04013-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Neurogenetics, Neurology Department, Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:
The Na/K- ATPase acts as an ion pump maintaining the essential plasma membrane potential in all mammalian cell types, and is essential for many cellular functions. There are four α isoforms (α1, α2, α3 and α4) with distinct expression patterns, kinetic properties and substrate affinity. The α2-isoform is encoded by ATP1A2 and evidence supports its utmost importance in Cl homeostasis in neurons, and in the function of respiratory neurons at birth. Read More