23,814 results match your criteria comparison course

Myocardial strain features by 2D-STE during the course of fulminant myocarditis: Correlation with characteristics by CMR and clinical implications.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25050

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan.

Abstract: Myocardial strain analysis by 2D speckle tracking echocardiography could determine the left ventricular function. Our purpose is to investigate the global longitudinal strain (GLS) changes during the course of fulminant myocarditis (FM) and evaluate their correlation with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).Patients with clinical diagnosis of FM from June 30, 2017 to June 30, 2019 were screened prospectively. Read More

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Intestinal microbiota drives cholestasis-induced specific hepatic gene expression patterns.

Gut Microbes 2021 Jan-Dec;13(1):1-20

Translational Research Laboratory, Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale, Università Della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland.

Intestinal microbiota regulates multiple host metabolic and immunological processes. Consequently, any difference in its qualitative and quantitative composition is susceptible to exert significant effects, in particular along the gut-liver axis. Indeed, recent findings suggest that such changes modulate the severity and the evolution of a wide spectrum of hepatobiliary disorders. Read More

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The relationship between plasma taurine levels in early pregnancy and later gestational diabetes mellitus risk in Chinese pregnant women.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7993. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Clinical Laboratory, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China Academic Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100730, People's Republic of China.

Taurine is a sulfur-containing amino acid that plays an important role in glucose homeostasis. However, it remains unknown whether the plasma concentration of taurine affects the risk of later gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) development. We recruited 398 singleton-pregnancy women and followed up them during the course of pregnancy. Read More

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Dyskinesia estimation during activities of daily living using wearable motion sensors and deep recurrent networks.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7865. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Computer and Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 33431, USA.

Levodopa-induced dyskinesias are abnormal involuntary movements experienced by the majority of persons with Parkinson's disease (PwP) at some point over the course of the disease. Choreiform as the most common phenomenology of levodopa-induced dyskinesias can be managed by adjusting the dose/frequency of PD medication(s) based on a PwP's motor fluctuations over a typical day. We developed a sensor-based assessment system to provide such information. Read More

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Complement C3 identified as a unique risk factor for disease severity among young COVID-19 patients in Wuhan, China.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7857. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Institute of Experimental Immunology, University Clinic of Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-University, Bonn, Germany.

Given that a substantial proportion of the subgroup of COVID-19 patients that face a severe disease course are younger than 60 years, it is critical to understand the disease-specific characteristics of young COVID-19 patients. Risk factors for a severe disease course for young COVID-19 patients and possible non-linear influences remain unknown. Data were analyzed from COVID-19 patients with clinical outcome in a single hospital in Wuhan, China, collected retrospectively from Jan 24th to Mar 27th. Read More

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Updates on bacterial resistance and empirical antibiotics treatment of complicated acute appendicitis in children.

J Pediatr Surg 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Division of Paediatric Surgery and Paediatric Urology, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30-32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong.

Objective: Through historical comparison with our previous study published 10 years ago, this paper aims to provide latest analysis of local bacteriology of acute complicated appendicitis and evaluate the effects of early escalation of potent antibiotics on course of postoperative recovery.

Methods: A 5-year retrospective review of all children receiving emergency laparoscopic appendicectomies for acute appendicitis from December 2014 to November 2019 was conducted.

Results: 257 cases of acute appendicitis were included, 126 were complicated appendicitis (38 gangrenous, 88 ruptured). Read More

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Comparison of Polish and international guidelines on diet supplements in pregnancy - review.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Treatment of Obesity, Metabolic Disorders & Clinical Dietetics, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Proper nutrition is an important element that determines the course of pregnancy. Unfortunately, the everyday diet is not always able to cover the increased in pregnancy essential vitamins and minerals requirements. Therefore, pregnant women often use dietary supplements. Read More

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Facial and Vocal Expressions During Clinical Interviews Suggest an Emotional Modulation Paradox in Borderline Personality Disorder: An Explorative Study.

Front Psychiatry 2021 24;12:628397. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico.

Videotape recordings obtained during an initial and conventional psychiatric interview were used to assess possible emotional differences in facial expressions and acoustic parameters of the voice between Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) female patients and matched controls. The incidence of seven basic emotion expressions, emotional valence, heart rate, and vocal frequency (), and intensity (dB) of the discourse adjectives and interjections were determined through the application of computational software to the visual (FaceReader) and sound (PRAAT) tracks of the videotape recordings. The extensive data obtained were analyzed by three statistical strategies: linear multilevel modeling, correlation matrices, and exploratory network analysis. Read More

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RAQ: A Noise-Resistant Calibration-Independent Compliance Surrogate.

Acta Neurochir Suppl 2021 ;131:207-210

University of Zurich, The Interface Group, Institute of Physiology, Zurich, Switzerland.

