8,807 results match your criteria community volunteers

An exploration of the impact of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) restrictions on marginalised groups in the UK.

Public Health 2021 Jun 12;197:6-10. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

The Refugee Council, Hillside, Beeston Rd, Holbeck, Leeds LS11 8ND, UK.

Background: To contain the spread of COVID-19 within the UK over the past year, there have been a series of local and national lockdowns. These restrictions are likely to have impacted upon the health and well-being of marginalised groups who rely on now closed social and community support services to stay healthy. An understanding of the experiences of marginalised people is important; therefore, this study aimed to explore the impact of the COVID-19 restrictions on the health and well-being of marginalised groups in the UK. Read More

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A Web-Based Social Network Tool (GENIE) for Supporting Self-management Among High Users of the Health Care System: Feasibility and Usability Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Jul 12;5(7):e25285. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Background: Primary care providers are well positioned to foster self-management through linking patients to community-based health and social services (HSSs). This study evaluated a web-based tool-GENIE (Generating Engagement in Network Involvement)-to support the self-management of adults. GENIE empowers patients to leverage their personal social networks and increase their access to HSSs. Read More

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Developing the Art-Technology Intergenerational Community Program for Older Adults' Health and Social Connectedness.

Front Public Health 2021 23;9:589589. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Soft Interaction Lab, Department of Visualization, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States.

As the older adult population increases, research investigating how to support their health and well-being has become more urgent. This paper discusses the development of the art-technology intergenerational community (ATIC) program for older adults in Bryan and College Station, Texas. The program's purpose was to help improve older adult's health, well-being, and social connectedness. Read More

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May Measurement Month 2019: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from India.

Eur Heart J Suppl 2021 May 20;23(Suppl B):B73-B76. Epub 2021 May 20.

Centre for Chronic Conditions and Injuries, Public Health Foundation of India, Plot 47, Sector 44, Gurugram 122002, Haryana, India.

Aims: May Measurement Month is a global screening campaign to raise awareness regarding elevated blood pressure (BP). With the growing burden of hypertension, it is imperative to regularly assess the disease's prevalence, risk factors, and awareness levels in a country. The current prevalence of hypertension in India as per the National Family Health Survey Data stands at 25. Read More

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May Measurement Month 2019: an analysis of blood pressure screening results from Ghana-Sub-Saharan Africa.

Eur Heart J Suppl 2021 May 20;23(Suppl B):B62-B65. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Virology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, Legon - Accra, Ghana.

Raised blood pressure (BP) remains the biggest single risk factor contributing to the global burden of disease and to global mortality. Although a substantial number of people who have hypertension are either oblivious of it, not treated, or being managed but remain uncontrolled. May Measurement Month (MMM) is a global initiative led by the International Society of Hypertension (ISH) with the goal of increasing awareness of high BP and serving as a spur to establish screening programmes worldwide. Read More

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Emergency care with lay responders in underserved populations: a systematic review.

Bull World Health Organ 2021 Jul 29;99(7):514-528H. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Division of Clinical Sciences, Northern Ontario School of Medicine, Thunder Bay, Canada.

Objective: To assess the individual and community health effects of task shifting for emergency care in low-resource settings and underserved populations worldwide.

Methods: We systematically searched 13 databases and additional grey literature for studies published between 1984 and 2019. Eligible studies involved emergency care training for laypeople in underserved or low-resource populations, and any quantitative assessment of effects on the health of individuals or communities. Read More

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Training Peers to Ease Hospital Discharge: A Community-Clinical Partnership in Complex HIV Care.

Prog Community Health Partnersh 2021 ;15(2):225-60

Background: Since many people now live with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a complex, chronic health condition that may require frequent medical and psychosocial services, a potential new role for HIV-positive peers involves support during an inpatient admission that extends past discharge to improve the transition home from hospital. We sought to begin outlining scope of peer support in complex HIV care, by detailing a training curriculum alongside experiences and recommendations by Peer Volunteers.

Methods: A community-clinical partnership designed a personalized peer intervention for people living with HIV who were acutely hospitalized and struggling with antiretroviral adherence and substance use. Read More

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January 2021

Qualitative Assessment of Barriers and Facilitators of PrEP Use Before and After Rollout of a PrEP Program for Priority Populations in South-central Uganda.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Social and Behavioral Interventions Program, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N. Wolfe St., E5547, Baltimore, MD, 21205, USA.

