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Airborne SARS-CoV-2 surveillance in hospital environment using high-flowrate air samplers and its comparison to surface sampling.

Indoor Air 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore.

Reliable methods to detect the presence of SARS-CoV-2 at venues where people gather are essential for epidemiological surveillance to guide public policy. Communal screening of air in a highly crowded space has the potential to provide early warning on the presence and potential transmission of SARS-CoV-2 as suggested by studies early in the epidemic. As hospitals and public facilities apply varying degrees of restrictions and regulations, it is important to provide multiple methodological options to enable environmental SARS-CoV-2 surveillance under different conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Sex education and STI fatalism, testing and infection among young African American men who have sex with women.

Sex Educ 2021 9;21(4):404-416. Epub 2020 Sep 9.

Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine New Orleans, USA.

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between institution-delivered sex education given under real-world conditions and sexually transmitted infection (STI) rates, STI fatalism, and prior STI testing among African American men aged 15-24 who have sex with women. Participants were tested at community venues for Chlamydia and gonorrhoea and undertook a survey to elicit history of sex education and sexual health information. Among 1196 participants, 73. Read More

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September 2020

Factors associated with medical complications after body art among Israeli adults: a retrospective study.

Isr J Health Policy Res 2021 09 1;10(1):39. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Health Systems Management, School of Health Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.

Introduction: Body-art, including tattoos and piercings, is steadily increasing world-wide but with relatively limited reporting of adverse outcomes. The objective of the present study was to identify correlates that would facilitate a preventative strategy to minimize adverse effects of body-art.

Methods: We examined patterns of body-art, health risk and perceptions among 921 participants (54% female, mean age of 35; SD = 10. Read More

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September 2021

Differences in Abortion-related Knowledge among Women Involved in the Criminal Legal System in Three US Cities.

Contraception 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

University of Kansas School of Medicine, 3901 Rainbow Blvd MS 1008, Kansas City, KS, 66160. Electronic address:

Objective: We examined if abortion-related knowledge among women with criminal legal system involvement differed in three U.S. cities in states with varying abortion policies. Read More

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Implementation and evaluation of virtual multiple mini interviews as a selection tool for entry into paediatric postgraduate training: A Queensland experience.

Med Teach 2021 Aug 30:1-8. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Queensland Rural Medical Services (Darling Downs Health, Queensland Health), Brisbane, Australia.

Introduction: The Queensland Basic Paediatric Training Network (QBPTN) is the centralised pathway for entry into paediatric training in Queensland, Australia. In response to COVID-19 travel and social distancing restrictions imposed in 2020, QBPTN successfully adopted a Virtual Multiple Mini Interviews (vMMIs) model for the selection of candidates for entry into paediatric training. The authors describe the planning, implementation, challenges, and evaluation of candidates' and interviewers' experiences of vMMIs, including the differences between candidates from two geographical areas. Read More

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Accessibility of automatic external defibrillators and survival rate of people with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A systematic review of real-world studies.

Resuscitation 2021 Aug 25;167:200-208. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

West China School of Public Health and West China Fourth Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China; Research Center for Palliative Care, West China-PUMC C.C. Chen Institute of Health, Sichuan University China. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the accessibility of automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) and the survival rate of patients who have out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Methods: The systematic review was conducted according to the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews. We searched the Chinese and English literature databases from 2009 to 2019. Read More

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Theoretical-Computational Study of Atmospheric DBD Plasma and Its Utility for Nanoscale Biocompatible Plasmonic Coating.

Molecules 2021 Aug 23;26(16). Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Pakistan Tokamak Plasma Research Institute, Nilore, Islamabad 45650, Pakistan.

In this study, time-dependent, one-dimensional modeling of a surface dielectric barrier discharge (SDBD) device, driven by a sinusoidal voltage of amplitude 1-3 kV at 20 kHz, in argon is described. An SDBD device with two Cu-stripe electrodes, covered by the quartz dielectric and with the discharge gap of 20 × 10 m, was assumed, and the time-dependent, one-dimensional discharge parameters were simulated versus time across the plasma gap. The plasma device simulated in the given arrangement was constructed and used for biocompatible antibacterial/antimicrobial coating of plasmonic particle aerosol and compared with the coating strategy of the DBD plasma jet. Read More

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The Implementation of Strengthening the U.S. Response to Resistant Gonorrhea (SURRG) in the Emergency Department Setting: Successes and Lessons Learned in Two Jurisdictions.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA Division of HIV/STD/Viral Hepatitis, Indiana Department of Health, Indianapolis, IN Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem NC North Carolina SURRG Program, Guilford County Health Department, Greensboro, NC Marion County Public Health Department, Indianapolis, IN.

