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Cortical Morphometric Abnormality and Its Association with Working Memory in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Jul 22;18(7):679-687. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Peking University Sixth Hospital, Peking University Institute of Mental Health, NHC Key Laboratory of Mental Health (Peking University), National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Beijing, China.

Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder in children and adolescents. The present study investigated the cortical morphology features and their relationship with working memory (WM).

Methods: In the present study, a total of 36 medication naïve children with ADHD (aged from 8 to 15 years) and 36 age- and gendermatched healthy control (HC) children were included. Read More

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The Gender-Sensitive Social Risk Factors for Internet Addiction in College Undergraduate Students.

Psychiatry Investig 2021 Jul 22;18(7):636-644. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Mental Health Center and Psychiatric Laboratory, Huaxi Brain Research Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Objective: The current study aims to explore precipitating and social risk factors for internet addiction (IA) in university undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for interventions and the early prevention of IA in different genders.

Methods: Four thousand eight hundred and fifty-eight college sophomores completed an online survey on their internet use-related behaviours and social risk factors.

Results: We found that more male (8. Read More

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Hsa_circ_0016788 regulates glycolysis and proliferation via miR-506-3p/PARP14 axis of hepatocellular carcinoma.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of University of South China.

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwide. Recent researches have shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) could affect the progress of HCC, but the mechanism still indistinct. In this work, we explored the roles of circRNA_0016788 in HCC. Read More

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Recurrent bacterial infections, but not fungal infections, characterise patients with ELANE-related neutropenia: a French Severe Chronic Neutropenia Registry study.

Br J Haematol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Registre des Neutropénies Chroniques, Centre de Référence des Neutropénies Chroniques, Hôpital Trousseau, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (APHP), Paris, France.

Among 143 patients with elastase, neutrophil-expressed (ELANE)-related neutropenia enrolled in the French Severe Chronic Neutropenia Registry, 94 were classified as having severe chronic neutropenia (SCN) and 49 with cyclic neutropenia (CyN). Their infectious episodes were classified as severe, mild or oral, and analysed according to their natural occurrence without granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), on G-CSF, after myelodysplasia/acute leukaemia or after haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation. During the disease's natural history period (without G-CSF; 1913 person-years), 302, 957 and 754 severe, mild and oral infectious events, respectively, occurred. Read More

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Determination of Cytokines and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Cognitive Impairment Induced by Methylmalonic Acidemia.

Neuroimmunomodulation 2021 Aug 2:1-9. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Medical Laboratory, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.

Objective: Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is the most common organic acidemia in children. Many patients with MMA suffered from cognitive impairments. The aim of this study was to identify the significance of cytokines and oxidative stress biomarkers in MMA-induced cognitive impairment. Read More

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Fabrication of Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Pellicle with Nanometer-thick Graphite Film by Sublimation of Camphor Supporting Layer.

Nanotechnology 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

SKKU advanced Insititute of Nanotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University - Natural Sciences Campus, Research Complex 2, Nano Materials and Devices Laboratory, 300 ChunChun-Dong, 440-746, South Korea, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, 16419, Korea (the Republic of).

An extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pellicle consists of freestanding thin films on a frame; these films are tens of nanometers in thickness and can include Si, SiNX, or graphite. Nanometer-thick graphite films (NGFs), synthesized via chemical vapor deposition on a metal catalyst, are used as a pellicle material. The most common method to transfer NGFs onto a substrate or a frame is to use polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) as a supporting layer. Read More

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Fluorescent Chameleon Labels for Bioconjugation and Imaging of Proteins, Nucleic Acids, Biogenic Amines and Surface Amino Groups. A Review.

Authors:
Otto S Wolfbeis

Methods Appl Fluoresc 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Chemo- and Biosensors, University of Regensburg, Postfach, Regensburg, Bayern, 93040, GERMANY.

Chameleon labels (ChLs) possess the unique property of changing (visible) color and fluorescence on binding to amino groups of biomolecules. Some ChLs react with primary aliphatic amino groups such as those in lysine or with amino groups artificially introduced into polynucleic acids or saccharides, while others also react with secondary amino groups. Under controlled circumstances, the reactions are fairly specific. Read More

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Aorta-cameral fistulas: Spectrum of CT findings and review.

Clin Imaging 2021 Jul 29;80:193-198. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, United States of America.

Aorto-cameral fistula (ACF) is an uncommon entity, defined as an abnormal communication between the aorta and a cardiac chamber. The most common causes include ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, infective endocarditis, traumatic injury, aortic dissection, or rarely can be iatrogenic in nature. While smaller communications may initially be asymptomatic, the natural course of these connections is generally refractory heart failure as they do not spontaneously heal. Read More

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Percutaneous evacuation of anterior abdominal wall hematomas using catheter-based mechanical thrombectomy.

Clin Imaging 2021 Jul 24;80:190-192. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, United States of America.