Uganda piloted HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for priority populations (sex workers, fishermen, truck drivers, discordant couples) in 2017. To assess facilitators and barriers to PrEP uptake and adherence, we explored perceptions of PrEP before and experiences after rollout among community members and providers in south-central Uganda. We conducted 75 in-depth interviews and 12 focus group discussions. Read More

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Addressing the Mental and Emotional Health Impacts of COVID-19 on Children and Adolescents: Lessons From HIV/AIDS.

Front Psychiatry 2021 22;12:589827. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

UNICEF Office of Research at Innocenti, Florence, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to lasting mental health and psychosocial consequences just as were experienced with the HIV epidemic. A rapid review of published systematic reviews on HIV/AIDS and mental health outcomes and responses among children and adolescents was used to identify lessons for the COVID-19 pandemic response. The review found that HIV/AIDS responses to promote mental health, prevent ill-health and treat mental health conditions included diverse interventions at the structural or national, community, household and individual levels. Read More

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Breast health awareness campaign and screening pilot in a Kenyan County: Findings and lessons.

Cancer Rep (Hoboken) 2021 Jul 8:e1480. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

National Cancer Control Program, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background And Aim: Breast cancer is the leading cancer in terms of incidence in Kenya. We conducted a breast cancer awareness and screening pilot to assess feasibility of rolling out a national screening program in Kenya.

Methods: Conducted in Nyeri County during October-November 2019, the pilot had three phases; awareness creation, screening (clinical breast examination and/or imaging) and final evaluation (post-screening exit interviews and retrospective screening data review). Read More

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New Mixed Methods Approach for Monitoring Community Perceptions of Ebola and Response Efforts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Glob Health Sci Pract 2021 06 30;9(2):332-343. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Efforts to contain the spread of Ebola in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) during the 2018-2020 epidemic faced challenges in gaining community trust and participation. This affected implementation of community alerts, early isolation, contact tracing, vaccination, and safe and dignified burials. To quickly understand community perspectives and improve community engagement, collaborators from the DRC Red Cross, the International Federation of the Red Cross, and the U. Read More

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Sustaining community-based interventions for people affected by dementia long term: the SCI-Dem realist review.

BMJ Open 2021 07 7;11(7):e047789. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Association for Dementia Studies, University of Worcester, Worcester, UK

Objectives: Community-based support for people with earlier-stage dementia and their care partners, such as regularly meeting groups and activities, can play an important part in postdiagnostic care. Typically delivered piecemeal in the UK, by a variety of agencies with inconsistent funding, provision is fragmented and many such interventions struggle to continue after only a short start-up period. This realist review investigates what can promote or hinder such interventions in being able to sustain long term. Read More

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Role of digital technology in freshwater biodiversity monitoring through citizen science during COVID-19 pandemic.

River Res Appl 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Habitat Ecology Wildlife Institute of India Dehradun Uttarakhand India.

Citizen Science plays a vital role in monitoring biodiversity. However, it has been challenging for scientists to interact with citizens involved in biodiversity monitoring during the COVID-19 pandemic. In such circumstances, digital technology can serve as a tool for biodiversity monitoring through the cooperation between citizens and scientists. Read More

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Synthesising evidence regarding hospital to home transitions supported by volunteers of third sector organisations: a scoping review protocol.

BMJ Open 2021 07 5;11(7):e050479. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA.

Introduction: Given the risks inherent in care transitions, it is imperative that patients discharged from hospital to home receive the integrated care services necessary to ensure a successful transition. Despite efforts by the healthcare sector to develop health system solutions to improve transitions, problems persist. Research on transitional support has predominantly focused on services delivered by healthcare professionals; the evidence for services provided by lay navigators or volunteers in this context has not been synthesised. Read More

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Incentive preferences for community health volunteers in Kenya: findings from a discrete choice experiment.

BMJ Open 2021 07 5;11(7):e048059. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: Community health volunteers (CHVs) play crucial roles in enabling access to healthcare at the community levels. Although CHVs are considered volunteers, programmes provide financial and non-financial incentives. However, there is limited evidence on which bundle of financial and non-financial incentives are most effective for their improved performance. Read More

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Community-based surveillance in internally displaced people's camps and urban settings during a complex emergency in Yemen in 2020.

Confl Health 2021 Jul 5;15(1):54. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

World Health Organization, Sana'a, Yemen.