Background: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) continues to develop antimicrobial-resistance (AR) and treatment options are limited. ARNG surveillance aids in identifying threats and guiding treatment recommendations but has traditionally been limited to sexually transmitted infection (STI) clinics. Large portions of STI care is delivered outside of STI clinics, such as emergency departments (ED). Read More

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Factors Influencing Willingness to Use Human Immunodeficiency Virus Preexposure Prophylaxis Among Transgender Women in India.

Transgend Health 2021 Apr 16;6(2):64-73. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

India HIV/AIDS Alliance, New Delhi, India.

High levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and inconsistent condom use among transgender women in India highlight the need for additional effective HIV prevention methods like preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). We examined the extent of and factors influencing willingness to use PrEP among trans women in India. Between June and August 2017, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 360 trans women recruited through community-based organizations in six cities. Read More

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The alkaloid centcyamine increases expression of klotho and lamin B1, slowing the onset of skin ageing in vitro and in vivo.

Int J Cosmet Sci 2021 Oct 13;43(5):561-572. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Syntivia, Toulouse, France.

Background: Klotho is a protein known for its beneficial effects on longevity. Centcyamine is an alkaloid present in certain plants whose extracts have an anti-inflammatory effect. Skin fibroblasts are essential to the formation and structure of the dermis. Read More

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October 2021

Experience and lessons learned from multi-modal internet-based recruitment of U.S. Vietnamese into research.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(8):e0256074. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, District of Columbia, United States of America.

Background: Asian-Americans are one of the most understudied racial/ethnic minority populations. To increase representation of Asian subgroups, researchers have traditionally relied on data collection at community venues and events. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has created serious challenges for in-person data collection. Read More

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Epigenetic Reprogramming of Tumor-Associated Fibroblasts in Lung Cancer: Therapeutic Opportunities.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Jul 27;13(15). Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Molecular Pathology, Oncode Institute, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The desmoplastic stroma of lung cancer and other solid tumors is rich in tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs) exhibiting an activated/myofibroblast-like phenotype. There is growing awareness that TAFs support key steps of tumor progression and are epigenetically reprogrammed compared to healthy fibroblasts. Read More

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"More Guts Than Brains?"-The Role of Gut Microbiota in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

J Neuroophthalmol 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Ophthalmology (EB, BT, AK), Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (YK), Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Department of Cell Biology and Cancer Science (DK, SC, NG-K), Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion Integrated Cancer Center (TICC), Haifa, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine (AK), Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; and Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) (NG-Z), Azrieli Global Scholar, MaRS Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension syndrome (IIH) is most common among obese women. Weight loss is an important factor in improving papilledema. Over the last decade, growing evidence has identified gut microbiota as a potential factor in the pathophysiology of obesity. Read More

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Diversity and Inclusion in the American Legal Profession: Discrimination and Bias Reported by Lawyers with Disabilities and Lawyers Who Identify as LGBTQ.

Am J Law Med 2021 03;47(1):9-61

Purpose: This article is part of an ongoing body of investigation examining the experiences of lawyers with diverse and multiple minority identities, with particular focus on lawyers with disabilities; lawyers who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer ("LGBTQ+" as an overarching term); and lawyers with minority identities associated with race and ethnicity, gender, and age. The focus of this article is on discrimination and bias in their workplaces as reported by the lawyers experiencing it.

Methods: We employ survey data from the first phase of this investigation, gathered from the survey responses of 3590 lawyers located across all states in the United States and working in most types and sizes of legal venues. Read More

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Evaluation of Patient Experience During Virtual and In-Person Urgent Care Visits: Time and Cost Analysis.

J Patient Exp 2021 12;8:2374373520981487. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

UNC Health Care, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Urgent care (UC) is one of the fastest growing venues of health care delivery for nonemergent conditions. This study compared the patient experience during virtual and in-person urgent care visits. We conducted a cross-sectional study of patients with the same diagnosis during Virtual Urgent Care (VUC) and in-person UC visits with the same diagnosis with regard to time and cost over a period of one year. Read More

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January 2021

Logistic advantage of two-step screening strategy for SARS-CoV-2 at airport quarantine.