Post-operative hematoma is a common surgical complication, often treated conservatively. However, persistent, recurrent or symptomatic hematomas may require percutaneous or surgical drainage. The authors present two cases of persistent post-surgical hematomas which were successfully evacuated in a single-setting using a percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy system. Read More

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Antiseizure medication nonadherence and its associated factors among Epileptic patients in Ethiopia, a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Seizure 2021 Jul 26;91:462-475. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada; School of Life Sciences and Bioengineering, Nelson Mandela African Institute of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania. Electronic address:

Background: The majority of patients with epilepsy in resource-poor countries never receive proper treatment, and those who are started on anti-seizure medications quickly discontinue them. Medication noncompliance is extremely common, with estimates ranging from 26 to 79 percent. Non-adherence to antiseizure medications is associated with poor seizure control, increased morbidity, increased hospitalization time, poor quality of life, increased health care costs, and increased mortality in adults. Read More

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A pilot study evaluating the effect of early physical therapy on pain and disabilities after breast cancer surgery: Prospective randomized control trail.

Breast 2021 Jul 21;59:286-293. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Surgery, Assuta Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel; Faculty of Medicine, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. Electronic address:

Background: Morbidity of the shoulders after breast cancer (BC) surgery is a common side effect that includes; persistent pain, function limitation, and decreased range of motion (ROM). This study examines the effect of early physical therapy (PT) and patient's education on these morbidities.

Methods: A prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted at a single medical center from October 2018 until April 2019. Read More

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Uncommon and peculiar soft tissue sarcomas: Multidisciplinary review and practical recommendations. Spanish Group for Sarcoma research (GEIS -GROUP). Part II.

Cancer Treat Rev 2021 Jul 16;99:102260. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Hospital Vall D'Hebron, Medical Oncology Department, Barcelona, Spain.

Among all Soft Tissue sarcomas there are some subtypes with low incidence and/or peculiar clinical behaviour, that need to be consider separately. Most of them are orphan diseases, whose biological characteristics imply a clearly different diagnostic and therapeutic approach from other more common sarcoma tumors. We present a brief and updated multidiciplinary review, focused on practical issues, aimed at helping clinicians in decision making. Read More

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Community structure and diversity of macrobenthos in Jiaozhou Bay.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Jul 30;171:112781. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

MNR Key Laboratory of Marine Eco-Environmental Science and Technology, First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China.

To understand the current community structure and diversity of macrobenthos in Jiaozhou Bay, a survey was conducted at eight sampling stations in April, July, and October 2018, as well as January 2019. Eighty-two macrobenthos species were collected, including 30 of Annelida, 21 of Mollusca, 20 of Crustacea, 8 of Echinodermata, and 3 classified as "Others". Ruditapes philippinarum was a common dominant species in summer, autumn, and winter. Read More

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Distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Vibrio parahaemolyticus isolated from fish and shrimp aquaculture farms along the Korean coast.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Jul 30;171:112785. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

West Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Institute of Fisheries Science, Incheon 22383, Republic of Korea.

The present study investigated the distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in water samples and aquatic animals (fish and shrimp) from major aquaculture farms along the Korean coast in 2018. V. parahaemolyticus is the most common pathogen causing seafood-borne illness. Read More

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Diverse trauma profiles of youth in group care settings: A cluster analysis.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Jul 30;120:105221. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

McMaster University, Department of Pediatrics, 1280 Main Street West, Room 3A, Hamilton L8S 4K1, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Many adolescents in group care have experienced higher rates of traumatic event exposure, behavior problems, and severe trauma sequelae compared to those outside of group care. Yet, little research has examined from a person-centered perspective their diverse trauma profiles and corresponding service needs.

Objective: This exploratory study aimed to examine the heterogeneity of trauma-related profiles among youth in group care to highlight potential distinct service needs among subgroups. Read More

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IGF2BP2 knockdown suppresses thyroid cancer progression by reducing the expression of long non-coding RNA HAGLR.

Pathol Res Pract 2021 Jul 13;225:153550. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Thyroid Surgery, The first Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, Henan, China. Electronic address:

Background: N6-methyladenosine (m6A), a common internal modification on RNAs, has been found to be closely linked with RNA biosynthesis/metabolism and cancer development. In this text, the roles and molecular mechanisms of m6A-bind protein IGF2BP2 in the development of thyroid cancer (TC) were investigated in vitro.

Methods: IGF2BP2 and lncRNA HAGLR were screened out through multiple public databases such as TCGA, Ualcan, POSTAR2, Starbase, and GEPIA. Read More

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Deep low-Rank plus sparse network for dynamic MR imaging.

Med Image Anal 2021 Jul 24;73:102190. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Research Center for Medical AI, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China; Paul C. Lauterbur Research Center for Biomedical Imaging, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen, China; Pazhou Lab, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

In dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, low-rank plus sparse (L+S) decomposition, or robust principal component analysis (PCA), has achieved stunning performance. However, the selection of the parameters of L+S is empirical, and the acceleration rate is limited, which are common failings of iterative compressed sensing MR imaging (CS-MRI) reconstruction methods. Many deep learning approaches have been proposed to address these issues, but few of them use a low-rank prior. Read More

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The occurrence and fate of microplastics in a mesophilic anaerobic digester receiving sewage sludge, grease, and fatty slurries.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 28;798:149287. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Department of the Built Environment, Aalborg University, Thomas Manns Vej 23, 9220 Aalborg, Denmark.