Background: The need for early identification of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) cases in communities was high in Yemen during the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic because most cases presenting to health facilities were severe. Early detection of cases would allow early interventions to interrupt the transmission chains. This study aimed to describe the implementation of community-based surveillance (CBS) in in internally displaced people (IDP) camps and urban settings in Yemen from 15 April 2020 to 30 September 2020. Read More

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Subgroup characteristics of the association between volunteering and the risk of functional disability among older Japanese people: The Tsurugaya project.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Sep-Oct;96:104465. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Informatics and Public Health, Tohoku University School of Public Health, Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1, Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai, Miyagi, 980-8575, Japan.

Background And Objective: Although it has been well known that volunteering is associated with a significantly decreased risk of incident disability among older people, it remains unanswered which subgroups of older people the above association is most remarkable. We aimed to identify such subgroups by conducting subgroup analyses for age, sex, chronic medical condition, and socio-demographic factors.

Methods: Participants were 826 Japanese community-dwelling people aged ≥70 years who lived in Tsurugaya, Sendai. Read More

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Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Coagulase-Negative Staphylococci in Community-Based Healthy Individuals in Germany.

Front Public Health 2021 17;9:684456. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Institute of Molecular Infection Biology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany.

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are common opportunistic pathogens, but also ubiquitous human and animal commensals. Infection-associated CoNS from healthcare environments are typically characterized by pronounced antimicrobial resistance (AMR) including both methicillin- and multidrug-resistant isolates. Less is known about AMR patterns of CoNS colonizing the general population. Read More

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Two decades of one health surveillance of Nipah virus in Thailand.

One Health Outlook 2021 Jul 5;3(1):12. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Thai Red Cross Emerging Infectious Diseases - Health Science Centre and WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training on Viral Zoonoses, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.

Background: Nipah virus (NiV) infection causes encephalitis and has > 75% mortality rate, making it a WHO priority pathogen due to its pandemic potential. There have been NiV outbreak(s) in Malaysia, India, Bangladesh, and southern Philippines. NiV naturally circulates among fruit bats of the genus Pteropus and has been detected widely across Southeast and South Asia. Read More

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Community health volunteers challenges and preferred income generating activities for sustainability: a qualitative case study of rural Kilifi, Kenya.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Jul 3;21(1):642. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Population Health (DPH), Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: There is a global emphasis on engaging community health volunteers (CHVs) in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs) to reach to the vast underserved populations that live in rural areas. Retention of CHVs in most countries has however been difficult and turnover in many settings has been reported to be high with profound negative effects on continuity of community health services. In rural Kenya, high attrition among CHVs remains a concern. Read More

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Scan-rescan repeatability of axonal imaging metrics using high-gradient diffusion MRI and statistical implications for study design.

Neuroimage 2021 Jul 1;240:118323. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Axon diameter mapping using diffusion MRI in the living human brain has attracted growing interests with the increasing availability of high gradient strength MRI systems. A systematic assessment of the consistency of axon diameter estimates within and between individuals is needed to gain a comprehensive understanding of how such methods extend to quantifying differences in axon diameter index between groups and facilitate the design of neurobiological studies using such measures. We examined the scan-rescan repeatability of axon diameter index estimation based on the spherical mean technique (SMT) approach using diffusion MRI data acquired with gradient strengths up to 300 mT/m on a 3T Connectom system in 7 healthy volunteers. Read More

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Dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes in swimming pools and implication for human skin.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 25;794:148693. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Swimming pools are crowd-gathering places that are associated with numerous outbreaks of water-borne diseases. Herein, we investigated the distribution of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and bacterial communities in swimming pools and determined the influencing factors and potential human exposure. Sixteen swimming pools with different bather loads (0. Read More

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Preventive Practice and Associated Factors Toward Coronavirus Disease 19 in Adigrat Town, Northern Ethiopia: Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study.

Infect Drug Resist 2021 25;14:2379-2386. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Science, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia.

Purpose: The global coronavirus disease 19 pandemic is an unprecedented crisis, unlike any since the end of the Second World War. Yet no successful vaccine or treatment has been reported. Even though increasing the practice of the community is critical to prevent coronavirus disease 19 pandemic, there is limited study in Ethiopia particularly in the study area. Read More

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Pilot Study on Exhaled Breath Analysis for a Healthy Adult Population in Hawaii.

