7,433 results match your criteria commercial sex

Experimental ethology of intensively reared lowland pacas (Cuniculus paca).

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jun 22;53(3):367. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

The objective of this study was to evaluate and to describe the main behaviors of family groups of lowland pacas (Cuniculus paca) raised in a commercial breeding facility. We used 24 adult pacas, 16 females and 8 males, with a mean live weight of 8.2 kg and age ranging from 2 to 4 years. Read More

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Aging and high-fat diet feeding lead to peripheral insulin resistance and sex-dependent changes in brain of mouse model of tau pathology THY-Tau22.

J Neuroinflammation 2021 Jun 22;18(1):141. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Flemingovo náměstí 542/2, 160 00, Prague 6, Czech Republic.

Background: Obesity leads to low-grade inflammation in the adipose tissue and liver and neuroinflammation in the brain. Obesity-induced insulin resistance (IR) and neuroinflammation seem to intensify neurodegeneration including Alzheimer's disease. In this study, the impact of high-fat (HF) diet-induced obesity on potential neuroinflammation and peripheral IR was tested separately in males and females of THY-Tau22 mice, a model of tau pathology expressing mutated human tau protein. Read More

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Toxicity and Femininity in Love Island: How Reality Dating Shows Perpetuate Sexist Attitudes Towards Women.

Alicia Denby

Front Sociol 2021 2;6:641216. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Using episodes of ITV2's (2016-2020) as a case study, this paper explores the extent to which reality dating shows perpetuate sexist attitudes towards women through a heteronormative focus. Examining the operation of gender roles in , in the context of emotional intimacy and physical intimacy, this paper proposes that the performance and portrayal of heteronormative ideals disadvantage women. Specifically, by presenting female contestants as overly emotional and irrational, outdated stereotypes surrounding emotionality and hysteria are reproduced within . Read More

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Comparing the Effect of Different Antibiotics in Frozen-Thawed Ram Sperm: Is It Possible to Avoid Their Addition?

Front Vet Sci 2021 7;8:656937. Epub 2021 May 7.

Investigación en Técnicas de Reproducción Asistida - Universidad de León, Instituto de Desarrollo Ganadero y Sanidad Animal, University of León, León, Spain.

It is crucial to perform a deep study about the most extensively used antibiotics in sperm extenders. Most of the protocols and concentrations used in ram are direct extrapolations from other species. It is important to establish species-specific antibiotic treatments to optimize their use and if it is possible to reduce the quantity. Read More

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Age- and Sex-Specific Changes in CMR Feature Tracking-Based Right Atrial and Ventricular Functional Parameters in Healthy Asians.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 4;8:664431. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

National Heart Centre Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is the reference standard for non-invasive assessment of right-sided heart function. Recent advances in CMR post-processing facilitate quantification of tricuspid annular (TA) dynamics and longitudinal strains of the right ventricle (RV) and right atrium (RA). We aimed to determine age- and sex-specific changes in CMR-derived TA dynamics, and RV and RA functional parameters in healthy Asian adults. Read More

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Sex-Related Overactivation of NLRP3 Inflammasome Increases Lethality of the Male COVID-19 Patients.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 4;8:671363. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, remains a dramatic threat to human life and economic well-being worldwide. Significant heterogeneity in the severity of disease was observed for patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 ranging from asymptomatic to severe cases. Moreover, male patients had a higher probability of suffering from high mortality and severe symptoms linked to cytokine storm and excessive inflammation. Read More

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Socio-Demographic and Knowledge-Related Determinants of Vitamin D Supplementation in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Assessment of an Educational Intervention.

Front Nutr 2021 2;8:648450. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Nutrition and Public Health Research Group, Nutrition Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Vitamin D is a pro-hormone, essential for musculo-skeletal health, normal immune system, and numerous other body functions. Vitamin D deficiency is considered as a risk factor in many conditions, and there is growing evidence of its potential role in the severity of COVID-19 outcomes. However, an alarmingly high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is reported in many regions, and vitamin D supplementation is commonly recommended, particularly during wintertime. Read More

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Association Between Atopic Keratoconjunctivitis and the Risk of Recurrent Corneal Erosion.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 2;8:688355. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Graduate Institute of Medical Science, College of Health Science, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, Taiwan.

