28,551 results match your criteria communication 2010

Social Sharing of Emotions and Communal Appraisal as Mediators Between the Intensity of Trauma and Social Well-Being in People Affected by the 27F, 2010 Earthquake in the Biobío Region, Chile.

Front Psychol 2021 25;12:641793. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Departamento de Psicología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

The psychosocial impacts of natural disasters are associated with the triggering of negative and positive responses in the affected population; also, such effects are expressed in an individual and collective sphere. This can be seen in several reactions and behaviors that can vary from the development of individual disorders to impacts on interpersonal relationships, cohesion, communication, and participation of the affected communities, among others. The present work addressed the psychosocial impacts of the consequences of natural disasters considering individual effects via the impact of trauma and community effects, through the perception of social well-being, the valuation of the community and the social exchange of emotions. Read More

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Communication skills training in undergraduate medical education at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin.

GMS J Med Educ 2021 15;38(3):Doc56. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Prodekanat für Studium und Lehre, Team Spezielle Lehrformate, Berlin, Germany.

The objective of this article is a description of the longitudinal communication curriculum in the Model Medicine Curriculum (MSM) at Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin. The authors describe the planning and integration of the curriculum into the study program, outline how communicative competence is taught and evaluated in the MSM, and identify which challenges need to be mastered in the process. Starting with the introduction of the MSM in 2010, students have been spending 102 class hours, spread out over seven semesters, practicing social and communicative competences in the interactive small group format "Communication, Interaction & Teamwork (KIT)". Read More

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Effects of Gamification on Behavioral Change in Education: A Meta-Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 29;18(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Health Behavior & Health Education, Department of Kinesiology and Health Education, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA.

Background: Gamified reward systems, such as providing digital badges earned for specific accomplishments, are related to student engagement in educational settings. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analytic review to quantify the effects of gamified interventions on student behavioral change.

Methods: A meta-analysis was performed using the following databases: The Academic Search Complete, Communication & Mass Media Complete, Education Source, ERIC, Library Information Science & Technology Abstracts, and PsycINFO. Read More

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Education in youth-friendly genetic counseling.

J Genet Couns 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

ONTrac at Peter Mac Victorian Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Service, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Genetic counselors have long recognized the challenges of working with adolescents and young adults (AYA) and their families. In 2010, a framework of Youth-friendly Genetic Counseling was developed by an expert reference group with the aim to improve both care for AYAs and the experience of health professionals delivering that care. Subsequently, an education workshop was developed aimed to upskill genetic health professionals in youth-friendly genetic counseling. Read More

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Identifying enablers and barriers to referral, uptake and completion of lifestyle modification programmes: a rapid literature review.

BMJ Open 2021 Mar 26;11(3):e045094. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

NHRMC Partnership Centre for Health System Sustainability, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Objective: To identify current, policy-relevant evidence about barriers and enablers associated with referral, uptake and completion of lifestyle modification programmes (LMPs) for secondary prevention of chronic disease in adults.

Design: A rapid review, co-designed with policymakers, of peer-reviewed and grey literature using a modified Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses framework.

Data Sources: Medline, Embase, Scopus, PsycINFO and CINAHL were searched for relevant studies and literature reviews. Read More

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EXPRESS: Adult Bilinguals Outperform Monolinguals in Theory of Mind.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2021 Mar 25:17470218211009159. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Claremont Graduate University, Psychology, Claremont, United States 2524.

Theory of mind (ToM) is an essential ability for social competence and communication, and it is necessary for understanding behaviors that differ from our own (Premack and Woodruff, 1978). Research on bilingual children has reported that 3 and 4-year-old bilinguals outperform monolinguals in ToM tasks. Research suggests that adult bilinguals also might outperform monolinguals (Rubio-Fernandez and Glucksberg, 2012), nevertheless, this effect has yet to be established. Read More

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Postoperative Long-Term Independence Among the Elderly With Meningiomas: Function Evolution, Determinant Identification, and Prediction Model Development.