Travel Med Infect Dis 2021 Sep-Oct;43:102127. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

International Medical Department, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan; Division of Laboratory and Transfusion Medicine, Hokkaido University Hospital, Sapporo, Japan; Department of Hematology, Hokkaido University Faculty of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Airport quarantine is required to reduce the risk of entry of travelers infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, it is challenging for both high accuracy and rapid turn-around time to coexist in testing; polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is time-consuming with high accuracy, while antigen testing is rapid with less accuracy. However, there are few data on the concordance between PCR and antigen testing. Read More

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September 2021

Ecological momentary assessments of night-time drinking among California adolescents: bases for informing night-time preventive interventions.

Addiction 2021 Jun 22. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Prevention Research Center, Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, Berkeley, CA, USA.

Background And Aim: To inform the development of effective night-time preventive interventions, our goal was to assess adolescents' residence (i.e. being at) and transitions across contexts during evening hours and risks for drinking and drinking-related problems in relation to contexts and to these transitions. Read More

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Size does matter: An exploration of the relationship between licensed venue capacity and on-premise assaults.

Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2021 06 22;45(6):1298-1303. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Vic., Australia.

Aims: Venue capacity has been proposed as a factor associated with increased number of violent incidents on-premises, though no specific research has demonstrated this association, and instead has tended to focus on the relationship between crowding and aggression. The aim of current paper is to investigate the association between venue capacity and the number of violent incidents on-premises.

Methods: Venue capacity data (the maximum capacity listed on the liquor license) were obtained for all venues in central Melbourne from 2010 until 2016. Read More

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Ethanol concentration of Kombucha teas in British Columbia, Canada.

J Food Prot 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

University of British Columbia.

Kombucha is a sweetened tea beverage fermented by bacterial and yeast cultures. Sweeteners such as glucose, sucrose, fructose and others are converted by yeasts into ethanol, then by Acetobacter and other bacterial species into a weak acetic acid solution that is diluted, flavoured and packaged into glass or aluminum cans for consumer consumption. Naturally, fermented Kombucha contains 0 to 3% alcohol-by-volume (ABV). Read More

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Multiple Team Membership, Performance, and Confidence in Estimation Tasks.

Front Psychol 2021 31;12:658827. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Organization Studies, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands.

Multiple team membership (MTM) is a form of work organization extensively used nowadays to flexibly deploy human resources across multiple simultaneous projects. Individual members bring in their cognitive resources in these multiple teams and at the same time use the resources and competencies developed while working together. We test in an experimental study whether working in MTM as compared to a single team yields more individual performance benefits in estimation tasks. Read More

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Adult emergency department naloxone education and prescription program: Video and pamphlet education comparison.

J Subst Abuse Treat 2021 08 3;127:108346. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Creighton University School of Medicine - Phoenix Emergency Medicine Residency, United States of America; Valleywise Health Medical Center, 2601 E. Roosevelt St., Phoenix, AZ 85283, United States of America; University of Arizona College of Medicine- Phoenix, 475 N 5th St, Phoenix, AZ 85004, United States of America.

Objectives: This study looked at the fill rate of naloxone prescriptions, after the implementation of an opioid overdose and naloxone education intervention for adult patients in the emergency department (ED). The study compared fill rates between recipients who received this education by video versus written format.

Methods: This was a prospective, randomized controlled study of patients seen in the adult ED for opioid-related complaints between August 1, 2017, and December 1, 2018. Read More

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Changing Patterns of Substance Use During the Coronavirus Pandemic: Self-Reported Use of Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabis, and Other Drugs.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:633551. Epub 2021 May 26.

Jellinek Prevention, Arkin, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

As in many other countries worldwide, the coronavirus pandemic prompted the implementation of an "intelligent lockdown" in the spring of 2020 in the Netherlands, including the closure of nightlife venues and cancellation of festivals. Such restrictions and social distancing could particularly affect people who use alcohol or other drugs in recreational settings and give rise to new challenges and additional needs in the field of addiction prevention and care. To monitor changes in substance use and provide services with practical directions for tailored prevention, an anonymous web survey was set up, targeting a convenience sample aged 16 years or older through various social media and other online channels. Read More

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Characteristics and Population Size Estimation of Female Sex Workers in Bhutan.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Oct;48(10):754-760

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA.

Background: Knowing the number of persons at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and their risk behaviors are needed to allocate limited resources, set targets for prevention and care activities, gauge the reach of programs, and assess their impact. Female sex workers (FSWs) are a population at high risk for STD worldwide; little is known about FSW in Bhutan.

Methods: We conducted a community-based survey and population size exercise of FSW in Bhutan. Read More

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October 2021

Livestream Experiments: The Role of COVID-19, Agency, Presence, and Social Context in Facilitating Social Connectedness.