To investigate the risk of recurrent corneal erosion (RCE) in patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC). This national, retrospective, matched cohort study enrolled 184,166 newly-diagnosed AKC patients, selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database and identified by the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) code 372.05. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 Gastrointestinal Infection Prolongs the Time to Recover From COVID-19.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 4;8:683551. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Infectious Diseases, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai, China.

We previously reported that SARS-CoV-2 infects the gastrointestinal (GI) epithelium. In this study, we aimed to explore the impact of SARS-CoV-2 GI infection on clinical outcomes of COVID-19. For this retrospective cohort study, 104 patients with COVID-19 were classified into a SARS-CoV-2 GI infection group and a non-infection group. Read More

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Risk of Inflammatory Bowel Disease Following Appendectomy in Adulthood.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 2;8:661752. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Management Office for Health Data, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

The appendix has a complicated immune function, and appendectomy may derange the immune system. Studies on the relationship between appendectomy and subsequent inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been inconsistent. We conducted a nationwide cohort study consisting of individuals who underwent appendectomy to evaluate the incidence and risk of ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Read More

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Community Based Assessment of Behavior and Awareness of Risk Factors of Cystic Echinococcosis in Major Cities of Pakistan: A One Health Perspective.

Front Public Health 2021 4;9:648900. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Key Laboratory of Parasite and Vector Biology, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Shanghai, China.

The parasitic disease, cystic echinococcosis (CE), is a serious health problem in Pakistan. Risk of disease transmission is increased by economic and political instability, poor living conditions, and limited awareness of hygienic practices. The current study aimed to investigate the community perception and awareness regarding the risk factors of CE in Pakistan, from a One Health perspective. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitude, and Self-Reported Practice Towards Measures for Prevention of the Spread of COVID-19 Among Australians: A Nationwide Online Longitudinal Representative Survey.

Front Public Health 2021;9:630189. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Monash Centre for Health Research and Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Clayton, VIC, Australia.

To assess and share learnings on the motivators and behavioural adherence across sex and age to evolving strategies in public policy to prevent the spread of SARS-CoV-2 at the end of a first COVID-19 wave and the beginning of a second COVID-19 wave in Australia. A national longitudinal survey using a framework based on evidence-based behaviour change models. The survey was administered to a national sample representative across sex, age and location was undertaken at two time points: May 1st to 5th, 2020, and July 1st to 7th, 2020. Read More

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Isolating the Role of Corticosterone in the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Gonadal Transcriptomic Stress Response.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 2;12:632060. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior, University of California Davis, Davis, CA, United States.

Investigation of the negative impacts of stress on reproduction has largely centered around the effects of the adrenal steroid hormone, corticosterone (CORT), and its influence on a system of tissues vital for reproduction-the hypothalamus of the brain, the pituitary gland, and the gonads (the HPG axis). Research on the action of CORT on the HPG axis has predominated the stress and reproductive biology literature, potentially overshadowing other influential mediators. To gain a more complete understanding of how elevated CORT affects transcriptomic activity of the HPG axis, we experimentally examined its role in male and female rock doves (). Read More

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Case Report: Cognitive Conversion in a Non-brazilian VAPB Mutation Carrier (ALS8).

Front Neurol 2021 2;12:668772. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE), Rostock, Germany.

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 8 (ALS8) is a predominantly lower motor neuron syndrome originally described in a Portuguese-Brazilian family, which originated from a common founder. ALS8 is caused by a VAPB mutation and extremely rare in Central Europe. We present a 51-year-old German man with ALS8 who had the P56S VAPB mutation independently of the founder effect. Read More

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Retreatment With Flow Diverters and Coiling for Recurrent Aneurysms After Initial Endovascular Treatment: A Propensity Score-Matched Comparative Analysis.