The mesophilic digester of a wastewater treatment plant serving 790,000 inhabitants was analyzed for incoming and outgoing microplastics (MPs). The annual MP load on the digester was 7326 kg y and 1.20 × 10 N y, while the digested sludge contained 4885 kg y and 0. Read More

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Dangerous traps: Macroplastic encounters affecting freshwater and terrestrial wildlife.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 29;798:149317. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Faculty of Exact Sciences, Engineering and Surveying National University of Rosario (FCEIA, UNR), Rosario, Argentina.

Encounters (or interactions) between plastic debris and wildlife can cause great harm to individuals and populations. The most common encounters are ingestion, entanglement and plastic usage (plastic as nesting material, vector for biota transport and refuge/shelter). Hundreds of plastic-encounters have been reported for marine species. Read More

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Fibrin glue-induced eosinophilic pleural effusion after pulmonary resection: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;85:106239. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Yamaguchi Ube Medical Center, 685 Higashikiwa, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-0241, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: Prolonged air leakage after pulmonary resection is a common complication, and fibrin glue is used as a sealant to reduce this. Fibrin glue-induced adverse events are generally rare. Herein, we describe a rare case of fibrin glue-induced eosinophilic pleural effusion (EPE). Read More

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Heterogeneous nucleation measurements in a sheathed planar diffusive condensation particle counter.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jul 16;605:556-570. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Yale University, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, 9 Hillhouse Avenue, New Haven, CT 06511-8286, USA. Electronic address:

Hypothesis: While the lack of efficient tools yielding controllable uniform saturation ratios (S) has delayed basic experimental heterogeneous nucleation studies, common diffusive condensation particle counters (DCPCs) could fill this gap if their S-variation were minimized by increasing the proportion of sheath gas (σ) surrounding a central core of purified clusters.

Analysis: We measure the activation probability P of Tetraheptylammonium Bromide cluster cations (THA-Br)THA in Kanomax's fast CPC while controlling S through the saturator and condenser temperatures (T, T), varying σ, and changing the size (n) of purified salt clusters via high resolution mobility selection.

Findings: Experimental curves P(T,n) obtained in 1-butanol/air at fixed T (13 °C) and variable n and T (3 ≤ n ≤ 16; 30 ≤ T ≤ 40 °C) rise sharply versus both n and T. Read More

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Hyper- and hypo-connectivity in sensorimotor network of drug-naïve patients with cervical dystonia.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Jul 22;90:15-20. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Center for Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing, China; Parkinson's Disease Center, Beijing Institute for Brain Disorders, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Cervical dystonia (CD) is the most common form of focal dystonia with involuntary movements and postures of the head. The pathogenesis and neural mechanisms underlying CD have not been fully elucidated.

Methods: Twenty-seven newly drug-naïve patients with CD and 21 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited with clinical assessment and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scanning. Read More

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In situ electrochemical synthesis of graphene-poly(arginine) composite for p-nitrophenol monitoring.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 24;421:126718. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Biology Institute, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences), Jinan 250103, PR China; Key Laboratory of Coastal Biology and Biological Resources Utilization, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, PR China; CAS Key Laboratory of Coastal Environmental Processes and Ecological Remediation, Yantai Institute of Coastal Zone Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yantai 264003, PR China. Electronic address:

Para-Nitrophenol (p-nitrophenol) is a common industrial pollutant occurring widely in water bodies, yet actual monitoring methods are limited. Herein we proposed a fully electrochemically in situ synthesized graphene-polyarginine composite functionalized screen printed electrode, as a novel p-nitrophenol sensing platform. The electrode was characterized by morphologic, spectrometric and electrochemical techniques. Read More

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The effectiveness of psychological interventions for loneliness: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Psychol Rev 2021 Jul 18;88:102066. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK.

Chronic loneliness is associated with a range of mental health difficulties. Previous theory and research indicate that psychological interventions show promise for reducing loneliness, however, there have been no systematic reviews or meta-analyses to ascertain the efficacy of these interventions across the lifespan. The aim of this study was to synthesise, meta-analyse and explore the heterogeneity in RCTs of psychological interventions for loneliness in order to establish their efficacy. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms and therapeutic implications of dihydromyricetin in liver disease.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jul 30;142:111927. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

The Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, China; Laboratory of Hepatobiliary Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University, China; Cancer Center, Zhejiang University, China. Electronic address:

Recent studies demonstrated that dihydromyricetin (DHM) has prominent therapeutic effects on liver injury and liver cancer. By summarizing the current preclinical in vitro and in vivo studies, the present review examines the preventive and therapeutic effects of DHM on liver disorders as well as its potential mechanisms. Briefly, in both chemical- and alcohol-induced liver injury models, DHM ameliorates hepatocyte necrosis and steatosis while promoting liver regeneration. Read More

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