The intracranial pressure (ICP)-volume relationship contains important information for diagnosing hydrocephalus and other space-occupying pathologies. We aimed to design a new parameter which quantifies the relationship and can be calculated from overnight recordings.The new parameter, the respiratory amplitude quotient (RAQ), characterizes the modulation of the pulse amplitude by the respiratory wave in the ICP time course. Read More

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January 2021

Comparison of a Hybrid IMRT/VMAT technique with non-coplanar VMAT and non-coplanar IMRT for unresectable olfactory neuroblastoma using the RayStation treatment planning system-EUD, NTCP and planning study.

J Radiat Res 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Radiation Oncology and Particle Therapy, National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan.

The purpose of this study was to compare hybrid intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) and volumetric-modulated arc therapy (Hybrid IMRT/VMAT), with non-coplanar (nc) IMRT and nc-VMAT treatment plans for unresectable olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB). Hybrid IMRT/VMAT, nc-IMRT and nc-VMAT plans were optimized for 12 patients with modified Kadish C stage ONB. Dose prescription was 65 Gy in 26 fractions. Read More

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Distribution of hydrogen and oxygen stable isotopes and pollution indicators in water during a monsoon transitional period in Min River Basin.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Mar 27;782:146780. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Sichuan Water Resources and Hydroelectric Investigation & Design Institute, Chengdu 610072, China.

Based on 197 monthly river water and groundwater samples and 30 event-scale precipitation samples, our study reports the distribution of hydrogen and oxygen isotopes and pollution indicators in Min River Basin. The variation of δO and d-excess indicate that the water source in the upper main course water is more variable and that in the middle-lower part is relatively stable. Comparison between plots of δH versus δO in the river water and precipitation reflect the dominant water source is different between river water in the upper and middle-lower parts. Read More

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Traumatic Spinal Injury: Preliminary Results of Respiratory Function, Voice and Quality of Life.

J Voice 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Adjunct Professor, Speech Therapy Course, Ceilândia Campus of the University of Brasilia; Department where the study was conducted: Ceilândia Campus of the University of Brasilia, Federal District, Brazil, Center for Voice Studies - CEV.

Objectives: Assess respiratory muscle strength, voice and the quality of life of patients with traumatic cervical and thoracic spinal cord injury.

Methods: Preliminary analytical case control study of 28 adult men, aged between 18 and 65 years, divided into two groups: a research group consisting of 14 patients with cervical and thoracic spinal cord injury, and control group (CG) with 14 noninjured individuals. The subjects had their maximum inspiratory and expiratory pressures measured, underwent voice handicap index-10 assessment, had their voices recorded for auditory perception analysis, using the voice deviation and GRBASI scales, and for acoustic analysis, based on extraction of the parameters selected and completed a quality-of-life questionnaire (WHOQOL-bref protocol). Read More

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Comparison of Transplantation Outcomes after Foscarnet and Ganciclovir Administration as First-Line Anti-Cytomegalovirus Preemptive Therapy.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 16;27(4):342.e1-342.e10. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, Japan.

Ganciclovir (GCV) and foscarnet (FCN) are effective anti-cytomegalovirus (CMV) preemptive therapies; however, the impact of the 2 agents on various clinical outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains unclear. We retrospectively analyzed data on 532 patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT from unrelated donors and administered FCN (n = 86) or GCV (n = 446) as first-line anti-CMV preemptive therapy. Overall survival, relapse, and nonrelapse mortality (NRM) did not differ between the FCN and GCV groups, whereas the GCV group had a higher risk of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) (hazard ratio [HR], 2. Read More

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A comparison of three interactive examination designs in active learning classrooms for nursing students.

BMC Nurs 2021 Apr 9;20(1):59. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Institute of Health and Care Sciences, Section of Learning and Leadership for Health Care Professionals, University of Gothenburg, Arvid Wallgrens Backe, Box 457, 405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Despite the advantages of using active learning strategies in nursing education, researchers have rarely investigated how such pedagogic approaches can be used to assess students or how interactive examinations can be modified depending on circumstances of practice (e.g., in online education). Read More

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Deep Venous Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism Among Hospitalized Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Positive Patients Predict Higher Mortality, Prolonged Intensive Care Unit and Hospital Stays in A Multi-Site Healthcare System.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, FL.

Objective: To assess the incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in comparison with a matched cohort with similar cardiovascular risk factors, as well as the impact of DVT/PE on hospital course.

Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data on COVID-19 patients hospitalized from 03/11/2020 to 09/04/2020 was performed. Patients were randomly matched in a 1:1 ratio by age, sex, hospital of admission, smoking history, diabetes mellitus and coronary artery disease with a cohort of non-COVID-19 patients. Read More

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