Molecules 2021 Jun 18;26(12). Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Laboratory of Forensic and Bioanalytical Chemistry, Forensic Sciences Unit, Chaminade University of Honolulu, Honolulu, HI 96816, USA.

Fast diagnostic results using breath analysis are an anticipated possibility for disease diagnosis or general health screenings. Tests that do not require sending specimens to medical laboratories possess capabilities to speed patient diagnosis and protect both patient and healthcare staff from unnecessary prolonged exposure. The objective of this work was to develop testing procedures on an initial healthy subject cohort in Hawaii to act as a range-finding pilot study for characterizing the baseline of exhaled breath prior to further research. Read More

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Multi-Dimensional Accessibility Barriers in Care Services for the Rural Elderly with Disabilities: A Qualitative Study in China.

Yuan Wang Caiyun Qi

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 12;18(12). Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Labor and Social Security, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China.

This research covers a multi-dimensional investigation into accessibility barriers in care services for older people with disabilities in rural China. In-depth interviews with 13 rural disabled older people in China were conducted using qualitative methods. Based on a welfare pluralism approach, the results showed that in comparison with urban areas, care services for disabled older populations in rural areas are more subject to social barriers. Read More

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Effects of a Diet Based on Foods from Symbiotic Agriculture on the Gut Microbiota of Subjects at Risk for Metabolic Syndrome.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 17;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Biostatistics and Clinical Trial Unit, Istituto Romagnolo per lo Studio dei Tumori "Dino Amadori"-IRST S.r.l., IRCCS, via P. Maroncelli, 40, 47014 Meldola, Italy.

Diet is a major driver of gut microbiota variation and plays a role in metabolic disorders, including metabolic syndrome (MS). Mycorrhized foods from symbiotic agriculture (SA) exhibit improved nutritional properties, but potential benefits have never been investigated in humans. We conducted a pilot interventional study on 60 adults with ≥ 1 risk factors for MS, of whom 33 consumed SA-derived fresh foods and 27 received probiotics over 30 days, with a 15-day follow-up. Read More

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Group and Shuffle Convolutional Neural Networks with Pyramid Pooling Module for Automated Pterygium Segmentation.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Jun 17;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Community Health Department, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia.

Pterygium is an eye condition that is prevalent among workers that are frequently exposed to sunlight radiation. However, most of them are not aware of this condition, which motivates many volunteers to set up health awareness booths to give them free health screening. As a result, a screening tool that can be operated on various platforms is needed to support the automated pterygium assessment. Read More

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Diagnostic Performance and Accuracy of the MNA-SF against GLIM Criteria in Community-Dwelling Older Adults from Poland.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 24;13(7). Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Palliative Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, 61-245 Poznan, Poland.

Up to 28% of elderly residents in Europe are at risk of malnutrition. As uniform diagnostic criteria for malnutrition have not been formulated, in autumn 2018, the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) presented a consensus on its diagnosis. According to the consensus, the diagnosis of malnutrition requires a positive screening test result for the risk of malnutrition, and the presence of at least one etiologic and one phenotypic criterion. Read More

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Titers, Prevalence, and Duration of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in a Local COVID-19 Outbreak and Following Vaccination.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 Jun 2;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Microbiology and Cell Biology, Montanta State University, Bozeman, MT 59717, USA.

Information concerning the development of neutralizing antibodies and their duration will be critical to establishing herd immunity for COVID-19. We sought to evaluate SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor-binding domain (RBD)-specific antibodies, their duration, and capacity for SARS-CoV-2 neutralization in volunteers while the pandemic spread within our community starting in March 2020. Those participants with the highest starting titers had the longest-lasting response, up to 12 months post-diagnosis. Read More

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Prevalence and risk factors of mcr-1-positive volunteers after colistin banning as animal growth promoter in China: a community-based case-control study.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Beijing Key Laboratory of Detection Technology for Animal-Derived Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Objectives: China banned the use of colistin as animal growth promoter in April 2017. Herein, we report the prevalence of mcr-1 in the intestine of healthy humans and risk factors associated with mcr-1 carriage after the implementation of the ban.

Methods: We recruited 719 healthy volunteers from Shenzhen City from 1 March 2018 to 31 December 2019 to investigate the prevalence of mcr-1 in human intestine, and undertook a case-control study to ascertain the risk factors associated with the mcr-1-positive population. Read More

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