Front Neurol 2021 3;12:625652. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Interventional Neuroradiology, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute and Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Flow diverters and conventional coiling are established modalities for the retreatment of intracranial recurrent aneurysms after initial endovascular treatment. We aimed to compare the efficacy of these techniques. We retrospectively analyzed data for patients with recurrent aneurysms after initial endovascular treatment retreated in our center with either a pipeline embolization device (PED) or conventional coil embolization from January 2012 to July 2020. Read More

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The Nexus of the Dark Triad Personality Traits With Cyberbullying, Empathy, and Emotional Intelligence: A Structural-Equation Modeling Approach.

Front Psychol 2021 4;12:659282. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Cognition, Emotion, and Methods in Psychology, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

This study set out to elucidate the complex suite of associations between the Dark Triad personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy), emotional intelligence, empathy, and cyberbullying, as the respective findings regarding this topic have been inconsistent. Studies preponderantly have relied on abbreviated Dark Triad measures that do not differentiate between its lower-order facets. Further, most extant studies have exclusively been based on female psychology undergraduates and have not accounted for known sex differences on the Dark Triad traits and cyberbullying, or for negative associations between cyberbullying and age. Read More

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Associations Between C-Reactive Protein Levels, Exercise Addiction, and Athlete Burnout in Endurance Athletes.

Front Psychol 2021 4;12:615715. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Chair of Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Regular physical activity can support long-term health maintenance, e.g., by reducing inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Read More

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Aggression and Psychological Distress in Male and Female Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Users: A Multigroup Latent Class Analysis.

Front Psychiatry 2021 4;12:629428. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

The relationship between anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) use and aggression and psychological distress requires further elucidation. No previous study has examined whether the latent patterns of aggression and psychological distress are the same in male and female AAS users. Multigroup latent class analysis (MLCA) can be used to classify individuals into groups based on their responses on a set of variables, and to investigate measurement invariance across subgroups. Read More

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Sex Difference in Network Topology and Education Correlated With Sex Difference in Cognition During the Disease Process of Alzheimer.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 3;13:639529. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

: Alzheimer's disease (AD) manifests differently in males and females. However, the neuro-mechanism and influence factors are still unknown. : To explore sex differences in brain network topology during AD disease progression and its association with cognition and possible influencing factors. Read More

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Measuring salivary mesotocin in birds - Seasonal differences in ravens' peripheral mesotocin levels.

Horm Behav 2021 Jun 15;134:105015. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Behavioral and Cognitive Biology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Animal Behaviour and Cognition, Department of Biology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

Oxytocin is involved in a broad array of social behaviours. While saliva has been used regularly to investigate the role of oxytocin in social behaviour of mammal species, so far, to our knowledge, no-one has tried to measure its homolog, mesotocin, in birds' saliva. Therefore, in this study we measured salivary mesotocin in common ravens (Corvus corax), and subsequently explored its link to three aspects of raven sociality. Read More

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Research Progress on Computer-Aided Skeleton-Based Individual Identification in Forensic Radiology.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;37(2):239-247

West China School of Basic Medical Sciences & Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract: Individual identification based on imaging data of the skeleton of a corpse is a key technique for forensic identification. To reduce the influence of artificial factors, computer-aided semi-automatic or automatic individual identification has become one of the research directions of skeleton-based individual identification in forensic radiology. Therefore, this paper reviews and summarizes literatures related to estimation of anthropological information such as, age and sex by computer-aided forensic radiology bone characteristics and individual identification based on bone imaging characteristics, in order to provide reference on skeleton-based individual identification in forensic radiology. Read More

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Correlation between the Polymorphism of Coagulation-Related Genes and Lower Extremity Deep Venous Thrombosis.

Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi 2021 Apr;37(2):145-150

School of Forensic Medicine, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China.