Front Psychol 2021 24;12:647929. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Art, Music and Theatre Sciences, Institute for Psychoacoustics and Electronic Music, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

Musical life became disrupted in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many musicians and venues turned to online alternatives, such as livestreaming. In this study, three livestreamed concerts were organized to examine separate, yet interconnected concepts-agency, presence, and social context-to ascertain which components of livestreamed concerts facilitate social connectedness. Read More

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Facile Transformation of Murine and Human Primary Dendritic Cells into Robust and Modular Artificial Antigen-Presenting Systems by Intracellular Hydrogelation.

Adv Mater 2021 Jul 7;33(30):e2101190. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, No. 128, Sec. 2, Academia Road, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan, 115, Republic of China.

The growing enthusiasm for cancer immunotherapies and adoptive cell therapies has prompted increasing interest in biomaterials development mimicking natural antigen-presenting cells (APCs) for T-cell expansion. In contrast to conventional bottom-up approaches aimed at layering synthetic substrates with T-cell activation cues, transformation of live dendritic cells (DCs) into artificial APCs (aAPCs) is demonstrated herein using a facile and minimally disruptive hydrogelation technique. Through direct intracellular permeation of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (PEG-DA) hydrogel monomer and UV-activated radical polymerization, intracellular hydrogelation is rapidly accomplished on DCs with minimal influence on cellular morphology and surface antigen display, yielding highly robust and modular cell-gel hybrid constructs amenable to peptide antigen exchange, storable by freezing and lyophilization, and functionalizable with cytokine-releasing carriers for T-cell modulation. Read More

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Characteristics of flavored and non-flavored waterpipe tobacco users: a real-world setting study.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran.

We aimed to compare sociodemographic characteristics, smoking patterns, beliefs and perceptions, nicotine dependence, and psychological indicators between flavored waterpipe (WP) tobacco (FWT) and non-flavored WP tobacco (non-FWT) smokers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 94 WP-serving venues surrounding Tehran and Ardabil metropolitans in Iran. Convenience sampling was applied to select 900 current WP smokers [508 (56%) FWT-only and 392 (44%) non-FWT-only smokers] aged 18 years and older. Read More

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Using video-analysis technology to estimate social mixing and simulate influenza transmission at a mass gathering.

Epidemics 2021 Sep 12;36:100466. Epub 2021 May 12.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, One Bethel Valley Road, PO Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN, 37831, USA. Electronic address:

Mass gatherings create settings conducive to infectious disease transmission. Empirical data to model infectious disease transmission at mass gatherings are limited. Video-analysis technology could be used to generate data on social mixing patterns needed for simulating influenza transmission at mass gatherings. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of community-based antiretroviral therapy initiation models on HIV treatment outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2021 05 28;18(5):e1003646. Epub 2021 May 28.

Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America.

Background: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation in the community and outside of a traditional health facility has the potential to improve linkage to ART, decongest health facilities, and minimize structural barriers to attending HIV services among people living with HIV (PLWH). We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effect of offering ART initiation in the community on HIV treatment outcomes.

Methods And Findings: We searched databases between 1 January 2013 and 22 February 2021 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies that compared offering ART initiation in a community setting to offering ART initiation in a traditional health facility or alternative community setting. Read More

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The impact of changes to alcohol policy on patron drinking behaviours in Queensland.

Drug Alcohol Rev 2021 Jul 20;40(5):728-737. Epub 2021 May 20.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, Geelong, Australia.

Introduction: On 1 July 2016, stage 1 of the Tackling Alcohol-Fuelled Violence (TAFV) policy was introduced in Queensland, Australia and included restricted alcohol service to 03:00 in dedicated entertainment precincts (safe night precincts or SNPs). During stage 2 (from 1 February 2017), the number of extended trading permits (i.e. Read More

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Differences in Access to HIV Services and Risky Sexual Behaviors Among Malawian Women at Social Venues Who Do and Do Not Engage in Sex Work.

AIDS Behav 2021 Sep 13;25(9):2920-2928. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 135 Dauer Drive, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7435, USA.

In the high HIV-burden country of Malawi, female sex workers (FSW) are one of the populations most profoundly affected by HIV. The Malawi Priorities for Local AIDS Control Efforts (PLACE) surveyed 1,004 self-identified FSW, 213 other FSW (OFSW), and 130 other high risk women (OHRW) at social venues. Analyses compared the three groups using survey-weighted log binomial regression models. Read More

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September 2021