Front Oncol 2021 5;11:639259. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Background: Maintenance of postoperative long-term independence has value for older adults who undergo surgical procedures. However, independence has barely caught attention for the elderly with meningiomas. Preventing postoperative long-term independence decline in this population necessitates the identification of the factors related to this outcome and minimizing their implications. Read More

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Outcomes of HPV-Negative Oropharyngeal Cancer Treated With Transoral Robotic Surgery.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Mar 23:194599821996647. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Objective: The incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is increasing secondary to human papillomavirus (HPV)-related disease. Despite this, outcomes of patients with HPV-negative OPSCC undergoing transoral robotic surgery (TORS) are largely unknown.

Study Design: Analysis of the National Cancer Database (NCDB). Read More

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The cost-effectiveness of treatments for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in children and adolescents: a systematic review.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Regional Centre for Child and Youth Mental Health and Child Welfare, IPH, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Economic evaluations can help decision makers identify what services for children with neurodevelopmental disorders provide best value-for-money. The aim of this paper is to review the best available economic evidence to support decision making for attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children and adolescents. We conducted a systematic review of economic evaluations of ADHD and ASD interventions including studies published 2010-2020, identified through Econlit, Medline, PsychINFO, and ERIC databases. Read More

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Challenges of antithrombotic therapy in the management of cardiovascular disease in patients with inherited bleeding disorders: A single-centre experience.

Haemophilia 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Cardiology, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK.

Introduction: Cardiovascular events in patients with inherited bleeding disorders are challenging to manage. The risk of bleeding secondary to antithrombotic treatment must be balanced against the risk of thrombosis secondary to haemostatic therapy.

Methods: Patients with inherited bleeding disorders with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or atrial fibrillation (AF) from a single centre (2010-2018) are included. Read More

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Close contact infection dynamics over time: insights from a second large-scale social contact survey in Flanders, Belgium, in 2010-2011.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Mar 18;21(1):274. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

I-Biostat, Data Science Institute, Hasselt University, Martelarenlaan 42, Hasselt, 3500, Belgium.

Background: In 2010-2011, we conducted a social contact survey in Flanders, Belgium, aimed at improving and extending the design of the first social contact survey conducted in Belgium in 2006. This second social contact survey aimed to enable, for the first time, the estimation of social mixing patterns for an age range of 0 to 99 years and the investigation of whether contact rates remain stable over this 5-year time period.

Methods: Different data mining techniques are used to explore the data, and the age-specific number of social contacts and the age-specific contact rates are modelled using a generalized additive models for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS) model. Read More

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Web-Based Dietary and Physical Activity Intervention Programs for Patients With Hypertension: Scoping Review.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Mar 15;23(3):e22465. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Malaysia.

Background: Hypertension is the root cause of many chronic diseases. Lifestyle changes (ie, dietary alterations and physical activity) are seen to be an important step in the prevention and treatment of hypertension. Educating people through web-based interventional programs could offer an effective solution and help these patients with hypertension in the existing health care scenario. Read More

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Visualization and application of disease diagnosis codes for population health management using porcine diseases as a model.

J Vet Diagn Invest 2021 Mar 10:1040638721995782. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.

Accurate and timely results of diagnostic investigations and laboratory testing guide clinical interventions for the continuous improvement of animal health and welfare. Infectious diseases can severely limit the health, welfare, and productivity of populations of animals. Livestock veterinarians submit thousands of samples daily to veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs) for disease diagnosis, pathogen monitoring, and surveillance. Read More

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African American mothers talk to their preadolescents about honesty and lying.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

School of Education.

While existing work points to the ways parenting behaviors and specific value socialization approaches influence children's internalization of moral values (Baumrind, Child Development 43, 261-267, 1972; Hoffman, Empathy and moral development: Implications for caring and justice, 2001; Grusec & Davidov, Child Development, 81, 687-709, 2010), little work has considered the experiences of African American and lower-income families. The current study capitalized on the availability of 53 video-recorded mother-preadolescent conversations about their disagreements from the Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project (Vogel et al., Early head start children in grade 5: Long-term follow-up of the early head start research and evaluation study sample. Read More

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Communicating polygenic risk scores in the familial breast cancer clinic.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Psychosocial Research Group, Prince of Wales Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia; The University of Queensland Diamantina Institute, Dermatology Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe the communication of polygenic risk scores (PRS) in the familial breast cancer setting.

Methods: Consultations between genetic healthcare providers (GHP) and female patients who received their PRS for breast cancer risk were recorded (n = 65). GHPs included genetic counselors (n = 8) and medical practitioners (n = 5) (i. Read More

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Cancer Screening Among Adults With and Without Serious Mental Illness: A Mixed Methods Study.

