J Infect Public Health 2021 Sep 20;14(9):1237-1246. Epub 2021 Aug 20.
Discipline of Clinical Anatomy, School of Laboratory Medicine & Medical Sciences, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, 719 Umbilo Road, Durban, South Africa.
Introduction: A significant chunk of global life - the economy, sports, aviation, academic, and entertainment activities - has significantly been affected by the ravaging outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) with devastating consequences on morbidity and mortality in many countries of the world.
Methods: This review utilized search engines such as google scholar, PubMed, ResearchGate, and web of science to retrieve articles and information using keywords like "Coronavirus", "SARS-CoV-2", "COVID-19", "Origin of coronavirus and SARS-CoV-2", "microbiology of coronavirus", "microbiology of SARS-CoV-2", COVID-19", "Coronavirus reservoir sites", "Anatomic sanctuary sites and SARS-CoV-2", biological barriers and coronavirus", biological barrier and SARS-CoV-2".
Results: While this pandemic has caught the global scientific community at its lowest level of preparedness, it has inadvertently created a unified and wholesome approach towards developing potential vaccine (s) candidates by escalating clinical trial protocols in many countries of Europe, China and the United States. Read More