Abstract: Objective To investigate the correlation between the polymorphism of 4 coagulation-related genes, rs1799963 (coagulation factor V gene Leiden), rs6025 (prothrombin gene G20210A), rs1042579 (thrombomodulin protein gene c.1418C>T) and rs1801131 (methylenetetrahydroflate reductase gene) and lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LEDVT). Methods The 4 genotypes mentioned above of 150 LEDVT patients and 153 healthy controls were detected by the kompetitive allele specific polymerase chain reaction (KASP), then related blood biochemical indicators were collected, binary Logistic regression was established to screen the independent risk factors of LEDVT, and the correlation between polymorphism of 4 coagulation-related genes and LEDVT and its indicators under different genetic modes after adjusting confounding factors were analyzed. Read More

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Quality of Life Assessment Among Patients Living With Hepatosplenic Schistosomiasis and Schistosomal Myeloradiculopathy.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 1;8:629484. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Graduate Program in Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, School of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Schistosomiasis is a major public health problem in tropical areas of the world. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measurement is being widely used to evaluate the impact of a disease or treatment in several aspects of daily life. However, few studies evaluated the impact of severe forms of schistosomiasis on HRQOL of affected individuals and compared them to healthy controls with a similar socio-demographic background. Read More

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Association of Lymphocyte-to-Monocyte Ratio With Survival in Advanced Gastric Cancer Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor.

Front Oncol 2021 1;11:589022. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education/Beijing), Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing, China.

Background: Optimal prognostic biomarkers for patients with gastric cancer who received immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) are lacking. Inflammatory markers including lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and systemic inflammation index (SII) are easily available. However, its correlation with ICI is unknown in gastric cancer. Read More

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Vicarious Traumatization and Burnout among Service Providers for Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation.

J Child Sex Abus 2021 Jun 17:1-24. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA.

Victims of commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) are in need of multiple community services to aid in their recovery. Service providers are critical to ensuring these victims receive needed treatment. Given the complex trauma of these victims and the necessity of long-term treatment, these service professionals may experience vicarious trauma (VT) and burnout. Read More

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Association Between Triglyceride-Glucose Index and Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 31;8:644035. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Plastic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

Triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is a recently proposed surrogate indicator of insulin resistance. Previous studies evaluating the association between TyG index and hypertension risk in general adult population showed inconsistent results. We performed a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate this association. Read More

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Association of Phase Angle, but Not Inflammation and Overhydration, With Physical Function in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.

Front Nutr 2021 31;8:686245. Epub 2021 May 31.

Internal Medicine Department, Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil.

Muscle mass depletion, overhydration, and inflammatory state have been related to impaired physical function in chronic kidney disease patients. The relationship between bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) parameters, such as hydration status and phase angle (PhA), with physical function in peritoneal dialysis (PD), is still not well-established. Therefore, the objective was to evaluate the association of BIA parameters (overhydration index and PhA) and inflammatory markers with physical function in patients on PD. Read More

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Assessing the Contribution of Relative Macrophage Frequencies to Subcutaneous Adipose Tissue.

Front Nutr 2021 31;8:675935. Epub 2021 May 31.

Maastricht Centre for Systems Biology, Maastricht University, Maastricht, Netherlands.

Macrophages play an important role in regulating adipose tissue function, while their frequencies in adipose tissue vary between individuals. Adipose tissue infiltration by high frequencies of macrophages has been linked to changes in adipokine levels and low-grade inflammation, frequently associated with the progression of obesity. The objective of this project was to assess the contribution of relative macrophage frequencies to the overall subcutaneous adipose tissue gene expression using publicly available datasets. Read More

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Intrauterine Growth Restriction Promotes Postnatal Airway Hyperresponsiveness Independent of Allergic Disease.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 31;8:674324. Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Human Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with asthma. Murine models of IUGR have altered airway responsiveness in the absence of any inflammatory exposure. Given that a primary feature of asthma is airway inflammation, IUGR-affected individuals may develop more substantial respiratory impairment if subsequently exposed to an allergen. Read More

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Disease Activity Indices in Rheumatoid Arthritis: Comparative Performance to Detect Changes in Function, IL-6 Levels, and Radiographic Progression.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 31;8:669688. Epub 2021 May 31.

Rheumatology Department, Hospital Universitario La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria - Instituto Princesa (IIS-IP), Madrid, Spain.

To compare the capacity of various disease activity indices to evaluate changes in function, IL-6 levels, and radiographic progression in early and established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Secondary data analysis of a clinical trial assessing the efficacy of tocilizumab in patients with established RA (ACT-RAY) and a longitudinal prospective register of early arthritis (PEARL). Targeted outcomes were changes in physical function, measured with the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ), IL-6 serum levels, and radiographic progression. Read More

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