Med Care 2021 Apr;59(4):327-333

Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.

Background: Persons with serious mental illness (SMI) die 10-20 years earlier than the general population; cancer is the second leading cause of death. Differences in cancer screening between SMI and the general population are not well understood.

Objectives: To describe receipt of cancer screening among individuals with versus without SMI and to explore clinicians' perceptions around cancer screening for people with SMI. Read More

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Attunement and Paternal Characteristics in Care Relationships in the Presence of Children Diagnosed with Autism.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Feb 19;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Institute of Orthophonology (IdO) of Rome, 00198 Rome, Italy.

Parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have to address various challenges mainly due to their children's atypia related to communication, emotion regulation and behaviors, arising also within the relationship with their caregivers. Several studies have pointed out that children with ASD can exhibit many difficulties regarding initiating and maintaining meaningful relationships with others. To date, little research has explored the interactions between children with ASD and their fathers, focusing more on mothers. Read More

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February 2021

Hydraulic Fracturing Chemical Disclosure Policy and Data Analysis: Metrics and Trends in Transparency.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Mar 3;55(6):3918-3928. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Civil and Environmental Engineering and Construction Department, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 4505 S. Maryland Parkway, Mail Stop 4015, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4015, United States.

This research presents two new policy-level performance indicators for measuring hydraulic fracturing chemical transparency to address the limitations of existing metrics and provide additional perspectives to stakeholders. Existing indicators do not capture the change in proportions of hydraulic fracturing wells with publicly available chemical information or percent of ingredient mass withheld on chemical disclosure forms. Based on the new indicators, state-level policy changes and the FracFocus register have increased hydraulic fracturing chemical transparency over the past decade and continue to drive measurable improvements. Read More

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Storytelling: One arts-based learning strategy to reflect on clinical placement. An integrative review.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Feb 24;52:103005. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Storytelling is one method of arts-based learning. The pedagogy of arts-based learning integrates the arts into another topic to enhance learning. Nursing students' experiences of clinical placement are often complex. Read More

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February 2021

Otitis media guidelines for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children: summary of recommendations.

Med J Aust 2021 03 28;214(5):228-233. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Royal Prince Alfred Medical Centre, Sydney, NSW.

Introduction: The 2001 Recommendations for clinical care guidelines on the management of otitis media in Aboriginal and Torres Islander populations were revised in 2010. This 2020 update by the Centre of Research Excellence in Ear and Hearing Health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children used for the first time the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach.

Main Recommendations: We performed systematic reviews of evidence across prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and management. Read More

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Parent Activation and Child Mental Health Service use in African American Families in a Large Cross-Sectional Study.

Perm J 2020 Dec;25

Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC.

Objectives: 1) To describe activation skills of African American parents on behalf of their children with mental health needs. 2) To assess the association between parent activation skills and child mental health service use.

Methods: Data obtained in 2010 and 2011 from African American parents in North Carolina raising a child with mental health needs (n = 325) were used to identify child mental health service use from a medical provider, counselor, therapist, or any of the above or if the child had ever been hospitalized. Read More

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December 2020

Dietary supplements in the USA: problematic trends.

Bryan E Denham

Public Health Nutr 2021 Feb 26:1-5. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Communication, Clemson University, 305-D Daniel Hall, Clemson, SC29634, USA.

More than 25 years have passed since the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 classified dietary supplements as a subcategory of food, thereby exempting manufacturers from providing premarket evidence of product safety and efficacy. In this commentary, I discuss problems in the supplement industry through an examination of cases introduced or decided in US federal courts between 2010 and 2019. More than half the cases located involved defendants charged with introducing misbranded food or drugs into interstate commerce. Read More

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February 2021

Transactional sex and HIV infection among commercial farm workers in South Africa.

J Public Health Afr 2020 Dec 10;11(2):1229. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

School of Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: High prevalence of HIV infection has been reported among commercial farm workers in South Africa, but studies of the role of transactional sex in this epidemic is limited.

Objective: This study seeks to examine the association between transactional sex and HIV infection among commercial farm workers in South Africa.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional secondary data analysis of the Integrated Biological and Behavioural Surveillance Survey by the International Organization of Migration among farm workers in Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces, South Africa in 2010. Read More

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December 2020

Social group and health-care provider interventions to increase the demand for malaria rapid diagnostic tests among community members in Ebonyi state, Nigeria: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 03;9(3):e320-e330

Department of Community Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.

Background: The rate of diagnostic testing for malaria is still very low in Nigeria despite the scale-up of malaria rapid diagnostic test (MRDT) availability, following WHO's recommendation of universal diagnostic testing in 2010. We investigated whether a social group sensitisation and education intervention (social group intervention) and a social group intervention plus health-care provider training intervention would increase the demand (use or request, or both) for MRDTs among community members in Ebonyi state, Nigeria.

Methods: We did a three-arm, parallel, open-label, stratified cluster-randomised controlled trial in Ebonyi state, Nigeria, to evaluate the effects of two interventions compared with a control. Read More

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'They came with cholera when they were tired of killing us with bullets': Community perceptions of the 2010 origin of Haiti's cholera epidemic.

Glob Public Health 2021 Feb 18:1-15. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada.

In 2010 following a catastrophic earthquake, Haiti saw the beginning of what would become the world's largest cholera epidemic. Nepalese United Nations peacekeepers were later implicated as the source of cholera. Our research examines Haitian community beliefs and perceptions, six-and-a-half years after the outbreak began, regarding the origin of Haiti's cholera outbreak. Read More

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February 2021

The state of health communication research: A content analysis of articles published in Journal of Health Communication and Health Communication (2010-2019).

J Health Commun 2021 Feb 18:1-11. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Brian Lamb School of Communication, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana, United States.

This study presents data from a content analysis of original research articles published in () and () from 2010 to 2019. The authors coded 2,050 articles using categories that identified health topics, theory, population characteristics, and methods used in each study. Distinctions between the published research in and are highlighted. Read More

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February 2021

A systematic review of the educational experiences and needs of children with cancer returning to school.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Aims: To critically review and synthesize empirical studies on childhood cancer survivors' experiences and needs on returning to school after treatment.

Design: A mixed-method systematic review.

Data Sources: A search of CINAHL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, MEDLINE, ERIC and Web of Science was conducted for studies published in English, Spanish and Portuguese languages between January 2010 and May 2020. Read More

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February 2021

Changes in referral patterns to outpatient child and adolescent psychiatric services from 2005-2018.

Nord J Psychiatry 2021 Feb 14:1-10. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Psychiatry, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Introduction: There has been a steep increase in referrals to child and adolescent psychiatric (CAP) services across Western countries. To fit CAP services to the increasing demand, it is important to gain more knowledge about the background for the increase in referrals and to investigate changes in referral patterns over time.

Methods: Cross-sectional observational study comparing referrals to outpatient CAP services from 2005, 2010 and 2018 to the only CAP center in the North Denmark Region. Read More

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February 2021

Art making and expressive art therapy in adult health and nursing care: A scoping review.

Int J Nurs Sci 2021 Jan 28;8(1):102-119. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Health Sciences, Åbo Akademi University, Vasa, Finland.

Objectives: While receptive art engagement is known to promote health and wellbeing, active art engagement has not been fully explored in health and nursing care. This review is to describe the existing knowledge on art making and expressive art therapy in adult health and nursing care between 2010 and 2020.

Methods: Relevant studies and grey literature were searched and identified between March 17 and April 10, 2020 from EBSCO, CINAHL, Medline and ERIC databases and a general Internet search. Read More

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January 2021

Frameworks for Radiation Oncology Global Health Initiatives in US Residency Programs.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Feb;7:233-241

Department of Radiation Oncology, MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Purpose: To understand trends, pathways, and experiences and to establish a framework for radiation oncology (RO) programs interested in developing global health (GH) initiatives.

Methods: An in-depth interview was conducted of all US RO programs with established GH initiatives. Programs were identified by reviewing results of the 2018 Association of Residents in Radiation Oncology Global Health Resident Survey and individualized outreach to screen for additional programs meeting the following criteria: (1) active resident involvement in RO-specific GH opportunities, (2) active faculty involvement in these initiatives, and (3) department chair or program director awareness and support for ongoing opportunities. Read More

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February 2021